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Table of Contents

Institutional History

AbstractImportant DatesPlacesSubjectsCitations

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as Author

Johns Hopkins University. Applied Physics Laboratory

Photo

Dates

1942 – present

Authorized Form of Name

Johns Hopkins University. Applied Physics Laboratory

Additional Forms of Names

APL

APL (Johns Hopkins University)

Applied Physics Laboratory. Baltimore, Md.

Institutional History

Abstract

Founded in 1942, the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory has helped solve some of the toughest technical problems. It was created to develop the proximity fuze that changed air defense during World War II. Since its founding, it has completed over 600 projects in areas such as air defense, undersea warfare, precision engagement, strategic systems, and space systems.

Important Dates

1941 – 1943Robert Brode was on staff.

1942James Van Allen was on staff.

1942Develops proximity fuze to help defend Navy ships from enemy air attacks during World War II.

1942Applied Physics Laboratory begins operations, Silver Spring (Md.).

1942 – 1943Gregory Breit was on staff.

1942 – 1949Lawrence Hafstad was on staff.

1944 – 1945Henry Foley was on staff.

1946Begins a high-altitude research program using captured German V-2 rockets and their own Aerobee rocket.

1946 – 1950James Van Allen was on staff.

1954Moved their headquarters, Laurel (Md.).

1958Develops Transit, the first Doppler-based, all-weather, satellite navigation system.

1960First Transit satellites are launched.

1965A collaborative biomedical program between the laboratory and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions begins.

1966Begins testing and evaluation of strategic ballistic missile system.

1986Develops the disposable, single-use syringe.

1987Received a presidential commendation fro the Delta 180 program.

1994Treasury Department establishes a Securities Technologies Institute at the Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) to protect U. S. currency.

2004MESSENGER, the first Mercury-orbiting spacecraft, is launched.

Places

Headquarters

Silver Spring (Md.)

Laurel (Md.)

Subjects

Applied physics and engineering.

Physical laboratories.

Citations

Historical information obtained from Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory: 70 Years of Service to the Nation website (http://www.jhuapl.edu/aboutapl/anniversary/default.asp).

Relationships

People

Employees & Officers

Breit, Gregory, 1899-1981

Group Supervisor.

Brode, Robert B. (Robert Bigham), 1900-1986

Unit Supervisor.

Foley, Henry Michael, 1917-1982

Research Physicist.

Hafstad, Lawrence, 1904-

Received PhD (Physics) in 1933; Research Physicist; Director; and Director, Institute for Cooperative Research.

Mindlin, Raymond D. (Raymond David), 1906-1987

Consultant.

Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982

Director.

Van Allen, James A. (James Alfred), 1914-2006

Physicist.

Vestine, E. H. (Ernest Harry), 1906-1968

Consultant on Missile Guidance.

Associates & Members

Alpher, Ralph, 1921-2007

Baldwin, Ralph Belknap, 1912-

Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973

Fastie, William G., 1916-2000

Fraser, Lorence

Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000

Ginzburg, V. L. (Vitaliĭ Lazarevich), 1916-2009

Green, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1932-

Herman, Robert, 1914-

Krause, Ernst Henry, 1913-

McKinney, Chester M.

Roberts, Richard B. (Richard Brooke), 1910-

Singer, S. Fred (Siegfried Fred), 1924-

Institutions

Institutional Hierarchy

Johns Hopkins University

Collaborators

United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Collaborated on numerous projects.

Associates

American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics

Participated in the study of multi-institutional collaborations.

Carnegie Institution of Washington. Department of Terrestrial Magnetism

Work on proximity fuzes done at Carnegie was transferred to the Applied Physics Laboratory in 1942.

National Air and Space Museum

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory records, 1942-1956.

Operational Archives Branch

Naval Historical Center

Washington Navy Yard, DC 20374-5060, USA

Lecture on high temperature superconductivity [videorecording] / given at Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory ; 1992 June 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

APL, fifty years of service to the nation : a history of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory / by William K. Klingaman.

Carl Eckart papers, 1921-1973 (bulk 1935-1970).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Carnegie Institution Department of Terrestrial Magnetism Section T "Proximity Fuze" records, 1940-1999 (bulk 1941-1943).

Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. Library and Archives

Carnegie Institution of Washington

5241 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015, USA

James Van Allen papers, 1938-1990.

Main Library. Archives

University of Iowa

Iowa City, IA 52242-1420, USA

Johns Hopkins University oral history collection, 1999-[ongoing].

Special Collections. Milton S. Eisenhower Library.

Johns Hopkins University

3400 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218, USA

Lawrence Hafstad papers, 1939-1976.

St. Olaf College

Norwegian-American Historical Association

Northfield, MN 55057, USA

Merle Antony Tuve papers, 1901-1982 (bulk 1941-1966).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

National Air and Space Museum space astronomy oral history project records, 1981-1986.

Archives Division

Smithsonian Institution. National Air and Space Museum

MRC 322, Washington, DC, 20560, USA

Oral history interview with Chester M. McKinney, 2002 October 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Ernst Henry Krause, 1982 August 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Fred Singer, 1991 April 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Herbert Friedman, 1980 August 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lawrence Hafstad, 1984 June 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Lorence Fraser, 1983 March 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Merle Antony Tuve, 1982 January 13 and February 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ralph Alpher and second session is joint interview with Robert Herman, 1983 August 11 and 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ralph Belknap Baldwin, 1989 October 25.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Green, 2000 August 25.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Herman, 1983 April 11.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with William G. Fastie, 1983 February 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interviews. Space Science: Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Experiment (AMPTE), 1992-1994.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Ralph Belknap Baldwin Highlighted story of a long and unusual life, 1998.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Richard Brooke Roberts (1910-1979) autobiography, 1979.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

The deadly fuze : the secret weapon of World War II / Ralph B. Baldwin.

Published Resources

Author

Bayesian inference and maximum entropy methods in science and engineering : 21st International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering, Baltimore, Maryland, 4-9 August 2001 / editor, Robert L. Fry ; sponsoring organizations, Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins Univesity, Jaynes' Foundation.

Space, Propulsion & Energy Sciences International Forum, SPESIF-2010, Johns Hopkins-APL, Laurel, Maryland, 23-25 February 2010 : [hosted conferences:] 14th Conference on Thermophysics Applications in Microgravity, 7th Symposium on New Frontiers in Space Propulsion Sciences, 2nd Symposium on Astrosociology, 1st Symposium on High Frequency Gravitational Waves, Meeting on Future Directions in Space Sciences & Technology, Workshop on Future Energy Sources / editor, Glenn A. Robertson ; sponsoring organizations, American Astronautical Society, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, [and] Astrosociology Research Institute.

The First forty years : a pictorial account of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory since its founding in 1942.