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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

S. Chandrasekhar

Photo

Dates

October 19, 1910 – August 21, 1995

Authorized Form of Name

Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-1995

Additional Forms of Names

Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan, 1910-1995

Biography

Abstract

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was an astrophysicist and Nobel laureate. His research interests included stellar structure, white dwarfs, stellar dynamics, the theory of radiative transfer, general relativity, and black holes. He was also the Morton D. Hull Distinguished Service Professor of Theoretical Astrophysics at University of Chicago for many years.

Important Dates

October 19, 1910Birth (Lahore was then part of British India), Lahore (Pakistan).

1930Obtained BA, University of Madras, Chennai (India).

1933Obtained PhD in Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge (England).

1933 – 1937Fellow, Trinity College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge (England).

1937 – 1995Research Associate (1937-1938); Assistant Professor to Professor (1938-1946); Distinguished Service Professor of Theoretical Astrophysics (1947-1952); Morton D. Hull Distinguished Service Professor of Theoretical Astrophysics (1952-1985); and Morton D. Hull Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus (1986-1995), University of Chicago, Chicago (Ill.).

1951 – 1954Member, Council, American Astronomical Society.

1952 – 1971Editor, The Astrophysical Journal, University of Chicago Press.

1955Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1964 – 1968Member, Council, American Physical Society.

1966Awarded National Medal of Science.

1974Awarded Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics, American Physical Society.

1979 – 1981Member, Advisory Board, Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara.

1983Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics "for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars".

August 21, 1995Death, Chicago (Ill.).

Occupation

Astrophysicist.

Places

Birth

Lahore (Pakistan)

Undergraduate Education

Chennai (India)

Graduate Education

Cambridge (England)

Employment

Chicago (Ill.)

Death

Chicago (Ill.)

Subjects

Astrophysics.

Black holes (Astronomy).

General relativity (Physics).

Gravity waves.

Physics -- Study and teaching.

Radiative transfer.

Stars -- Structure.

Relationships

People

Family

Ayyar, C. S.

Father.

Balakrishnan, Sita

Mother.

Chandrasekhar, Lalitha

Wife.

Raman, C. V., 1888-1970

Uncle.

Advisors & Collaborators

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

PhD advisor at University of Copenhagen (Københavns universitet).

Born, Max, 1882-1970

PhD advisor at University of Göttingen.

Eddington, Arthur Stanley, Sir, 1882-1944

Ph.D. advisor at University of Cambridge.

Fowler, R. H. (Ralph Howard), 1889-1994

Ph.D. advisor at University of Cambridge.

Kulsrud, R. M.

Advised by Chandrasekhar at University of Chicago, "The effect of magnetic fields on the generation of noise by isotropic turbulence."

Colleagues

Crewe, Albert V.

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Cronin, James W., 1931-2016

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Henyey, Louis G., 1910-1970

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Lee, T. D., 1926-

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Parker, E. N. (Eugene Newman), 1927-

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Ross, Frank E. (Frank Elmore), 1874-1960

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Schramm, David N.

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Turner, Michael Stanley

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Zener, Clarence, 1905-

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Additional

Alpher, Ralph, 1921-2007

Ambart︠s︡umi︠a︡n, V. A. (Viktor Amazaspovich)

Arp, Halton C.

Babcock, Horace W.

Baker, James Gilbert

Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005

Burbidge, E. Margaret

Burbidge, Geoffrey R.

Chapman, Sydney, 1888-1970

Conwell, Esther M. (Esther Marley), 1922-2014

Demarque, Pierre

Dirac, P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984

DuMond, Jesse W. M. (Jesse William Monroe), 1892-1976

Dyson, Freeman J.

Ebbighausen, E. G. (Edwin George), 1911-

Fowler, William A.

Fujita, Yoshio, 1908-

Gamow, George, 1904-1968

Greenstein, Jesse L. (Jesse Leonard), 1909-2002

Hall, John S. (John Scoville), 1908-1991

Hansen, James E. (James Edward), 1941-

Hoffleit, Dorrit

Johnson, Hugh M.

King, Ivan R.

Koshiba, Masatoshi, 1926-

Kozyrev, Aleksei Aleksandrovich, 1916-1989

Lin, C. C. (Chia-Chʻiao), 1916-2013

Marshak, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1916-1992

McCrea, William Hunter

Milne, Edward Arthur, 1896-1950

Morgan, W. W. (William Wilson), 1906-1994

O'Keefe, John Aloysius, 1916-

Osterbrock, Donald E.

Ostriker, J. P.

Peierls, Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995

Placzek, G. (George), 1905-1955

Plaskett, Harry Hemley, 1893-

Randers, Gunnar, 1914-

Robertson, H. P. (Howard Percy), 1903-1961

Runcorn, S. K.

Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937

Saha, Meghnad, 1893-1956

Sandage, Allan

Schwarzschild, Martin

Sciama, D. W. (Dennis William), 1926-

Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997

Stromgren, Bengt, 1908-1987

Struve, Otto, 1897-1963

Thorne, Kip S.

Unsold, Albrecht, 1905-

Van de Kamp, Peter, 1901-1995

Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957

Wali, Kameshwar C.

Weaver, Harold F.

Wesselink, Adriaan Jan, 1909-1995

Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995

Institutions

Major Positions

University of Cambridge. Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics

Obtained PhD (Theoretical Physics) in 1933. Fellow, Trinity College.

University of Chicago. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics

Research Associate; Assistant Professor to Professor; Distinguished Service Professor of Theoretical Astrophysics; Morton D. Hull Distinguished Service Professor of Theoretical Astrophysics; and Morton D. Hull Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Astronomical Society

Member, Council.

American Physical Society

Member, Council. 1974 Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics Recipient.

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

University of California, Santa Barbara. Institute for Theoretical Physics

Member, Advisory Board.

University of Chicago. Press

Editor, The Astrophysical Journal.

University of Madras

Obtained BA (Physics) in 1933.

Yerkes Observatory

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Banquet of the American Physical Society and the American Association of Physics Teachers [sound recording] / 1974 February 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Edward Arthur Milne: Recollections and reflections, 1976.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

General interest session [sound recording] : Cosmic physics ; 1974 February 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Gibbs Symposium records, 1964-1989.

Manuscripts and Archives

Yale University Library

Box 208240, New Haven, CT 06520, USA

Joint ceremonial session of the American Physical Society and the American Association of Physics Teachers [sound recording], 1969 February 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Joint symposium of the Division of Astrophysics and the Forum for History of Physics [sound recording] / 1987 April 21 & 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Letter to Gerard Peter Kuiper congratulating him on his recent astronomical discovery, 1944.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with S. Chandrasekhar, 1977 May 17, 18 and October 31.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, 1987 October 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar holograph manuscripts, 1931-1938.

Library

Trinity College

Cambridge CB2 1TQ

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar papers, 1928-1995.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Subject

American Astronomical Society Historical Astronomy Division addition to records: obituary files, 1995-1998.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Correspondence relating to the posthumous publication of Ramanujan's notebooks, 1917-1940.

Library

Trinity College

Cambridge CB2 1TQ

Dedication of McDonald Observatory at Fort Davis, Texas [motion picture] / taken by Peter Van de Kamp.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

E. G. Ebbighausen response to History of Modern Astrophysics Survey, 1980.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Edward Milne papers and correspondence, 1916-1976.

Bodleian Library. Department of Western Manuscripts

University of Oxford

Oxford, England, UK

Eugene N. Parker response to History of Geophysics Survey, 1997.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

George Placzek papers, 1934-1955, undated.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

H. P. Robertson papers, 1922-1980 (bulk 1936-1966).

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

History of Modern Astrophysics collection, 1849-1979.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Hugh M. Johnson papers, 1946-1999

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Interviews with physicists, 1989.

In private hands. Contact: Dr. A. Ratnakar, Librarian, Raman Research Institute. Banglore

Jesse W. M. DuMond papers, 1912-1976.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

John Von Neumann papers, 1912-1996 (bulk 1935-1957).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Kip Thorne interviews conducted for his book "Black Holes and Time Warps," 1980-1989.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

M. N. Saha correspondence, 1920-1954.

Manuscript Section

Nehru Memorial Museum and Library

New Delhi

Martin Schwarzschild papers, 1939-1994.

Department of Rare Books and Special Collections

Princeton University

1 Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA

Oral history interview with Adriaan J. Wesselink, 1977 September 23 and 1978 June 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Albrecht Unsöld, 1978 June 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Albrecht Unsöld, 1984 February 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Aleksei Aleksandrovich Kozyrev, 1987 December.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Allan Sandage, 1974 May 16.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Bengt Georg Daniel Strömgren, 1976 May 6 and 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Dennis William Sciama, 1999 June 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Donald E. Osterbrock, 2003 February 10.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Ellen Dorrit Hoffleit, 1979 August 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Esther Conwell, 2007 January 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Geoffrey Burbidge, 1975 June 4

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Geoffrey Burbidge, 1977 October 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Geoffrey R. Burbidge, 1974 November 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Guido Münch, 1977 July 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gunnar Randers, 1986 August 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Halton Christian Arp, 1975 July 29.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harold F. Weaver, 1977 July 20 and 1978 July 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harry Hemley Plaskett, 1978 March 29.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Horace W. Babcock, 1977 July 25.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ivan Robert King, 1977 July 18 and 20 July 1978.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with James Baker, 1980 June 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with James Hansen, 2000 October 23 and November 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jeremiah P. Ostriker, 2002 May 14 and 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jesse Leonard Greenstein, 1974 July 31.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jesse Leonard Greenstein, 1977 April 7, July 21, 26 and 1978 May 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John A. O'Keefe, 1993 February 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John S. Hall, 1979 February 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Lyman Spitzer, 1991 November 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lyman Spitzer, Jr., 1977 April 8 and 1978 May 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Margaret Burbidge, 1978 July 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Martin Schwarzschild, 1977 March 10, June 3, December 16 and 1979 July 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Masatoshi Koshiba, 1997 August 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Pierre Demarque, 1977 February 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ralph Alpher and second session is joint interview with Robert Herman, 1983 August 11 and 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Marshak, 1970 June 15, 16, September 19, and October 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1977 May 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with S. Keith Runcorn, 1993 September 16 and 17.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with V. A. Ambartsumian, 1987 October 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with W. W. Morgan, 1978 August 8 and 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William A. Fowler, 1983 May 3 - May 31, 1984.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Yoshio Fujita, 1997 August 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Otto Struve selected correspondence [microform], 1932-1945.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Outtakes and candid footage from the production of : The world of Enrico Fermi, circa 1930-1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Sir William Hunter McCrea papers and correspondence, 1890-2004.

Royal Holloway College Library

University of London

Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey, England UK

Text materials for documentary film: The world of Enrico Fermi, circa 1930-1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

The world of Enrico Fermi [motion picture].

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Yerkes Observatory records, 1897-2007.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Published Resources

Author

A quest for perspectives : selected works of S. Chandrasekhar : with commentary / editor, Kameshwar C. Wali.

An introduction to the study of stellar structure / by S. Chandrasekhar.

Eddington, the most distinguished astrophysicist of his time / S. Chandrasekhar.

Ellipsoidal figures of equilibrium / S. Chandrasekhar.

Hydrodynamics and hydromagnetic stability / S. Chandrasekhar.

Marian Smoluchowski : his life and scientific work / by S. Chandrasekhar, M. Kac, R. Smoluchowski ; [edited by] R.S. Ingarden.

Newton's Principia for the common reader / S. Chandrasekhar.

Nobel Prize Biography.

Plasma physics : a course given at the University of Chicago / by S. Chandrasekhar ; notes compiled by S. K. Trehan.

Principles of stellar dynamics / by S. Chandrasekhar.

Radiative transfer / S. Chandrasekhar.

Stellar structure and stellar atmospheres.

The mathematical theory of black holes and of colliding plane waves / S. Chandrasekhar.

Theoretical principles in astrophysics and relativity / edited by Norman R. Lebovitz, William H. Reid, Peter O. Vandervoort.

Truth and beauty : aesthetics and motivations in science / S. Chandrasekhar.

Subject

"Chandra: A Biographical Portrait," Physics Today 63 (2010): 38-43.

"Chandrasekhar's Role in 20th-Century Science," Physics Today 63 (2010): 44-48.

"Some Memories of Chandra," Physics Today 63 (2010): 49-56.

Chandra: A Biography of S. Chandrasekhar (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991).

From white dwarfs to black holes : the legacy of S. Chandrasekhar / edited by G. Srinivasan.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Physics Today obituary.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar: 1910-1995, Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences.

The mathematical theory of black holes / S. Chandrasekhar.