Menu ☰

Back to Top

Physics History Network

Over 1000 biographies of physicists and histories of institutions with information pertaining to their lives, careers, and research.

Tip: Search within this page by using Ctrl + F or ⌘ + F


Search Our Catalogs

Archives Books

Collections

Emilio Segré Visual Archives Digital Collections Oral Histories Archival Finding Aids Physics History Network

Preservation and Support

Donating Materials Saving Archival Collections Grants to Archives Documentation Projects History Newsletters

Center for History of Physics

Scholarship & Outreach

Main Navigation

HomeAboutTopic GuidesFeedback

Table of Contents

Institutional History

AbstractDirectorsImportant DatesPlacesSubjectsCitations

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as Subject

Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

Photo

Dates

August 1931 – 1971

Authorized Form of Name

Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

Additional Forms of Names

Lawrence radiation laboratory (Berkeley, Calif)

California. University. Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

Ernest O. Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

U.C.R.L.

UCRL

University of California, Berkeley. Lawrence Laboratory

University of California, Berkeley. Lawrence Radiation Laboratory

University of California, Berkeley. Radiation Laboratory

Institutional History

Abstract

The laboratory was founded as the University of California Radiation Laboratory in 1931 by Ernest Orlando Lawrence, a University of California Berkeley physicist who won the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physics for his invention of the cyclotron, a circular particle accelerator that opened the door to high-energy physics. It is a United States Department of Energy National Laboratory, operated by the University of California. In 1971, the name was changed to Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and the Livermore campus became the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.

Directors

1931-58, Ernest Lawrence.

1952-58, Herbert York (Livermore).

1958-71, Edwin McMillan (Berkeley).

1958-60, Edward Teller (Livermore).

1960-61, Harold Brown (Livermore).

1961-65, John Foster (Livermore).

1965-71, Michael May (Livermore).

Important Dates

August 1931Ernest O. Lawrence created the Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley (Calif.).

1936Lawrence Radiation Laboratory was founded with facilities in Berkeley and Livermore.

1936 – 1958Ernest Lawrence was on staff.

1938 – 1946Emilio Segrè was on staff.

1940 – 1942A. Carl Helmholz was on staff.

1943 – 1958Herbert York was on staff.

1945 – 1946Wolfgang Panofsky was on staff.

1947When the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was established, it became the primary patron of the Radiation Laboratory.

1948 – 1949Marvin Goldberger was on staff.

1948 – 1949Geoffrey Chew was on staff.

1949 – 1950Kenneth Case was on staff.

1949 – 1951Kenneth Watson was on staff.

1950 – 1952Harold Brown was on staff.

1951 – 1952Malvin Ruderman was on staff.

1951 – 1971Richard Post was on Livermore campus staff.

1952Livermore campus of the Radiation Laboratory is opened as a weapons-development branch and was intended to serve as a complement to Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, Livermore (Calif.).

1952 – 1954Richard Arnowitt was on staff.

1952 – 1955Bryce DeWitt was on Livermore campus staff.

1952 – 1957Michael May was on Livermore campus staff.

1952 – 1958Herber York was on Livermore campus staff.

1952 – 1960Edward Teller was on Livermore campus staff.

1952 – 1961Harold Brown was on Livermore campus staff.

1952 – 1965John Foster Jr. was on Livermore campus staff.

1953 – 1971Roger Batzel was on Livermore campus staff.

1954 – 1955Stanley Deser was on staff.

1955 – 1971Arthur Rosenfeld was on Berkeley campus staff.

1955 – 1971John Nuckolls was on Livermore campus staff.

1955 – 1971Frank Stephens was on Berkeley campus staff.

1955 – 1971Berni Alder was on Livermore campus staff.

1956 – 1957Jack Sandweiss was on staff.

1956 – 1960Herbert Steiner was on Berkeley campus staff.

1956 – 1967Harold Furth was on Berkeley campus staff.

1956 – 1967Harold Furth was on Livermore campus staff.

1956 – 1971John D. Anderson was on Livermore campus staff.

1957 – 1971Frank Stephens was on Berkeley campus staff.

1958 – 1959David Thouless was on Berkeley campus staff.

1958 – 1971Edwin McMillan was on Berkeley campus staff.

1958 – 1971Richard Diamond was on Berkeley campus staff.

1959The laboratory was renamed the Ernest O. Lawrence Radiation Laboratory after his death, Berkeley (Calif.).

1959 – 1960Steven Weinberg was on Berkeley campus staff.

1959 – 1964Hermann Grunder was on Berkeley campus staff.

1960 – 1971George Trilling was on Berkeley campus staff.

1960 – 1971Michael May was on Livermore campus staff.

1961 – 1962Richard Taylor was on Berkeley campus staff.

1961 – 1966Stanley Wojcicki was on Berkeley campus staff.

1961 – 1971Andrew Sessler was on Berkeley campus staff.

1965 – 1971Marvin Cohen was on Berkeley campus staff.

1966 – 1971Arthur Poskanzer was on Berkeley campus staff.

1967 – 1970John C. Hardy was on Berkeley campus staff.

1967 – 1971Hermann Grunder was on Berkeley campus staff.

1967 – 1971C. Bruce Tarter was on Livermore campus staff.

1969 – 1970Christopher McKee was on Livermore campus staff.

1969 – 1971John Clauser was on Berkeley campus staff.

1969 – 1971John Clarke was on Berkeley campus staff.

1970 – 1971J. David Bowman was on Berkeley campus staff.

1970 – 1971John Browne was on Livermore campus staff.

1970 – 1971John Holdren was on Livermore campus staff.

1971Lawrence Radiation Laboratory was renamed the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory when the Livermore campus was split apart to become the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, Berkeley (Calif.).

Places

Headquarters

Berkeley (Calif.)

Livermore (Calif.)

Subjects

Cyclotrons.

Physical laboratories.

Citations

Historical information from J. L. Heilbron and Robert W. Seidel, Lawrence and His Laboratory: A History of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989).

Relationships

People

Employees & Officers

Alder, B. J.

Theoretical Physicist (Livermore campus).

Anderson, John D., 1930-

Physicist and Deputy Division Leader (Livermore campus).

Arnowitt, Richard

Research Associate.

Batzel, Roger Elwood

Assistant Division Leader, Chemistry Division; Head, Chemistry Division; Associate Director, Chemistry; Director, Chemistry and Space Reactors; and Associate Director, Chemistry and Biomedical Research (Livermore campus).

Bohm, David, 1917-1992

Physicist, Manhattan Project.

Bowman, J. D. (J. David)

Research Fellow in Nuclear Chemistry (Berkeley campus).

Brown, Harold, 1927-

Physicist; Group Leader; Division Leader; Associate Director; Deputy Director; and Director (Livermore campus).

Browne, John Charles, 1942-

Staff Scientist (Livermore campus).

Case, Kenneth M.

Research Associate and Visiting Professor.

Chamberlain, O. (Owen)

Physicist, Manhattan Project.

Chew, Geoffrey F.

Theoretical Physicist.

Clarke, John, 1942-

Senior Faculty Scientist, Materials Sciences Division (Berkeley campus).

Clauser, John F. (John Francis), 1942-

Postdoctoral Research Associate (Berkeley campus).

Cohen, Marvin L.

Senior Scientist (Berkeley campus).

Deser, S. (Stanley)

Research Associate.

DeWitt, Bryce S. (Bryce Seligman), 1923-2004

Senior Research Physicist (Livermore campus).

Diamond, R. M.

Member, Senior Staff (Berkeley campus).

Foster, John S., 1922-

Division Leader, Experimental Physics; Associate Director; and Director (Livermore campus).

Furth, H. P.

Physicist (Berkeley and Livermore campus).

Goldberger, Marvin L.

Physicist.

Grunder, Hermann

Bevatron Mechanical Engineer, Accelerator & Fusion Research Division; Group Leader, 88 Inch Cyclotron; and Staff Scientist, Accelerator Division, Bevatron Development Group (Berkeley campus).

Hardy, John Christopher

Miller Fellow and Physicist (Berkeley campus).

Helmholz, August Carl, 1915-2003

Instructor and Physicist and Physicist, Manhattan Project.

Holdren, John P.

Physicist, Theory Group, Magnetic Fusion Energy Division (Livermore campus).

Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958

Director.

May, Michael M., 1925-

Research Physicist; Associate Director; and Director (Livermore campus).

McKee, Christopher, 1942-

Physicist (Livermore campus).

McMillan, Edwin M. (Edwin Mattison), 1907-

Director (Berkeley campus).

Moyer, Burton J., 1912-1973

Researcher, Manhattan Project and Physicist.

Nuckolls, John Hopkin

Staff Physicist and Associate Division Leader (Livermore campus).

Panofsky, Wolfgang K. H. (Wolfgang Kurt Hermann), 1919-2007

Physicist.

Perlman, Isadore

Member of Staff.

Poskanzer, Arthur M.

Staff Scientist and Staff Senior Scientist (Berkeley campus).

Post, Richard F.

Leader, Controlled Thermonuclear Research Group (Livermore campus).

Rosenfeld, Arthur H., 1926-

Research Associate and Researcher (Berkeley campus).

Ruderman, Malvin A.

Physicist.

Sandweiss, Jack H.

Physicist.

Seaborg, Glenn T. (Glenn Theodore), 1912-1999

Director, Nuclear Division and Associate Director.

Segrè, Emilio

Research Associate.

Sessler, A. M. (Andrew Marienhoff)

Theoretical Physicist (Berkeley campus).

Spruch, Larry

Consultant (Livermore campus).

Starr, Chauncey

Physicist, Manhattan Project.

Steiner, Herbert M.

Research Physicist (Berkeley campus).

Stephens, F. S. (Frank Samuel)

Research Chemist and Scientist to Senior Scientist.

Tarter, C. B.

Physicist and Group Leader (Livermore campus).

Taylor, Richard Edward, 1929-2018

Physicist (Berkeley campus).

Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

Consultant; Associate Director; and Director (Livermore campus).

Thouless, D. J.

Physicist (Berkeley campus).

Trilling, George H.

Staff Member (Berkeley campus).

Watson, Kenneth M.

Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Fellow and Staff Member.

Weinberg, Steven, 1933-

Research Associate (Berkeley campus).

Weissman, Samuel Isaac

Research Chemist, Manhattan Project.

Wojcicki, Stanley G., 1937-

Physicist (Berkeley campus).

York, Herbert F. (Herbert Frank)

Physicist and Associate Director (Berkeley campus) and Director (Livermore campus).

Associates & Members

Aebersold, Paul C. (Paul Clarence), 1910-1967

Aller, Lawrence H. (Lawrence Hugh), 1913-2003

Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988

Anthony, Thomas Richard, 1941-

Barish, B. C. (Barry Clark), 1936-

Birge, Raymond T. (Raymond Thayer), 1887-

Blewett, John P. (John Paul), 1910-

Bloembergen, N.

Bradbury, Norris, 1909-1997

Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981

Brewer, Leo, 1919-2005

Brobeck, William Morrison, 1908-

Brueckner, Keith A.

Calvin, Melvin, 1911-1997

Childs, Herbert, 1904-

Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974

Cooksey, Donald

Doell, Richard Rayman

Durbin, Patricia Wallace

Everson, George, 1885-

Fan, H. Y.

Farnsworth, Philo Taylor, 1906-1971

Gofman, John W.

Goldhaber, Gerson

Goldhaber, Sulamith Low

Greenewalt, Crawford H., 1902-1993

Hall, John S. (John Scoville), 1908-1991

Hamilton, Joseph G. (Joseph Gilbert), 1907-

Hellwarth, Robert Willis, 1930-

Henderson, Malcolm Colby

Kamen, Martin David, 1913-2002

Kelly, Michael A., 1936-

Kruger, P. Gerald (Peter Gerald), 1902-

Laslett, L. Jackson (Lawrence Jackson), 1913-

Lawrence, John Hundale, 1904-

Le Levier, Robert E., 1923-

Leith, Cecil E., 1923-

Leverenz, Humboldt W.

Lingenfelter, Richard E.

Livingood, John J. (John Jacob), 1903-

Livingston, M. Stanley (Milton Stanley)

Lofgren, Edward J., 1908-

Lomanitz, Ross, 1921-2003

Marshak, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1916-1992

McCrea, William Hunter

Mortimer, Robert K.

Nierenberg, William Aaron, 1919-2000

Purcell, Edward M.

Reynolds, Wallace B.

Robinson, Denis Morrell, 1907-

Saunders, B. G. (Bernard G.), 1911-1984

Schreiber, R. E.

Shane, Mary Lea Heger, 1897-1983

Slater, John C. (John Clarke), 1900-1976

Slobodrian, R. J.

Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997

Thornton, R. L. (Robert Lyster), 1908-

Weaver, Harold F.

Wiegand, Clyde (Clyde Edward), 1915-1996

Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000

Woodyard, John R., 1904-1981

Institutions

Institutional Hierarchy

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory

Renamed in 1971.

Lawrence Livermore Laboratory

Laboratory was split apart from Berkeley campus in 1971.

Collaborators

U.S. Atomic Energy Commission

Primary patron of the Radiation Laboratory.

Associates

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory

Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory

Livermore campus was created as a complement and informal competitor to Los Alamos.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory historical photographs, 1944-1975.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

Lawrence Radiation Laboratory Manhattan Engineering District records, 1939-1946.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL 60-inch cyclotron records, 1939-1962.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

LBL 88-inch cyclotron logbooks, 1961-1970.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

LBL Chemical Sciences Division scientist files of Patricia Durbin, 1941-1969.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Information and Computing Sciences Division records of Joseph G. Hamilton and the Biomedical Research Group [microform], 1943-1975.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Life Sciences Division research logbooks of Patricia Durbin, 1941-1969.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

LBL Life Sciences Division technical records of Robert K. Mortimer, 1950-1999.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Office of the Director administrative files of Donald Cooksey, 1946-1957.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Office of the Director administrative files of Donald Cooksey, 1958-1963.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Office of the Director logbooks of Donald Cooksey, 1945-1980.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Office of the Director records of Edwin M. McMillan [microfilm], 1907-1991.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Office of the Director records of Edwin M. McMillan, 1907-1991.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

LBL Office of the Director records of Edwin M. McMillan, 1940-1973.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

LBL Physics Division Group A (Louis Alvarez Group) logbooks, 1961-1989.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Physics Division hydrogen bubble chamber logbooks, 1953-1957.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

LBL Physics Division scientific logbooks of Owen Chamberlain, Emilio Segrè and Clyde Wiegand, 1946-1954.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

LBL Physics Division technical records of Emilio Segrè, 1942-1963.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

Luis Alvarez records, 1956-1988.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

Melvin Calvin records, 1950s-1985.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

Press releases pertaining to work at the University of California, Berkeley's Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, 1959-1963.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Wallace B. Reynolds papers, circa 1931-1968.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Subject

Accelerator design and construction in the 1950s: Reminiscences, 1985.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Andrew Sessler and Stephen Libby biographical memoir on Edward Teller, 2007.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Atomic Energy Commission additions to records, 1945-1987.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

Bernard G. Saunders papers, circa 1940-1970.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Clips of my life by Byron T. Wright, undated.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Crawford Greenewalt Manhattan Project diary, 1942-1945.

Manuscripts and Archives Department

Hagley Museum and Library

298 Buck Road East, Greenville, DE 19807, USA

Ernest O. Lawrence papers, 1948-1958.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Ernest O. Lawrence papers, circa 1920-1968.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Fermilab History and Archives Project collection on Fermilab prehistory, 1948-1992 (bulk 1953-1979).

History and Archives Project Office, MS-109

Fermilab

PO Box 500, Batavia, IL 90510, USA

Gerson and Sulamith Goldhaber papers, circa 1955-1958 (bulk 1956), regarding the first antiproton annihilation event.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Gerson Goldhaber papers, 1949-1991.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Glenn T. Seaborg papers, 1866-1999 (bulk 1940-1998).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Gregory Breit papers, 1929-1980 (bulk 1960-1970).

Manuscript and Archives.

Yale University Library

Box 208240, New Haven, CT 06520, USA

Herbert Childs materials assembled for a biography of Ernest O. Lawrence, 1960-1968.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

John Hundale Lawrence papers, 1926-1987.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

John W. Gofman papers, circa 1930-1970.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Joseph G. Hamilton notebooks, 1936-1941.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Keith Brueckner manuscript biography, 1986.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

L. Jackson Laslett scientist files, 1955-1976 (bulk 1964-1976).

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Accelerator and Fusion Research Division Heavy Ion Fusion Accelerator Research Group files of Edward J. Lofgren, 1964-1983.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Nuclear Science Division 60-Inch Cyclotron Mechanical Design Group technical records, 1944-1988.

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

LBL Nuclear Science Division scientist files of Glenn Seaborg, 1961-1975.

Pacific Sierra Region

National Archives and Records Administration

1000 Commodore Drive, San Bruno, CA 94066, USA

LBL Physics Division research and development files, 1953-1982 (bulk 1970-1978).

Archives and Records Office

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

One Cyclotron Road, Bldg. 69-107, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

Leo Brewer papers, 1921-2004 (bulk 1939-2004).

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Lloyd Godfrey Mann response to 1988 History of Nuclear Physics Survey, 1988-1989.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Luis W. Alvarez bubble chamber logs, 1956-1970.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

M. Stanley Livingston papers, 1928-1986.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Oral history interview with Andrew M. Sessler, 1975.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with August Carl Helmholz, 1975 June 20 to November 11 and 1989 October 3 to 1990 January 16.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Barry C. Barish, 1998 May-June.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Berni J. Alder, 1990 June 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Cecil E. "Chuck" Leith, 1997 July 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Clyde Edward Wiegand, 1977 September 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with David Bohm, 1981 May 8.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with David Bohm, 1986 June 6, 12, July 7, September 25, October 3, December 22, 1987 January 30, February 6, 27, March 6, April 3 and 16.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Denis Morrell Robinson, 1978 May 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edward Mills Purcell, 1977 June 8 and 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edward Uhler Condon, 1967 October 17, 18, 1968 April 27, 1973 September 11 and 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edwin M. McMillan, 1972 June 1, 2, and October 30, 31.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gerson Goldhaber, 2005 June 22, 23, 24, 2006 February 27, 28 and March 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harold F. Weaver, 1977 July 20 and 1978 July 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Herbert F. York, 1975 September 9 and 1976 May 13.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Herbert F. York, 1978 August 20.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Herbert F. York, 2008 April 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Hsu Yun Fan, 1977 April 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Humboldt Walter Leverenz, 1979 July 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John Clarke Slater, 1970 February 23 and August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John J. Livingood, 1977 May 16.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with John R. Woodyard: Cyclotron and Klystron development: oral history transcript, 1974 October 18 and 1975 December 17.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with John S. Foster, Jr., 1991 August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John S. Hall, 1979 February 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lawrence H. Aller, 1979 August 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Luis Alvarez, 1967 February 14 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lyman Spitzer, Jr., 1978 March 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Malcolm Henderson.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Martin David Kamen, 1975. Physics, politics and photosynthesis, 1975.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Mary Lea Heger Shane, 1967 July 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Melvin Calvin, 1974, 1978. Chemistry and chemical biodynamics at Berkeley, 1937-1980.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Michael A. Kelly, 2002 March 19.

The Beckman Center for History of Chemistry

Chemical Heritage Foundation

315 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106-2702, USA

Oral history interview with Milton Stanley Livingston, 1967 August 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Nicolaas Bloembergen, 1983 June 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Norris Edwin Bradbury, 1976 February 11.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Owen Chamberlain, 1976.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Patricia Wallace Durbin, 1979 and 1980.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Raemer Edgar Schreiber, 1976 February 13.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Raymond Thayer Birge, 1960.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Richard Doell, 1978 April 17, 26, and 28.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert L. Thornton.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Le Levier, 1987 April 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Marshak, 1970 June 15, 16, September 19, and October 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Wilson, 1977 May 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ross Lomanitz, 2001 July 26, 28, 29 and 2002 August 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Thomas Richard Anthony, 2007 July 17.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Wallace B. Reynolds, 1975 December 12.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Wallace B. Reynolds, 1975-1976.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with William Aaron Nierenberg, 1986 February 6 and June 26, 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William Hunter McCrea, 1978 September 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William M. Brobeck, 1975 June 19, 29, October 26 and 1976 February 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Wolfgang Kurt Hermann Panofsky, 1973 May 15 and 1974 March 6 and June 3.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Owen Chamberlain papers, 1941-2006.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

P. Gerald Kruger letters to Erika Wackenroder Kruger, Germany: 1939-1940.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Paul C. Aebersold papers, 1924-1970.

Cushing Memorial Library and Archives.

Texas A&M University.

College Station, TX 77843-5000, USA

Personal histories of x-ray astronomy records, 1967-2013.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Philo T. Farnsworth and George Everson papers, 1914-1999.

Libraries, Arizona Collection

Arizona State University

P.O. Box 871006, Tempe, AZ 85287-1006, USA

Princeton, David Bohm and the Cold War: A study in McCarthyism, 1990.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

R. J. Slobodrian response to 1988 History of Nuclear Physics Survey, 1988.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Richard Lingenfelter papers, 1980-1999.

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Robert Hellwarth correspondence and reports regarding the early history of the laser research program at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, 1962-1972.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

SLAC Experimental Program Advisory Committee records, 1967-[ongoing].

National Accelerator Laboratory. Archives and History Office

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)

2575 Sand Hill Road, MS 88, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA

SLAC Research Division Group C leader's files, 1962-1979.

National Accelerator Laboratory. Archives and History Office

Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)

2575 Sand Hill Road, MS 88, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA

The Atom and Eve, circa 1995.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

U.S. Atomic Energy Commission records (Record Group 326), 1923-1975.

Office of the National Archives

National Archives and Records Administration

8th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20408, USA

Working with Luis Alvarez (1911-1988) [sound recording], 2011 May 3.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Subject

Lawrence and his laboratory : a history of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory / J. L. Heilbron and Robert W. Seidel.

Teller's war : the top-secret story behind the Star Wars deception / William J. Broad.