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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

William F. Meggers

Photo

Dates

July 13, 1888 – November 19, 1966

Authorized Form of Name

Meggers, William F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966

Additional Forms of Names

Meggers, W. F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966

Meggers, Wm. F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966

Biography

Abstract

William Meggers was Chief of the Sepctroscopy Section of the National Bureau of Standards (1920-1958). Other instititonal affiliations included Carnegie Institute of Technology. His research included the precision measurement of standard wavelengths, detailed descriptions of photographed spectra, quantum interpretation of these spectra, and practical applications of spectroscopy.

Important Dates

July 13, 1888Birth, Clintonville (Wis.).

1910Obtained BA, Ripon College, Ripon (Wis.).

1912 – 1914Instructor in Physics, Carnegie Institute of Technology.

1914 – 1958Laboratory Assistant (1914-1916); Assistant Physicist (1916-1919); Physicist (1919-1920); and Chief, Spectroscopy Section (1920-1958), National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg (Md.).

1916Obtained MA, University of Wisconsin, Madison (Wis.).

1917Obtained PhD, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore (Md.).

1946 – 1950Chair, Committee on Line Spectra, National Research Council.

1949 – 1951President, Optical Society of America.

1952 – 1958Member, Governing Board, American Institute of Physics.

1954Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1959 – 1966Consultant, Union Carbide Nuclear Company.

1960 – 1966Consultant, W. M. Welch Scientific Company.

1960 – 1966Consultant, Argonne National Laboratory.

1966-11-19Death.

Occupation

Spectroscopist.

Places

Birth

Clintonville (Wis.)

Undergraduate Education

Ripon (Wis.)

Graduate Education

Madison (Wis.)

Baltimore (Md.)

Employment

Gaithersburg (Md.)

Subjects

Atomic and molecular physics.

Atomic spectra.

Photography.

Spectrum analysis.

Relationships

People

Family

Meggers, Betty Jane

Daughter.

Meggers, John Charles

Son.

Meggers, William

Son.

Raddant, Edith Marie

Wife. Married 1920.

Colleagues

Berkner, Lloyd V. (Lloyd Viel), 1905-1967

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Branscomb, Lewis M., 1926-

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Briggs, Lyman J. (Lyman James), 1874-1963

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Brode, Robert B. (Robert Bigham), 1900-1986

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Coblentz, William W. (William Weber), 1873-1962

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Davisson, Clinton Joseph, 1881-1958

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Dryden, Hugh L. (Hugh Latimer), 1898-1965

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

DuMond, Jesse W. M. (Jesse William Monroe), 1892-1976

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Fano, Ugo

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Foote, Paul D. (Paul Darwin), 1888-1971

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Forbush, Scott E., 1904-1984

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Hofstadter, Robert, 1915-1990

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Kemble, Edwin C. (Edwin Crawford), 1889-

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Klebanoff, P. S.

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Laporte, Otto, 1902-1971

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Lauritsen, Thomas, 1915-1973

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

McLean, William B. (William Burdette), 1914-1976

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Neddermeyer, Seth H. (Seth Henry), 1907-1988

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Schriesheim, Alan

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Schubauer, Galen B. (Galen Brandt), 1904-

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Swann, W. F. G. (William Francis Gray), 1884-1962

Both employed at the National Bureau of Standards.

Additional

Crew, Henry, 1859-1953

Franck, James, 1882-1964

Goldberg, Leo

Hutchisson, Elmer, 1902-

Moore, Charlotte Emma, 1898-1990

Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

Shenstone, A. G. (Allen Goodrich)

Tolman, Richard C. (Richard Chace), 1881-1948

Waals, J. D. van der (Johannes Diderik), 1837-1923

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

Zeeman, Pieter, 1865-1943

Institutions

Major Positions

Carnegie Institute of Technology. Department of Physics

Instructor in Physics.

United States. National Bureau of Standards

Laboratory Assistant; Assistant Physicist; Physicist; and Chief, Spectroscopy Section.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Astronomical Society

American Institute of Physics

Member, Governing Board.

Argonne National Laboratory

Consultant.

Carnegie Institution of Washington

Johns Hopkins University. Department of Physics

Obtained PhD (1917).

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

National Research Council (U.S.)

Chair, Committee on Line Spectra.

Optical Society of America

President.

Ripon College

Obtained BA (1910).

Union Carbide Corporation

Consultant.

University of Wisconsin--Madison. Department of Physics

Obtained MA (1916).

W.M. Welch Scientific Company

Consultant.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Henry Norris Russell papers, 1894-1980.

Department of Rare Books and Special Collections

Princeton University

1 Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA

William F. Meggers addition to papers, 1870-1973 (bulk 1906-1966).

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

William F. Meggers home movies [motion picture], 1927-1957.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

William F. Meggers papers, 1917-1966.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

American Institute of Physics Office of the Treasurer records of Arthur Bent, 1973-1997.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Ebbe Rasmussen papers, 1928-1952.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Henry N. Russell correspondence [microform], 1890-1950.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

International Astronomical Union General Assembly, Zurich, 1948 [motion picture] / photographed by Leo Goldberg 1948.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Betty Jane Meggers, 2004.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Charlotte Moore Sitterly, 1978 June 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Pieter Zeeman papers, 1877-1946.

Rijksarchief in Noord-Holland

Kleine Houtweg 18, Haarlem, Netherlands

Published Resources

Author

Key to the Welch periodic chart of the atoms.

Revision of the NBS tables of spectral-line intensities below 2450 A / [by] Charles H. Corliss.

Scientific papers of W.F. Meggers, 1915-1966.

Tables of spectral-line intensities / William F. Meggers, Charles H. Corliss, and Bourdon F. Scribner.

Subject

"William Frederick Meggers: 1888-1966", Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences

William F. Meggers Dies; Was World-Famous Spectroscopist Physics Today obituary.