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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

M. Stanley Livingston

Photo

Dates

May 25, 1905 – August 25, 1986

Authorized Form of Name

Livingston, M. Stanley (Milton Stanley)

Additional Forms of Names

Livingston, Milton Stanley

Biography

Abstract

Stanley Livingston was Professor of Physics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) (1938-1970). Other institutional affiliations include Brrokhaven National Laboratory, Cornell University, and University of California, Berkeley. His major contributions to physics include the cyclotron and the alternating-gradient synchrotron, which have led to the abilty to probe both nuclei and many esoteric particles.

Important Dates

May 25, 1905Birth, Brodhead (Wis.).

1926Obtained AB, Pomona College, Claremont (Calif.).

1928Obtained MA, Dartmouth College, Hanover (N.H.).

1931Obtained PhD, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley (Calif.).

1931 – 1934Research Associate, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley (Calif.).

1934 – 1938Assistant Professor of Physics, Cornell University.

1938 – 1986Professor of Physics (1938-1970) and Emeritus Professor of Physics (1970-1986), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge (Mass.).

1944 – 1946Member, Operations Research Group, United States Navy.

1946 – 1948Chair, Accelerator Project, Brookhaven National Laboratory.

1956 – 1967Director, Harvard-Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Cambridge Electron Accelerator.

1967 – 1970Associate Director, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.

1970Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1986Awarded Enrico Fermi Award, United States Department of Energy.

August 25, 1986Death.

Occupation

Nuclear physicist.

Places

Birth

Brodhead (Wis.)

Undergraduate Education

Claremont (Calif.)

Graduate Education

Hanover (N.H.)

Berkeley (Calif.)

Employment

Cambridge (Mass.)

Subjects

Accelerators.

Cyclotrons.

Magnetic resonance.

Nuclear physics.

Radioisotopes.

Synchrotrons.

Relationships

People

Family

Livingston, Diane, 1935-

Daughter.

Livingston, Lois Robinson

First and third wife. Married 1930-1949; remarried in 1959.

Livingston, Margaret Hughes

Second wife. Married 1952.

Livingston, Milton McWhorter

Father.

Livingston, Sarah Jane Ten Eyck

Mother.

Livingston, Stephen, 1943-

Son.

Advisors & Collaborators

Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004

Both employed at Cornell University and co-wrote "Nuclear physics" and "Seminal articles on nuclear physics."

Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005

Both employed at Cornell University and co-wrote "Nuclear Physics".

Blewett, John P. (John Paul), 1910-

Co-wrote "Particle Accelerators."

McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907-

Collaborated in discovery of oxygen 15. Both employed at University of California, Berkeley.

Colleagues

Benedek, George Bernard, 1928-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Bertsch, George F.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), 1887-

Both employed at University of California, Berkeley.

Birgeneau, Robert J. (Robert Joseph), 1942-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Brode, Robert B. (Robert Bigham), 1900-1986

Both employed at University of California, Berkeley.

Burstein, Elias, 1917-2017

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Callen, Herbert B.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Chodorow, Marvin

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Coppi, B.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Courant, Ernest D. (Ernest David), 1920-

Both employed at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Davidson, Ronald C.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Davis, Raymond, 1914-2006

Both employed at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Deutsch, Martin, 1917-2002

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Drell, Sidney D. (Sidney David), 1926-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Dresselhaus, M. S.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Enge, Harald A.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Feshbach, Herman

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Friedman, Jerome I. (Jerome Isaac), 1930-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Furry, W. H. (Wendell Hinkle), 1907-

Both employed at University of California, Berkeley.

Galt, John Kirtland, 1920-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Glimm, James

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Goldberger, Marvin L.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Goldstone, Jeff Alan

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Goudsmit, Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham), 1902-1978

Both employed at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Guth, Alan H.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Herring, William Conyers, 1914-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Jackiw, Roman W.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Jackson, John David, 1925-2016

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Javan, Ali, 1926-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Joannopoulos, J. D. (John D.), 1947-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kastner, Marc A.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kendall, Henry W. (Henry Way), 1926-1999

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Keyes, Frederick G. (Frederick George), 1885-1976

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Klein, Martin J.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kleppner, Daniel

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Kraushaar, William L.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958

Both employed at University of California, Berkeley.

Lax, Benjamin

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Lee, P. A. (Patrick A.), 1946-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Lieb, Elliott H.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Loeb, Leonard B. (Leonard Benedict), 1891-

Both employed at University of California, Berkeley.

Low, Francis E. (Francis Eugene), 1921-2007

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Merritt, Ernest, 1865-1948

Both employed at Cornell University.

Morrison, Philip

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

Both employed at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

Both employed at University of California, Berkeley.

Phillips, William D. (William Daniel), 1948-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Porkolab, Miklos

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Rasmussen, Norman C.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Rossi, Bruno, 1905-1993

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Schulz, George J., 1925-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Serber, R. (Robert)

Both employed at University of California, Berkeley.

Shull, Clifford Glenwood

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Spruch, Larry

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Stanley, H. Eugene (Harry Eugene), 1941-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Stratton, Julius Adams, 1901-1994

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Ting, S. C. C. (Samuel Chao-chung), 1936-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Townes, Charles H.

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Van de Graaf, Robert Jemison, 1901-1967

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Weinberg, Steven, 1933-

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Weiss, Rainer

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Wiesner, Jerome B. (Jerome Bert), 1915-1994

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Zacharias, Jerrold Reinach, 1905-1986

Both employed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

Additional

Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988

Brady, James Joseph, 1904-

Chadwick, James, 1891-1974

Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967

Evans, Robley Dunglison, 1907-

Lauritsen, Thomas, 1915-1973

Livingood, John J. (John Jacob), 1903-

Marshak, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1916-1992

McCrea, William Hunter

Ramsey, Norman, 1915-2011

Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982

Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000

Institutions

Major Positions

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Chair, Accelerator Project.

Cornell University. Department of Physics

Assistant Professor of Physics.

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Associate Director.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics

Professor of Physics and Emeritus Professor of Physics.

University of California, Berkeley. Department of Physics

Obtained PhD (1931). Research Associate.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Argonne National Laboratory

Cambridge Electron Accelerator.

Director.

Dartmouth College. Department of Physics and Astronomy

Obtained MA (1928).

Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

Pomona College (Claremont, Calif.)

Obtained AB (1926).

United States. Department of Energy

Received 1986 Enrico Fermi Award.

United States. Navy

Member, Operations Research Group.

University of Rochester. Department of Physics and Astronomy

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Design features of the 200-GeV Accelerator, 1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Keynote address and awards ceremony [sound recording]

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

M. Stanley Livingston papers, 1928-1986.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Oral history interview with Milton Stanley Livingston, 1967 August 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Relative Cost Chart, 1940.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Brookhaven National Laboratory interview transcripts, 1966-1986.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Cambridge Electron Accelerator motion picture films, circa 1962-1967.

Archives. Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Cambridge Electron Accelerator records, 1952-1974.

Archives. Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

James Joseph Brady response to early 1930s Ph.D.s Survey, 1980.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

LBL Office of the Director records of Edwin M. McMillan, 1907-1991.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

Oral history interview with John Clarke Slater, 1970 February 23 and August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John J. Livingood, 1977 May 16. Big machine physics at Berkeley, Harvard and Argonne: oral history transcript / John J. Livingood; tape recorded interview conducted by Arthur Norberg on May 16, 1977. History of Science and Technology Program, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, California, 1982.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with John P. Blewett, 1979 March 22 and May 11.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Luis Alvarez, 1967 February 14 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Norman Ramsey, 1978 December 19, 1979 January 5 and 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Robert F. Bacher, 1986 February 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robley D. Evans, 1972 May 2, 3, 1974 May 5 and 1978 June 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Thomas Lauritsen, 1967 February 16.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William Hunter McCrea, 1978 September 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Robert F. Bacher papers, 1924-1994.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Published Resources

Author

Basic Bethe : seminal articles on nuclear physics, 1936-1937 / by Hans A. Bethe, Robert F. Bacher, M. Stanley Livingston ; preface by Hans A. Bethe ; introduction by Roger H. Stuewer.

High-energy accelerators / M. Stanley Livingston.

Nuclear physics / by H. A. Bethe, R. F. Bacher [and] M. Stanley Livingston. Excerpts from Reviews of modern physics: v.8,no.2, April 1936; v.9,no.2, April 1937; v.9,no.3, July 1937.

Particle accelerators [by] M. Stanley Livingston [and] John P. Blewett.

Particle accelerators; a brief history [by] M. Stanley Livingston.

Particle physics; the high-energy frontier [by] M. Stanley Livingston.

The development of high-energy accelerators, edited and with commentary by M. Stanley Livingston.

Subject

"Milton Stanley Livingston: 1905-1986", Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences

M. Stanley Livingston Physics Today obituary.