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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

W. V. Houston

Photo

Dates

January 19, 1900 – August 22, 1968

Authorized Form of Name

Houston, W. V. (William Vermillion), 1900-

Additional Forms of Names

Houston, William Vermillion, 1900-

Houston, William Vermillion, 1900-1968

Biography

Abstract

William Vermillion Houston was Professor of Physics and Honorary Chancellor at Rice University (1946-1968). Other institutional affiliations included California Institute of Technology and the University of Munich. His research interests included spectrum analysis and the fine-structure constant.

Important Dates

January 19, 1900Birth, Mount Gilead (Ohio).

1920Obtained BA and BS, Ohio State University, Columbus (Ohio).

1921 – 1922Obtained MA, University of Chicago, Chicago (Ill.).

1925Obtained PhD in Physics, Ohio State University, Columbus (Ohio).

1925 – 1946National Research Fellow (1925-1927); Assistant Professor of Physics (1927-1929); Associate Professor of Physics (1929-1931); and Professor of Physics (1931-1946), California Institute of Technology, Pasadena (Calif.).

1927 – 1928Guggenheim Fellow, University of Munich.

1928Guggenheim Fellow, University of Leipzig.

1941 – 1945Director of Special Studies, Division of War Research, Columbia University.

1943Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1946 – 1968President, Rice Institute (1946-1960); President, Rice University (1960-1961); and Professor of Physics and Honorary Chancellor, Rice University (1961-1968), Rice University, Houston (Tex.).

1954 – 1966Member, National Science Board.

1962President, American Physical Society.

August 22, 1968Death, Edinburgh (Scotland).

Occupation

Solid state physicist.

Places

Birth

Mount Gilead (Ohio)

Undergraduate Education

Columbus (Ohio)

Graduate Education

Chicago (Ill.)

Columbus (Ohio)

Employment

Pasadena (Calif.)

Houston (Tex.)

Death

Edinburgh (Scotland)

Subjects

Electron paramagnetic resonance.

Fine-structure constant.

Hydrogen.

Solid state physics.

Spectrum analysis.

Relationships

People

Family

Houston, Mildred White

Wife, married in 1924.

Advisors & Collaborators

Cole, Alfred D. (Alfred Dodge),

PhD advisor at Ohio State University, "Structure of the red line of hydrogen and the interpretation of doublets in other elements."

DuMond, Jesse W. M. (Jesse William Monroe), 1892-1976

Advised by Houston at California Institute of Technology, "Experimental and theoretical studies of the breadth and structure of the Compton shifted line."

Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976

Advisor at University of Leipzig (Universität Leipzig).

Leighton, Robert B.

Advised by Houston at California Institute of Technology, "The vibrational spectrum of a mon-atomic face-centered cubic crystal lattice," and both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Colleagues

Anderson, Carl D. (Carl David), 1905-1991

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Bateman, Harry, 1882-1946

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Bonner, Tom Wilkerson, 1910-1961

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Christy, Robert F.

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Crane, H. R. (Horace Richard), 1907-2007

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Duwez, Pol

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Epstein, Paul S. (Paul Sophus), 1883-1966

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Fowler, William A.

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Furry, W. H. (Wendell Hinkle), 1907-

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Gordy, Walter, 1909-1985

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Hutchisson, Elmer, 1902-

Both employed at Division 6 of the Office of Scientific Research and Development.

Lauritsen, Charles Christian, 1892-1968

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Lauritsen, Thomas, 1915-1973

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Neddermeyer, Seth H. (Seth Henry), 1907-1988

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H. (Wolfgang Kurt Hermann), 1919-2007

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Robertson, H. P. (Howard Percy), 1903-1961

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Schiff, Leonard I. (Leonard Isaac), 1915-1971

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Shankland, Robert S., 1908-

Both employed in the Office of Scientific Research and Development.

Slichter, Louis B. (Louis Byrne), 1896-1978

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Tolman, Richard C. (Richard Chace), 1881-1948

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Von Kármán, Theodore, 1881-1963

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Additional

Havens, William W. (William Westerfield), 1920-2004

Herring, William Conyers, 1914-

Huff, L. D. (Lorenz Ditmar), 1905-

Low, Frank James

Oppenheimer, Frank, 1912-1985

Shockley, William, 1910-1989

Wentzel, Gregor, 1898-1978

Institutions

Major Positions

California Institute of Technology. Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy

National Research Fellow; Assistant Professor of Physics; Associate Professor of Physics; and Professor of Physics.

Columbia University. Division of War Research

Director of Special Studies.

Rice University

President; Professor of Physics; and Honorary Chancellor.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Physical Society

President.

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

National Science Board (U.S.)

Member.

Ohio State University. Department of Physics

Obtained BA and BS (1920) and PhD in Physics (1925).

Universität Leipzig (1409-1953)

Guggenheim Fellow.

Universitat Munchen. Fakultat fur Physik

Guggenheim Fellow.

University of Chicago. Department of Physics

Obtained MA (1922).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Joint ceremonial session of the American Physical Society and the American Association of Physics Teachers [sound recording], 1963 January 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with W. V. Houston, 1964 March 3.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

W. V. Houston papers, 1925-1968 (bulk 1941-1968).

Fondren Library. Woodson Research Center.

Rice University

P. O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77001, USA

William V. Houston intellectual autobiography, 1962.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Lorenz D. Huff papers, 1928-1948.

Libraries. Special Collections

Clemson University

Senator Strom Thurmond Institute Building, Clemson, SC 29634-3001, USA

Oral history interview with Frank J. Low, 2000 January 25 and May 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Frank Oppenheimer, 1984 November 16.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Gregor Wentzel, 1964 February 3 to 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Benjamin Leighton, 1977 July 29 and August 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William Conyers Herring, 1974 July 23, 29, and 31 October.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William Shockley, 1974 September 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William W. Havens, 1991 February 21, July 17, 29, Augut 5, 12 and 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Principles of mathematical physics [microform] / by William V. Houston …

Principles of quantum mechanics; nonrelativistic wave mechanics with illustrative applications / W. V. Houston.

Principles of quantum mechanics; nonrelativistic wave mechanics with illustrative applications.

Subject

"William Vermillion Houston: 1900-1968", Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences

Former Rice President William V. Houston Physics Today obituary.