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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Léon Brillouin

Photo

Dates

August 7, 1889 – October 4, 1969

Authorized Form of Name

Brillouin, Léon, 1889-1969

Additional Forms of Names

Brillouin, Léon

Biography

Abstract

Léon Brillouin was a founder of modern solid state physics. He made contributions to several other fields including quantum mechanics, radio wave propagation, and information theory. His institutional affiliations include University of Paris, IBM, and Columbia University.

Important Dates

August 7, 1889Birth, Sèvres (France).

1921Obtained PhD in Physics, École normale supérieure, Paris (France).

1921 – 1931Lecturer in Radio Engineering, École Supérieure d’Electricité.

1928 – 1932Professor of Physics, University of Paris (Université de Paris), Paris (France).

1932 – 1939Professor of Physics, Collège de France, Paris (France).

1939 – 1940General Director, French National Broadcasting System.

1941 – 1942Visiting Professor of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

1942 – 1943Professor of Physics, Brown University.

1943 – 1945Research Scientist, Applied Mathematics Group (Columbia), Applied Mathematics Panel, Office of Scientific Research and Development.

1946 – 1949Professor of Physics, Harvard University.

1949Became an American citizen.

1949 – 1954Director of Electronic Education (1949-1952) and Director of Research, Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory (now Thomas J. Watson IBM Research Center) (1952-1954), International Business Machines Corporation (IBM), New York (N.Y.).

1953Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1954 – 1969Adjunct Professor of Physics, Columbia University, New York (N.Y.).

October 4, 1969Death, New York (N.Y.).

Occupation

Solid state physicist.

Places

Birth

Sèvres (France)

Graduate Education

Paris (France)

Employment

Paris (France)

New York (N.Y.)

Death

New York (N.Y.)

Subjects

Atomic theory.

Brillouin scattering.

Electric conductivity.

Gravity.

Nuclear physics.

Particles (Nuclear physics).

Quantum theory.

Radiation.

Solid state physics.

Relationships

People

Family

Brillouin, Marcel Louis

Father.

Mascart, Éleuthère Élie Nicolas, 1837-1908

Maternal grandfather.

Colleagues

Anderson, A. G. (Arthur George), 1926-

Both employed at IBM.

Bainbridge, Kenneth T. (Kenneth Tompkins), 1904-1996

Both employed at Harvard University.

Balluffi, R. W.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Bloembergen, N.

Both employed at Harvard University.

Booth, Eugene

Both employed at Columbia University.

Branscomb, Lewis M., 1926-

Both employed at Harvard University.

Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981

Both employed at University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Bridgman, P. W. (Percy Williams), 1882-1961

Both employed at Harvard University.

Commins, Eugene D.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978

Both employed at Harvard University.

Cummins, Herman Z., 1933-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Davis, Bergen, 1869-1958

Both employed at Columbia University.

Devons, Samuel

Both employed at Columbia University.

Dunning, John R. (John Ray), 1907-1975

Both employed at Columbia University.

Feinberg, Gerald, 1933-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Foley, Henry Michael, 1917-1982

Both employed at Columbia University.

Frosch, Robert A. (Robert Alan), 1928-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Furry, W. H. (Wendell Hinkle), 1907-

Both employed at Harvard University.

Garwin, Richard L.

Both employed at IBM.

Hahn, E. L. (Erwin Louis), 1921-

Both employed at IBM.

Happer, William, 1939-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Henley, Ernest M.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Herb, R. G. (Raymond George), 1908-1996

Both employed at University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Javan, Ali, 1926-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Kemble, Edwin C. (Edwin Crawford), 1889-

Both employed at Harvard University.

Kinoshita, T. (Toichiro)

Both employed at Columbia University.

Kohn, Walter, 1923-2016

Both employed at Harvard University.

Kraichnan, Robert H., 1928-2008

Both employed at Columbia University.

Kroll, Norman Myles, 1922-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Kusch, Polykarp, 1911-1993

Both employed at Columbia University.

Landauer, Rolf William, 1927-1999

Both employed at IBM.

Lederman, Leon M.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Lee, T. D., 1926-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Luttinger, Joaquin M.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Lyman, Theodore, 1874-1954

Both employed at Harvard University.

Mandelstam, Stanley

Both employed at Columbia University.

Novick, Robert

Both employed at Columbia University.

Nygren, David R.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Peoples, John, Jr.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Pound, Robert V.

Both employed at Harvard University.

Press, Frank, 1924-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Purcell, Edward M.

Both employed at Harvard University.

Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988

Both employed at Columbia University.

Rainwater, L. James (Leo James), 1917-1986

Both employed at Columbia University.

Ramsey, Norman, 1915-2011

Both employed at Harvard University.

Ruderman, Malvin A.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Sachs, Allan M. (Allan Maxwell), 1921-1989

Both employed at Columbia University.

Samios, Nicholas P.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Schiffer, Menahem

Both employed at Harvard University.

Schwartz, Melvin, 1932-2006

Both employed at Columbia University.

Schwinger, Julian, 1918-1994

Both employed at Harvard University.

Serber, R. (Robert)

Both employed at Columbia University.

Steinberger, J.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Street, Jabez Curry, 1906-

Both employed at Harvard University.

Thomas, Llewellyn Hilleth, 1903-1992

Both employed at Columbia University and Thomas J. Watson IBM Research Center.

Ting, S. C. C. (Samuel Chao-chung), 1936-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Townes, Charles H.

Both employed at Columbia University.

Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980

Both employed at Harvard University.

Weinberg, Steven, 1933-

Both employed at Columbia University.

Wick, G. C. (Gian Carlo)

Both employed at Columbia University.

Wu, C. S. (Chien-shiung), 1912-1997

Both employed at Columbia University.

Additional

Bardeen, John

Bauer, Edmond

Bloch, Felix, 1905-

Born, Max, 1882-1970

Brattain, Walter H. (Walter Houser), 1902-1987

Broglie, Louis de, 1892-1987

Curie, Pierre, 1859-1906

Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-

Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

Feenberg, Eugene

Goudsmit, Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham), 1902-1978

Halban, Hans von, 1908-1964

Lasarev, Petr Petrovich, 1878-1942

Lorentz, H. A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

McLachlan, Dan, 1905-

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

Nordheim, Lothar, 1899-

Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958

Peierls, Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995

Perrin, Jean, 1870-1942

Rosenfeld, L. (Leon), 1904-1974

Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961

Shankland, Robert S., 1908-

Uhlenbeck, George Eugène, 1900-1988

Ullmo, Jean

Wentzel, Gregor, 1898-1978

Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995

Institutions

Major Positions

Brown University. Department of Physics

Professor of Physics.

Collège de France

Professor of Physics.

Columbia University. Department of Physics

Adjunct Professor of Physics.

École supérieure d'électricité

Lecturer in Radio Engineering.

Harvard University. Department of Physics

Professor of Physics.

Thomas J. Watson IBM Research Center

Director of Electronic Education and Director of Research, Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory.

United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development

Research Scientist, Applied Mathematics Group (Columbia), Applied Mathematics Panel.

Université de Paris

Professor of Physics.

University of Wisconsin--Madison. Department of Physics

Visiting Professor of Physics.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Obtained PhD (Physics) in 1921.

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

A review of scientific career, 1967.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Goettinger Nachrichten [facetiae], 1932.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Dan McLachlan incoming correspondence, 1940-1974.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Eleuthere Mascart papers, 1877-1910.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Eugene Feenberg correspondence, 1927-1958.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Hans Halban papers, 1939-1940.

National Archives

Great Britain

Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 4DU, UK

Karl K. Darrow papers, 1872-1978 (bulk 1917-1972).

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Leon Brillouin papers, 1877-1972.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Leon Rosenfeld papers, 1911-1974.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Marcel Brillouin papers, 1887-1943.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edmond H. Bauer, 1963 January 8 and 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gregor Wentzel, 1964 February 3 to 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jean Ullmo, 1963 January 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Léon Brillouin, 1962 March 29 and 3 April.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Léon Rosenfeld, 1963 July 1, 19, 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lothar Wolfgang Nordheim, 1962 July 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lothar Wolfgang Nordheim, 1977 July 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Louis de Broglie, 1963 January 7 and 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Peter J. W. Debye, 1962 May 3 and 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1977 May 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Petr P. Lasarev papers, 1914-1941.

Archive

Russian Academy of Sciences

ul. Novocheremushkinskaia, 34, Moscow, 117218, Russia

Philip Morse papers, 1927-1980.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Samuel A. Goudsmit correspondence [microform], 1921-1933.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Samuel A. Goudsmit papers, 1921-1979.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Conductibilité électrique et thermique des mètaux / par Léon Brillouin.

Die quantenstatistik und ihre anwendung auf die elektronentheorie der metalle / von Léon Brillouin ... aus dem französischen übers. von dr. E. Rabinowitsch ... mit 57 abbildungen.

Influence de la température sur l'élasticité d'un solide / para L. Brillouin.

La diffraction de la lumière par des ultra-sons / par L. Brillouin.

La méthode du champ self-consistent, par L. Brillouin.

La structure des corps solides dans la physique moderne, par Léon Brillouin…

La théorie des quanta et l'atome de Bohr.

L'atome de Thomas-Fermi et la méthode du champ "self-consistent" / par L. Brillouin.

Les champs "self-consistents" de Hartree et de Fock / par L. Brillouin.

Les statistiques quantiques et leurs applications / par Léon Brillouin.

Les tenseurs en mécanique et en élasticité.

Propagation des ondes dans les milieux periodiques / par Leon Brillouin et Maurice Parodi.

Relativity reexamined.

Science and information theory.

Scientific uncertainty and information.

Selected papers on wave mechanics / by Louis de Broglie and Léon Brillouin ; authorized translation by Winifred M. Deans.

Tensors in mechanics and elasticity. Translated from the French by Robert O. Brennan.

Vie, matière et observation / Préf. d'André George.

Wave propagation in periodic structures : electric filters and crystal lattices.

Subject

Leon N. Brillouin: 1899-1969, Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences