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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Carl Eckart

Photo

Dates

May 4, 1902 – October 23, 1973

Authorized Form of Name

Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973

Additional Forms of Names

Eckart, Carl Henry, 1902-1973

Biography

Abstract

Carl Eckart was Emeritus Professor of Geophysics at Scripps Institute of Oceanography (1948-1973). Other institutional affiliations included the University of California, San Diego, and the University of Chicago. His research interests included underwater acoustics and quantum mechanics.

Important Dates

May 4, 1902Birth, St. Louis (Mo.).

1922Obtained BS, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, St. Louis (Mo.).

1923Obtained MS, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, St. Louis (Mo.).

1925Obtained PhD in Physics, Princeton University, Princeton (N.J.).

1925 – 1927National Research Fellow, California Institute of Technology.

1927 – 1928Guggenheim Fellow, University of Munich.

1928 – 1946Assistant Professor of Physics (1928-1931) and Associate Professor of Physics (1931-1946), University of Chicago, Chicago (Ill.).

1942 – 1946Assistant Director to Director, Division of War Research, University of California.

1946 – 1952Director, Marine Physical Laboratory, University of California, San Diego (Calif.).

1948 – 1973Director (1948-1951); Professor of Geophysics (1948-1971); and Emeritus Professor of Geophysics (1971-1973), Scripps Institute of Oceanography, La Jolla (San Diego, Calif.).

1953Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1963 – 1967Chair, Academic Senate (1963-1965) and Vice Chancellor, Academic Affairs (1965-1967), University of California, San Diego.

October 23, 1973Death, La Jolla (San Diego, Calif.).

Occupation

Geophysicist and physical oceanographer.

Places

Birth

St. Louis (Mo.)

Undergraduate Education

St. Louis (Mo.)

Graduate Education

St. Louis (Mo.)

Princeton (N.J.)

Employment

Chicago (Ill.)

San Diego (Calif.)

La Jolla (San Diego, Calif.)

Death

La Jolla (San Diego, Calif.)

Subjects

Atomic theory.

Geophysics.

Nuclear physics.

Oceanography.

Quantum theory.

Relationships

People

Advisors & Collaborators

Compton, K. T. (Karl Taylor), 1887-1954

PhD Advisor at Princeton University, "Metastable helium and post-arc conductivity."

Hughes, Darrell S. (Darrell Stephen)

Advised by Eckart at University of Chicago, "Isotope separation in the spectra of Li I."

Colleagues

Allison, Samuel King, 1900-1965

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Anderson, Herbert Lawrence

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Bateman, Harry, 1882-1946

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Charney, Jule G.

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Dempster, Arthur Jeffrey

Both employed at University of Chicago.

DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Epstein, Paul S. (Paul Sophus), 1883-1966

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Ference, Michael, 1911-

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Franck, James, 1882-1964

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Houston, W. V. (William Vermillion), 1900-

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Mason, Max, 1877-1961

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Mulliken, Robert Sanderson

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Rossi, Bruno, 1905-1993

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Simpson, John A. (John Alexander), 1916-2000

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Szilard, Leo

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Tolman, Richard C. (Richard Chace), 1881-1948

Both employed at California Institute of Technology.

Turkevich, Anthony, 1916-2002

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Weinberg, Alvin Martin, 1915-2006

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Williams, John H. (John Harry), 1908-

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Zener, Clarence, 1905-

Both employed at University of Chicago.

Additional

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Born, Max, 1882-1970

Dirac, P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984

Froman, Darol K. (Darol Kenneth), 1906-1997

Hasselmann, Klaus, 1931-

Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976

Lorentz, H. A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

McMath, Robert R. (Robert Raynolds), 1891-1962

Munk, Walter H. (Walter Heinrich), 1917-

Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958

Raitt, Russell W. (Russell Watson), 1907-1995

Russell, Henry Norris, 1877-1957

Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961

Shankland, Robert S., 1908-

Shapiro, Maurice M. (Maurice Mandel), 1915-

Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957

Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995

Institutions

Major Positions

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

Director, Professor of Geophysics, and Emeritus Professor of Geophysics.

University of California, San Diego

Assistant Director to Director, Division of War Research; Director, Marine Physical Laboratory; Chair, Academic Senate; and Vice Chancellor, Academic Affairs.

University of Chicago. Department of Physics

Assistant Professor of Physics and Associate Professor of Physics.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Physical Society

California Institute of Technology. Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy

National Research Fellow.

Johns Hopkins University. Applied Physics Laboratory

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

Princeton University. Department of Physics

Obtained PhD in Physics (1925).

Universität München

Guggenheim Fellow.

Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.). School of Engineering and Applied Science

Obtained BS (1922) and MS (1923).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Carl Eckart papers, 1921-1973 (bulk 1935-1970).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Carl Henry Eckart papers, 1908-1974 (bulk 1948-1973).

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Oral history interview with Carl Henry Eckart, 1962 May 31.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Scripps Institution of Oceanography biographical files, 1903-1981.

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Office of the Director records on the Institute of Geophysics, 1943-1955.

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

The Position of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in the University, the State and the Nation [sound recording], 1951.

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Subject

John Von Neumann papers, 1912-1996 (bulk 1935-1957).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Oral history interview with Darol Kenneth Froman, 1976 June 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Klaus Hasselmann, 2006 February 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Maurice Mandel Shapiro, 1978 May 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Sophus Epstein, 1962 May 25, 26 and June 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walter Heinrich Munk, 1997 January 8, September 16, 17, 1998 February 4 and 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Robert R. McMath papers, 1916-1962.

Bentley Historical Library

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2113, USA

Russel W. Raitt papers, 1922-1996.

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Published Resources

Author

The physical principles of the quantum theory / by Werner Heisenberg ... translated into English by Carl Eckart and Frank C. Hoyt.

Subject

"Carl Henry Eckart: 1902-1973", Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences.

Carl Eckart Physics Today obituary.