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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Photo

Dates

September 21, 1853 – February 21, 1926

Authorized Form of Name

Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike, 1853-1926

Additional Forms of Names

Onnes, Heike Kamerlingh, 1853-1926

Biography

Abstract

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes was a physicist at Leiden University, specializing in superconductivity. He was awarded the 1913 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium."

Important Dates

September 21, 1853Birth, Groningen (Netherlands).

1871Obtained BSc in Physics, University of Groningen (Rijksuniversiteit te Groningen), Groningen (Netherlands).

1873Obtained Masters degree in Physics, University of Groningen (Rijksuniversiteit te Groningen), Groningen (Netherlands).

1878Assistant, Delft University of Technology (Technische Hogeschool Delft), Delft (Netherlands).

1879Obtained PhD in Physics, University of Groningen (Rijksuniversiteit te Groningen), Groningen (Netherlands).

1882 – 1923Professor of Experimental Physics and Meteorology, University of Leiden (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden), Leiden (Netherlands).

1883Member, Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen.

1910Awarded Matteucci Medal.

1912Awarded Rumford Medal, Royal Society.

1913Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics "for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium".

1915Awarded Franklin Medal, Franklin Institute.

February 21, 1926Death, Leiden (Netherlands).

Occupation

Superconductivity.

Places

Birth

Groningen (Netherlands)

Undergraduate Education

Groningen (Netherlands)

Graduate Education

Groningen (Netherlands)

Employment

Delft (Netherlands)

Leiden (Netherlands)

Death

Leiden (Netherlands)

Subjects

Low temperature research.

Superconductivity.

Relationships

People

Advisors & Collaborators

Bemmelen, W. van (Willem), 1868-

Advised by Kamerlingh Onnes at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Everdingen, E. van (Ewoud), 1873-

Advised by Kamerlingh Onnes at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Haas, Wander Johannes de, 1878-1957

Advised by Kamerlingh Onnes at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Hasenohrl, Friedrich

Advised by Kamerlingh Onnes at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Holst, Gilles

Advised by Kamerlingh Onnes at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Kirchhoff, G. (Gustav), 1824-1887

Research advisor at Universität Heidelberg.

Sissingh, Remmelt, 1858-1927

Advised by Kamerlingh Onnes at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Sizoo, Gerardus Johnnes

Advised by Kamerlingh Onnes at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Zeeman, Pieter, 1865-1943

Advised by Kamerlingh Onnes at Leiden University (Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden).

Additional

Bloembergen, N.

Burgers, J. M. (Johannes Martinus), 1895-1981

Burgess, J. M., 1948-

Claude, Georges

Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966

Delft, Dirk van

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

Fokker, A. D. (Adriaan Daniël), 1887-1972

Gavroglou, Kōstas

Goudaroulis, Yorgos

Gray, Arthur Wellington, 1875-1957

Josephson, B. D. (Brian David), 1940-

Keesom, W. H. (Willem Hendrik), b. 1876.

Koehler, James S. (James Stark), 1914-2006

Lorentz, H. A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

Lorentz, H. A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

Natanson, Wladyslaw, 1864-1937

Sommerfeld, Arnold, 1868-1951

Voigt, Woldemar

Waals, J. D. van der (Johannes Diderik), 1837-1923

Institutions

Major Positions

Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden

Professor of Experimental Physics and Meteorology.

Technische Hogeschool Delft

Assistant.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.)

Awarded 1915 Franklin Medal.

Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen

Member.

Rijksuniversiteit te Groningen

Obtained BSc in Physics (1871), Masters degree in Physics (1873), and PhD in Physics (1879).

Royal Society (Great Britain)

Awarded 1912 Rumford Medal.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes letters to Hendrik A. Lorentz, 1906-1931.

Algemeen Rijksarchief

The Hague, Netherlands

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes letters to Johannes Diderik van der Waals, 1890-1921.

In private hands

Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes letters to Woldemar Voigt, 1899-1918.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Onnes Kamerlingh papers, 1870-1936.

Rijksmumsum voor de Geschiedenis van de Natuurwetenschappen en van de Geneeskunde 'Museum Boerhaave'

Steenstraat IA, 2313 BS Leiden, Netherlands

Subject

Albert Einstein correspondence with H. A. Lorentz and Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes [microform], 1901-1926.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk).

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Arnold Sommerfeld papers [microform], 1896-1950.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Arthur Gray correspondence, lecture notes and memorabilia, 1908-1928.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Georges Claude papers.

In private hands

contact: Robert Boizard 33, avenue Montaigne, 75008 Paris, France

H. A. Lorentz papers, 1888-1928.

Algemeen Rijksarchief

The Hague, Netherlands

J. M. Burgess papers.

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Marine Technology

Delft University of Technology.

Rotterdamsweg 145, 2628 AL Delft, Netherlands

Oral history interview with Adriaan Daniël Fokker, 1963 April 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with James Stark Koehler,1981 March 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Johannes Martinus Burgers, 1962 June 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Nicolaas Bloembergen, 1983 June 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Peter J. W. Debye, 1965 December 22 to 16 June 1966.

Carl A. Kroch Library. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections

Cornell University

2B Carl A Kroch Library, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA

Pieter Zeeman papers, 1877-1946.

Rijksarchief in Noord-Holland

Kleine Houtweg 18, Haarlem, Netherlands

Wladyslaw Natanson correspondence, 1884-1937.

Dept. of Manuscripts

Biblioteka Jagiellonska.

A. Mickiewicza 22, 30-059 Cracow

Woldemar Voigt letters from Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, 1899-1918.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Published Resources

Author

Die Zustandsgleichung, von H. Kamerlingh Onnes und W. H. Keesom.

H.A. Lorentz, als Schöpfer und als Personlichkeit [geschrieben] für die Gedachtnis-Austellung von H.A. Lorentz und H. Kamerlingh Onnes... Sommer des Jahres 1953 im Rijksmuseum.

Through measurement to knowledge: the selected papers of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, 1853-1926/ Heike Kamerlingh Onnes; edited, with an intoductory essay by Kostas Gavroglu and Yorgos Goudaroulis.

Subject

Freezing physics: Hieke Kamerlingh Onnes and the quest for cold/ Dirk van Delft.

H. Kamerlingh Onnes, 1853-1926 / by F.A. Freeth.

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes Nobel Prize biography.

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes: een biografie: de man van het absolute nulpunt/ Dirk van Delft.

Het Natuurkundig laboratium der Ruiksuniversiteit te Leiden in de jaren 1904-1922.: Gedenkoek aangeboden aan H. Kammerlingh Onnes, directeur van het laboratorium bij gelegenheid van zijn veertigjarig professoraat op 11 november 1922.

Het Natuurkundig laboratorium der Rijks-Universeiteit te Leiden in de jaren, 1882-1904/ Gedenkboek aangeboden aan H. Kamerlingh Onnes, directeur van het laboratorium bij gelegengeid van zijn 25-jarig doctoraat op 10 juli 1904.

How fluids unmix: discoveries by the School of Van der Waals and Kamerlingh Onnes/ Johanna Levelt Sengers.

The coldest spot on earth: Kamerlingh Onnes and l prize low temperature research, 1882-1923/ Anne c. van Helden.