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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

William Henry Bragg

Photo

Dates

July 2, 1862 – March 10, 1942

Authorized Form of Name

Bragg, William Henry, 1862-1942

Additional Forms of Names

Bragg, W. H. (William Henry), 1862-1942

Bragg, William, 1862-1942

Bragg, William Henry, Sir, 1862-1942

Brégg, V., 1862-1942

Брэгг, Уильям Генри, 1862-1942

Biography

Abstract

Sir William Henry Bragg was a crystallographer at University College, London. He and his son William Lawrence Bragg were awarded the 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays." William Henry Bragg was a Professor of Physics at University of Adelaide, Leeds University, University College of London, and the Royal Institution of Great Britain.

Important Dates

July 2, 1862Birth, Wigton (England).

1884Obtained Part I degree in Mathematics Tripos, Trinity College, Cambridge (England).

1885Obtained Part II degree in Mathematics in Tripos, First Class Honours, Trinity College, Cambridge (England).

1885 – 1886Researcher, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge (England).

1886 – 1909Professor of Mathematics and Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide (S.A.).

1907Fellow, Royal Society.

1909 – 1915Cavendish Professor of Physics, Leeds University, Leeds (England).

1915Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics with son William Lawrence Bragg "for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of x-rays".

1915 – 1925Quain Professor of Physics, University College of London, London (England).

1916Awarded Rumford Medal.

1917Appointed Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE).

1920Knighted.

1920 – 1942Honorary Fellow, Trinity College, Cambridge (England).

1923Fullerian Professor of Chemistry and Director, Royal Institution of Great Britain, London (England).

1930Awarded Copley Medal.

1934Co-wrote "The Crystalline State" with son William Lawrence Bragg.

1935 – 1940President, Royal Society.

1936Co-wrote "Electricity" with son William Lawrence Bragg.

1937Co-wrote "Atomic Structure of Minerals" with son William Lawrence Bragg.

March 10, 1942Death, London (England).

Occupation

Crystallographer.

Places

Birth

Wigton (England)

Undergraduate Education

Cambridge (England)

Graduate Education

Cambridge (England)

Employment

Adelaide (S.A.)

Leeds (England)

London (England)

Death

London (England)

Subjects

Atomic and molecular physics.

Crystallography.

X-rays.

Relationships

People

Family

Bragg, Gwendoline Todd

Wife.

Bragg, William Lawrence, Sir, 1890-1971

Son. Advised by father at University of Leeds and awarded 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics with father William Henry Bragg.

Advisors & Collaborators

Astbury, William Thomas, 1898-1961

Advised by Bragg at University of Leeds.

Bernal, J. D. (John Desmond), 1901-1971

Advised by Bragg at the Royal Institution.

Burgers, Willy Gerard

Advised by Bragg at the Royal Institution.

Lonsdale, Kathleen, Dame, 1903-1971

Advised by Bragg at University College of London (UCL).

Rankine, Alexander Oliver,

Advised by Bragg at University of London.

Robertson, J. Monteath (John Monteath).

Advised by Bragg at the Royal Institution.

Routh, Edward John

PhD advisor at Cambridge University.

Additional

Alexander, Jerome, 1876-1959

Appleton, Edward Victor, Sir, 1892-1965

Blackett, P. M. S. (Patrick Maynard Stuart), Baron Blackett, 1897-1974

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Brose, Henry L. (Henry Leopold), 1890-

Caroe, G. M.

Casimir, H. B. G. (Hendrik Brugt Gerhard), 1909-2000

Chapman, Sydney, 1888-1970

Compton, Betty Charity McCloskey, 1916-

Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-

Davy, Humphry, Sir, 1778-1829

Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966

Ewald, Paul Peter, 1888-1985

Fajans, Kasimir, 1887-1975

Faraday, Michael, 1791-1867

Feather, N. (Norman)

Finkelstein, David Ritz, 1929-

Fox, Gerald Willis, 1900-1974

Grove, William Robert,

Haldane, J. B. S. (John Burdon Sanderson), 1892-1964

Heaviside, Oliver, 1850-1925

Hevesy, Georg von, 1885-1966

Heyworth, Dorothy

Hill, A. V. (Archibald Vivian), 1886-1977

Huxley, Julian, 1887-1975

Jeans, James Hopwood, Sir

Jesse, William Polk, 1891-1974

Jones, H. (Harry), 1905-1986

Laue, Max von, 1879-1960

Loeb, Leonard B. (Leonard Benedict), 1891-

Madsen, John Percival Vissing

McDowell, Louise S. (Louise Sherwood), 1876-1966

Mellanby, Edward, Sir, 1887-1955

Morse, Philip M. (Philip McCord), 1903-1985

Mott, N. F. (Nevill Francis), Sir, 1905-1996

Occhialini, Giuseppe, 1907-1993

Peierls, Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995

Phillips, D.C. (David C.)

Pohl, Robert Wichard, 1884-1976

Polanyi, Michael, 1891-1976

Porter, George, Sir, 1920-

Rayleigh, John William Strutt, Baron, 1842-1919

Richardson, O. W. (Owen Willans), 1879-1959

Rogers, Arthur Lionel,

Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937

Shankland, Robert S., 1908-

Siegbahn, Manne, 1886-1978

Snow, C. P. (Charles Percy), 1905-1980

Thomas, J. M. (John Meurig)

Thomson, Elihu, 1853-1937

Thomson, G. P. (George Paget), 1892-1975

Tyndall, John, 1820-1893

Waller, Ivar, 1898-1991

Wilson, Charles Thomson Rees, 1869-1959

Wilson, Lucy, 1888-

Wilson, W. (William), b. 1875

Wood, A. B. (Albert Beaumont)

Zeeman, Pieter, 1865-1943

Institutions

Major Positions

Cavendish Laboratory (Cambridge, England)

Researcher.

Royal Institution (Great Britain).

Fullerian Professor of Chemistry and Director.

University College, London. Department of Physics

Quain Professor of Physics.

University of Adelaide

Professor of Mathematics and Physics.

University of Leeds

Cavendish Professor of Physics.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Columbia University. Department of Physics

Royal Society (Great Britain)

Fellow and President.

Trinity College (University of Cambridge)

Obtained Part I (1884) and Part II (1885) degrees in Mathematics in Tripos.

University of Oxford. Alembic Club

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

C. P. Snow collection, 1931-1980.

Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

University of Texas at Austin

P.O. Drawer 7219, Austin, TX 78713-7219, USA

History of Sound Ranging, 1914-1918.

Royal Artillery Library

Old Royal Military Academy

Academy Road, Woolich SEI8 4DN

Humphrey Davy, Michael Faraday, William Grove, John Tyndall and William Bragg papers [microfilm], 1837-1938, records of the secretary.

Alexander Turnbull Library

Wellington, New Zealand

Kasimir Fajans papers, 1912-1975.

Bentley Historical Library

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2113, USA

Sir William Henry Bragg miscellaneous correspondence.

Medical Research Council

London, Englank UK

Sir William Henry Bragg miscellaneous letters, 1907-1931.

Royal Society

6 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG, England UK

Sir William Lawrence Bragg papers.

Royal Institution of Great Britain

London, Englank UK

William H. Bragg letters to Gerald Willis Fox, 1931-1936.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

William H. Bragg research notes on x-rays, 1913.

Brotherton Library, Department of Special Collections

University of Leeds

Woodhouse Lane, Leeds, West Yorkshire LS2 9JT

William Henry Bragg correspondence with Ernest Rutherford, 1904-1933.

Department of Manuscripts and University Archives

Cambridge University

West Road, Cambridge, CH3 9DR

William Henry Bragg papers, 1889-1960.

Royal Institution of Great Britain

London, Englank UK

William Lawrence Bragg selected reprints, 1920-1969.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Arthur Lionel Rogers papers, 1885-1986.

In private hands

Contact: Australian Science Archives Project

Department of H. P. S., University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3052

BBC written archives, 1922-[ongoing].

BBC Written Archives Centre

Caversham Park, Reading, RG4 8TZ

Columbia University Department of Physics Historical Records, 1862-1997.

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Columbia University

Butler Library, 6th Floor East, New York, NY 10027, USA

David C. Phillips papers, 1935-1994.

Bodleian Library

University of Oxford

Department of Western Manuscripts Oxford, England, UK

Elihu Thomson papers, 1853-1955.

Library.

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Ernest Rutherford correspondence [microform], 1906-1937.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

H. B. G. Casimir papers, 1929-2000.

Rijksarchief in Noord-Holland

Kleine Houtweg 18, Haarlem, Netherlands

Henry Brose correspondence, 1910-1939.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Ivar Waller papers, circa 1912-1989.

Centrum för Vetenskapshistoria

Kungl. Svenska vetenskapsakademien

Stockholm, Sweden

Jerome Alexander correspondence, 1908-1953.

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

New York Public Library

Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street, New York, NY 10018, USA

Job application and testimonials, 1911-1914.

Museum of the History of Science

Broad Street, Oxford OX1 3AZ

John Percival Vissing Madsen papers, 1906-1969.

Basser Library

Australian Academy of Science

GPO Box 783, Canberra, ACT 2601

Kathleen Lonsdale papers, ca. 1914-1989.

Archive

University College of London

Gower Street, London WCIE 6BT

Louise S. McDowell papers, 1894-1955.

Archives

Wellesley College

Margaret Clapp Library, Wellesley, MA 02481, USA

Michael Polanyi papers, 1900-1975.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Niels Bohr scientific correspondence, 1903-1962.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

O. W. Richardson papers, 1897-1959 (bulk 1920-1940).

Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

University of Texas at Austin

P.O. Drawer 7219, Austin, TX 78713-7219, USA

Oliver Heaviside selected papers [microform], 1874-1922.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Betty Compton, 1968 April 11 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Dorothy Heyworth, 1979 March 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Georg von Hevesy, 1962 May 25 and 4 February 1963.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Giuseppe Occhialini, 1971 April 5, 6, May 16, 17, and November 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Harry Jones, 1981 January 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Karl K. Darrow, 1964 April 2 and 10 June.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Leonard B. Loeb, 1962 August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lucy Wilson, 1978 October 4 and December 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Norman Feather, 1971 February 25 and 5 November.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Peter Ewald, 1968 May 17 and 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Wichard Pohl, 1963 June 25.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1963 June 17 and 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Sir William Lawrence Bragg, 1969 June 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Phillip M. Morse autobiographical data, circa 1962.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Pieter Zeeman papers, 1877-1946.

Rijksarchief in Noord-Holland

Kleine Houtweg 18, Haarlem, Netherlands

Professor A. V. Hill papers, 1894-1977.

Archives Centre.

Churchill College

Cambridge CB3 0DS

Reminiscences of A. B. Wood [sound recording], 1960.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Scientific correspondence [microform], 1907-1962.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Scientists collection, 1563-1973.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Sir George Porter papers, 1938-1999.

Royal Institution of Great Britain

London, Englank UK

Sydney Chapman festschrift material [microform], 1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

University of Oxford. Alembic Club records, 1904-1973.

Museum of the History of Science

Broad Street, Oxford OX1 3AZ

W. Wilson papers, 1910-1957; 1960-1985.

University of London

Royal Holloway College Library

Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey, England UK

William P. Jesse scientific autobiography, 1968.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

An introduction to crystal analysis, by Sir William Bragg…

Atomic structure of minerals/ by W.L. Bragg …

Concerning the nature of things/ by Sir William Bragg ... illustrated with many diagrams and plates.

Concerning the nature of things; six lectures delivered at the Royal Institution.

Craftsmanship and science: (Presidential address to the British association, September 5, 1928)/ by Prof; sir William Bragg...with two supplementary addresses.

Creative knowledge: old trades and new science/ by Sir William Bragg…

Durchang der [Alpha-, Beta-, Gamma-] und Röntgen-Strahlen durch Materie/ von W.H. Bragg; Deutsch von Max Iklé.

Electricity/ by W.L. Bragg …

Physical sciences. Edited by Sir William Lawrence Bragg and George Porter.

Recent advances in physics: notes of four lectures to scientific works in industry/ by W.L. Bragg.

Scientific progress/ by Sir James Jeans... Sir William Bragg... Professor E.V. Appleton... Professor E. Mellanby ... Professor J.S.S. Haldane... [and] Professor Julian Huxley…

Studies in radioactivity, by W. H. Bragg…

The crystalline state.

The development of x-ray analysis/ by Sir Lawrence Bragg; edited by B.C. Phillips and H. Lipson.

The history of x-ray anaylsis/ by Sir Lawrence Bragg.

The structure of an Organic Crystal; Fison Memorial Lecture, 1928, delivered at Guy's Hospital Medical School, March 13, 1928/ by Sir William H. Bragg…

The universe of light.

The world of sound [microform]: six lectures delivered before a juvenile auditory at the Royal Institution, Christmas, 1919/ by Sir William Bragg.

Was ist Materie: sechs gemeinverständliche Vortr̈ge, gehalten in der Royal Institution/ von Sir William Bragg ... ; autorisierte übersetzung von Dr. Finkelstein.

X-rays and crystal structure/ by Sir W.H. Bragg and W.L. Bragg.

Subject

Light is a messenger: the life and science of William Lawrence Bragg/ Graeme K. Hunter.

The Legacy of Sir Lawrence Bragg: selections and reflections/ edited by John M. Thomas, Sir David Phillips.

William and Lawrence Bragg, father and son: the most extraordinary collaboration in science/ John Jenkin.

William Bragg Nobel Prize biography.

William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg: a bibliography of their non-technical writings/ [compiled by Henry Lowood].

William Henry Bragg, 1862-1942: man and scientist/ G. M. Caroe.