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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

E. Creutz

Photo

Dates

January 23, 1913 – June 27, 2009

Authorized Form of Name

Creutz, E.

Additional Forms of Names

Creutz, Edward

Biography

Abstract

Edward Creutz worked on the Manhattan Project during World War II. After the war, he became a professor at Carnegie Institute of Technology (1946-1955) and Assistant Director for Research at the National Science Foundation (1970-1978). His other institutional affiliations include Princeton University, General Atomics, and the United States Atomic Energy Commission.

Important Dates

January 23, 1913Birth, Beaver Dam (Wis.).

1936Obtained BS, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison (Wis.).

1939Obtained PhD in Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Madison (Wis.).

1939 – 1942Instructor in Physics, Princeton University.

1942 – 1943Researcher, Manhattan Project, Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Chicago (Ill.).

1943 – 1946Researcher, Manhattan Project, Los Alamos Laboratory, Los Alamos (N.M.).

1946 – 1951Member, Executive Board, Argonne National Laboratory.

1946 – 1955Associate Professor of Physics (1946-1948); Professor of Physics (1948-1955); Head, Department of Physics (1948-1955); and Director, Nuclear Research Center (1948-1955), Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh (Pa.).

1946 – 1958Consultant, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

1955 – 1956Scientist-at-Large, Project Sherwood, United States Atomic Energy Commission.

1955 – 1964Member, Appointments Committee (1955-1958) and Member, Visiting Scientists Program Committee (1958-1964), American Institute of Physics.

1955 – 1967Director, John Jay Hopkins Laboratory of Pure and Applied Science, General Atomics, San Diego (Calif.).

1955 – 1970Vice President of Research, General Atomics, San Diego (Calif.).

1959 – 1963Member, Advisory Panel on General Science, United States Department of Defense.

1970 – 1978Assistant Director for Research, National Science Foundation.

1975Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1978 – 1985Member, Board of Directors, Bernice P. Bishop Museum.

June 27, 2009Death, Rancho Santa Fe (Calif.).

Occupation

Nuclear physicist.

Places

Birth

Beaver Dam (Wis.)

Undergraduate Education

Madison (Wis.)

Graduate Education

Madison (Wis.)

Employment

Chicago (Ill.)

Los Alamos (N.M.)

Pittsburgh (Pa.)

San Diego (Calif.)

Death

Rancho Santa Fe (Calif.)

Subjects

Cyclotrons.

Nuclear physics.

Nuclear reactors.

Uranium.

Relationships

People

Family

Cosgrove, Ann Jo Creutz

Daughter.

Creutz, Carl

Son.

Creutz, Lela Rollefson

Wife.

Creutz, Michael

Son.

Advisors & Collaborators

Herb, R. G. (Raymond George), 1908-1996

PhD advisor at University of Wisconsin, Madison, "The Resonance Scattering of Protons by Lithium."

Colleagues

Agnew, Harold M.

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Allison, Samuel King, 1900-1965

Both employed at the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Anderson, Herbert Lawrence

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Barschall, H. H. (Henry Herman), 1915-1997

Both employed at the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Bederson, Benjamin

Both employed at the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Bleakney, Walker, 1901-1992

Both employed at Princeton University.

Case, Kenneth M.

Both employed at the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Chamberlain, O. (Owen)

Both employed at the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Christy, Robert F.

Both employed at the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Cohen, Bernard Leonard, 1924-

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Corson, Dale R.

Both employed at Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Deutsch, Martin, 1917-2002

Both employed at the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Duffield, Robert B.

Both employed at General Atomics and the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Eisenhart, Luther Pfahler, 1876-1965

Both employed at Princeton University.

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Feynman, Richard P. (Richard Phillips), 1918-1988

Both employed at Princeton University.

Fitch, Val L., 1923-2015

Both employed at Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Fletcher, James Chipman, 1919-1991

Both employed at Princeton University.

Foote, Frank G. (Frank Gale), 1906-

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Hofstadter, Robert, 1915-1990

Both employed at Princeton University.

Kerst, Donald William, 1911-1993

Both employed at General Atomics.

Kohn, Walter, 1923-2016

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Malmberg, J. H.

Both employed at General Atomics.

Manley, John Henry, 1907-

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Marshak, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1916-1992

Both employed at the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972

Both employed at Los Alamos Laboratory, the Manhattan Project.

McDaniel, Boyce D. (Boyce Dawkins), 1917-

Both employed at the Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Monk, George Spencer, 1884

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

O'Neil, T. M. (Thomas Michael), 1940-

Both employed at General Atomics.

Rieser, Leonard M.

Both employed at Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Rosenbluth, M. N.

Both employed at General Atomics.

Rostoker, Norman

Both employed at General Atomics and Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Schiff, Leonard I. (Leonard Isaac), 1915-1971

Both employed at Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Shenstone, A. G. (Allen Goodrich)

Both employed at Princeton University.

Smyth, Henry De Wolf, 1898-1986

Both employed at Princeton University.

Snell, Arthur H.

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Stearns, Joyce C.

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Stern, Otto, 1888-1969

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Szilard, Leo

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Turkevich, Anthony, 1916-2002

Both employed at Los Alamos Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

Both employed at Princeton University.

Whitaker, Martin Dewey

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Wick, G. C. (Gian Carlo)

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995

Both employed at Princeton University.

Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000

Both employed at Princeton University.

Wilson, V. C.

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Wolfenstein, L. (Lincoln)

Both employed at Carnegie Institute of Technology.

Zacharias, Jerrold Reinach, 1905-1986

Both employed at Los Alamos Laboratory, the Manhattan Project.

Zinn, Walter H. (Walter Henry), 1906-2000

Both employed at the Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Additional

Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981

Courant, Richard, 1888-1972

Dyson, Freeman J.

Frauenfelder, Hans, 1922-

Ohkawa, Tihiro

Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

Waltz, Ronald E.

Institutions

Major Positions

Carnegie Institute of Technology. Department of Physics

Head, Department of Physics; Director, Nuclear Research Center; Associate Professor of Physics; and Professor of Physics.

GA (Series) (San Diego, Calif.)

Vice President of Research and Director, John Jay Hopkins Laboratory of Pure and Applied Science.

Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory

Researcher, Manhattan Project.

Manhattan Project (U.S.)

Researcher, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Chicago Metallurgical Laboratory.

National Science Foundation (U.S.)

Assistant Director for Research.

Princeton University. Department of Physics

Instructor in Physics.

U.S. Atomic Energy Commission

Scientist-at-Large, Project Sherwood.

United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development. Metallurgical Laboratory

Researcher, Manhattan Project.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Institute of Physics

Member, Appointments Committee and Member, Visiting Scientists Program Committee.

Argonne National Laboratory

Member, Executive Board.

Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum

Member, Board of Directors.

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Consultant.

United States. Department of Defense

Member, Advisory Panel on General Science.

University of Wisconsin--Madison. Department of Physics

Obtained BS (1936) and PhD (1939).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Manhattan Project videohistory collection [videorecording], 1987-1990.

Archives

Smithsonian Institution

Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20024-2520, USA

Oral history interview with Edward Creutz, 2006 January 9 and 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Hans Frauenfelder response to survey on the impact of immigration on U.S. physics, 1999.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harold M. Agnew, 2006 May 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ronald E. Waltz, 2006 May 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Tihiro Ohkawa, 2006 May 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Fission and Fusion Come to San Diego, by Edward Creutz.

Nuclear Power: Rise of an Industry, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists June (1970): 75-82.

Subject

Edward Chester Creutz: 1913-2009, Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences.