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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Clifford Glenwood Shull

Photo

Dates

September 23, 1915 – March 31, 2001

Authorized Form of Name

Shull, Clifford Glenwood

Biography

Abstract

Clifford Shull was Professor of Physics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) (1955-1986). Other institutional affiliations include Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Texas Company (now Texaco). In 1994, Shull won the Nobel Prize in Physics for the development of the neutron diffraction technique. At MIT, his studies included: internal magnetization in crystals, development of polarized beam technology, dynamical scattering in perfect crystals, interferometry, and fundamental properties of the neutron.

Important Dates

September 23, 1915Birth, Pittsburgh (Pa.).

1937Obtained BS, Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh (Pa.).

1941Obtained PhD in Nuclear Physics, New York University, New York (N.Y.).

1941 – 1946Research Physicist, Texas Company, Beacon (N.Y.).

1946 – 1955Principal Physicist to Chief Physicist, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge (Tenn.).

1955 – 2001Professor of Physics (1955-1986) and Professor of Physics Emeritus (1986-2001), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge (Mass.).

1956Awarded Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize, American Physical Society.

1975Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1994Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics "for the development of the neutron diffraction technique".

March 31, 2001Death, Medford (Mass.).

Occupation

Condensed matter physicist.

Places

Birth

Pittsburgh (Pa.)

Undergraduate Education

Pittsburgh (Pa.)

Graduate Education

New York (N.Y.)

Employment

Beacon (N.Y.)

Oak Ridge (Tenn.)

Cambridge (Mass.)

Death

Medford (Mass.)

Subjects

Condensed matter.

Interferometry.

Neutron scattering applications and techniques.

Neutrons.

Nuclear physics.

Polarized beams (Nuclear physics).

Relationships

People

Family

Shull, Daisy B.

Mother.

Shull, David H.

Father.

Shull, Evalyn May

Sister.

Shull, John C.

Son.

Shull, Martha-Nuel Summer

Wife.

Shull, Perry Leo

Brother.

Shull, Robert D. (Robert David)

Son.

Shull, William F.

Son.

Advisors & Collaborators

Cox, Richard Threlkeld, 1898-

PhD advisor at New York University, "Double Scattering of Electrons as a Search for Electron Polarization."

Myers, Frank Evans

Advisor at New York University.

Colleagues

Al'tshuler, B. L.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Benedek, George Bernard, 1928-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Bertsch, George F.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Birgeneau, Robert J. (Robert Joseph), 1942-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Coppi, B.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Deutsch, Martin, 1917-2002

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Drell, Sidney D. (Sidney David), 1926-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Enge, Harald A.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Feshbach, Herman

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Freedman, Daniel Z.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Friedman, Jerome I. (Jerome Isaac), 1930-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Goldstone, Jeff Alan

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Guth, Alan H.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Haroche, S.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Jackiw, Roman W.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Javan, Ali, 1926-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Joannopoulos, J. D. (John D.), 1947-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kaspi, Victoria Michelle, 1967-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kastner, Marc A.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kendall, Henry W. (Henry Way), 1926-1999

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Ketterle, Wolfgang

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kleppner, Daniel

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kraushaar, William L.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Lax, Benjamin

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Lee, P. A. (Patrick A.), 1946-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Lieb, Elliott H.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Livingston, M. Stanley (Milton Stanley)

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Low, Francis E. (Francis Eugene), 1921-2007

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Morrison, Philip

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Page, Lyman A.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Phillips, William D. (William Daniel), 1948-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Porkolab, Miklos

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Randall, Lisa

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Rasmussen, Norman C.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Read, Nicholas

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Rossi, Bruno, 1905-1993

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Stanley, H. Eugene (Harry Eugene), 1941-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Stratton, Julius Adams, 1901-1994

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Ting, S. C. C. (Samuel Chao-chung), 1936-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Townes, Charles H.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Van de Graaf, Robert Jemison, 1901-1967

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Weinberg, Steven, 1933-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Weiss, Rainer

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Wiesner, Jerome B. (Jerome Bert), 1915-1994

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Wilczek, Frank

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Zacharias, Jerrold Reinach, 1905-1986

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Additional

Brockhouse, B. N.

Both won Nobel Prizes in Physics in 1994 for separate projects.

Horne, Michael

Mooney-Slater, Rose Camille LeDieu, 1902-1981

Institutions

Major Positions

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics

Professor and Professor Emeritus.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Principal Physicist to Chief Physicist.

Texas Company

Research Physicist.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Physical Society

Received 1956 Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize.

Carnegie Institute of Technology. Department of Physics

Obtained BS (1937).

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)

New York University. Department of Physics

Obtained PhD in Nuclear Physics (1941).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Clifford Glenwood Shull collection, 1937-1997.

Hunt Library. University Archives.

Carnegie Mellon University.

4909 Frew Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Early development of neutron scattering [videorecording] : a lecture / by Clifford G. Shull.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Sessions from the tenth annual meeting of Corporate Associates [sound recording], 1967 October 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Oral history interview with Michael A. Horne, 2002 September 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Rose C. L. Mooney-Slater papers, 1917-1981.

Library.

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Published Resources

Author

Clifford Shull Nobel Prize autobiography.

Subject

Clifford Glenwood Shull Physics Today obituary.