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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Johannes Stark

Photo

Dates

April 15, 1874 – June 21, 1957

Authorized Form of Name

Stark, Johannes, 1874-1957

Additional Forms of Names

Stark, J. (Johannes), 1874-1957

Biography

Abstract

Johannes Stark was awarded the 1919 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields." Stark had an influential role in German physics; he was a professor at a variety of German universities and served as head of the Reich Physical-Technical Institute and the German Research Association. His was a leading voice in the Deutsche Physik movement, which called for the removal of Jewish scientists like Albert Einstein from German physics during the rule of the Nazi party.

Important Dates

April 15, 1874Birth, Nürnberg (Germany).

1897Obtained PhD in Physics, University of Munich, Munich (Germany).

1897 – 1900Assistant to Eugene Lommel, University of Munich, Munich (Germany).

1900Lecturer, University of Göttingen, Göttingen (Germany).

1906Extraordinary Professor, Technische Hochschule, Hannover, Hannover (Germany).

1909Professor, Technische Hochschule in Aachen, Aachen (Germany).

1910Awarded the Baumgartner Prize, Vienna Academy of Sciences.

1914Awarded the Matteucci Medal, Rome Academy of Science.

1914Awarded the Vahlbruch Prize, Göttingen Academy of Sciences.

1917Professor, University of Greifswald, Greifswald (Germany).

1919Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields".

1920 – 1922Professor, Physics Institute, University of Würzburg.

1933Head, German Research Association.

1933 – 1939President, Physical-Technical Institute (Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt), Berlin (Germany).

1934Published book "Nationalsocialismus und Wissenschaft," which expressed his Nationalist and Nazi beliefs.

1947Sentenced to four years imprisonment in denazification court, but did not carry out sentence.

June 21, 1957Death, Traunstein (Germany).

Occupation

Experimental physicist.

Places

Birth

Nürnberg (Germany)

Graduate Education

Munich (Germany)

Employment

Göttingen (Germany)

Aachen (Germany)

Greifswald (Germany)

Wurzburg (Germany)

Berlin (Germany)

Bonn (Germany)

Death

Traunstein (Germany)

Subjects

Doppler effect.

Ions.

Light particles.

Stark effect

Relationships

People

Advisors & Collaborators

Lenard, Philipp, 1862-1947

Collaborated in the Deutsche Physik movement.

Lommel, Eugene, 1837-1899

Advisor at University of Munich.

Meyer, Edgar 1879-1960

Advised by Stark at University of Aachen.

Riecke, E. (Eduard), 1845-

Advisor at University of Gottingen.

Additional

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

Epstein, Paul S. (Paul Sophus), 1883-1966

Franck, James, 1882-1964

Fulcher, Gordon S. (Gordon Scott), 1884-

Gerlach, Walther, 1889-1979

Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976

Hevesy, Georg von, 1885-1966

Koenigsberger, Johann Georg

Korn, Elizabeth P.

Laue, Max von, 1879-1960

Lorentz, H. A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

Meissner, Walther, 1882-1974

Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968

Ochsenfeld, Robert, 1901-1993

Rubinowicz, Wojciech

Runge, Carl, 1856-1927

Sponer, Hertha, 1895-1968

Wentzel, Gregor, 1898-1978

Wien, W. (Wilhelm), 1864-1928

Zeeman, Pieter, 1865-1943

Institutions

Major Positions

Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitat Wurzburg

Professor, Physics Institute.

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

President.

Physikalisch-Technische Reichsanstalt (Germany)

President.

Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen

Professor of Physics.

Technische Universität Hannover

Professor of Physics.

Universität Göttingen

Lecturer.

Universität Greifswald

Professor of Physics.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Accademia nazionale delle scienze dette dei XL

Awarded the Matteucci Medal (1914).

Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen

Awarded the Vahlbruch Prize (1914).

Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften

Awarded the Baumgartner Prize (1910).

Universitat Munchen. Fakultat fur Physik

Received PhD in Physics (1897) and Research Assistant.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Johannes Stark correspondence, 1904-1927.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Johannes Stark letters, 1904-1918.

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz.

Potsdamer Strasse, Postfach 1107, W-1000, Berlin 30, Germany

Johannes Stark selected correspondence [microform], 1904-1927.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk).

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Elizabeth P. Korn sketches, 1928-1940s.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Georg von Hevesy scientific correspondence, 1910-1966.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Gordon Scott Fulcher papers, 1897-1970.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Johann Koenigsberger correspondence.

Handschriftenabteilung

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich

Zurich, Switzerland

Oral history interview with Gregor Wentzel, 1964 February 3 to 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lise Meitner, 1963 May 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Sophus Epstein, 1962 May 25, 26 and June 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Ochsenfeld, 1992 November 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walther Gerlach, 1963 February 18 and 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walther Meissner, 1963 February 8.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Werner Heisenberg, 1962 November 30, 1963 February 7, 11, 13, 15, 19, 22, 25, 27, 28 and 1963 July 5, 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Wojciech Rubinowicz, 1963 May 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history joint interview with James Franck and Hertha Sponer-Franck, 1962 July 9 to 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Pieter Zeeman papers, 1877-1946.

Rijksarchief in Noord-Holland

Kleine Houtweg 18, Haarlem, Netherlands

Selected correspondence, 1899-1907.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Weiner collection in natural science of correspondence, manuscripts, documents, and portraits of scientists [microform], circa 1500-circa 1900.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Der Stark-Effekt / Johannes Stark, Paul S. Epstein.

Die Axialität der lichtemission und atomstruktur / von J. Stark.

Die elektrizität in gasen, von Dr. Johannes Stark ... Mit 144 abbildungen.

Die gegenwärtige Krisie in der deutschen Physik / von Johannes Stark.

Elektrische spektralanalyse chemischer atome / von dr. J. Stark ... Mit 4 tafeln und 19 figuren im text.

Erinnerungen eines deutschen Naturforschers / Johannes Stark ; herausgegeben von Andreas Kleinert.

Experimentelle Fortschritte der Atomforschung / von Johannes Stark.

Fortschritte der Physik, 1887 bis 1937 /von J. Stark.

Fortschritte und probleme der atomforschung /von dr. Johannes Stark. Mit 11 figuren.

Nationalsozialismus und Wissenschaft / von Dr. Johannes Stark

Natur der chemischen Valenzkräfte / von Johannes Stark ; mit 4 figuren.

Physik der Atomoberfläche / von Johannes Stark.

Prinzipien der atomdynamik, von dr. J. Stark

Subject

Albert Einstein und Johannes Stark :Briefwechsel und Verhältnis der beiden Nobelpreisträger / von Armin Hermann.

Johannes Stark Nobel Prize Biography.

Johannes Stark Physics Today obituary.