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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as Subject

Clinton Joseph Davisson

Photo

Dates

October 21, 1881 – February 1, 1958

Authorized Form of Name

Davisson, Clinton Joseph, 1881-1958

Biography

Abstract

Clinton Joseph Davisson was a Professor of Physics at the University of Virginia (1947-1958). Other institutional affiliations include Bell Laboratories and Western Electric Company. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1937 with George Paget Thomson.

Important Dates

October 21, 1881Birth, Bloomington (Ill.).

1908Obtained BS, University of Chicago, Chicago (Ill.).

1911Obtained PhD in Physics, Princeton University, Princeton (N.J.).

1911 – 1917Assistant Professor of Physics, Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh (Pa.).

1917 – 1925Researcher, Engineering Department, Western Electric Company, New York (N.Y.).

1925 – 1946Member, Technical Staff, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill (N.J.).

1929Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1937Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics with George Paget Thomson "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals".

1947 – 1958Professor of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville (Va.).

February 1, 1958Death, Charlottesville (Va.).

Occupation

Electron optician.

Places

Birth

Bloomington (Ill.)

Undergraduate Education

Chicago (Ill.)

Graduate Education

Princeton (N.J.)

Employment

Pittsburgh (Pa.)

New York (N.Y.)

Murray Hill (N.J.)

Charlottesville (Va.)

Death

Charlottesville (Va.)

Subjects

Electron optics.

Electrons -- diffraction.

Relationships

People

Advisors & Collaborators

Germer, Lester Halbert, 1896-

Worked together on the Davisson-Germer experiment, which confirmed the de Broglie hypothesis.

Thomson, G. P. (George Paget), 1892-1975

Shared the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals."

Colleagues

Bardeen, John

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Beams, Jesse W. (Jesse Wakefield), 1898-1977

Both employed at University of Virginia.

Berko, Stephan

Both employed at University of Virginia.

Bode, Hendrik W. (Hendrik Wade), 1905-1982

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Brattain, Walter H. (Walter Houser), 1902-1987

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Buckley, Oliver Ellsworth, 1887-1959

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Clogston, Albert McCavour

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Cutler, Cassius Chapin

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Darlington, Sidney, 1906-1997

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Fisk, James B. (James Brown), 1910-1981

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Fletcher, Harvey, 1884-1981

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Hagstrum, Homer D.

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Herring, William Conyers, 1914-

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Hunsaker, Jerome C. (Jerome Clarke), 1886-1984

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Ives, Herbert Eugene, 1882-1953

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Jewett, Frank B. (Frank Baldwin), 1879-1949

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Kelly, Mervin Joe

Both employed at Western Electric Company and Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Kemble, Edwin C. (Edwin Crawford), 1889-

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Kusch, Polykarp, 1911-1993

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Lander, James J., 1914-1996

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Meggers, William F. (William Frederick), 1888-1966

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Pearson, Gerald L. (Gerald Leondus)

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Pfann, William G.

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Shockley, William, 1910-1989

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Townes, Charles H.

Both employed at Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Additional

Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005

Broglie, Louis de, 1892-1987

Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-

Elsasser, Walter M., 1904-

Franck, James, 1882-1964

Hoddeson, Lillian

Holden, Alan

Kelly, Katherine Milsted

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

Nix, Foster Cary, 1905-

Richardson, O. W. (Owen Willans), 1879-1959

Sears, Raymond W.

Sponer, Hertha, 1895-1968

White, Addison Hughson, 1909-

Wood, Elizabeth A. (Elizabeth Armstrong)

Wooldridge, Dean E.

Institutions

Major Positions

Bell Telephone Laboratories

Member, Technical staff.

Carnegie Institute of Technology. Department of Physics

Assistant Professor of Physics.

University of Virginia. Department of Physics

Professor of Physics.

Western Electric Company

Researcher, Engineering Department.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

Princeton University. Department of Physics

Obtained PhD in Physics.

University of Chicago. Department of Physics

Obtained BS.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Clinton J. Davisson correspondence, 1913-1957.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Clinton J. Davisson letters to Louis de Broglie, Hans Albrecht Bethe, and Philip McCord Morse, 1927-1936.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Clinton Joseph Davisson papers, 1916-1957 (bulk 1917-1946).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Letter to Elizabeth Wood about experiments on quartz, 1955.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview Addison Hughson White, 1976 September 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Alan Holden, 1974 July 30 and 1976 June 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Dean E. Wooldridge, 1976 August 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Foster Cary Nix, 1975 June 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gerald Leondus Pearson, 1976 August 23 and 8 April 1980.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Hans Bethe, 1981 April 29.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Karl K. Darrow, 1964 April 2 and 10 June.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Katharine Milsted Kelly, 1976 July 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Raymond W. Sears, 1975 July 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walter M. Elsasser, 1962 May 29.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William Shockley, 1974 September 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history joint interview with James Franck and Hertha Sponer-Franck, 1962 July 9 to 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Elizabeth A. Wood letters, invitations and a photo, sent to Wood concerning Max von Laue, Paul Peter Ewald, C. J. Davisson, and Karl K. Darrow, 1951-1977.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Interview with Lester H. Germer [motion picture] / produced by Bell Telephone Laboratories.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Karl Darrow correspondence relating to history of physics, 1943-1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Lester Germer papers, 1930-1971.

AT& T Archives and History Center

AT& T Inc.

5 Reinman Road, Warren, NJ 07060, USA

Lillian Hoddeson addition to papers, 1913-2006.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

O. W. Richardson papers, 1897-1959 (bulk 1920-1940).

Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

University of Texas at Austin

P.O. Drawer 7219, Austin, TX 78713-7219, USA

Published Resources

Subject

"Clinton Joseph Davisson:1881-1958", Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences.

C.J. Davisson, L.H. Germer, and the discovery of electron diffraction.

Clinton J. Davisson Physics Today obituary.

The Bell system technical journal, Vol. 30, no.4 (October 1951). (This issue of the journal celebrates the seventieth birthday of Clinton Joseph Davisson.)