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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

H. A. Lorentz

Photo

Dates

July 18, 1852 – February 4, 1928

Authorized Form of Name

Lorentz, H. A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

Additional Forms of Names

Lorentz, Hendrik (A.), 1853-1928

Biography

Abstract

Hendrik Antoon Lorentz won the Nobel Prize in Physics "in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena". His work in atomic physics, electromagnetism, and hydraulic engineering are still considered to be of great value to the physics field. Lorentz also served as an advocate for the sciences and put in motion the steps which led to the creation of the T.N.O., the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research.

Important Dates

July 18, 1853Birth, Arnhem (Netherlands).

1871Obtained BSc in mathematics and physics, Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden), Leiden (Netherlands).

1872Became a night school teacher, Arnhem (Netherlands).

1875Obtained Ph.D, Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden), Leiden (Netherlands).

1878Professor of Mathematical Physics (1875) and Chair of Theoretical Physics (1878), Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden), Leiden (Netherlands).

1878Published essay on what is now known as the Lorenz-Lorentz formula.

1898Appointed Honorary Member, London Mathematical Society.

1902Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics alongisde P. Zeeman "in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena".

1904Famed work on FitzGerald-Lorentz contraction, known as Lorentz transformations.

1905Gained membership, Royal Society.

1908Speaker, International Congress.

1908Awarded Rumford Medal, Royal Society.

1911Chairman, Solvay Conference.

1912Secretary, Dutch Society of Sciences (Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen).

1912Curator to Teylers Physical Cabinet, Teylers Museum.

1918Awarded Copley Medal, Royal Society.

1920Fellow, Royal Society of Edinburgh.

1923 – 1925Member (1923) and President (1925), International Committee of Intellectual Cooperation, League of Nations.

1926Presented a series of lectures on quantum mechanics, Cornell University, Ithaca (N.Y.).

February 4, 1928Death, Haarlem (Netherlands).

Occupation

Theoretical quantum physicist.

Places

Birth

Arnhem (Netherlands)

Undergraduate Education

Leiden (Netherlands)

Graduate Education

Leiden (Netherlands)

Employment

Leiden (Netherlands)

Death

Haarlem (Netherlands)

Subjects

Atomic theory.

Electricity.

Electromagnetism.

Optics.

Quantum physics.

Relationships

People

Family

Haas, Wander Johannes de, 1878-1957

Son-in-law and Director of the Cryogenic Laboratory, Leiden University.

Haas-Lorentz, Geertruida Luberta de

Daughter. Physicist and advised by Lorentz.

Kaiser, Aletta Catharina

Wife, married 1881.

Kaiser, Johann Wilhelm

Father-in-law.

Lorentz, Gerrit Frederik

Father.

Van Ginkel, Geertruida

Mother.

Advisors & Collaborators

De Haas, Marc

Advised by Lorentz at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Droste, Johannes

Advised by Lorentz at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Fokker, A. D. (Adriaan Daniël), 1887-1972

Advised by Lorentz at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Kaiser, F. (Frederik), 1808-1872

Advisor, Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Ornstein, L. S. (Leonard Salomon), 1880-1941

Advised by Lorentz at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Pol, Balthasar van der, 1889-1959

Post doctorial student advised by Lorentz at Teylers Institute in Haarlem.

Rijke, P. L. (Pieter Leonard), 1812-1899

Advisor, Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Zeeman, Pieter, 1865-1943

Advised by Lorentz, Co-awarded Nobel Prize of Physics, 1902.

Colleagues

Röntgen, Wilhelm Conrad, 1845-1923

Both worked at University of Wurzburg.

Additional

Bateman, Harry, 1882-1946

Bjerknes, V. (Vilhelm), 1862-1951

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Brillouin, Léon, 1889-1969

Brillouin, Marcel Louis

Burgers, J. M. (Johannes Martinus), 1895-1981

Casimir, H. B. G. (Hendrik Brugt Gerhard), 1909-2000

Charney, Jule G.

Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966

Dennison, David M. (David Mathias), 1900-1976

Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973

Ehrenfest, Paul, 1880-1933

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

Collaborator, colleague, and friend.

Epstein, Paul S. (Paul Sophus), 1883-1966

Gorter, C. J. (Cornelis Jacobus), 1907-

Goudsmit, Samuel A. (Samuel Abraham), 1902-1978

Gray, Arthur Wellington, 1875-1957

Hale, George Ellery, 1868-1938

Hertz, Paul, b. 1881

Hilbert, David

Jordan, Pascual, 1902-1980

Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike, 1853-1926

Kasterin, Nikolaj Petrovich

Klein, Oskar

Korn, Arthur

Lebedev, P. N. (Petr Nikolaevich), 1866-1912.

Levi-Civita, Tullio, 1873-1941

Lewis, E. Percival (Exum Percival), 1863-1925

Loeb, Leonard B. (Leonard Benedict), 1891-

Marx, Erich Anselm

Perrin, Jean, 1870-1942

Planck, Max, 1858-1947

Poincare, Henri, 1854-1912.

Poynting, J. H. (John Henry), 1852-1914

Richardson, O. W. (Owen Willans), 1879-1959

Runge, Carl, 1856-1927

Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937

Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961

Shankland, Robert S., 1908-

Smoluchowski, Marian, 1872-1917

Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951

Stark, Johannes, 1874-1957

Struik, Dirk J. (Dirk Jan), 1894-2000

Tamm, I. E. (Igor' Evgen'evich), 1895-1971

Uhlenbeck, George Eugène, 1900-1988

Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981

Voigt, Woldemar

Webb, Harold Worthington, 1884-1974

Webster, Arthur Gordon, 1863-1923

Webster, David Locke, 1888-1976

Whiting, Sarah Frances

Wien, W. (Wilhelm), 1864-1928

Wilson, Edwin Bidwell, 1879-1964

Institutions

Major Positions

Columbia University. Department of Physics

Earnest Kempton Adams (EKA) lecturer and wrote one of his most important works "The Theory of Electrons."

Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden

Obtained BSc in mathematics and physics (1871) and PhD (1875). Professor of Mathematical Physics and Chair of Theoretical Physics.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Cornell University. Department of Physics

Hollandsche Maatschappij der Wetenschappen

Secretary.

League of Nations. Committee on Intellectual Co-operation.

Member and President.

London Mathematical Society

Member.

Royal Society (Great Britain)

Member; Awarded Rumford Medal (1908) and Copley Medal (1918).

Royal Society of Edinburgh

Fellow.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Columbia University Department of Physics historical records, 1862-1997.

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Columbia University

Butler Library, 6th Floor East, New York, NY 10027, USA

H. A. Lorentz The Quantum Theory lecture notes, 1926.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

O. W. Richardson papers, 1897-1959 (bulk 1920-1940).

Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

University of Texas at Austin

P.O Drawer 7219, Austin, TX 78713-7219, USA

Woldemar Voigt letters from Hendrik A. Lorentz, 1883-1919.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Subject

Albert Einstein collection, 1896-1952.

Goldfarb Library. Special Collections

Brandeis University

415 South St., Waltham, MA 02254, USA

Albert Einstein correspondence with H.A. Lorentz and Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes [microform], 1901-1926.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Arthur Gordon Webster papers, 1892-1920.

Goddard Library. Archives and Special Collections

Clark University

Worcester, MA 01610-11477, USA

Arthur Gordon Webster papers, 1893-1913.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Arthur Gray correspondence, lecture notes and memorabilia, 1908-1928.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Arthur Korn correspondence, 1898-1932.

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Columbia University

Butler Library, 6th Floor East, New York, NY 10027, USA

Carl Eckart papers, 1921-1973, (bulk 1935-1970).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

David Hilbert papers.

Abteilung für Handschriften und seltene Drucke

Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen

Papendiek 14, D-37073 Göttingen

Dirk Jan Struik autobiography, chapter V: Leiden science, 1973.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

E. Percival Lewis papers, 1903-1925.

Manuscripts Department. Southern Historical Collection

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Wilson Library CB# 3926, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3926, USA

Emil Wiechert papers, 1895-1918.

Abteilung für Handschriften und seltene Drucke

Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen

Papendiek 14, D-37073 Göttingen

Erich A. Marx papers, 1905-1913.

Folsom Library. Institute Archives and Special Collections

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Troy, NY 12180, USA

George Ellery Hale papers [microform], 1882-1938.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

H. A. Lorentz papers, 1869-1928.

Rijksmumsum voor de Geschiedenis van de Natuurwetenschappen en van de Geneeskunde 'Museum Boerhaave'

Steenstraat IA, 2313 BS Leiden, Netherlands

H. A. Lorentz papers, 1888-1928.

Algemeen Rijksarchief

The Hague, Netherlands

Harold W. Webb autobiography, circa 1962.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Harry Bateman papers, 1906-1947.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Heike Kammerlingh Onnes letters to Hendrik A. Lorentz, 1906-

Archives for the History of Quantum Physics

Algemeen Rijksarchief

The Hague, Netherlands

Igor E. Tamm papers, 1895-1971.

In private hands

J. H. Poynting papers, 1852-1914.

Main Library. Archives

University of Birminham

Information Services, Special Collections Dept., Edgbaston Campus, Birmingham B15 2TT

Johannes Stark Correspondence, 1904-1927.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Marcel Brillouin papers, 1887-1943.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Marian Smoluchowski personal archives, 1890-1917.

Dept. of Manuscripts

Biblioteka Jagiellonska.

A. Mickiewicza 22, 30-059 Cracow

Max Planck papers, 1759-1994, bulk 1830-1994.

Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften

Boltzmannstr. 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany

Niels Bohr Scientific correspondence, supplement, 1910-1962.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Nikolai P. Kasterin papers.

Archives

Moscow M. V. Lomonsosov University

Leninskie gory, Mscow 117234, Russia

Oral history interview with Adriaan Daniël Fokker, 1963 April 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Carl Henry Eckart, 1962 May 31.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Cornelis Jacobus Gorter, 1962 November 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with David Locke Webster, 1964 May 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with David Mathias Dennison, 1964 January 27, 28 and 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edwin Bidwell Wilson, 1963 June 3.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ernst Pascual Jordan, 1963 June 17, 18, 19 and 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with George Eugene Uhlenbeck, 1962 March 30, 31, April 5, May 10 and 1963 December 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harold Clayton Urey, 1964 March 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Hendrik Brugt Gerhard Casimir, 1963 July 5 and 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Johannes Martinus Burgers, 1962 June 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jule G. Charney, 1980 August 25, 26, 27 and 28.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Léon Brillouin, 1962 March 29 and 3 April.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Leonard B. Loeb, 1962 August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Oskar Benjamin Klein, 1962 September 25 to 16 July 1963.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Sophus Epstein, 1962 May 25, 26 and June 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Peter J. W. Debye, 1965 December 22 to 16 June 1966.

Carl A. Kroch Library. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections

Cornell University

2B Carl A Kroch Library, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA

Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Samuel Abraham Goudsmit, 1963 December 5 and 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Paul Ehrenfest papers, 1902-1933.

Rijksmumsum voor de Geschiedenis van de Natuurwetenschappen en van de Geneeskunde 'Museum Boerhaave'

Rijksmumsum voor de Geschiedenis van de Natuurwetenschappen en van de Geneeskunde 'Museum Boerhaave'.

Steenstraat IA, 2313 BS Leiden, Netherlands

Paul Hertz Papers, 1904-1994 (bulk 1910-1940).

Hillman Library. Archives of Scientific Philosophy in the Twentieth Century

University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA

Paul S. Epstein papers, 1898-1966.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Peter J. W. Debye papers, 1901-1906 and 1918-1945.

Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften

Boltzmannstr. 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany

Petr N. Lebedev papers.

St. Petersburg Branch. Archive

Russian Academy of Sciences

Universitetskaia hab., 1, Korp. 2, St. Petersburg 199034

Pieter Zeeman papers, 1877-1946.

Rijksarchief in Noord-Holland

Kleine Houtweg 18, Haarlem, Netherlands

Sarah Frances Whiting papers, 1859-1927.

Archives

Wellesley College

Margaret Clapp Library, Wellesley, MA 02481, USA

Selected correspondence [microform], 1899-1907.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

The Columbia Physics Department : a brief history.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Tullio Levi-Civita correspondence.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Wilhelm Wien papers, 1890-ca. 1928.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Published Resources

Author

Abhandlungen / von Christian Doppler ; hrsg. von H.A. Lorentz ; mit 36 Figuren im Text und einem Bildnis.

Abhandlungen über theoretische physik / von H.A. Lorentz. 1. bd. Mit 40 figuren im text.

Atomes et électrons : rapports et discussions du Conseil de physique tenu á Bruxelles du 1er au 6 avril 1921, sous les auspices de l'Institut international de physique Solvay.

Das relativitätsprinzip, eine sammlung von abhandlungen, mit anmerkungen von A. Sommerfeld und vorwort von O. Blumenthal.

Electriciteit en magnetisme, ontleend aan Beginselen der natuurkunde / door H. A. Lorentz.

Ergebnisse und probleme der elektronentheorie : Vortrag gehalten am 20. dezember 1904 im Elektrotechnischen verein zu Berlin / von H.A. Lorentz.

La théorie électromagnétique de Maxwell et son application aux corps mouvants /par H.A. Lorentz.

Lectures on theoretical physics, delivered at the University of Leiden / trans. by L. Silverstein and A.P.H. Trivelli.

Lehrbuch der Differential- und Integralrechnung : nebst einer Einführung in andere Teile der Mathematik, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Bedürfnisse der Studierenden der Naturwissenschaften /Unter Mitwirkung des Verfassers übersetzt von G.C. Schmidt.

Les théories statistiques en thermodynamique : conférences faites au Collège de France en novembre 1912 / par H.A. Lorentz, rédigées en 1913 par L. Dunoyer.

Lessen over theoretische natuurkunde : aan de Rijks-Universiteit te Leiden gegeven / VI, Het relativiteitsbeginsel voor eenparige translaties (1910-Lessen over theoretische natuurkunde : aan de Rijks-Universiteit te Leiden / door H.A. Lorentz.

Notice sur la vie et l'oeuvre de Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, associé étranger de l'Académie.

On the theory of the reflection and refraction of light : academic dissertation for acquiring the degree of Doctor in the Mathematical and Physical Sciences and Leyden University /... by Hendrik Antoon Lorentz ; editors and translators, Nancy J. Nersessian and H. Floris Cohen.

Problems of modern physics; a course of lectures delivered in the California Institute of Technology. Edited by H. Bateman.

Sichtbare und unsichtbare bewegungen : vorträge auf einladung des vorstandes des departements Leiden der Maatschappij tot nut van't algemeen im februar und märz 1901 /gehalten von H.A. Lorentz ; unter mitwirkung des verfassers aus dem holländischen übersetzt von G. Siebert ; Mit 40 eingedruckten abbildungen.

The Einstein theory of relativity: a concise statement/ by Prof. H.A. Lorentz.

The principle of relativity; a collection of original memoirs on the special and general theory of relativity, by H. A. Lorentz [and others] with notes by A. Sommerfeld, translated by W. Perrett and G. B. Jeffery.

The theory of electrons and its applications to the phenomena of light and radiant heat / by H.A. Lorentz.

Versuch einer theorie der electrischen und optischen erscheinungen in bewegten körpern / von H.A. Lorentz ... Unveränderter abdruck der 1895 bei E.J. Brill in Leiden erschienenen ersten auflage.

Vorlesungen über theoretische physik an der Universität Leiden, von prof. dr. H.A. Lorentz.

Vorträge über die kinetische theorie der materie und der elektrizität, gehalten in Göttingen auf einladung der Kommission der Wolfskehlstiftung, von M. Planck. P. Debye, W. Nernst, M. v. Smoluchowski, A. Sommerfeld und H.A. Lorentz, mit beiträgen von H. Kamerlingh-Onnes und W.H. Keesom, einem vorwort von D. Hilbert und 7 in der text gedruckten figuren.

Subject

Die Relativitätstheorie Einsteins im Lichte der Philosophie : Ein neuer Beweis der Lorentz-Transformationen.

H. A. Lorentz: impressions of his life and work. [Translation by Joh. C. Fagginger Auer].

H.A. Lorentz, als Schöpfer und als Personlichkeit [geschrieben] für die Gedachtnis-Austellung von H.A. Lorentz und H. Kamerlingh Onnes ... Sommer des Jahres 1953 im Rijksmuseum.

Hendrik Lorentz Nobel Prize biography.