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Table of Contents

Institutional History

AbstractChairsImportant DatesPlacesSubjectsCitations

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

National Research Council (U.S.)

Photo

Dates

June 19, 1916 – present

Authorized Form of Name

National Research Council (U.S.)

Additional Forms of Names

Conseil national de la recherche (U.S.)

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones (U.S.)

N.R.C.

National Academy of Engineering. National Research Council

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.). National Research Council

National Research Council

National Research Council (Washington, D. C.)

National Research Council of the National Academies (U.S.)

Nat︠s︡ionalʹnyĭ issledovatelʹskiĭ sovet (U.S.)

NRC

United States. National Research Council

Institutional History

Abstract

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of further knowledge and advising the federal government. The Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities.

Chairs

1916-18, George Ellery Hale.

1918-19, John Campbell Merriam.

1919-20, James Roland Angell.

1920-21, Henry Andrews Bumstead.

1921-23, John Campbell Merriam.

1923-28, Gano Dunn.

1928-32, George Kimball Burgess.

1932-33, William Henry Howell.

1933-35, Isaiah Bowman.

1935-36, Frank Rattray Lillie.

1936-38, Ludvig Hektoen.

1938-46, Ross Granville Harrison.

1946-50, Detlev Wulf Bronk.

1950-51, Douglas Whitaker.

1951-54, William Walden Rubey.

1954-62, Detlev Wulf Bronk.

1962-69, Frederick Seitz.

1969-81, Philip Handler.

1981-93, Frank Press.

1993-2005, Bruce Michael Alberts.

2005-present, Ralph J. Cicerone.

Important Dates

June 19, 1916National Research Council was formed at the request of President Wilson within the National Academy of Sciences to recruit specialists from the scientific communities to give scientific advice, Washington (D.C.).

May 11, 1918President Wilson formalized the National Research Council's existence in executive order 2859.

1956President Eisenhower's executive order that affirmed the importance and broadened the charter of the National Research Council.

1993President Bush's executive order that affirmed the importance and broadened the charter of the National Research Council.

Places

Headquarters

Washington (D.C.)

Subjects

Military policy.

Science and state.

Science consultants.

Scientists in government.

World War, 1914-1918.

World War, 1939-1945.

Citations

From History of the National Academies website.

Relationships

People

Employees & Officers

Abelson, Philip Hauge

Chair, Committee on Radiation Cataracts and Chair, Subcommittee on Shock.

Adelberger, Eric G.

Member, Committee on Gravitational Physics, Member, Committee on Physics of the Universe, and Member, Beyond Einstein Program Assessment Committee.

Aeppli, Gabriel

Member, Panel on High Magnetic Fields, and Member, Committee on Condensed Matter and Materials Physics.

Alberts, Bruce

Chair.

Allison, Samuel King, 1900-1965

Chair, Physics Section and Chair, Committee on Nuclear Science.

Angell, James Rowland, 1869-1949

Chair.

Barschall, H. H. (Henry Herman), 1915-1997

Member, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences.

Barton, Henry Askew, 1898-1983

Founder and Director, Office of Scientific Personnel. Vice-Chairman, Division of Physical Sciences.

Bean, Charles P., 1923-1996

Member, Executive Committee, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences.

Berlincourt, T. G.

Member of Instrumentation Panel and member of Interfaces & Applications Panel, physics survey and liaison representative for Physical Sciences Division.

Bersohn, Richard, 1925-2003

Member, Committee on Atomic and Molecular Science.

Bienenstock, Arthur

Member, Committee on Condensed Matter and Materials Physics; Member, Board on Chemical Science and Technology; Member, Committee on the Physics of the Universe; Member, Committee on Small Facilities and Member, Committee on Science and Security.

Biondi, Manfred Anthony, 1924-

Member, Army Basic Research Steering Committee and Chair, Army Basic Research Steering Committee.

Birch, Francis, 1903-1992

Chair, Division of Earth Sciences.

Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), 1887-

Chairman, Committee on Physical Constants.

Birgeneau, Robert J. (Robert Joseph), 1942-

Member, Solid State Advisory Council.

Bowman, Isaiah, 1878-1950

Chair.

Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981

Member-at-Large, Division of Physical Sciences and Member, Division of Physical Sciences.

Brewer, Richard G.

Member, Committee on Atomic and Molecular Physics; Member, Review Panel for the National Bureau of Standards; Member, Committee on Recommendations for U. S. Army Basic Scientific Research; and Member, Board on Physics and Astronomy.

Briggs, Lyman J. (Lyman James), 1874-1963

Member, Committee on Fudamental Physical Constants.

Brode, Robert B. (Robert Bigham), 1900-1986

Member, US National Committee, Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA).

Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975

Chair.

Brooks, Harvey

Chair, Committee on Undersea Warfare and Chair, Commission on Sociotechnical Systems.

Bumstead, Henry Andrews, 1870-1920

Chair.

Burgess, G. K. (George Kimball), 1874-1932

Chair.

Burstein, Elias, 1917-2017

Chair, Solid State Science Committee.

Byer, R. L. (Robert L.), 1942-

Member, Committee on Optical Sciences and Engineering, COSE; Member, Committee on Inertial Confinement Fusion; Member, NIST Advisory Board and Physical Panel Vice Chair; and Member, Board on Army Science and Technology - Directed Energy Study.

Chamberlain, Joseph W. (Joseph Wyan), 1928-2004

Member, Executive Committee, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences.

Cicerone, Ralph J.

Chair.

Clarke, John, 1942-

Member, Solid State Sciences Committee.

Clemence, Gerald M. (Gerald Maurice), 1908-

Chair, Division of Physical Sciences.

Cocke, C. Lewis

Member, Committee on Atomic Molecular and Optical Science; Member, Panel on Scientific Opportunities for the use of Cooled Heavy Ion Storage Rings; and Member, Physics Survey Committee, Panel on Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics.

Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954

Chair, Physics subcommittee for the 1933 Chicago Exposition.

Coppersmith, Susan Nan

Physics Survey Overview Panel.

Datz, Sheldon

Member, Committee on Atomic and Molecular Physics.

Donahue, Thomas M.

Member, Committee on Contamination and Interference in Space, Member, Committee on Polar Research, Member, Committee on Atmospheric Science, Chair, Committee on Solar Terrestrial Research, Member, Climate Board, and Chair, Space Science Board.

Drake, James (James F.)

Member, Plasma Science Committee, Member, Theory, Modeling and Data Exploration Panel, Decadal Survey of Space and Solar Physics, and Member, Committee on Space and Solar Physics.

Dresselhaus, M. S.

Member, Governing Board and Chair, Engineering Section.

Dunn, G. H. (Gordon H.), 1932-

Chair, Panel on the Future of Atomic Molecular and Optical Science.

Dunn, Gano, 1870-1953

Chair.

Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler, 1876-1965

Chair, Division of Physical Sciences and Chair, Advisory Committee on Scientific Publications.

Eisenstein, James P. (James Philip)

Member, Panel on Assessment of NIST Programs.

Fano, Ugo

Chair, Optical Physics Division Panel.

Feshbach, Herman

Member, Committee on Nuclear Science, Member, Physics Survey Committee, Chair, Ad Hoc Committee on Data Compilation, Member, Committee on Government-University Relationship in Support of Science, Member-at-Large (Nuclear Physics), U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics.

Fletcher, James Chipman, 1919-1991

Member, Executive Committee, Governing Board.

Frauenfelder, Hans, 1922-

Chair and Member, Board on Physics and Astronomy.

Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000

Member, Executive Committee, Division of Physical Sciences; Chair, X-ray and Gamma Ray Panel; Chair, Study on Stratospheric Ozone; Member, Advisory Board, Office of Physical Sciences, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Chair, Geophysics Research Board; Member, Climate Research Board; Member, Governing Board; Chair, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Co-Chair, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources; Member, Astronomy Survey Committee.

Frieman, E. A.

Chair, Superconducting Super Collider Site Evaluation Committee.

Geller, Margaret J.

Member, Panel on Cosmology.

Georgi, Howard

Co-chair, Committee on Women in Science and Engineering.

Gibbons, John H., 1929-2015

Division Adviser, Division on Physical Sciences and Engineering.

Goldhaber, Gertrude S. -1998

Member, Advisory Panel on the Nuclear Data Project; Chair, Panel for Evaluation of Nuclear Data Compilations; Member, Committee on the Education and Employment of Women in Science; and Engineering, Commission on Human Resources.

Gollub, J. P., 1944-

Member, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications.

Goodenough, John B.

Member, Solid State Science Panel and Committee.

Gordy, Walter, 1909-1985

Member, Physical Science Division.

Hafstad, Lawrence, 1904-

Chair, Committee on Undersea Warfare.

Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938

First Chair.

Hall, J. L. (John L.), 1934-

Member, National Research Committee on Fundamental Constants.

Handler, Philip, 1917-1981

Chair.

Harrison, Ross G. (Ross Granville), 1870-1959

Chair.

Haxton, Wick C.

Member, Committee on Nuclear Physics.

Hektoen, Ludvig, 1863-1951

Chair.

Herzfeld, Karl F. (Karl Ferdinand), 1892-

Member, Mine Advisory Committee.

Hohenberg, Pierre C.

Member, Solid State Sciences Committee.

Holdren, John P.

Member, Committee on Nuclear and Alternative Energy Systems.

Howell, William H. (William Henry), 1860-1945

Chair.

Hutchisson, Elmer, 1902-

Chairman, Advisory Committee on Documentation. Member, Subcommittee on Unclassified Reactors.

Jewett, Frank B. (Frank Baldwin), 1879-1949

Chair, Division of Engineering and Industrial Research.

Julienne, Paul S.

Member, Committee on Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Science.

Kadanoff, Leo P.

Member, Board of Physics and Astronomy.

Kaspi, Victoria Michelle, 1967-

Member, Committee on Radio Frequency Allocation.

Kleppner, Daniel

Member, Committee on Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics.

Klopsteg, Paul E. (Paul Ernest), 1889-

Member, Prosthetics Research Board and Chair, Committee on Atmospheric Sciences.

Lane, Neal F.

Chair, Evaluation Panel for the Center for Basic Standards of the National Bureau of Standards; Chair, Evaluation Panel of the Center for Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics of the National Institute of Standards and Technology; Chair, Panel on Future Opportunities in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Sciences; and Chair, Committee on the Transportation of Radioactive Waste.

Langenberg, D. N., 1932-

Chair, NAS-NAE Advisory Panel to the Cryogenics Division of the National Bureau of Standards.

Lax, Benjamin

Member, Solid Science Panel.

Leal, L. Gary

Member, Committee on Microgravity Research, Space Studies Board.

Lee, David M.

Chair, Committee on Fundamental Constants and Standards.

Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947

Chair.

Mason, Max, 1877-1961

Member, Submarine Committee.

Massey, Walter E.

Member, Physics Review Committee.

Mayer, Joseph Edward, 1904-

Chair, Division of Physical Chemistry.

McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907-

Fellow.

Meggers, William F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966

Chair, Committee on Line Spectra.

Merriam, John C.

Chair.

Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953

Vice chair.

Morse, Marston, 1892-1977

Chair, Mathematics Division.

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

Chair, Committee on Mathematical Tables; Member, Committee on the Uses of Computers; Member, Committee on Natural Resources.

Moss, Marvin K.

Member, Committee on Assessment of Benefit of U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Civil Works R&D Program, Marine Board and Member, Committee on Coastal Engineering Research and Education, Marine Board.

Moyer, Burton J., 1912-1973

Member, Committee on Nuclear Science.

Murnane, Margaret

Chair, Committee on Atomic Molecular and Optical Science.

Nelson, Ann E. (Ann Elizabeth)

Member, Dual Review Panel.

Nierenberg, William Aaron, 1919-2000

Member, Space Panel.

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

Fellow.

Pake, G. E. (George Edward)

Chair, Physics Survey Committee.

Pegram, George Braxton, 1876-1958

Member, New York Committee on submarine detection.

Pines, David, 1924-

Member, Physics Survey Committee; Chair, Board on International Scientific Exchange; Co-Chair, US/USSR Commission on Cooperation in Physics.

Porkolab, Miklos

Member, Subpanel on Plasma Science.

Press, Frank, 1924-

Member, United States Geodynamics Committee, Geophysics Research Board, Division of Physical Sciences; Member, Commission on Natural Resources; Member, Geophysics Study Committee, Geophysics Research Board, Division of Physical Sciences; Member, United States National Committee for Geology, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences; Chair, Committee on Scholarly Communication with People's Republic of China, Commission on International Relations; Chair, Committee on Criteria for Federal Support of Research and Development.

Randall, Lisa

Member, Board on Physics and Astronomy.

Raney, William P.

Executive Secretary, Committee on Undersea Warfare.

Richardson, Robert C. (Robert Coleman), 1937-2013

Member and Vice Chair, Board on Physics and Astronomy.

Richmond, Geraldine (Geraldine L.), 1953-

Member, Board on Chemical Science and Technology; Member, Board on Solid State Sciences; and Member, Chemical Sciences Roundtable.

Richter, Burton, 1931-

Chair, Board on Physics and Astronomy.

Rosenfeld, Arthur H., 1926-

Member, Committee on Uses of Computers and Member, Statistical Data Panel, Physics Survey Committee.

Rosner, Robert

Member, Subcommittee on Space and Astrophysical Plasmas; Chair, Committee on Solar Physics; and Member, Committee on Plasma Sciences.

Rubey, William Walden, 1898-1974

Chair.

Sachs, Robert Green, 1916-

Member, Physics Survey Committee.

Saunders, Frederick A. (Frederick Albert), 1875-1963

Researcher.

Schiff, Leonard I. (Leonard Isaac), 1915-1971

Fellow at University of California, Berkeley and California Institute of Technology.

Schiffer, John P.

Member, Panel on the Future of Nuclear Physics and Member, Committee on Nuclear Physics.

Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008

Chair; Member, Advisory Board, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, Office of Physical Sciences.

Serber, R. (Robert)

Fellow.

Shapiro, Marjorie

Member, Committee on Experimental Particle Physics.

Smalley, Richard E.

Member, Committee on Atomic Molecular and Optical Science.

Smyth, Henry De Wolf, 1898-1986

Fellow at the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge and Princeton University. Member, Subcommittee on Physics.

Stillinger, F. H.

Member, Panel on Containing the Threat from Illegal Bombings and Member, Panel on Mathematical Research in Materials Science.

Terman, Frederick Emmons, 1900-1982

Member, Engineering Division.

Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982

Chair, Geophysics Research Board.

Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980

Member, Committee on ionization and potential.

Vestine, E. H. (Ernest Harry), 1906-1968

Chair, United States Panel on the World Magnetic Survey, Geophysics Research Board.

Vineyard, G. H.

Member, Solid State Science Committee.

Walecka, John Dirk, 1932-

Member, Ad Hoc Panel on the Future of Nuclear Science.

Weiss, Rainer

Member, Panel on Particle and Gravitational-Wave Astrophysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics Survey.

Wetherill, George West

Member, Commission on Physical Sciences Mathematics and National Resources; Member, Executive Committee, Committee on the USSR and Eastern Europe; and Member, Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration.

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

Fellow at New York University and Institute of Theoretical Physics, Copenhagen.

Whitaker, Douglas Merritt, 1904-

Chair.

Will, Clifford M., 1946-

Chair, Committee on Accuracy of Time Transfer in Satellite Systems, Air Force Studies Board; Member, Committee on Fundamental Constants and Basic Standards; Member, Committee on the Gravitational Physics; Member, Committee on Physics of the Universe; and Member, Beyond Einstein Program Assessment Committee.

Williams, Ellen D.

Member, Committee on Nanotechnology for the Intelligence Community.

Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000

Member, Committee on Atomic Casualties.

Witherell, Michael S., 1949-

Member, Committee on Elementary Particle Physics and Member, Beyond Einstein Program Assessment Committee.

Wu, Theodore Y.-T. (Theodore Yao-tsu)

Member, Committee on Recommendations for United States Army Basic Scientific Research.

Associates & Members

Adams, Roger, 1889-1971

Anderson, Thomas Foxen, 1911-1991

Barus, Carl, 1856-1935

Beams, Jesse W. (Jesse Wakefield), 1898-1977

Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967

Bleakney, Walker, 1901-1992

Bush, George, 1924-

Passed an executive order to affirm the important and broaden the charter of the National Research Council.

Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974

Clark, W. Mansfield (William Mansfield), 1884-1964

Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962

Dennison, David M. (David Mathias), 1900-1976

DiSalvo, Francis

Member, Solid State Sciences Committee, Member, Committee on Midsized Facilities, and Member, Panel on Assessment and Outlook of the NSF MRSEC Program.

Dorfan, Jonathan

Member, Advisory Committee on TRIUMF.

DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994

DuMond, Jesse W. M. (Jesse William Monroe), 1892-1976

Dunham, Theodore, 1897-1984

Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969

Passed an executive order to affirm the important and broaden the charter of the National Research Council.

Fankuchen, Isidor, 1904-1964

Ferry, John D., 1912-2002

Chairman, Committee on Macromolecular Chemistry.

Fleming, Richard H. (Richard Howell), 1909-1989

Froman, Darol K. (Darol Kenneth), 1906-1997

Fulcher, Gordon S. (Gordon Scott), 1884-

Furnas, C. C. (Clifford Cook), 1900-1969

Gray, Louis Harold, 1905-1965

Hanson, Alfred Olaf, 1914-

Hemmendinger, Henry, 1915-2003

Hirsh, Ira J.

Hubbert, M. King (Marion King), 1903-1989

Katz, Leon

Kemble, Edwin C. (Edwin Crawford), 1889-

Kennel, Charles F., 1939-

Kistiakowsky, Vera

Kovarik, A. F. (Alois Francis), 1880-1965

Macdonald, J. Ross (James Ross), 1923-

Menard, Henry W. (Henry William), 1920-1986

Odishaw, Hugh

Parker, Herbert M.

Pease, Frederick Gladheim

Penner, S. S.

Picard, Jean

Robson, J. M. (John Michael), 1920-1980

Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

Smagorinsky, J. (Joseph)

Smarr, Larry L.

Snodgrass, James M. (James Marion)

Stevens, S. S. (Stanley Smith), 1906-1973

Townes, Charles H.

Weaver, Harold F.

Wilson, J. Tuzo, (John Tuzo), 1908-1993

Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924

Established the National Research Council and issued an executive order to perpetuate the NRC.

Wu, Ta-you

Institutions

Institutional Hierarchy

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

National Research Council (U.S.). Division of Physical Sciences

National Research Council (U.S.). Office of Scientific Personnel

National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Cosmology

Collaborators

University of Chicago. Department of Physics

Co-sponsored symposia.

Associates

American Geophysical Union

American Institute of Physics

American Physical Society

Harvard University. Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory

International Education Board

Optical Society of America

Received grant funding.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Molecular spectra in gases: report of the Committee on Radiation in Gases, Edwin C. Kemble, Raymond T. Birge, Walter F. Colby, F. Wheeler Loomis, Leigh Page, 1926.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

National Research Council National Science Education Standards (draft), 1994.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Alfred Olaf Hanson response to 1981 History of Nuclear Physics Survey, 1981.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Alois Francis Kovarik papers, 1902-1951.

Manuscripts and Archives

Yale University Library

Box 208240, New Haven, CT 06520, USA

American Geophysical Union records, 1919-2008.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

American Physical Society records, 1899-1989.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission papers, 1945-1982.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

Autobiography of a physicist: Volumes I, II and appendix, 1972.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

C. C. Furnas papers, 1918-1969.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Library

Abilene, KS 67410, USA

Charles Hard Townes papers, 1948-1996.

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Francis Bitter papers, 1925-1967.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Francis G. Pease papers, 1850-1937 (bulk 1905-1937).

Henry E. Huntington Library

1151 Oxford Road, San Marino, CA 91108, USA

George Ellery Hale papers, 1882-1938.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

George Ellery Hale papers, circa 1889-1950.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Gordon Scott Fulcher papers, 1897-1970.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Gregory Breit papers, 1929-1980 (bulk 1960-1970).

Manuscripts and Archives

Yale University Library

Box 208240, New Haven, CT 06520, USA

Harvard University Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory records, 1940-1972.

Archives. Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Henry Hemmendinger papers, 1931-2000 (bulk 1960-1985).

Manuscripts and Archives Department

Hagley Museum and Library

298 Buck Road East, Greenville, DE 19807, USA

Henry N. Russell correspondence [microform], 1890-1950.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Henry William Menard papers, 1938-1986 (bulk 1960-1986).

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Herbert M. Parker papers, 1938-1984.

University Archives

University of Washington

Mailstop #0-10. Seattle, WA 98195, USA

Hugh Odishaw records, circa 1953-1972.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

International Education Board records, 1923-1960.

Rockefeller Archive Center

15 Dayton Ave., Pocantico Hills, North Tarrytown, NY 10591-1598, USA

Isidor Fankuchen papers, 1933-1964.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

J. M. Robson response to 1988 History of Nuclear Physics Survey, 1988.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

J. Ross Macdonald papers, 1932-1989.

Center for American History. University Archives

University of Texas at Austin

Austin, TX 78713, USA

James M. Snodgrass papers, 1945-1975 (bulk 1960-1970).

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Jesse W. Beams selected correspondence, 1945-1949.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Journal publishing censorship practices during World War II, 1940s.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Karl T. Compton papers, 1906-1961.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

L. H. Gray papers, 1932-1970 (bulk 1944-1965).

Special Collections Library

University of Tennessee, Knoxville

James D. Hoskins Library, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA

Larry Smarr papers, 1956-2000.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Leon Katz papers, 1965-1973.

Murray Memorial Library. University Archives

University of Saskatchewan

Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Life of Carl Barus, 1935.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

NAS-NRC International Relations Record Group, 1940-1965.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

National Academy of Sciences records, circa 1900-1985.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

National Academy of Sciences Space Science Board records, 1958-1974.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

NRC Division of Physical Sciences records, 1919-1974.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

Nuclear Physics Project records, 1965-1971.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Darol Kenneth Froman, 1976 June 7.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with David Mathias Dennison, 1964 January 27, 28 and 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edwin C. Kemble, 1962 May 11 to 1963 October 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Frederick Seitz, 1982 October 6 and 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harold F. Weaver, 1991 September 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ira Hirsh, 1994 June 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with J. Tuzo Wilson, 1993 February 16.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Joseph Smagorinsky, 1989 March 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lee A. DuBridge, 1972 June 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lee A. DuBridge, 1986 February 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Marion King Hubbert, 1989 January 4 to 6 February.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul E. Klopsteg, 1970 March 31.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ta-You Wu, 1977 February 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Vannevar Bush, 1964.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Philip Morse papers, 1927-1980.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Phillip M. Morse autobiographical data, circa 1962.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Piccard Family papers, 1470-1983 (bulk 1926-1983).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Richard H. Fleming papers, 1930-1986 (bulk 1941-1968).

University Archives

University of Washington

Mailstop #0-10. Seattle, WA 98195, USA

Robert A. Millikan papers, 1821-1953.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Robert Millikan correspondence, 1917-1918.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

Rockefeller University, President Detlev W. Bronk records, 1897-1976.

Rockefeller Archive Center

15 Dayton Ave., Pocantico Hills, North Tarrytown, NY 10591-1598, USA

Roger Adams papers, 1900-1971.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Office of the Director, Charles F. Kennel records, 1963-2006 (bulk 1987-2006).

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Stanford S. Penner papers, 1938-1998.

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Stanley Smith Stevens papers, 1931-1973.

Archives. Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Theodore Dunham papers, 1926-1977 (bulk 1926-1955).

Henry E. Huntington Library

1151 Oxford Road, San Marino, CA 91108, USA

Thomas Foxen Anderson papers, 1928-1989.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Vannevar Bush papers, 1901-1974.

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Vannevar Bush papers, 1934-1938.

National Academy of Sciences

2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20418, USA

Vera Kistiakowsky papers, 1971-1975.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

W. Mansfield Clark papers, 1903-1964.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Walker Bleakney papers, 1920s-1961.

Department of Rare Books and Manuscripts

Princeton University

1 Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA

William F. Meggers addition to papers, 1870-1973 (bulk 1906-1966).

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

A general survey of the present status of the atomic structure problem : Report of the Committee on Atomic Structure of the National Research Council / by David L. Webster ... and Leigh Page.

A strategy for space astronomy and astrophysics for the 1980's / Committee on Space Astronomy and Astrophysics, Space Science Board, Assembly of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, National Research Council.

Algebraic numbers : Report of the Committee on Algebraic Numbers, National Research Council / by L.E. Dickson, H.H. Mitchell, H.S. Vandiver, G.E. Wahlin.

Biological effects of radiation : mechanism and measurement of radiation, applications in biology, photochemical reactions, effects of radiant energy on organisms and organic products / edited by Benjamin M. Duggar ; with the cooperation of Janet Howell Clark, Kenneth S. Cole, Farrington Daniels [and others].

Celestial mechanics : Report of the Committee on celestial mechanics of the National research council / by E.W. Brown... chairman ; G.D. Birkhoff... A.O. Leuschner... H.N. Russell.

Critical potentials / by K.T. Compton and F.L. Mohler.

Data relating to x-ray spectra : with a brief statement of their bearing on theories of the structure of atoms and the mechanism of radiation / by William Duane.

Doctorate production in United States universities, 1920-1962, with baccalaureate origins of doctorates in sciences, arts, and professions. Compiled by Lindsey R. Harmon, and Herbert Soldz.

Electrodynamics of moving media : report of the National Research Council Committee on Electrodynamics of Moving Media / by W.F.G. Swann, John T. Tate, H. Bateman, E.H. Kennard.

Handbook of physical constants / edited by Francis Birch, J.F. Schairer, and H. Cecil Spicer.

Handbook of scientific and technical societies and institutions of the United States and Canada / United States section compiled by Callie Hull for the National Research Council, United States.

Industrial research laboratories of the United States.

International critical tables of numerical data, physics, chemistry and technology / prepared under the auspices of the International Research Council and the National Academy of Sciences by the National Research Council of the United States of America; editor-in-chief: Edward W. Washburn ... associate editors: Clarence J. West ... N. Ernest Dorsey …

Mortality of nuclear weapons test participants.

National Science Education Standards : observe, interact, change, learn.

New uses for low-energy accelerators / prepared by the Ad Hoc Panel on New Uses for Low-Energy Accelerators of the Committee on Nuclear Science, National Research Council.

Oceanography / prepared under the auspices of the Subsidiary Committee on Oceanography, Division of Physical Sciences, National Research Council.

Outlook for science and technology the next five years / a report of the National Research Council.

Quantum principles and line spectra / [by] J.H. Van Vleck.

Radioactivity. Report of Committee on x-rays and radioactivity, National research council, by A. F. Kovarik and L. W. McKeehan.

Science and foreign relations : international flow of scientific and technological information.

Secondary radiations produced by x-rays / by Arthur H. Compton…

Seismology / by the Subsidiary Committee on Seismology, Division of Physical Sciences, with the cooperation of Division of Geology and Geography and American Geophysical Union, National Research Council.

Selected topics in the field of luminescence : report of the National research council, Committee on luminescence / by Ernest Merritt, Edward L. Nichols and C.D. Child.

Technically speaking : why all Americans need to know more about technology / Committee on Technological Literary, National Academy of Engineering, National Research Council ; Greg Pearson and A. Thomas Young, editors.

Terrestrial magnetism and electricity / edited by J.A. Fleming, contributors: J. Bartels, L.V. Berkner, J.A. Fleming [and others].

The age of the earth / by the Subsidiary Committee on the Age of the Earth, Division of Physical Sciences, with the cooperation of Division of Geology and Geography and American Geophysical Union, National Research Council.

The Invisible university: postdoctoral education in the United States. Report of a study conducted under the auspices of the National Research Council. [Richard B. Curtis, study director]

The National Research Council in 1976 : current issues and studies / National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering [and] Institute of Medicine.

The present status of visual science / by Leonard Thompson Troland.

The sun to the earth--and beyond : a decadal research strategy in solar and space physics / Solar and Space Physics Survey Committee, Committee on Solar and Space Physics, Space Studies Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council of the National Academies.

Theories of magnetism : Report of the Committee on theories of magnetism of the National research council / by A.P. Wills, S.J. Barnett, L.R. Ingersoll, J. Kunz, S.L. Quimby, E.M. Terry, S.R. Williams.

U.S.-European collaboration in space science / Committee on International Space Programs, Space Studies Board, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, National Research Council ; European Space Science Committee, European Science Foundation.

Subject

The brain bank of America : an inquiry into the politics of science / by Phillip [i.e. Philip] M. Boffey ; with an introd. by Ralph Nader.