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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Karl F. Herzfeld

Photo

Dates

February 24, 1892 – June 3, 1978

Authorized Form of Name

Herzfeld, Karl F. (Karl Ferdinand), 1892-

Additional Forms of Names

Herzfeld, Karl Ferdinand, 1892-

Biography

Abstract

Karl Ferdinand Herzfeld was Emeritus Professor of Physics at Catholic University of America (1936-1978). Other institutional affiliations included Johns Hopkins University and the University of Munich. His research interests included theoretical physics and physical chemistry.

Important Dates

February 24, 1892Birth, Vienna (Austria).

1910 – 1912Studied physics and chemistry, University of Vienna, Vienna (Austria).

1912 – 1913Studied physics, University of Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland).

1912 – 1913Studied physics, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland).

1913Studied physics, University of Göttingen, Göttingen (Germany).

1914Obtained PhD in Physics, University of Vienna, Vienna (Austria).

1914 – 1918Officer, Austro-Hungarian Army.

1920 – 1923Privatdozent, University of Munich.

1923 – 1926Extraordinary Professor of Theoretical Physics, University of Munich.

1926 – 1936Speyer Visiting Professor (1926) and Professor of Physics (1926-1936), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore (Md.).

1930 – 1931Lecturer, Cooper Union and Fordham University.

1936 – 1978Professor of Physics (1936-1968); Chair, Department of Physics (1936-1961); and Emeritus Professor of Physics (1968-1978) Catholic University of America, Washington (D.C.).

1941 – 1945Scientist, National Defense Research Committee, United States Navy.

1948Visiting Professor, University of Munich.

1951 – 1972Member, Mine Advisory Committee, National Research Council.

1958Visiting Professor, University of Munich.

1958Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

1960Member, National Academy of Sciences.

June 3, 1978Death, Washington (D.C.).

Occupation

Theoretical physicist.

Places

Birth

Vienna (Austria)

Undergraduate Education

Vienna (Austria)

Zurich (Switzerland)

Göttingen (Germany)

Graduate Education

Vienna (Austria)

Employment

Baltimore (Md.)

Washington (D.C.)

Death

Washington (D.C.)

Subjects

Kinetic theory of gases.

Physical chemistry.

Quantum theory.

Statistical mechanics.

Theoretical physics.

Thermodynamics.

Relationships

People

Family

Herzfeld, Camilla Herzog

Mother.

Herzog, R. O.

Uncle.

Advisors & Collaborators

Dooling, John Stuart

Advised by Herzfeld at Catholic University of America, "Influence of the Form of the Wave Function on the Energy Value."

Griffing, Virginia Frances

Advised by Herzfeld at Catholic University of America.

Hasenohrl, Friedrich

Advisor at University of Vienna.

Heitler, Walter, 1904-

Advised by Herzfeld at University of Munich, "Zwei Beiträge zur Theorie konzentrierter Lösungen."

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

Advised by Herzfeld at Johns Hopkins University.

Colleagues

Franck, James, 1882-1964

Both employed at Johns Hopkins University.

Hafstad, Lawrence, 1904-

Both employed at Johns Hopkins University.

Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972

Both employed at Johns Hopkins University.

Wood, Robert Williams, 1868-1955

Both employed at Johns Hopkins University.

Additional

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Frank, Philipp, 1884-1966

Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976

Inglis, David Rittenhouse, 1905-1995

Laue, Max von, 1879-1960

Planck, Max, 1858-1947

Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961

Stern, Otto, 1888-1969

Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981

Von Kármán, Theodore, 1881-1963

Wentzel, Gregor, 1898-1978

Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995

Institutions

Major Positions

Catholic University of America. Department of Physics

Professor of Physics; Chair, Department of Physics; and Emeritus Professor of Physics.

Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art

Lecturer.

Fordham University. Department of Physics

Lecturer.

Johns Hopkins University. Department of Physics

Speyer Visiting Professor and Professor of Physics.

United States. Navy

Scientist, National Defense Research Committee.

Universität München

Privatdozent; Extraordinary Professor of Theoretical Physics; and Visiting Professor.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Fellow.

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich. Departement Physik

Studied physics.

Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member.

National Research Council (U.S.)

Member.

Universität Göttingen

Studied physics.

Universität Wien

Studied physics and chemistry; Obtained PhD (Physics) in 1914.

Universitat Zurich

Studied physics.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

An illustrated history of the Herzfeld family, 1972.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Karl Herzfeld papers, 1886-1974 (bulk 1948-1967).

The American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives.

Catholic University of America.

Washington, DC 20064, USA

Karl Herzfeld papers, 1914-1977.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Karl F. Herzfeld, 1962 June 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Karl F. Herzfeld, 1978 May 11.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

History of the Search for Gravitational Waves [sound recording], 2017 January 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

John A. Wheeler papers, 1880-2008.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Oral history interview with David Rittenhouse Inglis, 1977 May 9 and 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John Archibald Wheeler, 1967 April 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Philipp Frank, 1962 July 16.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walter Heitler, 1963 March 18 and 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Werner Heisenberg, 1962 November 30, 1963 February 7, 11, 13, 15, 19, 22, 25, 27, 28 and 1963 July 5, 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Die Boltzmannsche statistik und ihre modifikation durch die quantentheorie,

Kinetische Theorie der Wärme / von Karl F. Herzfeld.

Müller-Pouillets Lehrbuch der physik.

Subject

"Karl Ferdinand Herzfeld: 1892-1978", Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences

Karl Herzfeld Physics Today obituary.