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Table of Contents

Institutional History

AbstractLaboratory directorsImportant DatesPlacesSubjectsCitations

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Photo

Dates

1967 – present

Authorized Form of Name

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Additional Forms of Names

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Batavia, USA)

Fermi National Laboratory

Fermilab

National Accelerator Laboratory

U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Institutional History

Abstract

The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, or Fermilab, is a premier particle physics laboratory and collaborates with scientists around the work performing pioneering research, operating world-leading particle accelerators, and developing technologies to support United States industry. It was approved by Congress in 1967, what was called the National Accelerator Laboratory began operation in 1972, and was renamed after Enrico Fermi in 1974.

Laboratory directors

1967-78, Robert R. Wilson.

1978-89, Leon Lederman.

1989-99, John Peoples.

1999-2005, Michael Witherell.

2005-13, Piermaria Oddone.

2013-present, Nigel Lockyer.

Important Dates

1967National Accelerator Laboratory was approved by Congress, Batavia (Ill.).

1967 – 1978Robert R. Wilson was on staff.

1967 – 2007Universities Research Association, Inc., a consortium of universities, had administrative authority over the Fermilab project.

1971 – presentJohn Peoples Jr. has been on staff.

February 12, 1972The laboratory began operation.

1973 – 1976Shirley Ann Jackson was on staff.

May 11, 1974Laboratory was renamed and dedicated to Enrico Fermi becoming the Fermi National Acceleratory Laboratory (Fermilab), Batavia (Ill.).

1975 – 2010William Bardeen was on staff.

1977 – presentAlvin Tollestrup has been on staff.

1978 – 1989Leon Lederman was on staff.

1979 – 1989James Bjorken was on staff.

1985 – 1993John Huth was on staff.

1989Beginning of the Computing Division.

September 25, 1992Dedication of the Lederman Science Education Center.

1999 – 2005Michael Wetherell was on staff.

2005 – 2013Piermaria Oddone was on staff.

2007Contract to run Fermilab was passed to the Fermi Research Alliance LLC, a partnership betweeen the Universities Research Association, Inc. and the University of Chicago.

Places

Headquarters

Batavia (Ill.)

Subjects

Accelerators.

Particle acceleration.

Particles (Nuclear physics).

Physical laboratories.

Physics -- Industrial applications.

Physics -- Industrial applications.

Citations

Historical information from the Fermilab History and Archives Project website (https://history.fnal.gov/).

Relationships

People

Employees & Officers

Bardeen, William A.

Physicist.

Bjorken, James D.

Associate Director for Physics.

Cool, Rodney L. (Rodney Lee), 1920-1988

Chair, Physics Advisory Committee.

Dashen, Roger F.

Consultant.

Gaillard, Mary K.

Visiting Scientist; Member, Astrophysics Advisory Committee; and Member, Physics Advisory Committee.

Goldhaber, Gertrude S. -1998

Member, Board of Trustees.

Huth, John Edward

Postdoctoral Research Scientist; Wilson Fellow; Staff Scientist; and Member, Physics Advisory Committee.

Jackson, John David, 1925-2016

Acting Head, Theoretical Physics Department and Member, Program Advisory Committee.

Jackson, Shirley Ann, 1946-

Research Associate in Theoretical Physics.

Lederman, Leon M.

Director and Emeritus Director.

Livingston, M. Stanley (Milton Stanley)

Associate Director.

Lockyer, Nigel

Director.

McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907-

Member, Physics Advisory Committee.

McTague, John P.

Chair, Board of Overseers.

Oddone, Piermaria J.

Director.

Peoples, John, Jr.

Physicist; Head, Research Division; Head, Antiproton Source Project, Research Division; Deputy Director; Director; and Scientist.

Schramm, David N.

Consultant.

Serber, R. (Robert)

Member, Advisory Committee.

Shapiro, Marjorie

Member, Users Executive Committee and Member, Physics Advisory Committee.

Shochet, Melvyn J.

Co-Spokesman, Collider Detector (CDF).

Tollestrup, Alvin

Physicist.

Turner, Michael Stanley

Scientist.

Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000

First Director.

Witherell, Michael S., 1949-

Director; Member and Chair, Physics Advisory Committee.

Wojcicki, Stanley G., 1937-

Visiting Scientist; Member, Users' Executive Committee; Member and Chair, Program Advisory Committee; and Member, Visiting Committee.

Associates & Members

Atac, Muzaffer, 1933-2010

Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004

Baldin, A. M. (Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich)

Barish, B. C. (Barry Clark), 1936-

Bennett, Bradley F.

Charpak, Georges

Participated in experiments.

Courant, Ernest D. (Ernest David), 1920-

Visiting Physicist.

Dixon, Roger L., 1947-

Gaponenko, Andrei

Geesaman, Donald F.

Goldwasser, Edwin L.

Hoddeson, Lillian

Jagger, Jack

Jindariani, Sergo

Kendall, Henry W. (Henry Way), 1926-1999

Kim, Young-Kee

Pine, Jerry

Polly, Chris

Prentice, James Douglas

Ramsey, Norman, 1915-2011

Rebel, Brian

Ritchie, David J., 1944-

Rubbia, Carlo, 1934-

Proposed major neutrino experiment.

Sanders, Gary H. (Gary Hilton)

Saxon, David S.

Vorobyov, Alexei

Walker, R. L. (Robert Lee), 1919-2005

Westfall, Catherine

Winstein, Bruce

Institutions

Collaborators

Fermi Research Alliance, LLC

Current administrative authority for the laboratory, a partnership between Universities Research Association and University of Chicago.

Universities Research Association (U.S.)

Originally had administrative authority over Fermilab until the contract passed in 2007 to the Fermi Research Alliance LLC, a partnership with the University of Chicago.

University of Chicago. Department of Physics

Faculty member Robert R. Wilson founded the laboratory and they have worked together on numerous discoveries and now is part of the Fermi Research Alliance LLC that oversees Fermilab.

Associates

American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics

Participated in the study of multi-institutional collaborations.

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory

Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

United States. Congress

Approved the laboratory in 1967.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Department of Physics

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

E632 collaboration meeting records, 1980-1997.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory records of Leon M. Lederman, 1962-[ongoing].

Milton G. White History of Accelerators Room (WH-3SE) and Archives (WH-16NE)

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Leon Lederman retirement symposium [videorecording].

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews with members of Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF), 1995.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Physics Advisory Committee records, 1969-[ongoing]

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Program Planning Office records, 1970-[ongoing]

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

The Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, 1967-1976, 1976.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Upsilon collection.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Subject

Accelerators for sub-atomic physics: I. History [sound recording], 2011 April 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Accelerators for sub-atomic physics: II. present and near future [sound recording], 2011 May 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Aleksandr Baldin papers.

In the office of A. M. Baldin at the Laboratory of Elementary Particle Physics.

Dubna, Russia

Beyond the Lab: Bringing History and Physics to the Public [sound recording], 2016 March 16.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Bruce Winstein papers, 1960-2010.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Captain Bradley F. Bennett (URA Vice President for Administration, 1967-1977) papers, 1963-1988.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

David Ritchie Papers, 1962-2011 (bulk 1971-2011).

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

David S. Saxon papers, 1969-1991.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Early science from the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope [sound recording], 2009 May 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Edwin L. Goldwasser papers, 1968-1978.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

History of MURA [Midwestern Universities Research Association], Fermilab and the SSC [Superconducting Super Collider] [sound recording], 2009 May 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

James D. Prentice records, 1951-1995.

University Archives

University of Toronto

120 St. George St., Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A5, Canada

John Peoples, Jr. collection, 1933-present.

Milton G. White History of Accelerators Room (WH-3SE) and Archives (WH-16NE)

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Lillian Hoddeson papers, 1904-2001.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

M. Stanley Livingston papers, 1928-1986.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Memories about Norman Foster Ramsey, 2011.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Michael Witherell papers, 1999-2005.

Milton G. White History of Accelerators Room (WH-3SE) and Archives (WH-16NE)

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Muzaffer Atac papers, 1961-2008.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Oral history interview with Alexei Vorobyov, 1990 July 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Andrei Gaponenko, 2013 May 16.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Oral history interview with Barry C. Barish, 1998 May-June.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Brian Rebel, 2013 May 23.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Oral history interview with Chris Polly, 2013 June 10.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Oral history interview with Donald F. Geesaman, 2013 July 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gary H. Sanders, 1998 October 16.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Henry Way Kendall, 1986 November 25 and 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jack Jagger, 1990 June 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jerome Pine.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Leon Lederman, 1990 May 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Leon Lederman, 2002 August 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Mel Shochet, 1995 October 17.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Norman Ramsey, 1978 December 19, 1979 January 5 and 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Pier Oddone, 2013 July 2 and 8.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Oral History interview with Robert F. Bacher, 1981, 1983.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Wilson, 1978 May 8 through 1981 January 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Roger Dixon, 2013 July 30.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Oral history interview with Sergo Jindariani, 2013 June 14.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Oral history interview with Young-Kee Kim, 2014 February 4.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Probes.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Probes: Upsilon Experiments FNAL-E-70, -187, -288, -494, -596, -605, -608, 1990.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments: FNAL-E-289: Small Angle Proton-Helium Elastic and Inelastic Scattering from 8 to 500 GeV, 1990-1991.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments: FNAL-E-398: A Further Study of Muon Nucleon Inelastic Scattering at Fermilab, 1990-1991.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments: FNAL-E-428: 400 GeV Proton Interactions in Nuclear Emulsion, 1990-1991.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments: FNAL-E-616: Measurement of Neutrino Structure Functions, 1990-1991.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments: FNAL-E-632: An Exposure of the 15-Foot Bubble Chamber with a Neon-Hydrogen Mixture To a Wideband Neutrino Beam from the Tevatron, 1990-1991.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments: FNAL-E-715: Precision Measure of the Decay Sigma- -- N E- NU, 1990-1991.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments: SLAC-E-137: Search for Low Mass, Metastable Neutral Particles at SLAC, 1990-1991.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments: SLAC-SP-007B: Search for Asymmetry in E+ E- -- MU+ MU- due to a Weak Neutral Current and FNAL-E-310: Further Study of High Energy Neutrino Interactions at NAL, 1990-1991.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Pais Prize session: the national laboratories after 1980 [sound recording], 2012 April 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Robert L. Walker papers, 1937-1994.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Robert R. Wilson records, 1936-[ongoing].

Milton G. White History of Accelerators Room (WH-3SE) and Archives (WH-16NE)

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations Phase I project files: high energy physics, 1987-1992.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Universities Research Association publications, 1966-2003.

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Physics Department subject file, 1925-2006.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Published Resources

Author

Aesthetics and science : proceedings of the international symposium in honor of Robert R. Wilson, April 27, 1979.

ARISE, American Renaissance in Science Education : implementation resource book : suggestions from the field / convened by Leon M. Lederman. Report edited by Marjorie G. Bardeen.

Beam Instrumentation Workshop 2006 : Twelfth Beam Instrumentation Workshop : Batavia, Illinois, 1-4 May 2006 : BIW06 / editors, Thomas S. Meyer, Robert C. Webber ; sponsoring organizations, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy.

Hadron collider physics : 15th Topical Conference on Hadron Collider Physics : HCP2004 : East Lansing, Michigan, 14-18 June, 2004 / editor, Harry Weerts ; sponsoring organizations, Michigan State University, USA, Fermilab, USA, National Science Foundation, USA.

High intensity and high brightness hadron beams : 20th ICFA International Beam Dynamics Workshop on High Intensity and High Brightness Hadron Beams, ICFA-HB2002 : Batavia Illinois, 8-12 April 2002 / editors, Weiren Chou ... [et al.] ; sponsored by Fermilab, ICFA, KEK.

Inner space/outer space : the interface between cosmology and particle physics / edited by Edward W. Kolb ... [et al.].

Subject

Fermilab : physics, the frontier, and megascience / Lillian Hoddeson, Adrienne W. Kolb, and Catherine Westfall.

Scientific temperaments : three lives in contemporary science / Philip J. Hilts.

The boundaries of the new frontier : rhetoric and communication at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory / Joanna S. Ploeger.

The first "truly national laboratory" : the birth of Fermilab / by Catherine Westfall.