Menu ☰

Back to Top

Physics History Network

Over 1000 biographies of physicists and histories of institutions with information pertaining to their lives, careers, and research.

Tip: Search within this page by using Ctrl + F or ⌘ + F


Search Our Catalogs

Archives Books

Collections

Emilio Segré Visual Archives Digital Collections Oral Histories Archival Finding Aids Physics History Network Member Society Portals

Preservation and Support

Donating Materials Suggest a Book Purchase Saving Archival Collections Grants to Archives Documentation Projects History Newsletters

Center for History of Physics

Scholarship & Outreach

Main Navigation

HomeAboutTopic GuidesFeedback

Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

J. M. Burgers

Photo

Dates

January 13, 1895 – July 6, 1981

Authorized Form of Name

Burgers, J. M. (Johannes Martinus), 1895-1981

Additional Forms of Names

Burgers, J. M.

Burgers, Jan

Burgers, Johannes Martinus, 1895-1981

Biography

Abstract

Johannes M. Burgers was born and educated in the Netherlands. He received his PhD in both physics and mathematics from the University of Leiden, where he was advised by P. T. Ehrenfest. Dr. Burgers’ research led him to become a leading authority on fluid dynamics, but also studied crystallography alongside his brother, Wilhelm.

Important Dates

January, 13, 1895Born, Arnhem (Netherlands).

1918Obtained PhD in Physics and Mathematics, University of Leiden, Leiden (Netherlands).

1918 – 1955Professor of Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Shipbuilding, Technische Hoogeschool in Delft (Technical University of Delft), Delft (Netherlands).

1931Member, Department of Physics, Royal Acadmey of Sciences.

1946 – 1952General Secretary, International Council of Scientific Unions.

1955 – 1965Professor, Institute for Fluid Dynamics and Applied Mathematics (1955-1965); Retired, Professor Emeritus (1965), University of Maryland, College Park (Md.).

1964Awarded the Bingham Medal, Society of Rheology.

July 6, 1981Death, Washington (D.C.).

Occupation

Fluid dynamics and statistical mechanics physicist.

Places

Birth

Arnhem (Netherlands)

Graduate Education

Leiden (Netherlands)

Employment

Delft (Netherlands)

College Park (Md.)

Death

Washington (D.C.)

Subjects

Aerodynamics.

Crystallography.

Fluid dynamics.

Hydrodynamics.

Polymer rheology.

Statistical mechanics.

Turbulence.

Relationships

People

Family

Burgers, Anneke

Daughter.

Burgers, J. Herman, 1926-

Son.

Burgers, Johannes Martinus

Father.

Burgers, Marion

Daughter.

Burgers, Willy Gerard

Brother and collaborated on crystal lattice dislocation.

Romijn, Johanna Hendrika

Mother.

Roosenschoon, Jeannette Dolvina

First wife.

Vaerhoeven, Anna

Second wife.

Advisors & Collaborators

Ehrenfest, Paul, 1880-1933

PhD advisor at University of Leiden.

Additional

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Chapman, Sydney, 1888-1970

Dirac, P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984

Jordan, Ernst P.

Kamerlingh Onnes, Heike, 1853-1926

Klein, Martin J.

Lorentz, H. A. (Hendrik Antoon), 1853-1928

Rubinowicz, Wojciech

Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937

Struik, Dirk J. (Dirk Jan), 1894-2000

Von Kármán, Theodore, 1881-1963

Institutions

Major Positions

Technische Hogeschool Delft

Professor of Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Shipbuilding.

University of Maryland, College Park. Institute for Fluid Dynamics and Applied Mathematics

Professor and Retired, Professor Emeritus.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

International Council of Scientific Unions

General Secretary.

Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden

Obtained PhD in Physics and Mathematics (1918).

Society of Rheology (U.S.)

Recipient of the Bingham Medal in 1964.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

J. M. Burgers papers.

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Marine Technology

Delft University of Technology.

Rotterdamsweg 145, 2628 AL Delft, Netherlands

Johannes M. Burgers autobiographical notes, 1954

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Johannes M. Burgers autobiographical notes, 1962

Niels Bohr Archive

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Johannes M. Burgers papers, circa 1912-1980

Hornbake Library. Archives and Manuscripts Department

University of Maryland

College Park, MD 20742, USA

Oral history interview with Johannes Martinus Burgers, 1962 June 9

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Dirk Jan Struik autobiogrpahy, chapter V: Leiden science, 1973

Niels Bohr Archive

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Johannes M. Burgers correspondence, 1914-1930

Hornbake Library. Archives and Manuscripts Department

University of Maryland

College Park, MD 20742, USA

Oral history interview with Ernst Pascual Jordan, 1963 June 12, 18, 19, and 20

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with P. A. M. Dirac, 1962 April 1, 1963 May 6, 7, 10, and 14

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Wojciech Rubinowicz, 1963 May 18

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Paul Ehrenfest correspondence and lectures [microform], 1914-1932

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Paul Ehrenfest papers [microform], 1903-1933

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Paul Ehrenfest papers, 1902-1933

Rijksmumsum voor de Geschiedenis van de Natuurwetenschappen en van de Geneeskunde 'Museum Boerhaave'

Steenstraat IA, 2313 BS Leiden, Netherlands

Sydney Chapman festschrift material [microform], 1968

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Theodore Von Karman papers, 1871-1963

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Published Resources

Author

Experience and conceptual activity : a philosophical essay based upon the writings of A.N. Whitehead / [by] J.M. Burgers.

Het atoommodel van Rutherford-Bohr / Johannes Martinus Burgers.

Selected Papers of J. M. Burgers

Subject

J. M. Burgers Physics Today obituary.