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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as Subject

Alfred O. Nier

Photo

Dates

May 28, 1911 – May 16, 1994

Authorized Form of Name

Nier, Alfred O. (Alfred Otto), 1911-1994

Additional Forms of Names

Nier, A. O. (Alfred Otto), 1911-1994

Nier, Alfred Otto, 1911-1994

Biography

Abstract

Alfred Nier was Emeritus Professor of Physics at the University of Minnesota (1980-1994). His research interests included mass spectrometry, and radioactive decay. One of his significant achievements includes the first uranium isotope separation in history.

Important Dates

May 28, 1911Birth, Saint Paul (Minn.).

1931Obtained BE in Electrical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (Minn.).

1933Obtained MS in Electrical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (Minn.).

1936Obtained PhD in Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (Minn.).

1936 – 1938National Research Council (NRC) Fellow, Harvard University.

1938 – 1994Assistant Professor to Associate Professor of Physics (1938-1945); Professor of Physics (1945-1980); Chair, Department of Physics (1953-1965); and Emeritus Professor of Physics (1980-1994), University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (Minn.).

1943 – 1945Physicist, Kellex Corporation.

1950Member, National Academy of Sciences.

May 16, 1994Death, Minneapolis (Minn.).

Occupation

Nuclear physicist.

Places

Birth

Saint Paul (Minn.)

Undergraduate Education

Minneapolis (Minn.)

Graduate Education

Minneapolis (Minn.)

Employment

Minneapolis (Minn.)

Death

Minneapolis (Minn.)

Subjects

Cosmic rays.

Mass spectrometry.

Nuclear physics.

Radioactivity.

Uranium Isotopes.

Relationships

People

Advisors & Collaborators

Bainbridge, Kenneth T. (Kenneth Tompkins), 1904-1996

Post-doctoral advisor at Harvard University, and both employed at Harvard University.

Inghram, Mark Gordon, 1919-

Manhattan Project research advised by Nier, University of Chicago.

Tate, John T. (John Torrence), 1889-1950

Advised by Tate and worked together at the University of Minnesota on a mass spectrographic study of the isotopes of argon, potassium, rubidium, zinc, and cadmium.

Colleagues

Bardeen, John

Both employed at the University of Minnesota and Harvard University.

Bridgman, P. W. (Percy Williams), 1882-1961

Both employed at Harvard University.

Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978

Both employed at Harvard University.

Fisk, James B. (James Brown), 1910-1981

Both employed at Harvard University.

Furry, W. H. (Wendell Hinkle), 1907-

Both employed at Harvard University.

Goldman, Allen M.

Both employed at University of Minnesota.

Griggs, David, 1911-1974

Both employed at Harvard University.

Hill, Edward Lee, 1904-1974

Both employed at University of Minnesota.

Kemble, Edwin C. (Edwin Crawford), 1889-

Both employed at Harvard University.

Lyman, Theodore, 1874-1954

Both employed at Harvard University.

Moss, Joel M.

Both employed at University of Minnesota.

Ney, Edward Purdy, 1920-

Both employed at University of Minnesota.

Pierce, George Washington, 1872-1956

Both employed at Harvard University.

Purcell, Edward M.

Both employed at Harvard University.

Saunders, Frederick A. (Frederick Albert), 1875-1963

Both employed at Harvard University.

Starr, Chauncey

Both employed at Harvard University.

Street, Jabez Curry, 1906-

Both employed at Harvard University.

Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980

Both employed at Harvard University.

Williams, John H. (John Harry), 1908-

Both employed at University of Minnesota.

Winckler, John R.

Both employed at University of Minnesota.

Additional

Beams, Jesse W. (Jesse Wakefield), 1898-1977

Bleakney, Walker, 1901-1992

Grosse, Aristid von, 1905-1985

Groueff, Stephane

Naugle, John E.

Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981

Institutions

Major Positions

Harvard University. Department of Physics

National Research Council (NRC) Fellow.

Kellex Corporation

Physicist.

University of Minnesota. Department of Physics and Astronomy

Obtained PhD (1936). Assistant Professor to Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; Emeritus Professor of Physics; and Department Chair.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

University of Minnesota. Department of Electrical Engineering

Obtained BE (1931) and MS (1933).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Alfred O. Nier papers, 1930-1966.

University Archives

University of Minnesota

Andersen Library, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Alfred O. Nier; physicist [videorecording]

Walter Library

University of Minnesota

117 Pleasant St. S. E., Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA

American Vacuum Society interview collection, 1991-2013.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

An account of the first sample of separated Uranium 235 at the University of Minnesota in 1940, 1954.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Dedication of Tate Laboratory of Physics [sound recording], 1966.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Lecture on stable isotopes from CO2 [videorecording].

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

National Air and Space Museum space astronomy oral history project records, 1981-1986.

Archives Division

Smithsonian Institution. National Air and Space Museum

MRC 322, Washington, DC, 20560, USA

Oral history interview with Alfred O. C. Nier : 1989 April 7 and 8.

The Beckman Center for History of Chemistry

Chemical Heritage Foundation

315 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106-2702, USA

Physics in industry [sound recording] / 1976 November 8-9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Walker Bleakney Retirement Symposium [sound recording], 1969 May 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

American Astronomical Society Historical Astronomy Division addition to records: obituary files, 1995-1998.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Jesse W. Beams papers, 1926-1977.

Alderman Library. Special Collections

University of Virginia

Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA

Oral history interview with Aristid Victor Grosse, 1974 January 11 and April 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Edward P. Ney, 1984 February 29.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John E. Naugle, 1980 August 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Stephane Groueff papers, 1955-1975

Mugar Library Special Collections

Boston University

771 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA

Transitions in Physics and Related Fields from the Late 19th Century to Today [sound recording], 2017 January 28.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

University of Minnesota Department of Physics papers, 1886-1972.

University Archives

University of Minnesota

Andersen Library, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Published Resources

Subject

"Alfred Otto Carl Nier: 1911-1994", Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences

Alfred O. C. Nier Physics Today obituary.