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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as SubjectPublished as Subject

Oliver Ellsworth Buckley

Photo

Dates

August 8, 1887 – December 14, 1959

Authorized Form of Name

Buckley, Oliver Ellsworth, 1887-1959

Additional Forms of Names

Buckley, Oliver E.

Biography

Abstract

Oliver Ellsworth Buckley was a leader in the field of submarine telephony and he worked on the development of the loaded transatlantic telephone cable in 1929. Buckley also became president and a director of Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Important Dates

August 8, 1887Birth, Sloan (Iowa).

1909Obtained BS, Grinnell College, Grinnell (Iowa).

1914Obtained PhD in Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca (N.Y.).

1914 – 1925Research Physicist, Western Electric Company, New York (N.Y.).

1917 – 1919Member, Signals Corps, United States Army.

1925 – 1952Research Physicist (1925-1927); Assistant Director of Research (1927-1933); Director of Research (1933-1936); Executive Vice President (1936-1940); President (1940-1951); and Chair, Board of Directors (1951-1952), Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill (N.J.).

1937Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1941Member, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research, National Academy of Sciences.

1948 – 1954Member, General Advisory Committee, United States Atomic Energy Commission.

1951 – 1955Member (1951-1955) and Chair (1951-1952), Science Advisory Committee, United States Office of Defense Mobilization.

1954Awarded Edison Medal, American Institute of Electrical Engineers.

December 14, 1959Death, Newark (N.J.).

Occupation

Condensed matter physicist.

Places

Birth

Sloan (Iowa)

Undergraduate Education

Grinnell (Iowa)

Graduate Education

Ithaca (N.Y.)

Employment

New York (N.Y.)

Murray Hill (N.J.)

Death

Newark (N.J.)

Subjects

Cables, Submarine.

Condensed matter.

Electrical engineering.

Research, Industrial.

Relationships

People

Advisors & Collaborators

Merritt, Ernest, 1865-1948

PhD advisor at Cornell University, "The Hall effect and applied phenomena in silicon."

Colleagues

Anderson, P. W. (Philip W.), 1923-

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Bardeen, John

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Bode, Hendrik W. (Hendrik Wade), 1905-1982

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Brattain, Walter H. (Walter Houser), 1902-1987

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Clogston, Albert McCavour

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Conwell, Esther M. (Esther Marley), 1922-2014

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Cutler, Cassius Chapin

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Darlington, Sidney, 1906-1997

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

David, Edward E.

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Davisson, Clinton Joseph, 1881-1958

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Dryden, Hugh L. (Hugh Latimer), 1898-1965

Both worked at United States Office of Defense Mobilization Science Advisory Committee.

DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994

Both worked at United States Office of Defense Mobilization Science Advisory Committee.

Fisk, James B. (James Brown), 1910-1981

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Fletcher, Harvey, 1884-1981

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Galt, John Kirtland, 1920-

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Hagstrum, Homer D.

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Herring, William Conyers, 1914-

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Hunsaker, Jerome C. (Jerome Clarke), 1886-1984

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Ives, Herbert Eugene, 1882-1953

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Jewett, Frank B. (Frank Baldwin), 1879-1949

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Kelly, Mervin Joe

Both employed at Western Electric Company and Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Kittel, Charles

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Kompfner, Rudolf, 1909-1977

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Kraichnan, Robert H., 1928-2008

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Kusch, Polykarp, 1911-1993

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Lander, James J., 1914-1996

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Matthias, Bernd T., 1918-1980

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Pearson, Gerald L. (Gerald Leondus)

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Pfann, William G.

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Schawlow, Arthur L., 1921-1999

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Shockley, William, 1910-1989

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Suhl, Harry

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Townes, Charles H.

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Waterman, Alan Tower, 1892-1967

Both worked at United States Office of Defense Mobilization Science Advisory Committee.

Webster, William, -1972

Both worked at United States Office of Defense Mobilization Science Advisory Committee.

Zacharias, Jerrold Reinach, 1905-1986

Both worked at United States Office of Defense Mobilization Science Advisory Committee.

Additional

Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-

Kelly, Katherine Milsted

Murphy, Edward Joseph, 1898-

Nix, Foster Cary, 1905-

Ohl, Russell S.

White, Addison Hughson, 1909-

Wooldridge, Dean E.

Institutions

Major Positions

Bell Telephone Laboratories

Research Physicist; Assistant Director of Research; Director of Research; Executive Vice President; President; and Chair, Board of Directors.

United States. Army. Signal Corps

Member.

Western Electric Company

Research Physicist.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Institute of Electrical Engineers

Received 1954 Edison Medal.

American Physical Society

The Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize was named after him. It was endowed in 1952 by AT&T Bell Laboratories.

Cornell University. Department of Physics

Obtained PhD (1914).

Grinnell College

Obtained BS (1909).

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research.

U.S. Atomic Energy Commission

Member, General Advisory Committee.

United States. Science Advisory Committee

Member and Chair.

Resources

Archival Resources

Subject

AT&T Archives and History Center records, 1869- present.

AT& T Archives and History Center

AT& T Inc.

5 Reinman Road, Warren, NJ 07060, USA

Edward J. Murphy recollections and anecdotes, 1983.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview Addison Hughson White, 1976 September 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Dean E. Wooldridge, 1976 August 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Foster Cary Nix, 1975 June 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gerald Leondus Pearson, 1976 August 23 and 8 April 1980.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with James Brown Fisk, 1976 June 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Katharine Milsted Kelly, 1976 July 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Russell S. Ohl, 1976 August 19 and 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Subject

Oliver E. Buckley Physics Today obituary.

Oliver Ellsworth Buckley: 1887-1959, Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences