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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Julius Adams Stratton

Photo

Dates

May 18, 1901 – June 22, 1994

Authorized Form of Name

Stratton, Julius Adams, 1901-1994

Additional Forms of Names

Stratton, J. A. (Julius Adams), 1901-1994

Stratton, Julius A. (Julius Adams), 1901-1994

Biography

Abstract

Julius Stratton was Professor of Physics (1941-1949), and later, President (1959-1966) of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His research interests were in electrical engineering, radio, radar, microwaves, and electromagnetic radiation.

Important Dates

May 18, 1901Birth, Seattle (Wash.).

1923Obtained SB, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge (Mass.).

1926Obtained SM, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge (Mass.).

1928Obtained ScD in Mathematics and Physics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zurich), Zurich (Switzerland).

1928 – 1994Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering (1928-1930); Assistant Professor of Physics (1930-1935); Associate Professor of Physics (1935-1941); Researcher, Radiation Laboratory (1940-1945); Professor of Physics (1941-1949); Director, Research Laboratory of Electronics (1946-1949); Provost (1949-1956); Vice President (1951-1956); Chancellor (1956-1959); Acting President (1957-1959); President (1959-1966); and President Emeritus (1966-1994), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge (Mass.).

1942 – 1949Expert Consultant to the Secretary of War, United States Department of War.

1946 – 1949Member, Electronics Committee, Research and Development Board, United States National Military Establishment.

1950Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1954 – 1959Member (1954-1959) and Chair (1955-1957), Naval Research Advisory Committee, United States Navy.

1955 – 1965Member, Board of Trustees, RAND Corporation.

1955 – 1971Member (1955-1971) and Chair (1966-1971), Board of Trustees, Ford Foundation.

1956 – 1962Member, National Science Board.

1964 – 1967Member, National Science Board.

1967 – 1969Chair, Commission on Marine Science, Engineering and Resources.

1971 – 1973Member, National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere.

June 22, 1994Death, Boston (Mass.).

Occupation

Electrical engineer.

Places

Birth

Seattle (Wash.)

Undergraduate Education

Cambridge (Mass.)

Graduate Education

Cambridge (Mass.)

Zurich (Switzerland)

Employment

Cambridge (Mass.)

Death

Boston (Mass.)

Subjects

Electrical engineering.

Electromagnetic fields.

Microwaves.

Radar.

Radio waves.

Relationships

People

Family

Stratton, Catherine Nelson Coffman

Wife. Married June 14, 1935.

Colleagues

Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Balluffi, R. W.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Benedek, George Bernard, 1928-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Birgeneau, Robert J. (Robert Joseph), 1942-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Bradbury, Norris, 1909-1997

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Burstein, Elias, 1917-2017

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Cahn, John W., 1928-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Callen, Herbert B.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Charney, Jule G.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Chodorow, Marvin

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Collins, Samuel C. (Samuel Cornette)

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Davidson, Ronald C.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Deutsch, Martin, 1917-2002

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Draper, C. S. (Charles Stark)

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Drell, Sidney D. (Sidney David), 1926-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Dresselhaus, M. S.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Edgerton, Harold Eugene, 1903-1990

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Enge, Harald A.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Feshbach, Herman

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Freedman, Daniel Z.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Friedman, Jerome I. (Jerome Isaac), 1930-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Galt, John Kirtland, 1920-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Gates, S. James

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Glimm, James

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Goldberger, Marvin L.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Goldstone, Jeff Alan

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Guth, Alan H.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Hansen, W. W. (William Webster), 1909-1949

Both employed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Haus, Hermann A.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Herring, William Conyers, 1914-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Howard, Louis N.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Hunsaker, Jerome C. (Jerome Clarke), 1886-1984

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Jackiw, Roman W.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Jackson, John David, 1925-2016

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Javan, Ali, 1926-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Joannopoulos, J. D. (John D.), 1947-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kastner, Marc A.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kendall, Henry W. (Henry Way), 1926-1999

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Ketterle, Wolfgang

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Keyes, Frederick G. (Frederick George), 1885-1976

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Killian, T. J. (Thomas Joseph), 1905-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Klein, Martin J.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kleppner, Daniel

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kraushaar, William L.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Lax, Benjamin

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Lieb, Elliott H.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Lin, C. C. (Chia-Chʻiao), 1916-2013

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Livingston, M. Stanley (Milton Stanley)

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Low, Francis E. (Francis Eugene), 1921-2007

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Morrison, Philip

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Moser, Jürgen, 1928-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Piore, Emanuel Ruben, 1908-2000

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Porkolab, Miklos

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Press, Frank, 1924-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Randall, Lisa

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Rasmussen, Norman C.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Rossi, Bruno, 1905-1993

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Schulz, George J., 1925-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Segal, Irving Ezra

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Shull, Clifford Glenwood

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Spruch, Larry

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Stanley, H. Eugene (Harry Eugene), 1941-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Stever, H. Guyford

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Townes, Charles H.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Van de Graaf, Robert Jemison, 1901-1967

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Weiss, Rainer

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Wiesner, Jerome B. (Jerome Bert), 1915-1994

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Zacharias, Jerrold Reinach, 1905-1986

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Additional

Allis, William P. (William Phelps), 1901-1999

Ewald, Paul Peter, 1888-1985

Grover, Frederick W. (Frederick Warren), 1876-1973

Hutchisson, Elmer, 1902-

Roe, Anne, 1904-1991

Welton, Theodore Allen, 1918-

Wiener, Norbert, 1894-1964

Institutions

Major Positions

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Provost; Vice President; Chancellor; Acting President; President; and President Emeritus.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering

Obtained SB (1923) and SM (1926). Assistant Professor.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics

Assistant Professor of Physics; Associate Professor of Physics; and Professor of Physics.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Radiation Laboratory

Researcher.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Research Laboratory of Electronics

Director.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich

Obtained ScD in Mathematics and Physics (1928).

Ford Foundation

Member and Chair, Board of Trustees.

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

National Military Establishment (U.S.)

Member, Electronics Committee, Research and Development Board.

National Science Board (U.S.)

Member.

Rand Corporation

Member, Board of Trustees.

United States. Commission on Marine Science, Engineering, and Resources

Chair.

United States. National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere

Member.

United States. Navy

Member and Chair, Naval Research Advisory Committee.

United States. War Department

Expert Consultant to the Secretary of War.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Frank Edmondson History of AURA interviews and documentation, 1978-1991.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Invited papers [sound recording].

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Julius Stratton papers, 1928-1983.

Institute Archives and Special Collections.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Science and engineering in a free society [sound recording] : A panel discussion presenting three points of view, 1960 September 29.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Anne Roe papers, 1949-1971 (bulk).

Library.

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

John Clarke Slater papers, 1908-1976.

Library.

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Karl T. Compton papers, 1906-1961.

Institute Archives and Special Collections.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Midcentury Convocation records, 1949.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Research Laboratory of Electronics records, 1944-2000.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

MIT Office of the Chairman records, 1934-1987.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

MIT Office of the Chancellor records of Julius A. Stratton, 1949-1957.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

MIT Office of the President records of Karl Taylor Compton and James Rhyne Killian, 1930-1959.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

MIT School of Engineering Office of the Dean records, 1943-1989.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Norbert Wiener papers, 1898-1966.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Oral history interview with Frederick Warren Grover, 1964 March 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John Clarke Slater, 1970 February 23 and August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Peter Ewald, 1968 May 17 and 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Robert Van de Graaff papers, 1928-1948 (bulk 1943-1946).

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Theodore Welton memories, circa 1984.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

William Allis papers, 1924-1989.

Institute Archives and Special Collections.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Published Resources

Author

Electromagnetic theory, by Julius Adams Stratton.

Science and the educated man; selected speeches of Julius A. Stratton. With a foreword by Elting E. Morison.

Subject

"Julius Adams Stratton: 1901-1994", Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences

Julius Adams Stratton Physics Today obituary.