Menu ☰

Back to Top

Physics History Network

Over 1000 biographies of physicists and histories of institutions with information pertaining to their lives, careers, and research.

Tip: Search within this page by using Ctrl + F or ⌘ + F


Search Our Catalogs

Archives Books

Collections

Emilio Segré Visual Archives Digital Collections Oral Histories Archival Finding Aids Physics History Network

Preservation and Support

Donating Materials Saving Archival Collections Grants to Archives Documentation Projects History Newsletters

Center for History of Physics

Scholarship & Outreach

Main Navigation

HomeAboutTopic GuidesFeedback

Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Arthur Holly Compton

Photo

Dates

September 10, 1892 – March 15, 1962

Authorized Form of Name

Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962

Additional Forms of Names

Compton, Arthur

Biography

Abstract

Nobel winning physicist (x-rays, cosmic rays). On the physics faculty at University of Chicago, 1923-1945; United States Government Plutonium Research Project, 1942-1945; Chancellor, Washington University, St. Louis, 1945-1953.

Important Dates

September 10, 1892Birth, Wooster (Ohio).

1913Obtained BS, College of Wooster, Wooster (Ohio).

1914 – 1916Obtained MA and PhD, Princeton University, Princeton (N.J.).

1916 – 1917Instructor in Physics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis (Minn.).

1917 – 1919Research Engineer, Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company, Pittsburgh (Pa.).

1919 – 1920National Research Council (NRC) Fellow, Cambridge University.

1920 – 1923Wayman Crow Professor of Physics and Head of Physics Department, Washington University, St. Louis, St. Louis (Mo.).

1923 – 1945Professor of Physics and Swift Distinguished Service Professor, University of Chicago, Chicago (Ill.).

1927Awarded Rumford Gold Medal, American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

1927Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1927Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics.

1931 – 1934Director, World Survey of Cosmic Rays.

1931 – 1941Research Associate, Carnegie Institution of Washington.

1934President, American Physical Society (APS).

1937 – 1944Member, National Advisory Cancer Council.

1939 – 1940President, American Association of Scientific Workers.

1939 – 1945Member, Board of Trustees, Crerar Library, Chicago (Ill.).

1940Awarded Hughes Medal, Royal Society.

1940Awarded Franklin Medal, Franklin Institute.

1941Chair, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research, National Academy of Sciences.

1941 – 1942Program Chief, S-1 Uranium Section, Office of Scientific Research and Development.

1941 – 1945Member, Board of Trustees, Chicago Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago (Ill.).

1942President, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

1942 – 1945Project Leader, Manhattan project, Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory.

1942 – 1946Member, Executive Committee, Section S-1, Office of Scientific Research and Development.

1945 – 1961Chancellor and Distinguished Service Professor of Natural Philosophy, Washington University, St. Louis, St. Louis (Mo.).

1956 – 1959Member, Board of Trustees, Brookings Institution.

March 15, 1962Death, Berkeley (Calif.).

Occupation

Atomic physicist.

Places

Birth

Wooster (Ohio)

Undergraduate Education

Wooster (Ohio)

Graduate Education

Princeton (N.J.)

Employment

Minneapolis (Minn.)

Pittsburgh (Pa.)

St. Louis (Mo.)

Chicago (Ill.)

Death

Berkeley (Calif.)

Subjects

Atomic and molecular physics.

Cosmic rays.

Gamma rays.

World War, 1939-1945.

X-rays.

Relationships

People

Family

Compton, Arthur Allen

Son.

Compton, Betty Charity McCloskey, 1916-

Wife, married in 1916.

Compton, Charles Arthur

Nephew.

Compton, Elias

Father.

Compton, John (John J.)

Son.

Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954

Brother.

Compton, Otelia Augspurger

Mother.

Compton, Wilson Martindale, 1890-1967

Brother.

Rice, Mary Compton

Sister.

Advisors & Collaborators

Allison, Samuel King, 1900-1965

Both employed at University of Chicago and co-wrote "X-rays in theory and experiment."

Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988

Advised by Compton at University of Chicago. Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Doan, Richard Lloyd, 1898-

Collaborated to first obtain X-ray spectra from ruled gratings.

Hagenow, Charles Frederick

Collaborated to discover the phenomenon of total reflection of X-rays and their complete polarization.

Richardson, O. W. (Owen Willans), 1879-1959

Advisor at Princeton University.

Shankland, Robert S., 1908-

Advised by Compton at University of Chicago on the photon theory of scattering.

Simon, Alfred W.

Collaborated on the Compton effect that illustrates the particle concept of electromagnetic radiation.

Colleagues

Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981

Both employed at Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974

Both employed at Washington University (St. Louis, Mo.).

Daniels, Farrington, 1889-1972

Both employed at Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Dempster, Arthur Jeffrey

Both employed at University of Chicago.

DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994

Both employed at Washington University, St. Louis.

Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Feenberg, Eugene

Both employed at Washington University (St. Louis, Mo.).

Ference, Michael, 1911-

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

Worked together on the National Academy of Sciences Committee to Evaluate Use of Atomic Energy in War.

Franck, James, 1882-1964

Both employed at University of Chicago and at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Goldberger, Marvin L.

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Hilberry, Norman, 1899-

Both employed at University of Chicago and Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Klopsteg, Paul E. (Paul Ernest), 1889-

Both employed at University of Minnesota.

Konopinski, Emil Jan, 1911-

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, the Manhattan Project.

Loomis, F. W. (Francis Wheeler), 1889-1976

Both employed at Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company.

Mason, Max, 1877-1961

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Morrison, Philip

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Mulliken, Robert Sanderson

Both employed at University of Chicago, and at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Pake, G. E. (George Edward)

Both employed at Washington University (St. Louis, Mo.).

Primakoff, H. (Henry), 1914-1983

Both employed at Washington University (St. Louis, Mo.).

Rossi, Bruno, 1905-1993

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Seaborg, Glenn T. (Glenn Theodore), 1912-1999

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Serber, R. (Robert)

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, the Manhattan Project.

Simpson, John A. (John Alexander), 1916-2000

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Smyth, Henry De Wolf, 1898-1986

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, the Manhattan Project.

Swann, W. F. G. (William Francis Gray), 1884-1962

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Szilard, Leo

Worked together on the National Academy of Sciences Committee to Evaluate Use of Atomic Energy in War.

Tate, John T. (John Torrence), 1889-1950

Both employed at University of Minnesota.

Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, the Manhattan Project.

Thomas, Tracy Y. (Tracy Yerkes), 1899-1983

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Turkevich, Anthony, 1916-2002

Both employed at University of Chicago and Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Weinberg, Alvin Martin, 1915-2006

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, the Manhattan Project.

Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project. Worked together on the National Academy of Sciences Committee to Evaluate Use of Atomic Energy in War.

Williams, John H. (John Harry), 1908-

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Additional

Alexander, Jerome, 1876-1959

Barkla, C. G. (Charles Glover), 1877-1944

Bennett, Ralph D.

Blackett, P. M. S. (Patrick Maynard Stuart), Baron Blackett, 1897-1974

Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-

Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966

DuMond, Jesse W. M. (Jesse William Monroe), 1892-1976

Epstein, Paul S. (Paul Sophus), 1883-1966

Evans, Robley Dunglison, 1907-

Froman, Darol K. (Darol Kenneth), 1906-1997

Fulcher, Gordon S. (Gordon Scott), 1884-

Gingrich, Newell Shiffer, 1906-

Glasstone, Samuel, 1897-1986

Greenewalt, Crawford H., 1902-1993

Grosse, Aristid von, 1905-1985

Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976

Jesse, William Polk, 1891-1974

Kamen, Martin David, 1913-2002

Kemble, Edwin C. (Edwin Crawford), 1889-

Klein, Oskar

Laird, Elizabeth Rebecca, 1874-1969

Langsdorf, Alexander, 1912-

Lewis, Gilbert Newton, 1875-1946

Loeb, Leonard B. (Leonard Benedict), 1891-

Lucas, René Auguste, 1898-

McFarlan, Ronald Lyman

Miller, Franklin, Jr.

Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953

Both were pioneers of cosmic rays and got into a rancorous scientific dispute over the source and character of such radiation.

Neher, Henry Victor, 1904-

Noyes, William A. (William Albert), 1857-1941

Occhialini, Giuseppe, 1907-1993

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

Pegram, George Braxton, 1876-1958

Platzman, Robert L. (Robert Leroy), 1918-1973

Rabinowitch, Eugene, 1901-1973

Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937

Saha, Meghnad, 1893-1956

Shapiro, Maurice M. (Maurice Mandel), 1915-

Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976

Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951

Taylor, Lloyd William, 1893-1948

Van Allen, James A. (James Alfred), 1914-2006

Waterfall, Wallace, 1900-1974

Webster, David Locke, 1888-1976

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees, 1869-1959

Institutions

Major Positions

Carnegie Institution of Washington

Research Associate.

University of Chicago. Department of Physics

Professor of Physics and Swift Distinguished Service Professor.

University of Minnesota. Department of Physics and Astronomy

Instructor of Physics.

Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.)

Chancellor.

Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.). Department of Physics

Wayman Crow Professor of Physics; Head, Physics Department; and Distinguished Service Professor of Natural Philosophy.

Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company

Research Engineer, Westinghouse Lamp Company.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

American Association for the Advancement of Science

President.

American Physical Society

President.

Argonne National Laboratory

Association of Scientific Workers

President.

Brookings Institution

Member, Board of Trustees.

College of Wooster

Obtained BA.

Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.)

General Electric Company. Research Laboratory

John Crerar Library

Member, Board of Trustees.

Museum of Science and Industry (Chicago, Ill.)

Member, Board of Trustees.

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member and Chair, Advisory Committee on Uranium Research.

National Advisory Cancer Council (U.S.)

National Research Council (U.S.)

Princeton University. Department of Physics

Obtained MA and PhD.

Royal Society (Great Britain)

United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development

Program Chief, S-1 Uranium Section and Member, Executive Committee, Section S-1.

United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development. Metallurgical Laboratory

Project Leader, Manhattan project.

University of Cambridge. Department of Physics

National Research Council Fellow.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Alexander Langsdorf papers, 1934-1983.

Libraries. University Archives

Washington University

Campus Box 1061, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA

Arthur Holly Compton papers, 1905-1971.

Libraries. University Archives

Washington University

Campus Box 1061, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA

Arthur Holly Compton research notebooks [microform], 1919-1941.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Arthur Holly Compton research notebooks, 1919-1941.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Jerome Alexander correspondence, 1908-1953.

Rare Books and Manuscripts Division

New York Public Library

Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street, New York, NY 10018, USA

Letter to Franklin Miller, Jr. concerning Barkla's work and use of the K, L, J, and M symbols, 1958.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Martin David Kamen papers, 1923-1992 (bulk 1945-1955).

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Nuclear history [sound recording] : voices of the past; compiled by Glenn Seaborg.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

O. W. Richardson papers, 1897-1959 (bulk 1920-1940).

Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

University of Texas at Austin

P.O. Drawer 7219, Austin, TX 78713-7219, USA

Origin of the military atomic energy program [sound recording] / delivered at Sandia Colloquium Series, 1955 May 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

The pioneers of atomic energy [sound recording] : their voices recorded on the 10th anniversary of the Manhattan Project; 1952 December 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Washington University records of Arthur Holly Compton, 1945-1953.

Libraries. University Archives

Washington University

Campus Box 1061, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA

Subject

Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk).

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Arnold Sommerfeld papers ("New" Sommerfeld Nachlass), 1890-1950.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Atomic year 25 [sound recording] : the story of CP-1 / produced by the Atomic Energy Commission's Argonne National Laboratory.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Atoms for Peace Award records, 1944-1972.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Bruno Rossi papers, 1927-1985.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Century of the atom [sound recording] : ...told through the voices of the scientists who created the nuclear age / a presentation of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission ; narrated by Chet Huntley and Glenn T. Seaborg.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Crawford Greenewalt Manhattan Project diary, 1942-1945.

Manuscripts and Archives Department

Hagley Museum and Library

298 Buck Road East, Greenville, DE 19807, USA

Edward Condon papers, circa 1920-1974.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Elizabeth Rebecca Laird papers, 1897-1959.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Eugene Rabinowitch papers, 1954-1964.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Gilbert Newton Lewis papers, 1908-1945.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Gordon Scott Fulcher papers, 1897-1970.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

H. Victor Neher papers, 1916-1994.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Henry De Wolf Smyth papers, 1885-1987.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

James Van Allen papers, 1938-1990.

Main Library. Archives

University of Iowa

Iowa City, IA 52242-1420, USA

Jesse W. M. DuMond papers, 1912-1976.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

John Clarke Slater papers, 1908-1976.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Karl Darrow correspondence relating to history of the American Physical Society, 1943-1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Karl T. Compton papers, 1906-1961.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Lloyd W. and Esther Bliss Taylor papers, 1896-1980 (bulk 1921-1970).

Archives

Oberlin College

420 Mudd Center, Oberlin, OH 44074, USA

M. N. Saha correspondence, 1920-1954.

Manuscript Section

Nehru Memorial Museum and Library

New Delhi, India

MIT Office of the President records of Karl Taylor Compton and James Rhyne Killian, 1930-1959.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Newell S. Gingrich student notebooks, 1927-1929.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Aristid Victor Grosse, 1974 January 11 and April 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Betty Compton, 1968 April 11 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Carl Henry Eckart, 1962 May 31.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Darol Kenneth Froman, 1976 June 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Darol Kenneth Froman, 1976 June 7.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with David Locke Webster, 1964 May 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edward Teller, 1980 December.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edwin C. Kemble, 1962 May 11 to 1963 October 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Emil Jan Konopinski, 1982.

Office of University Archives and Records Management

Indiana University

Bryan Hall 201, 107 South Indiana Avenue, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA

Oral history interview with Giuseppe Occhialini, 1971 April 5, 6, May 16, 17, and November 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1960 February.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John Clarke Slater, 1970 February 23 and August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Karl K. Darrow, 1964 April 2 and 10 June.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Leonard B. Loeb, 1962 August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Luis Alvarez, 1967 February 14 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Maurice Mandel Shapiro, 1978 May 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Oskar Benjamin Klein, 1962 September 25 to 16 July 1963.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul E. Klopsteg, 1963 January 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Sophus Epstein, 1962 May 25, 26 and June 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Philip Morrison, 2002 December 19 and 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with René Auguste Lucas, 1963 January 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robley D. Evans, 1972 May 2, 3, 1974 May 5 and 1978 June 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ronald Lyman McFarlan, 1979 December 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Wallace Waterfall, 1964 April 17.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Werner Heisenberg, 1962 November 30, 1963 February 7, 11, 13, 15, 19, 22, 25, 27, 28 and 1963 July 5, 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Pais Prize Lecutre: Relations Between Physics and History of Physics [sound recording], 2013 April 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Papers of physicists and astronomers in Hoover Library, 1918-1965.

Herbert Hoover Presidential Library

West Branch, IA 52358, USA

Peter J. W. Debye papers, 1901-1906 and 1918-1945.

Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften

Boltzmannstr. 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany

Physical Review records, 1940-1947.

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Reviews of Modern Physics correspondence of John Torrence Tate, 1928.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Robert L. Platzman papers, 1944-1952.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Samuel Glasstone letters from Arthur Holly Compton, Enrico Fermi, and Christian Møller concerning the origin of the terms nucleon, photon and quantum, 1948-1949.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Scientific experience of Ralph D. Bennett, 1963.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Selected records, including letters, reports, and notebooks by Arthur Holly Compton, Saul Dushman, Irving Langmuir, Frederic Saunders, and Willis R. Whitney.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

The story of CP-1 [videorecording and sound recording].

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Physics Betatron Project correspondence, 1938-1970.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Washington University audiotape collection [sound recordings], 1946-1991.

Libraries. Special Collections

Washington University

Box 1061, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA

William A. Noyes papers, 1870-1942.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

William Francis Gray Swann papers, 1903-1962.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

William P. Jesse scientific autobiography, 1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Atomic quest, a personal narrative

Scientific papers of Arthur Holly Compton: x-rays and other studies

Secondary radiations produced by x-rays, and some of their applications to physical problems

The cosmos of Arthur Holly Compton

The freedom of man

The human meaning of science

X-rays and electrons : an outline of recent X-ray theory

Subject

Arthur H. Compton Physics Today obituary

Of clouds and clocks : an approach to the problem of rationality and the freedom of man [by] Karl R. Popper.

Samuel K. Allison, "Arthur Holly Compton: 1892-1962", Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences

The Compton effect: turning point in physics [by] Roger H. Stuewer.

The history of the Compton effect [by] Roger H. Stuewer.