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Table of Contents

Institutional History

AbstractPast PresidentsImportant DatesPlacesSubjectsCitations

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Photo

Dates

March 3, 1863 – present

Authorized Form of Name

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Additional Forms of Names

National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

National Academy of Sciences Washington, DC

Institutional History

Abstract

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) was established by an act of Congress in 1863 as a private, honorific institution charged with providing independent advice on science and technology to the federal government. Joseph Henry, first Secretary of the Smithsonian, was a force behind its creation.

Past Presidents

1863-67, Alexander Dallas Bache

1868-78, Joseph Henry

1879-82, William Barton Rogers

1883-95, Othniel Charles Marsh

1895-1900, Wolcott Gibbs

1901-07, Alexander Agassiz

1907-13, Ira Remsen

1913-17, William Henry Welch

1917-23, Charles Doolittle Walcott

1923-27, Albert Abraham Michelson

1927-31, Thomas Hunt Morgan

1931-35, William Wallace Campbell

1935-39, Frank Rattray Lillie

1939-47, Frank Baldwin Jewett

1947-50, Alfred Newton Richards

1950-62, Detlev Wulf Bronk

1962-69, Frederick Seitz

1969-81, Philip Handler

1981-93, Frank Press

1993-2005, Bruce Michael Alberts

2005-present, Ralph J. Cicerone

Important Dates

1863 – 1924Offices located in the Smithsonian Institution, Washington (D.C.).

March 3, 1863Senator Henry Wilson drafted a bill for the incorporation of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), which passed the Senate and House of Representatives and was signed into law by President Lincoln, Washington (D.C.).

1871Prepared instructions for the scientific activities of the Polaris expedition toward the North Pole.

1873Prepared instructions for the exploration of the newly created Yellowstone National Park.

1877First "Biographical Memoirs" are published, providing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased National Academy of Sciences (NAS) members, written by colleagues.

1886First Henry Draper Medal for an original investigation in astronomical physics.

1887First James Craig Watson Medal for contributions to the science of astronomy.

1888First J. Lawrence Smith Medal for original investigations of meteoric bodies.

1913First Alexander Agassiz Medal for an original contribution in the science of oceanography.

1913First Comstock Prize in Physics for a North American resident for a recent discovery or investigation in electricity, magnetism, or radiant energy.

April 22, 1913 – April 24, 1913Semi-Centennial Meeting held at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington (D.C.).

1914First Public Welfare Medal for distinguished contributions in the application of science to the public welfare.

1914"Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences" (PNAS) established to cover the biological, physical, and social sciences.

1916National Research Council (NRC) established at the request of President Wilson to recruit specialists in science and technology to advise on military preparedness.

1917First Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal for published work in zoology or paleontology.

1921First Mary Clark Thompson Medal for important services to geology and paleontology.

April 28, 1924Main building dedicated, Washington (D.C.).

1932First John J. Carty Award for the Advancement of Science for distinguished accomplishments in any field of science within the charter of the Academy.

1934 – 2007The Charles Doolittle Walcott Medal for research on Cambrian or pre-Cambrian life is awarded.

1947The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS), a non-profit scientific association dedicated to advancing biological research and education, is founded as part of the National Academy of Sciences. It became an independent organization in the 1950s.

1952First Jessie Stevenson Kovalenko Medal for contributions to the medical sciences.

1955 – 1970Kimber Genetics Award for distinguished achievement in the field of animal or plant genetics is awarded.

1962First NAS Award in Molecular Biology for a recent notable discovery in molecular biology by a young scientist, defined as no older than 45, who is a citizen of the United States.

October 21, 1963 – October 24, 1963Centennial Meeting held at Constitution Hall, Washington (D.C.).

1964National Academy of Engineering (NAE) established.

1964 – 1974Coordinator for the International Biological Program in the U.S.

1965First Gibbs Brothers Medal for outstanding contributions in the field of naval architecture and marine engineering.

1968First Selman A. Waksman Award in Microbiology for excellence in the field of microbiology.

1968First J. C. Hunsaker Award in Aeronatuical Engineering.

1969First Arctowski Medal for outstanding contributions to the study of solar physics and solar terrestrial relationships.

1969First G. K. Warren Prize for distinguished accomplishment in fluviatile geology.

1970Institute of Medicine (IOM) established.

1971 – 1980NAS Award for Environmental Quality for outstanding contributions based in science or technology to improve the quality of the environment or in the control of its pollution by man.

1972First Arthur L. Day Prize and Lectureship for lasting contributions to the study of the physics of the Earth.

1972 – 2005NAS Award in Applied Mathematics and Numerical Analysis for outstanding work in applied mathematics and numerical analysis conducted in North America.

1979First Gilbert Morgan Smith Medal for published research on marine or freshwater algae.

1979First NAS Award for Scientific Reviewing for authors who have performed significant service to science and their fellow scientists in writing scientific reviews that have influenced the course of scientific thinking.

1979First NAS Award in Chemical Sciences for innovative research in the chemical sciences that contributes to a better understanding of the natural sciences to the benefit of humanity.

1979First Richard Lounsbery Award given alternately to young French and American scientists for extraordinary scientific achievement in biology and medicine. The award is administered alternately by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the French Academie des Sciences.

1981First William O. Baker Award for Initiatives in Research for innovative young scientists, preferably 35 years or younger and a U.S. resident, and to encourage research likely to lead toward new capabilities for human benefit.

1984First Troland Research Awards, two annually, to young investigators, age 40 or younger, for unusual achivement and further empirical research in psychology regarding the relationships of consciousness and the physical world.

1988First NAS Award in the Neurosciences for extraordinary contributions to progress in the fields of neuroscience, including neurochemistry, neurophysiology, neuropharmacology, developmental neuroscience, neuroanatomy, and behavioral and clinical neuroscience.

1988First NAS Award in Mathematics for excellence of research in the mathematical sciences published within the past ten years.

1990First NAS Award for Behavioral Research Relevant to the Prevention of Nuclear War for basic research in any field of cognitive or behavioral science that uses rigorous formal and empirical methods to advance understanding of issues relating to the risk of nuclear war.

1990First NAS Award for the Industrial Application of Science for original scientific work of intrinsic importance and with beneficial applications in industry.

1991First NAS Award for Chemistry in Service to Society for contributions to chemistry, either in fundamental science or its application, that clearly satisfy a societal need.

1996"Issues in Science and Technology" established as a forum for discussion of public policy related to science, engineering, and medicine.

1998First Alexander Hollaender Award for outstanding contributions in biophysics.

2004The Koshland Science Museum is opened, Washington (D.C.).

October 2008The NAS Award in Early Earth and Life Sciences established. Previously this had been the Charles Doolittle Walcott Medal for research on Cambrian or pre-Cambrian life and the Stanley Miller Medal for research on Earth's early development as a planet. The award rotates presentation between the two former medals.

2012First Pradel Research Award to recognize and further outstanding research in neuroscience.

October 16, 2013 – October 18, 2013Sesquicentennial Meeting held at the National Academy of Sciences building, Washington (D.C.).

2014Endowment created for the NAS Award for Scientific Discovery through a gift from the Research Corporation for Science Advancement (RCSA). Presented for an accomplishment or discovery in basic research within the past five years.

2014First NAS Prize in Psychological and Cognitive Sciences for significant advances in the psychological and cognitive sciences with important implications for formal and systemtic theory in these fields.

Places

Formation

Washington (D.C.)

Meeting

Washington (D.C.)

Headquarters

Washington (D.C.)

Subjects

Astronomy.

Chemistry.

Geophysics.

Physics.

Science and state.

Citations

History section of National Academy of Sciences website.

Relationships

People

Employees & Officers

Abelson, Philip Hauge

Member, Council.

Aeppli, Gabriel

Member, Solid State Sciences Subcommittee, Board of Physics and Astronomy.

Agassiz, Alexander, 1835-1910

President.

Alberts, Bruce

President.

Anderson, Carl D. (Carl David), 1905-1991

Chair, Physics Section.

Anderson, P. W. (Philip W.), 1923-

Member, Council.

Ashcroft, Neil W.

Member, High Temperature Superconductivity Committee.

Bache, A. D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867

President.

Bahcall, John N.

Chair, Section on Astronomy; Chair, Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey Committee; and Chair, Panel on Neutrino Astrophysics.

Barschall, H. H. (Henry Herman), 1915-1997

Member and Chair, Physics Section.

Bennett, Charles L. (Charles Leonard), 1956-

Member, Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics; Member, Space Studies Board; Awarded 2009 Comstock Prize in Physics; and Co-Chair, Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Berkner, Lloyd V. (Lloyd Viel), 1905-1967

Member and Chair, Space Science Board.

Berlincourt, T. G.

Member of Instrumentation Panel and member of Interfaces & Applications Panel, physics survey.

Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975

President.

Brooks, Harvey

Chair, Committee on Science and Public Policy.

Buckley, Oliver Ellsworth, 1887-1959

Member, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research.

Campbell, William Wallace, 1862-1938

President.

Chaikin, Paul M.

Member, Solid State Sciences Committee.

Chamberlain, Joseph W. (Joseph Wyan), 1928-2004

Chair, Astronomy Section.

Charney, Jule G.

Chair, United States National Committee on Global Atmospheric Research Progress.

Chodorow, Marvin

Member and Chair, Advisory Committee on the USSR and Eastern Europe.

Chu, Steven

Member; Member, Committee on Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics; and Member, Executive Committee, Board on Physics and Astronomy.

Chynoweth, A. G.

Survey Director, Committee on the Survey Materials Science and Engineering; Member and Panel Chair, Committee on Mineral Resources and the Environment; and Member, National Materials Advisory Board.

Cicerone, Ralph J.

President.

Clemence, Gerald M. (Gerald Maurice), 1908-

Member and Chair, Board of Directors, B. A. Gould Fund.

Cohen, Marvin L.

Chairman, Condensed Matter Physics Search/Screening Committee.

Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962

Member and Chair, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research.

Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954

Member and Chairman, Science Advisory Board.

Coolidge, William David, 1873-1975

Member, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research.

Drake, James (James F.)

Member, Review Panel on the Fusion Energy Sciences Program.

Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler, 1876-1965

Chair, Section of Mathematics, Vice-President, and Member.

Emmons, H. W. (Howard W.)

Member, Fire Research Committee.

Fleming, J. A. (John Adam), 1877-1956

Member.

Fowler, William A.

Member of Space Science Board, Chair of Physics Section, Member of Council, Member, Committee on US-Soviet Cooperation in Physics, Chair, Office of Physical Science, and Member.

Frauenfelder, Hans, 1922-

Chair, Physics Section, and Member, Committee on the USSR and Eastern Europe.

Freedman, Stuart J.

Frieman, E. A.

Member, Committee on International Security and Arms Control; Member, Ocean Studies Board; Member, Panel on the Government Role in Civilian Technology; Chair, Board on Sustainable Development; Chair, Board on Global Change, Commission on Geosciences Environment and Resources; and Member.

Gabrielse, Gerald

Member, Committee on High-Energy-Density Plasma Physics and Member.

Galt, John Kirtland, 1920-

Member, Advisory Committee to Air Force Systems Command.

Geller, Margaret J.

Member; Chair, Astrophysics (Physics Section) Screening Panel; and Member, Council.

Giacconi, Riccardo

Member, Executive Committee, Space Studies Board and Member.

Gibbons, John H., 1929-2015

Member, International Advisory Board, Committee on International Programs.

Gibbs, Wolcott, 1822-1908

President.

Ginzton, Edward L. (Edward Leonard), 1915-1998

Chair, Committee on Motor Vehicle Emissions; Co-Chair, Committee on Nuclear Energy Study; Member, Committee on Science and National Security; Chair, Committee on Lab Animals in Biomedical and Behavioral Research; and Member.

Goldberger, Marvin L.

Chair and member, Committee on International Security and Arms Control.

Goldhaber, Gertrude S. -1998

Gollub, J. P., 1944-

Member, Advisory Board, National Science Resources Center; Member, Governing Council; and Member.

Goodhue, Bertram Grosvenor, 1869-1924

Architect of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) main building.

Greene, Laura H.

Member, Board on Physics and Astronomy.

Handler, Philip, 1917-1981

President.

Heeger, Alan J.

Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878

President.

Hilberry, Norman, 1899-

Member, Advisory Committee, United States Office of Emergency Preparedness.

Hohenberg, Pierre C.

Exchange Fellow, Institute for Physical Problems, Moscow; Member, Committee on US-USSR Cooperation in Physics; and Chair, Physics Section.

Holdren, John P.

Member, International Environmental Program Committee, and Chair, Committee on International Security and Arms Control.

Hopfield, John J.

Chair, Committee on Publication.

Jewett, Frank B. (Frank Baldwin), 1879-1949

President and Member.

Kemble, Edwin C. (Edwin Crawford), 1889-

Chair, Physics Section.

Kennel, Charles F., 1939-

Member and Member, Space Science Board.

Kimble, H. Jeff (Harry Jeffrey), 1949-

Kistiakowsky, George B. (George Bogdan), 1900-1982

Member, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research; Chair, Committee on Science and Public Policy; Vice President.

Kleppner, Daniel

Member, and Member, Board of Physics and Astronomy.

Langer, James S.

Member and Vice President.

Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958

Member and Member, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research.

Lax, Melvin J.

Member, Basic Research Advisory Committee and Member and Secretary, Class III (Engineering and Applied Physical and Mathematical Sciences).

Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947

President.

Lin, C. C. (Chia-Chʻiao), 1916-2013

Member and Member, Committee on Support for Research in Mathematical Sciences.

MacDonald, Gordon J. (Gordon James), 1929-2002

Member and Member, Committee on Atmospheric Sciences.

Macdonald, J. Ross (James Ross), 1923-

Member; Member, Solid State Sciences Panel; Member, Committee on Science Engineering and Public Policy; Member, Commission on Physical Sciences Mathematics and Resources; Secretary, Class III; and Chair, Numerical Data Advisory Board, National Academy of Sciences-National Academy of Engineering.

Marsh, Othniel Charles, 1831-1899

President.

Marshak, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1916-1992

Member, Committee on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, National Academy of Sciences; Member, Council; and Member.

McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907-

Chair, Class I.

Michelson, Albert A. (Albert Abraham), 1852-1931

President and awarded 1916 Draper Medal.

Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953

Member, chair of Physical Sciences Division and member of Executive Committee Board.

Morgan, Thomas Hunt, 1866-1945

President.

Mulliken, Robert Sanderson

Member and Member, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research.

Nierenberg, William Aaron, 1919-2000

Member; Member, Council; and Chair, Carbon Dioxide Assessment Committee.

Novick, Robert

Chair, Subpanel on Atomic and Molecular Physics and Member. Advisory Panel to the National Bureau of Standards Atomic Physics Division.

Onuchic, José

Member and Member, Board of Physics and Astronomy.

Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H. (Wolfgang Kurt Hermann), 1919-2007

Member, Physics Survey Committee; Member and Chair, Senior Advisors, Committee on International Security and Arms Control; Member, Committee on Scholarly Communication with the People's Republic of China.

Parker, E. N. (Eugene Newman), 1927-

Chair, Astronomical Section.

Peale, Stanton Jerrold

Member and Space Sciences Board, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration.

Pearson, Gerald L. (Gerald Leondus)

Member, Ad Hoc Committee on Materials and Processes Electronic Devices, National Materials Advisory Board.

Pines, David, 1924-

Member; Chair, Panel on Condensed Matter Physics.

Plummer, E. Ward

Member and Member, Solid State Sciences Committee.

Post, Richard F.

Member, Physics Survey Committee.

Press, Frank, 1924-

President; Member; Member, Council Committee on National Science Policy; Member, Council; Chair, Council Committee on National Science Policy.

Price, Paul Buford

Member, Space Studies Board; Chair, Geophysics Section; Chair, Physical and Mathematical Sciences Class; Member, Steering Group on Future of Space Science; and Member, Polar Research Board.

Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988

Council member. Member, Committee to Explore the Role of Science in Foreign Relations.

Remsen, Ira, 1846-1927

President.

Richards, Alfred N. (Alfred Newton), 1876-1966

President.

Richardson, Robert C. (Robert Coleman), 1937-2013

Member; Chair, Physics Section; Secretary and Chair, Class I (Mathematical and Physical Sciences).

Richmond, Geraldine (Geraldine L.), 1953-

Member; Chair, Frontiers in Science Symposium; and Member, COSEPUP Committee on Women in Academic Science and Engineering.

Richtmyer, F. K. (Floyd Karker), 1881-1939

Member and served on council.

Rogers, William Barton, 1804-1882

President.

Rosner, Robert

Member, Committee on High Energy Density Physics; Member, Space Studies Board; Member, Committee on Solar and Space Physics; Member, Committee on Plasma Science; and Member, Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Rowland, F. S.

Foreign Secretary.

Sarachik, Myriam P.

Member, Governing Council.

Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008

President.

Simmons, Ralph Oliver

Office of Physical Science, National Research Council.

Simpson, John A. (John Alexander), 1916-2000

Member, Space Science Board.

Taylor, Joseph H. (Joseph Hooton)

Member, Radio Astronomy Panel, Astronomy Survey Committee.

Terman, Frederick Emmons, 1900-1982

Member; Member, Committee on Tests of Battery Additives; Chair, Engineering Section; and Member, Council.

Thorne, Kip S.

Member; Member, Space Science Board; and Member, Committee on US-USSR Cooperation in Physics.

Townes, Charles H.

Council member, Chair of Space Science Board, and Chair of Committee on International Security and Arms Control.

Van Allen, James A. (James Alfred), 1914-2006

Member and Member, Space Science Board.

Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980

Member, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research.

Von Kármán, Theodore, 1881-1963

Member and Director, NAS-Air Research and Development Command Summer Study Groups.

Walcott, Charles D. (Charles Doolittle), 1850-1927

President.

Waterman, Alan Tower, 1892-1967

Consultant to the President.

Weiss, Rainer

Member, and Member, Space Science Board.

Welch, William Henry, 1850-1934

President.

Wetherill, George West

Member and Member, Space Science Board.

Yang, Chen Ning, 1922-

Member and Chair, Panel of Theoretical Physics, Physics Survey Committee.

Associates & Members

Abrahams, Elihu

Abrikosov, A. A. (Alekseĭ Alekseevich)

Acrivos, A.

Adair, Robert K., 1924-

Adams, Leason Heberling, 1887-1969

Adams, Roger, 1889-1971

Adelberger, Eric G.

Adler, Stephen L.

Agnew, Harold M.

Aharonov, Yakir, 1932-

Ahlers, G. (Günter)

Aizenman, Michael

Alder, B. J.

Alivisatos, P.

Allison, Samuel King, 1900-1965

Alpher, Ralph, 1921-2007

Al'tshuler, B. L.

Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988

Anderson, Herbert Lawrence

Anderson, Herbert Lawrence

Arakawa, Akio

Ashkin, Arthur, 1922-

Aspnes, D. E.

Austin, Robert H.

Awschalom, D. (David)

Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004

Member.

Bain, Edgar Collins, 1891-1971

Bainbridge, Kenneth T. (Kenneth Tompkins), 1904-1996

Balluffi, R. W.

Bardeen, James Maxwell, 1939-

Bardeen, John

Bardeen, William A.

Bargmann, V. (Valentine), 1908-1989

Barish, B. C. (Barry Clark), 1936-

Barton, Henry Askew, 1898-1983

Bascom, Willard

Bateman, Harry, 1882-1946

Baym, Gordon

Beams, Jesse W. (Jesse Wakefield), 1898-1977

Bean, Charles P., 1923-1996

Beasley, Malcolm

Becquerel, Henri, 1852-1908

Awarded 1905 Barnard Medal.

Benedek, George Bernard, 1928-

Bergquist, James Charles

Berko, Stephan

Bernstein, Ira B.

Bersohn, Richard, 1925-2003

Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005

Bialek, William S.

Birch, Francis, 1903-1992

Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), 1887-

Bjerknes, J. (Jacob Aall Bonnevie), 1897-1975

Bjorken, James D.

Bleakney, Walker, 1901-1992

Bloch, Felix, 1905-

Bloembergen, N.

Bode, Hendrik W. (Hendrik Wade), 1905-1982

Boehm, Felix

Bonner, Tom Wilkerson, 1910-1961

Booker, Henry G.

Bowhill, S. A.

Bradbury, Norris, 1909-1997

Bragg, William Lawrence, Sir, 1890-1971

Awarded 1914 Bernard Medal.

Brattain, Walter H. (Walter Houser), 1902-1987

Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981

Brenner, Howard

Brewer, Richard G.

Bridgman, P. W. (Percy Williams), 1882-1961

Awarded the 1933 Comstock Prize.

Briggs, Lyman J. (Lyman James), 1874-1963

Brillouin, Léon, 1889-1969

Brinkman, William F. (William Frank), 1938-

Brode, Robert B. (Robert Bigham), 1900-1986

Bromley, D. Allan (David Allan), 1926-2005

Brown, G. E. (Gerald Edward), 1926-

Brown, Harold, 1927-

Brueckner, Keith A.

Bucher, Walter H. (Walter Herman), 1888-

Buchsbaum, Solomon J.

Bucksbaum, Philip H.

Bugher, John C.

Burstein, Elias, 1917-2017

Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974

Byer, R. L. (Robert L.), 1942-

Cahn, John W., 1928-

Callan, Curtis G.

Callen, Herbert B.

Cardona, Manuel, 1934-

Carmichael, Leonard, 1898-1973

Carrier, George F.

Case, Kenneth M.

Cava, Robert J.

2005 John J. Carty Award for the Advancement of Science recipient.

Ceperley, David

Chalmers, Bruce

Chamberlain, O. (Owen)

Chan, Moses Hung-Wai

Chandler, David, 1944-

Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-1995

Chang, Leroy L.

Chaudhari, Praveen, 1937-

Chemla, D. S.

Chew, Geoffrey F.

Christy, Robert F.

Chu, Ching-wu, 1941-

Clark, N. A. (Noel Anthony), 1940-

Clarke, John, 1942-

Foreign Associate.

Clogston, Albert McCavour

Coblentz, William W. (William Weber), 1873-1962

Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude

Foreign Associate.

Cole, Julian D.

Coleman, Sidney, 1937-2007

Collins, Samuel C. (Samuel Cornette)

Commins, Eugene D.

Comstock, George C. (George Cary), 1855-1934

Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978

Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974

Conwell, Esther M. (Esther Marley), 1922-2014

Cool, Rodney L. (Rodney Lee), 1920-1988

Cooper, Leon N. (Leon Neil), 1930-

Coppersmith, Susan Nan

Cormack, Allan MacLeod, 1924-1998

Cornell, Eric Allin, 1961-

Courant, Ernest D. (Ernest David), 1920-

Courant, Richard, 1888-1972

Crabtree, G. W.

Crane, H. R. (Horace Richard), 1907-2007

Creutz, E.

Crew, Henry, 1859-1953

Crewe, Albert V.

Cronin, James W., 1931-2016

Cummins, Herman Z., 1933-

Cutler, Cassius Chapin

Dalgarno, A.

Daniels, Farrington, 1889-1972

Darlington, Sidney, 1906-1997

Dashen, Roger F.

David, Edward E.

Davis, Bergen, 1869-1958

Davis, J. C. Séamus

Davis, Raymond, 1914-2006

Davisson, Clinton Joseph, 1881-1958

Dawson, J. M. (John Myrick), 1930-

Day, Arthur L. (Arthur Louis), 1869-1960

Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966

Dehmelt, Hans

Delbrück, Max

Dennison, David M. (David Mathias), 1900-1976

Deser, S. (Stanley)

Deutsch, Martin, 1917-2002

DeWitt, Bryce S. (Bryce Seligman), 1923-2004

Dicke, Robert H. (Robert Henry)

DiSalvo, Francis

Donahue, Thomas M.

Draper, C. S. (Charles Stark)

Draper, Henry, 1837-1882

Drell, Persis S.

Drell, Sidney D. (Sidney David), 1926-

Dresselhaus, M. S.

Drickamer, H. G. (Harry George), 1918-2002

Dryden, Hugh L. (Hugh Latimer), 1898-1965

DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994

DuMond, Jesse W. M. (Jesse William Monroe), 1892-1976

Dunn, Floyd, 1924-

Dunning, John R. (John Ray), 1907-1975

Duwez, Pol

Dynes, Robert C.

Dyson, Freeman J.

Eastman, Dean E. (Dean Eric)

Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973

Edgerton, Harold Eugene, 1903-1990

Ehrlich, Gert

Eigler, Donald

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

Eisenstein, James P. (James Philip)

Elsasser, Walter M., 1904-

Emmons, H. W. (Howard W.)

Epstein, Paul S. (Paul Sophus), 1883-1966

Esaki, Reona, 1925-

Eyring, Henry, 1901-1981

Falicov, L. M. (Leopoldo Maximo), 1933-1995

Fano, Ugo

Feenberg, Eugene

Feher, George, 1924-

Feigenbaum, Mitchell J.

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

Ferry, John D., 1912-2002

Feshbach, Herman

Field, George B., 1929-

Fisher, Michael E. (Michael Ellis)

Foreign Associate.

Fisk, James B. (James Brown), 1910-1981

Fisk, Zachary

Fitch, Val L., 1923-2015

Fletcher, Harvey, 1884-1981

Fleury, Paul A.

Flygare, W. H., 1936-

Foote, Paul D. (Paul Darwin), 1888-1971

Forbush, Scott E., 1904-1984

Fortson, E. Norval

Fowler, Alan, 1928-

Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872

Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000

Member, Space Science Board; Member, Committee on Science and Public Policy; Chair, Class I (Physical and Mathematical Sciences); Chair, International Relations Committee, Space Science Board; Member, Council; Member, Film Committee; Member, Space Studies Board.

Friedman, Jerome I. (Jerome Isaac), 1930-

Friedrichs, K. O. (Kurt Otto), 1901-1983

Frosch, Robert A. (Robert Alan), 1928-

Fultz, Dave, 1921-

Furnas, C. C. (Clifford Cook), 1900-1969

Furth, H. P.

Gaillard, Mary K.

Gamow, George, 1904-1968

Garwin, Richard L.

Gates, S. James

Geballe, Ronald, 1918-

Geballe, Theodore H.

Gehrels, Neil

Gell-Mann, Murray

Georgi, Howard

Gerson, N. C.

Giaever, Ivar

Giauque, William F. (William Francis), 1895-1982

Girvin, Steven M.

Glaser, D. A.

Glashow, Sheldon L.

Glauber, Roy J., 1925-

Gold, Thomas

Goldberg, Leo

Goldenfeld, Nigel

Goldhaber, Gerson

Goldhaber, Maurice, 1911-2011

Goldman, Allen M.

Gomer, R. (Robert)

Goodenough, John B.

Gordon, William Edwin, 1918-

Gordy, Walter, 1909-1985

Gor'kov, L. P. (Lev Petrovich), 1929-

Gossard, A. C.

Goudsmit, Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham), 1902-1978

Grad, Harold, 1923-

Greenstein, Jesse L. (Jesse Leonard), 1909-2002

Greisen, Kenneth

Griggs, David, 1911-1974

Gross, David J. (David Jonathan)

Gunn, Ross, 1897-1966

Guth, Alan H.

Gutowsky, Herbert Sander, 1919-

Gutzwiller, M. C. (Martin C.)

Haeberli, W. (Willy)

Hagstrum, Homer D.

Hahn, E. L. (Erwin Louis), 1921-

Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938

Hall, J. L. (John L.), 1934-

Halperin, Bertrand I.

Hänsch, T. W. (Theo W.), 1941-

Awarded 1983 Comstock Prize in Physics.

Hansen, W. W. (William Webster), 1909-1949

Happer, William, 1939-

Hartle, J. B. (James B.)

Hauptman, Herbert A. (Herbert Aaron), 1917-2011

Haurwitz, Bernhard

Haus, Hermann A.

Haworth, Leland J. (Leland John), 1904-

Haxton, Wick C.

Hellwarth, Robert Willis, 1930-

Henley, Ernest M.

Henyey, Louis G., 1910-1970

Herb, R. G. (Raymond George), 1908-1996

Herman, Robert, 1914-

Herring, William Conyers, 1914-

Herschbach, Dudley R.

Herzfeld, Karl F. (Karl Ferdinand), 1892-

Hirth, John Price, 1930-

Hoddeson, Lillian

Hofstadter, Robert, 1915-1990

Holstein, Theodore David, 1915-1985

Hooft, G. 't

Foreign Associate.

Horowitz, Gary T., 1955-

Houston, W. V. (William Vermillion), 1900-

Hubbert, M. King (Marion King), 1903-1989

Hughes, Vernon W.

Member.

Hull, Albert Wallace, 1880-1966

Hulm, John K.

Hunsaker, Jerome C. (Jerome Clarke), 1886-1984

Ives, Herbert Eugene, 1882-1953

Jacak, Barbara

Jackiw, Roman W.

Jackson, John David, 1925-2016

Jackson, Shirley Ann, 1946-

Member, Committee on Education and Employment of Women in Science and Engineering.

Jaffe, Arthur, 1937-

Javan, Ali, 1926-

Jeffries, C. D., 1922-

Jin, Deborah S.

Joannopoulos, J. D. (John D.), 1947-

Joseph, Daniel D.

Kadanoff, Leo P.

Kantrowitz, Arthur

Kapitsa, P. L. (Petr Leonidovich), 1894-1984

Karle, Jerome

Kaspi, Victoria Michelle, 1967-

Kastner, Marc A.

Kaula, William M.

Kelly, Mervin Joe

Kelly, William C.

Kendall, Henry W. (Henry Way), 1926-1999

Kent, R. H. (Robert Harrington), 1886-1961

Kerst, Donald William, 1911-1993

Ketterle, Wolfgang

Keyes, Frederick G. (Frederick George), 1885-1976

King, Ivan R.

Kinoshita, T. (Toichiro)

Kirkwood, John Gamble, 1907-1959

Kittel, Charles

Kivelson, Steven

Klein, Martin J.

Klein, Miles V., 1933-

Kohn, Walter, 1923-2016

Kompfner, Rudolf, 1909-1977

Koonin, Steven E.

Kraichnan, Robert H., 1928-2008

Kraushaar, William L.

Kroemer, Herbert, 1928-

Kroll, Norman Myles, 1922-

Kruskal, Martin D. (Martin David), 1925-2006

Kusch, Polykarp, 1911-1993

Lamb, Willis E. (Willis Eugene), 1913-2008

Lambert, Walter D. (Walter Davis), 1879-

Landauer, Rolf William, 1927-1999

Lange, Andrew

Laporte, Otto, 1902-1971

Laughlin, Robert B.

Lauritsen, Charles Christian, 1892-1968

Lauritsen, Thomas, 1915-1973

Lauterbur, Paul C., 1929-2007

Member and awarded 2001 NAS Award for Chemistry in Service to Society.

Lax, Benjamin

Lebowitz, Joel Louis, 1930-

Lederman, Leon M.

Lee, David M.

Lee, P. A. (Patrick A.), 1946-

Lee, T. D., 1926-

Lee, Yuan Tseh, 1936-

Leggett, A. J. (Anthony J.)

Leighton, Robert B.

Leith, Cecil E., 1923-

Libchaber, Albert J.

Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865

Signed the legislation which created the National Academy of Sciences (NAS).

Linde, A. D.

Livingston, M. Stanley (Milton Stanley)

Loomis, Alfred L. (Alfred Lee), 1887-1975

Loomis, F. W. (Francis Wheeler), 1889-1976

Louie, Steven G., 1949-

Low, Francis E. (Francis Eugene), 1921-2007

Lubensky, T. C.

Luttinger, Joaquin M.

Luyten, Willem Jacob, 1899-1994

Lyman, Theodore, 1874-1954

MacDonald, A. H.

MacInnes, Duncan A. (Duncan Arthur), 1885-1965

Mackey, George W. (George Whitelaw), 1916-2006

Mahan, Gerald D.

Maiman, Theodore H.

Maldacena, Juan Martin, 1968-

Mandel, Leonard

Mandelbrot, Benoît B.

Member and Member, Committee on the Applications of Mathematics.

Mange, Phillip, 1925-

Maple, M. Brian, 1939-

Martin, Paul Cecil, 1931-

Mason, Max, 1877-1961

Mather, John C.

Matthias, Bernd T., 1918-1980

Mayer, Joseph Edward, 1904-

Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972

McCray, Patrick (W. Patrick)

McCuskey, S. W. (Sidney Wilcox)

McDaniel, Boyce D. (Boyce Dawkins), 1917-

McKee, Christopher, 1942-

McLean, William B. (William Burdette), 1914-1976

McMillan, William L.

Meggers, William F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966

Menard, Henry W. (Henry William), 1920-1986

Mendenhall, Thomas C. (Thomas Corwin), 1841-1924

Menzel, Donald H. (Donald Howard), 1901-1976

Mermin, N. David

Merritt, Ernest, 1865-1948

Millikan, Clark Blanchard, 1903-1966

Mindlin, Raymond D. (Raymond David), 1906-1987

Moin, Parviz

Montroll, E. W.

Morrison, Philip

Morse, Marston, 1892-1977

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

Moser, Jürgen, 1928-

Müller, Erwin W.

Müller, K. A. (Karl A.), 1927-

Foreign Associate Member.

Mullins, William W.

Murnaghan, Francis D. (Francis Dominic), 1893-1976

Murnane, Margaret

Murray, Cherry Ann

Nagel, Sidney R.

Nambu, Yoichiro, 1921-2015

Nelson, Ann E. (Ann Elizabeth)

Nelson, David R., 1951-

Ney, Edward Purdy, 1920-

Nier, Alfred O. (Alfred Otto), 1911-1994

Noyce, Robert N. (Robert Norton), 1927-1990

Nygren, David R.

Oddone, Piermaria J.

Olson, Harry F. (Harry Ferdinand), 1901-1982

Onsager, Lars, 1903-1976

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

Osheroff, Douglas D.

Ostriker, J. P.

Overhauser, Albert Warner, 1925-

Paczyński, Bohdan

Page, Lyman A.

Pake, G. E. (George Edward)

Palmer, Robert B., 1934-

Parkinson, W. C. (William Charles), 1918-

Patel, C. Kumar N.

Pegram, George Braxton, 1876-1958

Pekeris, C. L. (Chaim Leib), 1908-1993

Penner, S. S.

Penzias, Arno A.

Perdew, John P.

Perl, Martin L., 1927-2014

Perlman, Isadore

Perlmutter, Saul

Pfann, William G.

Phillips, J. C.

Phillips, William D. (William Daniel), 1948-

Pierce, George Washington, 1872-1956

Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000

Pohl, Robert O.

Polanyi, J. C., 1929-

Polchinski, Joseph Gerard

Polyakov, A. M.

Pound, Robert V.

Prager, William, 1903-1980

Prescott, Charles

Prigogine, I. (Ilya)

Foreign Associate.

Primakoff, H. (Henry), 1914-1983

Pritchard, David E. (David Edward), 1941-

Purcell, Edward M.

Quinn, Helen R.

Rainwater, L. James (Leo James), 1917-1986

Ramsey, Norman, 1915-2011

Randall, Lisa

Rasmussen, Norman C.

Reines, Frederick, 1918-1998

Reppy, John David

Reynolds, John Hamilton, 1923-2000

Reynolds, Joseph M.

Rice, Oscar Knefler, 1903-1978

Rice, Thomas Maurice, 1939-

Richards, Paul L. (Paul Linford)

Richter, Burton, 1931-

Riess, Adam, 1969-

Robertson, H. P. (Howard Percy), 1903-1961

Robertson, R. G. Hamish, 1943-

Robinson, Allan R.

Rosenbluth, M. N.

Ross, Frank E. (Frank Elmore), 1874-1960

Rossby, Carl-Gustaf

Rossi, Bruno, 1905-1993

Rowell, John Martin, 1935-

Ruderman, Malvin A.

Rudnick, Isadore, 1917-

Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

Ryle, Martin, 1918-1984

Awarded the Henry Draper Medal (1965).

Sachs, Robert Green, 1916-

Samios, Nicholas P.

Sandweiss, Jack H.

Saunders, Frederick A. (Frederick Albert), 1875-1963

Sawyer, Ralph A. (Ralph Alanson), 1895-1978

Scalapino, Douglas J.

Schawlow, Arthur L., 1921-1999

Schiff, Leonard I. (Leonard Isaac), 1915-1971

Schiffer, John P.

Schiffer, Menahem

Schramm, David N.

Schrieffer, J. R. (John Robert), 1931-

Schwartz, Melvin, 1932-2006

Schwarz, John H.

Schwinger, Julian, 1918-1994

Sciulli, Frank J.

Seaborg, Glenn T. (Glenn Theodore), 1912-1999

Sears, William Rees, 1913-2002

Segal, Irving Ezra

Segrè, Emilio

Seiberg, Nathan

Serber, R. (Robert)

Sessler, A. M. (Andrew Marienhoff)

Sham, L. J.

Shank, C. V. (Charles V.)

Shapiro, Irwin I.

Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972

Shen, Y. R.

Shirane, G.

Shochet, Melvyn J.

Shockley, William, 1910-1989

Shull, Clifford Glenwood

Sinai, Yakov G.

Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976

Slepian, Joseph, 1891-

Slichter, Charles P.

Slichter, Louis B. (Louis Byrne), 1896-1978

Smalley, Richard E.

Smoot, George

Sorokin, Peter P.

Spilhaus, Athelstan

Spitzer, Frank, 1926-

Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997

Stanley, H. Eugene (Harry Eugene), 1941-

Stein, Richard S.

Steinhardt, Paul J.

Stern, Otto, 1888-1969

Stever, H. Guyford

Stewart, George Walter, 1876-1956

Stillinger, F. H.

Stratton, Julius Adams, 1901-1994

Street, Jabez Curry, 1906-

Strominger, Andrew Eben

Suhl, Harry

Suits, C. Guy (Chauncey Guy), 1905-1991

Susskind, Leonard

Swinney, H. L., 1939-

Szilard, Leo

Tank, David William, 1953-

Tate, John T. (John Torrence), 1889-1950

Tauc, J. (Jan)

Taylor, Richard Edward, 1929-2018

Telegdi, Val, 1922-2006

Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

Teukolsky, Saul A. (Saul Arno), 1947-

Thomas, Gareth, 1932-2014

Thomas, Llewellyn Hilleth, 1903-1992

Thomas, Tracy Y. (Tracy Yerkes), 1899-1983

Thouless, D. J.

Tigner, M.

Timoshenko, Stephen, 1878-1972

Ting, S. C. C. (Samuel Chao-chung), 1936-

Tinkham, Michael

Tollestrup, Alvin

Tolman, Richard C. (Richard Chace), 1881-1948

Tousey, Richard

Treiman, Sam B.

Trilling, George H.

Tsui, D. C. (Daniel Chee), 1939-

Turkevich, Anthony, 1916-2002

Turner, Michael Stanley

Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982

Uhlenbeck, George Eugène, 1900-1988

Ulam, Stanislaw M.

Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981

Vafa, Cumrun

Van Harlingen, Dale J.

Vestine, E. H. (Ernest Harry), 1906-1968

Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957

Wald, Robert M.

Watkins, George D.

Watson, Kenneth M.

Waymouth, John F., 1926-

Webb, R. A. (Richard Alan)

Weber, Ernst, 1901-

Webster, Arthur Gordon, 1863-1923

Webster, David Locke, 1888-1976

Weeks, John David

Weinberg, Alvin Martin, 1915-2006

Weinberg, Steven, 1933-

Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002

Weissman, Samuel Isaac

Weitz, David A.

Wentzel, Gregor, 1898-1978

Weyl, Hermann, 1885-1955

Wheatley, John Charles

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

Whipple, Fred L. (Fred Lawrence), 1906-2004

Wick, G. C. (Gian Carlo)

Wieman, C. E. (Carl Edwin)

Wiesner, Jerome B. (Jerome Bert), 1915-1994

Wightman, A. S. (Arthur Strong), 1922-2013

Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995

Wilczek, Frank

Wilkinson, David T.

Will, Clifford M., 1946-

Williams, John H. (John Harry), 1908-

Wilson, Henry, 1812-1875

Senator who drafted the Bill to create the National Academy of Sciences (NAS).

Wilson, Kenneth G. (Kenneth Geddes), 1936-2013

Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000

Wilson, Robert Woodrow, 1936-

Member and 1977 Henry Draper Medal Recipient.

Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924

Urged for the creation of the National Research Council (NRC).

Winckler, John R.

Wineland, David J.

Winstein, Bruce

Wise, Mark B., 1953-

Witherell, Michael S., 1949-

Witten, E.

Wolfenstein, L. (Lincoln)

Wood, Robert Williams, 1868-1955

Woosley, Stanford E.

Wu, C. S. (Chien-shiung), 1912-1997

Ye, Jun, 1967-

Zacharias, Jerrold Reinach, 1905-1986

Zamolodchikov, A. B., 1952-

Zinn, Walter H. (Walter Henry), 1906-2000

Zweig, George

Other

Williams, Ellen D.

Member and Member, Solid State Sciences Committee, Board on Physics and Astronomy.

Institutions

Institutional Hierarchy

Institute of Medicine (U.S.)

National Academies (U.S.)

National Academy of Engineering

National Research Council (U.S.)

Collaborators

Académie des Sciences (France)

Alternately administer the Richard Lounsbery Award.

Akademiia nauk SSSR

Jointly published a Russian-English dictionary of the mathematical sciences.

American Institute of Physics

Jointly sponsored the 19th General Assembly of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP).

American Mathematical Society

Jointly published a Russian-English dictionary of the mathematical sciences.

American Physical Society

Jointly sponsored the 19th General Assembly of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP).

Copernicus Society of America

Jointly sponsored a symposium commemorating Nicolaus Copernicus.

Federal Council for Science and Technology (U.S.)

Work together on a variety of activities.

International Council of Scientific Unions

Founding member.

National Air and Space Museum

Jointly sponsored a symposium on the first 25 years in space.

Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk

Jointly sponsored a workshop on high-impact terrorism.

Smithsonian Institution

Jointly sponsored various symposiums. Original location of National Academy of Sciences (NAS) offices.

U.S. International Biological Program

Served as coordinator for the program in the U.S.

United States North Polar Expedition (1871-1873)

Followed National Academy of Sciences (NAS) created instructions for the expedition.

United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Jointly sponsored a symposium on the Earth's Magnetosphere.

United States. Office of Science and Technology Policy

Work together on a variety of activities.

United States. President's Science Advisory Committee

Work together on a variety of activities.

Yellowstone National Park (Agency : U.S.)

Followed National Academy of Sciences (NAS) created instructions for the exploration of the Park.

Associates

American Association of Physicists in Medicine

American Geophysical Union

Unincorporated affiliate.

American Institute of Biological Sciences

Formed under the auspices of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS).

International Union of Pure and Applied Physics

Co-sponsored the 19th General Assembly.

National Science Foundation (U.S.)

United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Astronautics

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Copernicus Symposium [sound recording], 1973 April 23, 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Information on the National Academy's collections, 1978.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

NAS-NRC International Relations Record Group, 1940-1965.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

National Academy of Sciences records, 1863-1887.

Archives

Smithsonian Institution

Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20024-2520, USA

National Academy of Sciences records, circa 1900-1985.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

The main building: House of the Academies and Research Council.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

American Geophysical Union records, 1919-2008.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Arthur Gordon Webster papers, 1892-1920.

Goddard Library. Archives and Special Collections

Clark University

Worcester, MA 01610-11477, USA

Bruce Chalmers papers, 1953-1966.

Archives. Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

C. C. Furnas papers, 1918-1969.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Library

Abilene, KS 67410, USA

Charles Hard Townes papers, 1948-1996.

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Conference notes prepared informally and unofficially by John A. Wheeler, 1948.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

David Lazarus papers, 1945-1987.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

David N. Schramm papers, 1967-1997.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Duncan A. MacInnes papers, 1926-1965.

Rockefeller Archive Center

15 Dayton Ave., Pocantico Hills, North Tarrytown, NY 10591-1598, USA

Emanuel Ruben Piore papers, circa 1918-1986.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

F. W. Loomis papers, 1920-1976.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Fred Lawrence Whipple papers, 1927-1983.

Archives

Smithsonian Institution

Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20024-2520, USA

Fred Lawrence Whipple papers, 1932-2004.

Archives

Smithsonian Institution

Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20024-2520, USA

Fred Lawrence Whipple papers, 1948-2000.

Archives

Smithsonian Institution

Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20024-2520, USA

Fred Lawrence Whipple papers, 2004.

Archives

Smithsonian Institution

Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20024-2520, USA

Frederick Seitz papers, 1935-1965.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

George C. Comstock papers, 1909-1915.

University Archives

University of Wisconsin -- Madison

Steenbock Library, Madison, WI 53706, USA

George Ellery Hale papers [microform], 1882-1938.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

George Ellery Hale papers, 1882-1937.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

George Ellery Hale papers, 1882-1938.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

George Ellery Hale papers, circa 1889-1950.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Gregory Breit papers, 1929-1980 (bulk 1960-1970).

Manuscripts and Archives

Yale University Library

Box 208240, New Haven, CT 06520, USA

Gregory Breit selected papers [microform], (bulk 1950-1973).

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

H. Guyford Stever papers, 1930-1990 (bulk 1939-1990).

Gerald R. Ford Library

1000 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

H. P. Robertson papers, 1922-1980 (bulk 1936-1966).

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Hans Frauenfelder papers, 1940-1995.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Harry F. Olson collection, 1927-1977.

David Sarnoff Library

David Sarnoff Research Center

201 Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08540-6449, USA

Harvard University Division of Engineering and Applied Physics records of professor Allan R. Robinson relating to the Geophysics Study Committee, 1970-1977.

Archives. Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Harvey Brooks papers, 1930s-2001.

Archives. Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Henry and Mary Anna Palmer Draper papers, 1859-1914 (bulk 1869-1914).

Rare Books and Manuscripts Division

New York Public Library

Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street, New York, NY 10018, USA

Henry Barton letter to William Kelly, 1965.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Henry N. Russell correspondence [microform], 1890-1950.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Henry William Menard papers, 1938-1986 (bulk 1960-1986).

Archives

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Mail Code C-075-C. La Jolla, CA 92093-0175, USA

Herbert Friedman papers, circa 1940-2000.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Howard W. Emmons papers, 1942-1946.

Archives. Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Irwin I. Shapiro papers, circa 1960-1990.

Archives

Smithsonian Institution

Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20024-2520, USA

John C. Bugher papers, 1926-1966 (bulk 1950-1966).

Rockefeller Archive Center

15 Dayton Ave., Pocantico Hills, North Tarrytown, NY 10591-1598, USA

John Clarke Slater papers, 1908-1976.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

John Fries Frazer papers, 1834-1871.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Joseph M. Reynolds papers, 1924-1990 (bulk 1962-1985).

Hill Memorial Library. Special Collections. Lousiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Louisiana State University

Baton Rouge, LA, USA

Leason Heberling Adams papers, 1919-1968.

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Lee A. DuBridge papers, 1932-1986.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Leonard Carmichael papers, circa 1917-1973.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Leonard I. Schiff papers, 1948-1971.

Department of Special Collections and University Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, CA 94305, USA

Lillian Hoddeson papers, 1904-2001.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Max Mason papers, 1898-1961.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Merle Antony Tuve papers, 1901-1982 (bulk 1941-1966).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

N. C. Gerson papers, 1928-1998 (bulk 1950-1970).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Office of the Director records, 1965-1999.

Milton G. White History of Accelerators Room (WH-3SE) and Archives (WH-16NE)

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Oral history interview with Akio Arakawa, 1997 July 17 and 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Athelstan Frederick Spilhaus, 1989 November 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Cecil E. "Chuck" Leith, 1997 July 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edward Mills Purcell, 1977 June 8 and 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Floyd Dunn, 2009 August 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Frederick Seitz, 1982 October 6 and 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with George Brooks Field, 1980 July 14 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with George Gamow, 1968 April 25 and 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harlow Shapley, 1966 June 8 and August 25.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Herbert Friedman, 1980 August 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Isadore Rudnick, 1990 July 3.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ivan Robert King, 1977 July 18 and 20 July 1978.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jeremiah P. Ostriker, 2002 May 14 and 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jesse Leonard Greenstein, 1977 April 7, July 21, 26 and 1978 May 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Joseph Polchinski, 2009 March 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Leo Goldberg, 1978 May 16 and 17, and 1982.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lyman Spitzer, Jr., 1977 April 8 and 1978 May 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Marion King Hubbert, 1989 January 4 to 6 February.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Phillip Mange, 2002 December 30 and 2003 March 25.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ralph Alpher and second session is joint interview with Robert Herman, 1983 August 11 and 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Robert Alan Frosch, 1981 July 10, 23, August 19, September 15 and October 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Henry Dicke, 1985 June 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Valentine L. Telegdi, 2008 March 4 and 9.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Vannevar Bush, 1964.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Vannevar Bush, 1964.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Othniel Charles Marsh papers, 1817-1899.

Manuscripts and Archives

Yale University Library

Box 208240, New Haven, CT 06520, USA

Patrick McCray research material for his book, Giant Telescopes, 1904-2003.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Philip Morse papers, 1927-1980.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

President's Science Advisory Committee records, 1957-1961.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Library

Abilene, KS 67410, USA

Ralph A. Sawyer papers, 1918-1978.

Bentley Historical Library

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2113, USA

Raymond Thayer Birge papers, 1909-1969.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Robert A. Millikan papers, 1821-1953.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Robert B. Leighton papers, 1938-1988 (bulk 1961-1988).

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Robert Green Sachs papers, 1947-1999.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Robert Millikan papers [microform], 1821-1953 (bulk 1921-1953).

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Robert Millikan papers [microform], 1847-1953 (bulk 1921-1953).

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Rodney Lee Cool papers, 1948-1988.

Rockefeller Archive Center

15 Dayton Ave., Pocantico Hills, North Tarrytown, NY 10591-1598, USA

Roger Adams papers, 1900-1971.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Ronald Geballe papers, 1938-1990.

University Archives

University of Washington

Mailstop #0-10. Seattle, WA 98195, USA

S. A. Bowhill papers, 1946-1985.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Selected correspondence [microform], 1932-1945.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Sidney W. McCuskey papers, 1934-1975.

Archives

Case Western Reserve University

10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106-7229, USA

Stanford S. Penner papers, 1938-1998.

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Thomas Gold papers, 1944-2004.

Royal Society

6 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG, England UK

Thomas Mendenhall papers, 1851-1951.

Archives. George C. Gordon Library

Worcester Polytechnic Institute

100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609, USA

W. Conyers Herring reports, 1970-1973.

Department of Special Collections and University Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, CA 94305, USA

Walter H. Bucher papers, 1935, 1946-1951.

Civil Reference Branch

National Archives and Records Administration

Washington, DC 20408, USA

Willard Bascom papers, 1947-1987, (bulk 1961-1985).

Archives

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Mail Code C-075-C. La Jolla, CA 92093-0175, USA

Willem Jacob Luyten papers, circa 1920-1994.

University Archives

University of Minnesota

Andersen Library, Minneapolis, MN, USA

William A. Fowler papers, 1917-1995.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

William B. Rogers papers, 1804-1911.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

William Charles Parkinson papers, 1950-1990.

Bentley Historical Library

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2113, USA

William E. Gordon papers, 1947-1994.

Fondren Library. Woodson Research Center.

Rice University

P. O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77001, USA

William F. Meggers addition to papers, 1870-1973 (bulk 1906-1966).

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Wolcott Gibbs papers, 1845-1908.

The Historical and Interpretative Collections of The Franklin Institute. Archives and Curatorial Department

Franklin Institute

222 N. 20th St., Philadelphia, PA 91903-1194, USA

Wolfgang Panofsky papers, 1934-2007.

National Accelerator Laboratory. Archives and History Office

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)

2575 Sand Hill Road, MS 88, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA

Yale University correspondence [microform], 1920-1941.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

A history of the first half-century of the National Academy of Sciences, 1863-1913.

A report to the public on the biological effects of atomic radiation, based on the 1960 summary reports of the National Academy of Sciences committee[s] on the biological effects of atomic radiation.

Adviser, teacher, role model, friend : on being a mentor to students in science and engineering / National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine.

Balancing scientific openness and national security controls at the nation's nuclear weapons laboratories / Committee on Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security.

Biographical memoirs.

Doctorate production in United States universities, 1920-1962, with baccalaureate origins of doctorates in sciences, arts, and professions. Compiled by Lindsey R. Harmon, and Herbert Soldz.

Energy: future alternatives and risks.

Geological perspectives on climatic change : report / of an Ad Hoc Committee on Geology and Climate, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences.

High-impact terrorism : proceedings of a Russian-American workshop.

Issues in science and technology.

Magnetospheric physics; proceedings. Edited by Donald J. Williams and Gilbert D. Mead.

Neelon Crawford : tools of vision : photographs of telescopes and particle accelerators / contributing authors, Michael Mideke ... [et al.].

Organization and members.

Outlook for science and technology : the next five years / a report of the National Research Council.

Physics in a technological world : XIX General Assembly, International Union of Pure and Applied Physics / Anthony P. French, editor.

Plan for U.S. participation in the Global Atmospheric Research Program / U.S. Committee for the Global Atmospheric Research Program, Division of Physical Sciences, National Research Council.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.

Reshaping the graduate education of scientists and engineers / Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine.

Russian-English dictionary of the mathematical sciences. By A.J. Lohwater with the collaboration of S.H. Gould, under the joint auspices of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, the Academy of Sciences of the USSR [and] the American Mathematical Society.

Science : an American Bicentennial view : commentaries from a series of Academy forums.

Science and technology : a five-year outlook.

Science, government, and the universities / introd. by Frederick Seitz.

Science, technology, and society -- a prospective look : summary and conclusions of the Bellagio conference / organized by the U.S. National Academy of sciences, June 20-27, 1976, Bellagio, Italy.

Scientific and technical communication : a pressing national problem and recommendations for its solution : a synopsis of the report of the Committee on Scientific and Technical Communication of the National Academy of Sciences-National Academy of Engineering.

Scientific, technical, and related societies of the United States.

Siting the Superconducting Super Collider / Super Collider Site Evaluation Committee, NAS, NAE ; National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering.

Space science in the twenty-first century : imperatives for the decades 1995 to 2015 : report of the study steering group / Space Science Board, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, National Research Council.

Technology: processes of assessment and choice; report of the National Academy of Sciences. [Prepared for] Committee on Science and Astronautics, U.S. House of Representatives.

The biological effects of atomic radiation; summary reports from a study.

The First 25 years in space : a symposium / edited by Allan A. Needell.

The Global Weather Experiment : an informal history / Gerald S. Schatz.

The National Research Council in 1976 : current issues and studies / National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering [and] Institute of Medicine.

The Nature of scientific discovery: a symposium commemorating the 500th anniversary of the birth of Nicolaus Copernicus. Edited by Owen Gingerich.

The scientific endeavor / Contributors: Melvin Calvin [and others].

The semi-centennial anniversary of the National Academy of Sciences, 1863-1913.

Subject

A selection of highlights from the history of the National Academy of Sciences, 1863-2005 / Frederick Seitz.

Bibliography of reports by the National Academy of Sciences, 1945-1985 : report / prepared for the Task Force on Science Policy, Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, Nineth-ninth Congress, second session.

History of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 1914-1963. Supplemented by an author index to volumes 1-50.

The brain bank of America : an inquiry into the politics of science / by Phillip [i.e. Philip] M. Boffey ; with an introd. by Ralph Nader.

The National Academy of Sciences : the first hundred years, 1863-1963 / by Rexmond C. Cochrane.