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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as Author

Riccardo Giacconi

Photo

Dates

October 6, 1931 – present

Authorized Form of Name

Giacconi, Riccardo

Additional Forms of Names

Giacconi, R. (Riccardo)

Giacconi, Riccardo, 1931-

Biography

Abstract

Riccardo Giacconi is President at Associated Universities, Inc. (1999-2004). Other institutional affiliations include Johns Hopkins University and the European Southern Observatory. His research interests include x-ray astronomy and cosmic rays.

Important Dates

October 6, 1931Birth, Genoa (Italy).

1954Obtained PhD in Physics, University of Milan, Milan (Italy).

1954 – 1956Assistant Professor of Physics, University of Milan, Milan (Italy).

1956 – 1958Fulbright Fellow, Indiana University.

1958 – 1959Research Associate, Cosmic Ray Laboratory, Princeton University.

1959 – 1973Senior Scientist and Vice President, Space Research and System Division (1959-1969) and Executive Vice-President (1969-1973), American Science and Engineering Corporation, Billerica (Mass.).

1960 – 1981Principle Investigator, SAS-A (UHURU), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

1966 – 1973Member, Board of Directors, American Science and Engineering, Inc.

1971Member, National Academy of Sciences.

1973 – 1981Professor of Astronomy and Associate Director, High Energy Astrophysics Division, Center for Astrophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge (Mass.).

1979 – 1982Member, Council, American Astronomical Society.

1981 – 1992Director, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore (Md.).

1982 – 1986President, Committee 48, International Astronomical Union.

1982 – presentProfessor of Physics (1982-1997) and Research Professor (1998-present), Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore (Md.).

1987Awarded Wolf Foundation Prize in Physics.

1989 – 1993Member, Executive Committee, Space Studies Board, National Academy of Sciences.

1991 – presentProfessor of Physics, University of Milan, Milan (Italy).

1992 – 1998Director General, European Southern Observatory, Garching bei Munchen (Germany).

1999 – 2004President, Associated Universities, Inc, Washington (D.C.).

2002Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics "for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources".

2003Awarded National Medal of Science.

Occupation

Astrophysicist.

Places

Birth

Genoa (Italy)

Graduate Education

Milan (Italy)

Employment

Billerica (Mass.)

Cambridge (Mass.)

Baltimore (Md.)

Garching bei Munchen (Germany)

Baltimore (Md.)

Washington (D.C.)

Subjects

Astrophysics.

Cosmic rays.

X-ray astronomy.

Relationships

People

Family

Giacconi, Anna

Daughter.

Giacconi, Guia

Daughter.

Giacconi, Mirella

Wife.

Colleagues

Bennett, Charles L. (Charles Leonard), 1956-

Both employed at Johns Hopkins University.

Brown, Harold, 1927-2019

Both employed at Johns Hopkins University.

Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978

Both employed at Harvard University.

Dalgarno, A.

Both employed at Harvard University.

Elsasser, Walter M., 1904-

Both employed at Johns Hopkins University.

Geller, Margaret J.

Both employed at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

McKee, Christopher, 1942-

Both employed at Harvard University.

Menzel, Donald H. (Donald Howard), 1901-1976

Both employed at Harvard University.

Millis, Andrew J.

Both employed at Johns Hopkins University.

Riess, Adam, 1969-

Both employed at Johns Hopkins University.

Rosner, Robert

Both employed at Harvard University.

Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997

Both employed at Princeton University.

Additional

Bowyer, C. Stuart, 1934-

Clark, George W.

Field, George B., 1929-

Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000

Johnson, Hugh M.

Koshiba, Masatoshi, 1926-

Both awarded Nobel Prizes in Physics in 2002 for separate projects.

O'Dell, C. Robert (Charles Robert), 1937-

Roman, Nancy Grace, 1925-

Tananbaum, Harvey D.

Thorne, Kip S.

Institutions

Major Positions

American Science and Engineering, Inc.

Senior Scientist and Vice President, Space Research and System Division; Executive Vice-President; and Member, Board of Directors.

Associated Universities, Inc.

President.

European Southern Observatory

Director General.

Harvard University. Department of Astronomy

Professor of Astronomy.

Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Associate Director, High Energy Astrophysics Division.

Johns Hopkins University. Department of Physics

Professor of Physics and Research Professor.

Princeton University. Department of Astrophysical Sciences

Research Associate, Cosmic Ray Laboratory.

Space Telescope Science Institute (U.S.)

Director.

United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Principal Investigator, SAS-A (UHURU).

Università di Milano

Obtained PhD in Physics (1954). Assistant Professor of Physics and Professor of Physics.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Astronomical Society

Member, Council.

Indiana University, Bloomington. Department of Physics

Fulbright Fellow.

International Astronomical Union

President, Committee 48.

National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Member, Executive Committee, Space Studies Board and Member.

Wolf Foundation Prizes

Received 1987 Wolf Foundation Prize in Physics.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

AIP Physics Today Division unpublished letters to the editors, 1972-1983.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

History of physics II [sound recording], 2011 May 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

National Air and Space Museum Space Telescope History Project records, 1983-1990.

Archives Division

Smithsonian Institution

MRC 322, Washington, DC, 20560, USA

Oral history interview with Riccardo Giacconi, 1976 July 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. Space Science: Einstein Observatory (HEAO-2), 1992-1994.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Riccardo Giacconi papers, 1980-1981.

Archives. Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Riccardo Giacconi videohistory interviews, 2004.

Smithsonian Institution

Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20024-2520, USA

Subject

Herbert Friedman papers, circa 1940-2000.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Hugh M. Johnson papers, 1946-1999

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Kip Thorne interviews conducted for his book "Black Holes and Time Warps," 1980-1989.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with C. Stuart Bowyer, 1976 July 28 and 10 March 1978.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Charles Robert O'Dell, 1985 May 21 to 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with George Brooks Field, 1980 July 14 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with George Field, 2007 December 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with George Whipple Clark, 1976 July 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harvey Tananbaum, 2002 June 24, 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Herbert Friedman, 1980 August 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Nancy Grace Roman, 1980 August 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Riccardo Giacconi papers, circa 1955-2008.

Smithsonian Institution

Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507, 600 Maryland Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20024-2520, USA

Selected talks from Corporate Associates Meetings [videorecording] : 1983-1987.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Video Interviews with Nobel Prize Winners in Physics, 2004-2006.

Sussex Innovation Centre. Science Park Square

Vega Science Trust

Brighton BN1 9SB, England UK

Published Resources

Author

Nobel Prize Biography.

Secrets of the hoary deep : a personal history of modern astronomy / Riccardo Giacconi.

The x-ray universe / Wallace Tucker, Riccardo Giacconi.

X-ray astronomy / edited by Riccardo Giacconi and Herbert Gursky.