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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Jean Perrin

Photo

Dates

September 30, 1870 – April 17, 1942

Authorized Form of Name

Perrin, Jean, 1870-1942

Additional Forms of Names

Perrin, Jean Baptiste, 1870-1942

Perrin, Jean-Baptiste, 1870-1942

Biography

Abstract

Jean-Baptiste Perrin was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1926 "for his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium." His work with Brownian motion verified Albert Einstein’s theory and confirmed the atomic nature of matter. The majority of his career was spent at the University of Paris-Sorbonne.

Important Dates

September 30, 1870Birth, Lille (France).

circa 1894Obtained BSc degree, École Normale Supérieure, Paris (France).

1894 – 1897Research Assistant, Physics department, École Normale Supérieure, Paris (France).

1897Obtained PhD, University of Paris (Université de Paris), Paris (France).

1897 – 1940Readership (1897) and Professor of Physical Chemistry (1910-1940), University of Paris-Sorbonne (Université de Paris IV: Paris-Sorbonne), Paris (France).

1911Member, Solvay Committee, Brussels.

1912Awarded Vallauri Prize of Bologna.

1913Published book, "Les Atomes".

1914Awarded La Case Prize, French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences).

1914 – 1918Officer, Engineer Corps of France.

1921Member, Solvay Committee, Brussels.

1923Member, French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences).

1926Commander, Legion of Honour.

1926Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics "for his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium".

1936Appointed Under-Sectretary of State for Scientific Research, France.

1938President, French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences).

1938President, French Government Department of Scientific Research (Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France)).

1940Escaped to United States following Nazi invasion of France.

April 17, 1942Death, New York (N.Y.).

Occupation

Molecular physicist.

Places

Birth

Lille (France)

Undergraduate Education

Paris (France)

Graduate Education

Paris (France)

Employment

Paris (France)

Death

New York (N.Y.)

Subjects

Atomic and molecular physics.

Brownian motion processes.

Cathode rays.

Colloids--chemistry.

Relationships

People

Family

Perrin, Francis

Son and Professor of Mathematics and Physics.

Perrin-Duportal, Henriette

Wife, married 1897.

Advisors & Collaborators

Auger, Pierre, 1899-1993

Advised by Perrin at University of Paris (Université de Paris).

Brillouin, Marcel Louis

PhD advisor at University of Paris (Université de Paris).

Broglie, Louis de, 1892-1987

Advised by Perrin at University of Paris (Université de Paris).

Cauchois, Y. (Yvette), 1908-

Advised by Perrin at University of Paris (Université de Paris).

Haenny, Charles Bertrand

Advised by Perrin at University of Paris-Sorbonne (Université de Paris IV: Paris-Sorbonne).

Violle, Jules, 1841-1923

PhD advisor at University of Paris (Université de Paris).

Additional

Allard, Georges

Bauer, Edmond

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Brillouin, Léon, 1889-1969

Burger, Herman Carel, 1893-1965

Curie, Marie, 1867-1934

Dirac, P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

Gentner, Wolfgang, 1906-1980

Guéron, Jules

Joliot-Curie, Frédéric

Korn, Elizabeth P.

Kowarski, Lew

Langevin, Jean

Loeb, Leonard B. (Leonard Benedict), 1891-

Loeb briefly worked in Perrin's laboratory in Paris.

Lorentz, H. A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

Lucas, René Auguste, 1898-

Nernst, Walther, 1864-1941

Nye, Mary Jo

Smoluchowski, Marian, 1872-1917

Institutions

Major Positions

Universite de Paris IV: Paris-Sorbonne

Readership and Professor, Physical Chemistry.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Académie des Sciences (France)

Member; President; and awarded La Case Prize (1914).

Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France)

President.

École normale supérieure (France). Laboratoire de physique

Received BSc (approx. 1894) and Research Assistant.

Instituts Solvay

Member, attended first and third Solvay Conferences, 1911, 1921.

Royal Society (Great Britain)

Awarded Joule Prize (1896).

Université de Paris

Received PhD (1897).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Jean Perrin papers, 1887-1942.

Archives et Patrimoine historique

Académie des Sciences

23 quai de Conti, 75006 Paris, France

Subject

Columbia University Department of Physics Historical Records, 1862-1997.

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Columbia University

Butler Library, 6th Floor East, New York, NY 10027, USA

Elizabeth P. Korn sketches, 1928-1940s.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

French government records concerning the Services des Missions (in charge of scientific expeditions during the 19th century), 1864-1945.

Archives nationales de France

Archives nationales de France

60 rue de Francs-Bourgeois, 75141 Paris France

Leonard Loeb autobiography, 1962.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Marian Smoluchowski personal archives, 1890-1917.

Dept. of Manuscripts

Biblioteka Jagiellonska.

A. Mickiewicza 22, 30-059 Cracow

Max Born Jounrey to Russia, 1945.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Edmond H. Bauer, 1963 Janurary 8 and 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Georges Allard, 1963 January 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Herman Carel Burger, 1962 November 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jean Langevin, 1963 Janurary 11.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jules Gueron, 1978 April 14, 15, and 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Léon Brillouin, 1962 March 29 and 3 April.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Leonard B. Loeb, 1962 August 7.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lew Kowarski, 1969 March 20, October 19, 20, 21, 1970 May 3, 14, 1971 May 15 and November 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Louis de Broglie, 1963 January 7 and 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with René Auguste Lucas, 1963 January 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Wolfgang Gentner, 1971 November 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

À la surface des choses : Physique générale / Par Jean Perrin.

Atoms / by Jean Perrin, authorised translation, by D. Ll. Hammick.

Die Brown'sche Bewegung und die wahre Existenz der Moleküle / von J. Perrin ; Deutsch von J. Donau.

Grains de matière et de lumière / par Jean Perrin.

La science et l'espérance / par Jean Perrin ; préfaces de Louis de Broglie [et] Léon Blum.

Les atomes / Présentation et compléments par Francis Perrin.

Les atomes/ par Jean Perrin.

Les éléments da la physique / par Jean Perrin.

Notice sur les travaux scientifiques / de Jean Perrin.

Oeuvres scientifiques de Jean Perrin / Jean Perrin.

Traité de chimie physique : Les Principes / par Jean Perrin.

Subject

1921 Solvay Conference Proceedings.

Célébration du centenaire de la naissance de Jean Perrin : sous le haut patronage de Monsiur le Président de la République.

Jean Perrin Nobel Prize biography.

Molecular reality, a perspective on the scientific work of Jean Perrin.

Physics Tree - Jean Perrin, Ph.D.

Royal Society Jean Baptiste Perrin obiturary.