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Table of Contents

Institutional History

Department ChairsImportant DatesPlacesSubjectsCitations

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Columbia University. Department of Physics

Photo

Dates

1892 – present

Authorized Form of Name

Columbia University. Department of Physics

Additional Forms of Names

Columbia University. Dept. of Physics

Columbia University (New York). Department of Physics

Institutional History

Department Chairs

dates unknown, Michael Pupin

1911-45, George Pegram

1945-49, I. I. Rabi

1949-52, Polykarp Kusch

1952-55, Charles Townes

1955-57, Eugene Booth

1957-60, Henry Foley

1960-63, Polykarp Kusch

1963-67, Samuel Devons

1967-71, Allan Sachs

1971-73, Henry Foley

1973-75, Mavlin Ruderman

1975-76, Robert Serber

1977-80, Joaquin Luttinger

1980-83, Gerald Feinberg

1983-88, Robert Novick

1988-91, Frank Sciulli

1991-94, Shoji Nagamiya

1994-99, Norman Christ

1999-2002, Steven Kahn

2002-06, Erick Weinberg

2006-09, Andrew Millis

2009-present, William Zajc

Important Dates

1892Department formed, New York (N.Y.).

1895Robert Millikan received first Ph.D. in physics.

May 1899American Physical Society was founded at Columbia.

1900 – 1958George Pegram was on faculty, was Dean of the Graduate School and Vice President.

1903 – 1958Bergen Davis was on faculty.

1904Earnest Kempton Adams (EKA) Fund established enabling the department to invite distinguished scientists to Morningside.

1905 – 1906H. A. Lorentz appointed EKA lecturer and wrote one of his most important works, "The Theory of Electrons.".

1909Max Planck appointed EKA lecturer.

1925Pupin Laboratory completed to serve as home of the department. Named in 1935 after Michael Pupin.

1929 – 1988I. I. Rabi was on faculty.

1931Heavy hydrogen was discovered by Harold Clayton Urey. Marked the first important work done in the new Pupin Laboratory.

1932 – 1987Raymond Mindlin was on faculty.

1933 – 1976John Dunning was on faculty.

1934 – 1935Robert Bacher was on faculty.

1937 – 1944Polykarp Kusch was on faculty.

1937 – 1959Eugene Booth was on faculty.

1938 – 1952Willis Lamb was on faculty.

1939 – 1942Leo Szilard was on faculty.

1939 – 1944Enrico Fermi left Italy and joined the faculty.

1939 – 1945Joseph Mayer was on faculty.

1939 – 1946Maria Goeppert Mayer worked at Columbia with no official title.

1940 – 1942Herbert Anderson was on faculty.

1941 – 1942Edward Teller was on faculty.

1941 – 1950Chaim Pekeris was on faculty.

1942 – 1944Lyman Spitzer Jr. was on faculty.

1942 – 1945Henry Primakoff was on faculty.

1942 – 1947Norman Ramsey was on faculty.

1944 – 1997Chien-Shiung Wu was on faculty.

1946 – 1968Llewellyn Thomas was on faculty.

1946 – 1972Polykarp Kusch was on faculty.

1946 – 1982Henry Foley was on faculty.

1946 – 1986L. James Rainwater was on faculty.

1947 – 1950Harold Brown was on faculty.

1948 – 1961Charles Townes was on faculty.

1949 – 1950Francis Low was on faculty.

1949 – 1951Arthur Schawlow was on faculty.

1949 – 1952Vernon Hughes was on faculty.

1949 – 1955Frank Press was on faculty.

1949 – 1962Norman Kroll was on faculty.

1949 – 1989Allan Sachs was on faculty.

1950Cyclotron was commissioned at Nevis Laboratories in Westchester County.

1950 – 1951Gerson Goldhaber was on faculty.

1950 – 1971Jack Steinberger was on faculty.

1951 – 1963Robert Frosch was on faculty and Director of Hudson Laboratories.

1951 – 1979Leon Lederman was on faculty.

1951 – 1997Robert Serber was on faculty.

1952 – 1953Malvin Ruderman was on faculty.

1952 – 1953Felix Boehm was on faculty.

1952 – 1954Ernest Henley was on faculty.

1952 – 1956Robert Kraichnan was on faculty.

1953 – 1960Tsung-Dao Lee was on faculty.

1954Robert Balluffi was on faculty.

1954 – 1955Toichiro Kinoshita was on faculty.

1954 – 1957Robert Novick was on faculty.

1954 – 1959Ali Javan was on faculty.

1954 – 1959Nicholas Samios was on faculty.

1954 – 1969Leon Brillouin was on faculty.

1957 – 1958Stanley Mandelstam was on faculty.

1957 – 1959Steven Weinberg was on faculty.

1958 – 1960Eugene Commins was on faculty.

1958 – 1964Herman Cummins was on faculty.

1958 – 1966Melvin Schwartz was on faculty.

1959 – 1992Gerald "Gary" Feinberg was on faculty.

1960 – 1993Robert Novick was on faculty.

1960 – 1993Joaquin "Quin" Luttinger was on faculty.

1960 – 2006Samuel Devons was on faculty.

1963 – presentTsung-Dao Lee returned and was on faculty.

1964 – 1967Samuel Ting was on faculty.

1964 – 1980William Happer was on faculty.

1965 – 1992Gian Wick was on faculty.

1966 – 1969John Peoples Jr. was on faculty.

1967Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory (CAL) was founded.

1967 – 1973David Nygren was on faculty.

1969 – presentMalvin Ruderman was on faculty.

1974 – 1979Alan Guth was on faculty.

1974 – presentNorman Christ has been on faculty.

1975 – presentErick Weinberg has been on faculty.

1980 – 1982Robert R. Wilson was on faculty.

1982 – 1984Steven Kahn was on faculty.

1982 – presentFrank Sciulli has been on faculty.

1986 – 1998Shoji Nagamiya was on faculty.

1994 – 2006Melvin Schwartz returned and was on faculty.

1995 – 2003Steven Kahn returned and was on faculty.

1998 – presentHorst Störmer has been on faculty.

1998 – presentAron Pinczuk has been on faculty.

2002 – presentAndrew Millis has been on faculty.

2006 – 2010Praveen Chaudhari was on faculty.

2007 – presentBoris Altshuler has been on faculty.

Places

Headquarters

New York (N.Y.)

Subjects

Physics -- Study and teaching.

Citations

History of Columbia University, Department of Physics website.

Relationships

People

Employees & Officers

Al'tshuler, B. L.

Professor of Physics.

Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004

Instructor in Physics.

Balluffi, R. W.

Research Associate.

Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005

Visiting Professor.

Boehm, Felix

Boese Fellow.

Bohr, Aage

Visiting Fellow.

Booth, Eugene

Lecturer in Physics; Physicist, Division of War Research; Assistant Professor of Physics; Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; Director, Hudson Laboratories; and Chair, Department of Physics.

Brattain, Walter H. (Walter Houser), 1902-1987

Physicist, Division of War Research.

Brillouin, Léon, 1889-1969

Adjunct Professor of Physics.

Bucksbaum, Philip H.

Adjunct Associate Professor of Applied Physics.

Chaudhari, Praveen, 1937-

Professor of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics.

Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974

Lecturer.

Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-

Visiting professor.

Davis, Bergen, 1869-1958

Received AM (1900), Ph.D. (1901). Tutor (1903-1907), Instructor and Ernest Kempton Adams Fellow (1907-1909), Adjunct Professor (1909-1913), Associate Professor of Physics (1913-1919), Professor of Physics (1919-1939), Emeritus Professor of Physics (1939-1958).

Devons, Samuel

Visiting Professor, Professor of Physics, Chair of Department, and Professor Emeritus.

Dunning, John R. (John Ray), 1907-1975

Received PhD in 1934 (Physics), Instructor in Physics, Assistant Professor of Physics, Associate Professor of Physics, Professor of Physics, Dean, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, Thayer Lindsey Professor of Applied Science.

Feher, George, 1924-

Visiting Associate Professor.

Feinberg, Gerald, 1933-

Received BA, MA, PhD (Physics) in 1957, Assistant Professor to Associate Professor of Physics, Professor of Physics, and Chair, Department of Physics.

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

Professor of Physics.

Foley, Henry Michael, 1917-1982

Associate in Physics, Assistant Professor to Associate Professor of Physics, Professor of Physics, and Chair, Department of Physics (served twice).

Frosch, Robert A. (Robert Alan), 1928-

Received AB; Received MA; Received PhD (Theoretical Physics) in 1952; Research Scientist, Theoretical Division, Hudson Laboratories; and Associate Director to Director, Hudson Laboratories.

Garwin, Richard L.

Adjunct Professor of Physics and Andrew D. White Professor.

Goldhaber, Gerson

Instructor.

Guth, Alan H.

Research Associate and Research Associate II.

Gutzwiller, M. C. (Martin C.)

Adjunct Professor of Physics.

Happer, William, 1939-

Research Physicist; Instructor to Professor, Radiation Laboratory; and Director, Columbia Radiation Laboratory.

Havens, William W. (William Westerfield), 1920-2004

Professor of Physics.

Henley, Ernest M.

Jewett Fellow and Lecturer.

Hubbert, M. King (Marion King), 1903-1989

Professor of Geophysics.

Hughes, Vernon W.

Received AB; Received PhD (Physics) in 1950; Lecturer in Physics; and Visiting I. I. Rabi Professor.

Kahn, Steven Michael

Received AB in Physics (1975); Assistant Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; I. I. Rabi Professor of Physics; Chair, Department of Physics.

Kraichnan, Robert H., 1928-2008

Research Associate, Electronics Research Laboratory.

Kroll, Norman Myles, 1922-

Received AB, AM, and PhD (Physics) in 1948; Assistant Professor of Physics; and Professor of Physics.

Kusch, Polykarp, 1911-1993

Instructor in Physics; Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; Chair, Department of Physics; and Executive Director, Columbia Radiation Laboratory.

Lamb, Willis E. (Willis Eugene), 1913-2008

Instructor in Physics; Associate in Physics; Assistant Professor of Physics; Researcher, Radiation Laboratory; Associate Professor of Physics; and Professor of Physics.

Lederman, Leon M.

Received AM and PhD (Physics) in 1951; Research Associate; Assistant Professor of Physics; Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; and Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics.

Lee, T. D., 1926-

Assistant Professor of Physics; Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; Enrico Fermi Professor of Physics; and University Professor.

Lorentz, H. A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

Earnest Kempton Adams (EKA) lecturer and wrote one of his most important works "The Theory of Electrons."

Low, Francis E. (Francis Eugene), 1921-2007

Received MS (1947) and PhD (1949); and Instructor in Physics.

Luttinger, Joaquin M.

Professor of Physics; Department Chair; and Emeritus Professor of Physics. Visiting Associate Professor.

Mandelstam, Stanley

Received BA (1954) and Boese Fellow.

Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972

Worked there but held no official title and worked at SAM Laboratory, Manhattan Project.

Millis, Andrew J.

Department chair and Professor of Physics.

Mitchell, Dana Paul, 1899-1966

Professor of Physics.

Nagamiya, S. (Shoji)

Department Chair and Professor of Physics.

Nygren, David R.

Associate Professor of Physics.

Pegram, George Braxton, 1876-1958

Received PhD in 1903, department chair and held various positions.

Pekeris, C. L. (Chaim Leib), 1908-1993

Director, Mathematical Physics Group.

Phillips, Melba, 1907-2004

Employed at the Columbia University Radiation Laboratory.

Pinczuk, Aron

Professor of Physics and Applied Physics.

Planck, Max, 1858-1947

Earnest Kempton Adams (EKA) Lecturer.

Press, Frank, 1924-

Received MA (1946) and Ph.D. in geophysics (1949); Instructor to Associate Professor of Geophysics.

Pupin, Michael, 1858-1935

Department chair and central figure in the early years of the department.

Rubbia, Carlo, 1934-

Post-Doctoral Researcher.

Ruderman, Malvin A.

Received AB (1945); National Science Foundation (NSF) Fellow; Professor of Physics; Department Chair; Centennial Professor.

Sachs, Allan M. (Allan Maxwell), 1921-1989

Department chair; Instructor in Physics; Associate in Physics; Assistant Professor to Associate Professor of Physics; and Professor of Physics.

Samios, Nicholas P.

Received AM (1953) and PhD (1957). Instructor in Physics.

Schawlow, Arthur L., 1921-1999

Fellow, Research Associate, and Visiting Associate Professor.

Sciulli, Frank J.

Department Chair; Professor of Physics; Pupin Professor of Phyics; and Pupin Professor of Physics Emeritus.

Segal, Irving Ezra

Visiting Associate Professor.

Serber, R. (Robert)

Professor of Physics, Chair of Department of Physics, and Emeritus Professor of Physics.

Steinberger, J.

Assistant Professor; Associate Professor; and Professor.

Störmer, Horst

I. I. Rabi Professor of Physics and Professor of Physics and Applied Physics.

Szilard, Leo

Unofficial Researcher and Researcher in Division of War Research.

Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

Researcher.

Thomas, Llewellyn Hilleth, 1903-1992

Professor of Physics and Emeritus Professor of Physics.

Ting, S. C. C. (Samuel Chao-chung), 1936-

Instructor in Physics and Assistant Professor of Physics.

Townes, Charles H.

Associate Professor, Executive Director of Radiation Laboratory, Professor of Physics, and Chair of Department of physics.

Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980

Visiting professor.

Weinberg, Erick J.

Assistant Professor to Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; and Department Chair.

Weinberg, Steven, 1933-

Instructor in Physics.

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

I. I. Rabi Visiting Professor.

Wick, G. C. (Gian Carlo)

Professor of Physics and Emeritus Professor of Physics.

Wien, W. (Wilhelm), 1864-1928

Visiting Lecturer.

Wilson, Robert R., 1914-2000

Michael Pupin Professor of Physics.

Wu, C. S. (Chien-shiung), 1912-1997

Research Associate; Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; Michael I. Pupin Professor of Physics; Michael I. Pupin Professor Emeritus of Physics.

Zajc, William Allen

Department chair.

PhD Students

Anderson, Herbert Lawrence

Received PhD in 1940 and assistant in Nuclear Chain Reaction Research.

Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967

Received BS in 1924 and Ph.D. in 1928.

Bode, Hendrik W. (Hendrik Wade), 1905-1982

Received PhD in 1935.

Brown, Harold, 1927-

Received BA in 1945, MA in 1946, and PhD in 1949. Lecturer and Research Assistant.

Christ, Norman

Received BA in 1965 and PhD (Physics) in 1966. Professor to Ephraim Gildor Professor of Physics and Chair, Department of Physics.

Clauser, John F. (John Francis), 1942-

Received M.A. in 1966 and Ph.D. in 1969.

Commins, Eugene D.

Received PhD in 1958 and instructor in physics.

Cooper, Leon N. (Leon Neil), 1930-

Received AB in 1951, A.M. in 1953, and Ph.D. in 1954.

Cummins, Herman Z., 1933-

Received PhD in 1963. Research Assistant to Research Physicist.

Darlington, Sidney, 1906-1997

Received PhD in 1940.

Dash, J. G., 1923-

Received AM in 1949, and Ph.D. in 1951.

Fitch, Val L., 1923-2015

Received PhD (Physics) in 1954.

Giordmaine, Joseph Anthony

Received PhD

Glimm, James

Received PhD in 1959.

Javan, Ali, 1926-

Received AB in 1950 and PhD in 1954 and was research associate in physics.

Kantrowitz, Arthur

Received BS; Received MA; and Received PhD (Physics) in 1947.

Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953

Received first PhD given by school in 1895.

Nierenberg, William Aaron, 1919-2000

Received MA (1942) and PhD (1947); Instructor in Physics; and Director, Hudson Laboratories.

Novick, Robert

Received PhD (1955); Department Chair; Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; Professor Emeritus of Physics; and Director, Radiation Laboratory.

Penzias, Arno A.

Received MA in 1958 and PhD in 1962.

Peoples, John, Jr.

Received MA (1961) and PhD (1966); and Assistant Professor of Physics.

Perl, Martin L., 1927-2014

Received PhD (1955).

Quimby, Shirley L.

Received PhD in 1925 and held various positions.

Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988

Received PhD in 1927. Lecturer, Assistant professor, Associate professor, Professor of physics, Chair of Department of physics, Higgins Professor of Physics, University professor, and Emeritus University professor.

Rainwater, L. James (Leo James), 1917-1986

Received MA (1941) and PhD (1946); Researcher, Manhattan Project; Instructor to Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; and Emeritus Professor of Physics.

Ramsey, Norman, 1915-2011

Received AB and PhD (1940) and Assitant Professor and Associate Professor of Physics.

Rosenberg, Paul, 1910-1999

Received PhD

Sarachik, Myriam P.

Received MS in 1957 and PhD in 1960.

Schwartz, Melvin, 1932-2006

Received AB (1953) and PhD (1958); Assistant Professor of Physics; Associate Professor of Physics; Professor of Physics; I. I. Rabi Professor of Physics; and Professor Emeritus of Physics.

Schwinger, Julian, 1918-1994

Received AB (1936) and PhD in Physics (1939).

Sessler, A. M. (Andrew Marienhoff)

Received MS (1951) and PhD (1953).

Zacharias, Jerrold Reinach, 1905-1986

Received AB (1926) and PhD (1932).

Zinn, Walter H. (Walter Henry), 1906-2000

Received PhD (1934).

Associates & Members

Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-1988

Amaldi, Edoardo

Aronson, Samuel, 1942-

Received AB in 1964.

Ashkin, Arthur, 1922-

Received BA in 1947.

Bartlett, Paul D.

Bederson, Benjamin

Received MS in 1948.

Bennett, William Ralph, 1930-2008

Benson, Arthur J.

Bentley, Charles R.

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Bragg, William Henry, 1862-1942

Bragg, William Lawrence, Sir, 1890-1971

Campbell, Robert V. D.

Cattell, James McKeen, 1860-1944

Conwell, Esther M. (Esther Marley), 1922-2014

Corngold, Noel Robert David, 1929-

Dyson, Freeman J.

Ewald, Paul Peter, 1888-1985

Feibelman, Peter J.

Received BA.

Fletcher, James Chipman, 1919-1991

Received AB.

Frieman, E. A.

Received BS.

Gaillard, Mary K.

Received MA.

Glasoe, G. N. (G. Norris), 1902-1987

Gould, Gordon, 1920-2005

Grosse, Aristid von, 1905-1985

Hahn, E. L. (Erwin Louis), 1921-

Hauptman, Herbert A. (Herbert Aaron), 1917-2011

Received Masters in Mathematics (1939). Awarded Honorary Doctor of Science degree (1990).

Herman, Frank

Hill, George William, 1838-1914

Holstein, Theodore David, 1915-1985

Received MA.

Johnson, Vivian A. (Vivian Annabelle), 1912-

Kinoshita, T. (Toichiro)

Fellow in Theoretical Physics.

Kistiakowsky, Vera

Klein, Elias, 1890-

Klein, Martin J.

Received AB and AM.

Kronig, R. (Ralph), 1904-

Loeb, Leonard B. (Leonard Benedict), 1891-

Attended for undergraduate education.

Manley, John Henry, 1907-

Marshak, Robert E. (Robert Eugene), 1916-1992

Received AB.

Mason, Warren P. (Warren Perry), 1900-1986

Millman, S. (Sidney), 1904-2006

Montroll, E. W.

Nagel, Sidney R.

Received BA (1969).

Nix, Foster Cary, 1905-

Nuckolls, John Hopkin

Received MA (1955).

Pearson, Gerald L. (Gerald Leondus)

Perhac, Ralph M. (Ralph Matthew), 1928-

Poskanzer, Arthur M.

Received MA (1954).

Primakoff, H. (Henry), 1914-1983

Received AB and AM (1935).

Reich, Haskell Aaron, 1926-1983

Segrè, Emilio

Shockley, William, 1910-1989

Telegdi, Val, 1922-2006

Wald, Robert M.

Received AB (1968).

Webb, Harold Worthington, 1884-1974

White, Addison Hughson, 1909-

Wood, Robert Williams, 1868-1955

Adams Research Fellow.

Institutions

Institutional Hierarchy

Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory (Columbia University)

Columbia University

Nevis Laboratories

Associates

American Physical Society

Location of first meeting.

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Columbia is part of Associated Universities, Inc., founding body of the laboratory.

Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars

IBM Research

First home of IBM Research, the Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory, was located at Columbia.

IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory

Optical Society of America

Location of first meeting in 1916.

Thomas J. Watson IBM Research Center

Home of the Watson Scientific Computing Laboratory before it moved to Yorktown Heights, New York and was renamed.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Columbia University Department of Physics records, 1870-1983 (bulk 1940-1970).

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Columbia University

Butler Library, 6th Floor East, New York, NY 10027, USA

Press releases and letter, 1935-1967.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

The Columbia Physics Department: A brief history.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Arthur J. Benson papers, 1904-1994 (bulk 1935-1994).

Hillman Library. Archives of Scientific Philosophy in the Twentieth Century

University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA

Bergen Davis notebooks, 1899-1912.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

C. S. (Chien-Shiung) Wu papers, 1945-1994 (bulk 1960-1979).

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Columbia University

Butler Library, 6th Floor East, New York, NY 10027, USA

Charles Hard Townes papers, 1948-1996.

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Craven-Pegram family papers, 1785-1966 (bulk 1892-1958).

Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library

Duke University

P.O. Box 90185, Durham, North Carolina, 27708, USA

Dana Paul Mitchell papers, circa 1925-1960.

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Columbia University

Butler Library, 6th Floor East, New York, NY 10027, USA

Elias Klein papers, 1918-1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Emergency Committee in Aid of Displaced Foreign Scholars records, 1933-1945.

Rare Books and Manuscripts Division

New York Public Library

Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street, New York, NY 10018, USA

Enrico Fermi papers, 1918-1974.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Eugene T. Booth account of early work and recollections of John Ray Dunning, 1975-1984.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

George William Hill papers, 1893-1894.

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Haskell A. Reich collection of student notes, circa 1945-1954.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

James McKeen Cattell papers, 1835-1948 (bulk 1896-1948).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

John Wheeler papers, 1938-1987.

Center for American History. University Archives

University of Texas at Austin

Austin, TX 78713, USA

Letter to his father, Paul M. Glasoe, describing the arrival of Enrico Fermi in the United States and the initial fission and cyclotron experiments at Columbia University, 1939.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Llewellyn Hilleth Thomas papers, 1925-1983.

Special Collections Research Center, NCSU Libraries

North Carolina State University

Box 7111, Raleigh, NC 27695-7111, USA

M. King Hubbert papers, 1847-1990.

American Heritage Center

University of Wyoming

Dept. 3924, 1000 E. University Avenue, Laramie, WY 82071, USA

Oral history interview Addison Hughson White, 1976 September 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Alan Holden, 1974 July 30 and 1976 June 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Aristid Victor Grosse, 1974 January 11 and April 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Arthur L. Schawlow, 1996 August 14 to November 26.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Arthur L. Schawlow, 1984 January 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Charles H. Townes, 1979 June 18 and 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Charles H. Townes, 1987 May 20 and 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Charles R. Bentley, 2008 August 6 and 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with E. W. Montroll, 1983 September 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edoardo Amaldi, 1969 April 9 and 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edward A. Frieman, 2006 December 4 and 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edward Teller, 1983 September 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edward Uhler Condon, 1967 October 17, 18, 1968 April 27, 1973 September 11 and 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Emilio Gino Segrè, 1967 February 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Erwin Louis Hahn, 1986 August 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Esther Conwell, 2007 January 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Foster Cary Nix, 1975 June 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Frank Herman, 1982 June 17.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Freeman J. Dyson, 1986 December 17.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gerald Leondus Pearson, 1976 August 23 and 8 April 1980.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gerson Goldhaber, 2005 June 22, 23, 24, 2006 February 27, 28 and March 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gordon Gould, 1983 April 8 and October 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harold Clayton Urey, 1964 March 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harold M. Agnew, 2006 May 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harold Worthington Webb, 1970 April 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Herbert Anderson, 1981 January 13 and 16.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with I. I. Rabi, 1963 December 8.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with J. H. Van Vleck, 1966 February 28 and 1973 January 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John Henry Manley, 1976 July 9 and 11.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John Henry Manley, 1976 July 9 and 11.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with Joseph Giordmaine, 1984 May 31 and June 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Joseph Giordmaine, 2007 October 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Leonard B. Loeb, 1962 August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Luis Alvarez, 1967 February 14 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Marion King Hubbert, 1989 January 4 to 6 February.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Melba Phillips, 1997 December 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Noel R. Corngold, 2002 October 11 and 16.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral History interview with Norman M. Kroll, 1986 June 28.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Norman Ramsey, 1960 July 19 to August 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Norman Ramsey, 1978 December 19, 1979 January 5 and 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Norman Ramsey, 1983 July 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Doughty Bartlett, 1978 July 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Peter Ewald, 1968 May 17 and 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ralph de Laer Kronig, 1962 November 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ralph Kronig, 1991.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Oral history interview with Ralph M. Perhac, 2013 April 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Robert F. Bacher, 1986 February 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Marshak, 1970 June 15, 16, September 19, and October 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert V. D. Campbell, 1984 February 22.

Charles Babbage Institute. Center for the History of Computing

University of Minnesota

University of Minnesota Libraries, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA

Oral history interview with Sidney Millman, 1974 August 2, September 13 and 1975 August 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Val L. Fitch, 1986 December 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Valentine L. Telegdi, 2008 March 4 and 9.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Oral history interview with Vera Kistiakowsky, 1976 April 27, May 11, 26, June 15, August 26, and September 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Vivian Annabelle Johnson, 1981 July 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William Aaron Nierenberg, 1986 February 6 and June 26, 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William R. Bennett, 1987 October 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William Shockley, 1974 September 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William W. Havens, 1991 February 21, July 17, 29, Augut 5, 12 and 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Outtakes and candid footage from the production of : The world of Enrico Fermi, circa 1930-1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Paul Rosenberg papers, 1934-1953 (bulk 1936-1940).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Proceedings [sound recording] : papers presented at the Enrico Fermi and the beginnings of nuclear fission Centennial Conference, 2001 November 15 and 16.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Reminiscences of Isidor Isaac Rabi : oral history, 1962.

Oral History Research Office

Columbia University

Box 20, Room 801 Butler Library, New York, NY 10027, USA

Reminiscences of Isidor Isaac Rabi : oral history, 1985.

Oral History Research Office

Columbia University

Box 20, Room 801 Butler Library, New York, NY 10027, USA

Reminiscences of Polykarp Kusch : oral history, 1962.

Oral History Research Office

Columbia University

Box 20, Room 801 Butler Library, New York, NY 10027, USA

Reminiscences of Polykarp Kusch : oral history, 1968.

Oral History Research Office

Columbia University

Box 20, Room 801 Butler Library, New York, NY 10027, USA

Reminiscences of Polykarp Kusch : oral history, 1972.

Oral History Research Office

Columbia University

Box 20, Room 801 Butler Library, New York, NY 10027, USA

Shirley L. Quimby papers, 1918-1974.

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Columbia University

Butler Library, 6th Floor East, New York, NY 10027, USA

Text materials for documentary film: The world of Enrico Fermi, circa 1930-1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

The founding of the Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1948.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

The laser: invention, development and future [videorecording] / IEEE Santa Clara Valley Chapter 30th anniversary program, 2007.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Warren P. Mason papers, 1921-1974.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

William Joseph Otting response to Laser History Project Survey, 1983.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

A tribute to Professor I.I. Rabi on the occasion of his retirement from Columbia University : a collection of papers and addresses delivered at the symposium in Pupin Laboratories on 23 May 1967.

Subject

The Columbia encyclopedia

The New Columbia encyclopedia