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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Max Born

Photo

Dates

December 11, 1882 – January 5, 1970

Authorized Form of Name

Born, Max, 1882-1970

Biography

Abstract

Max Born is a nuclear physicist, specializing in quantum mechanics at Edinburgh University. He was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction."

Important Dates

December 11, 1882Birth, Wroclaw (Poland).

1906 – 1907Researcher, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge (England).

1907Obtained PhD degree in Physics, University of Göttingen (Universität Göttingen), Göttingen (Germany).

1908 – 1910Researcher, University of Wroclaw (Uniwersytet Wrocławski im. Bolesława Bieruta), Wroclaw (Poland).

1915Professor (extraordinarius), Berlin University (Technische Universität Berlin), Berlin (Germany).

1919 – 1920Professor of Physics, University of Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt am Main (Germany).

1921 – 1933Professor of Physics, University of Göttingen (Universität Göttingen), Göttingen (Germany).

1933 – 1936Stokes Lecturer of Physics, Cambridge University, Cambridge (England).

1934Awarded Stokes Medal, Cambridge University.

1935 – 1936Researcher, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

1936 – 1953Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh (Scotland).

1937Fellow, Royal Society of Edinburgh.

1939Fellow, Royal Society.

1945Awarded MacDougall-Brisbane Medal, Royal Society of Edinburgh.

1950Awarded Hughes Medal, Royal Society.

1953Honorary Citizen, Town of Göttingen.

1954Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics "for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction".

1959Awarded Grand Cross of Merit with Star of the Order of Merit, German Federal Republic.

January 5, 1970Death, Göttingen (Germany).

Occupation

Quantum mechanics and nuclear physicist.

Places

Birth

Wroclaw (Poland)

Graduate Education

Göttingen (Germany)

Employment

Cambridge (England)

Berlin (Germany)

Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

Göttingen (Germany)

Cambridge (England)

Edinburgh (Scotland)

Death

Göttingen (Germany)

Subjects

Nuclear physics.

Quantum mechanics.

Wave mechanics.

Relationships

People

Family

Born, Gustav V. R.

Son.

Born, Hedwig

Wife.

Born, Margarete Kauffmann

Mother.

Advisors & Collaborators

Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-1995

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Das, Anil Kumar

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Delbrück, Max

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Elsasser, Walter M., 1904-

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

Born was post-doc advisor at University of Göttingen.

Flügge, Siegfried

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Gamow, George, 1904-1968

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Green, Herbert S.

Advised by Born at University of Edinburgh.

Hauser, Ernst A. (Ernst Alfred), 1896-

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Heisenberg, Werner, 1901-1976

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Herzberg, Gerhard, 1904-1999

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Hilbert, David

PhD advisor at University of Göttingen.

Hund, Friedrich, 1896-1997

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Jordan, Pascual, 1902-1980

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Larmor, Joseph, Sir, b. 1857

PhD advisor at Cambridge University.

Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen with a focus on quantum theory.

Pauli, Wolfgang, 1900-1958

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Pringle, Robert, 1920-1996

Advised by Born at University of Edinburgh.

Pryce, Maurice Henry Lecorney, 1913-2003

Advised by Born at University of Cambridge.

Rosenfeld, L. (Leon), 1904-1974

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Runge, Carl, 1856-1927

PhD advisor at University of Göttingen.

Stern, Otto, 1888-1969

Research advised by Born at University of Frankfurt.

Thomson, J. J. (Joseph John), 1856-1940

PhD advisor at Cambridge University.

Trumpy, Bjørn

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002

Advised by Born at University of Göttingen.

Wolf, Emil

Advised by Born at University of Edinburgh.

Colleagues

Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974

Worked under him during his National Research Council fellowship at University of Göttingen.

Additional

Arkad'ev, V. K. (Vladimir Konstantinovich), 1884-1953

Bhatia, A. B. (Avadh Behari), -1984

Biem, Walter

Biermann, Ludwig, 1907-1986

Bilz, H. (Heinz), 1926-

Bloch, Felix, 1905-

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Bothe, W. (Walther), 1891-

Also won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics for a separate project.

Bragg, William Lawrence, Sir, 1890-1971

Brillouin, Léon, 1889-1969

Broglie, Louis de, 1892-1987

Brose, Henry L. (Henry Leopold), 1890-

Burbidge, Geoffrey R.

Cohen, Bernard Leonard, 1924-

Courant, Richard, 1888-1972

Darwin, Charles Galton, Sir, 1887-1962

Deans, Winifred M. (Winifred Margaret)

Debye, Peter J. W. (Peter Josef William), 1884-1966

Dirac, P. A. M. (Paul Adrien Maurice), 1902-1984

Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973

Ehrenfest, Paul, 1880-1933

Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955

Epstein, Paul S. (Paul Sophus), 1883-1966

Ewald, Paul Peter, 1888-1985

Fajans, Kasimir, 1887-1975

Feenberg, Eugene

Feigl, Herbert

Fisher, Joseph William

Fok, V. A. (Vladimir Aleksandrovich), 1898-1974

Franck, James, 1882-1964

Gerlach, Walther, 1889-1979

Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.

Hartree, Douglas R. (Douglas Rayner), 1897-1958

Heitler, Walter, 1904-

Herglotz, Gustav, 1881-1953

Herneck, Friedrich

Hipple, John Alfred

Huang, K. C.

Jaffé, George Cecil

Joliot-Curie, Irène

Kapitsa, P. L. (Petr Leonidovich), 1894-1984

Klein, Oskar

Koenigsberger, Johann Georg

Kronig, R. (Ralph), 1904-

Landé, Alfred, 1888-

Laporte, Otto, 1902-1971

Laue, Max von, 1879-1960

Lemmerich, J.

Lenzen, Victor F. (Victor Fritz), 1890-1975

London, Fritz, 1900-1954

Lonsdale, Kathleen, Dame, 1903-1971

Lummer, O. (Otto), 1860-1925

Maier-Leibnitz, Heinz

Margenau, Henry, 1901-1997

Mayer, Joseph Edward, 1904-

Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968

Meyenn, K. v.

Michelson, Albert A. (Albert Abraham), 1852-1931

Mimno, Harry Rowe, 1900-

Minkowski, H. (Hermann), 1864-1909

Moller, C. (Christian), 1904-1980

Mollwo, Erich

Morton, Alan Q.

Mott, N. F. (Nevill Francis), Sir, 1905-1996

Nordheim, Lothar, 1899-

Papapetrou, Achilles

Pauling, Linus, 1901-1994

Peierls, Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995

Pihl, Mogens

Planck, Max, 1858-1947

Pohl, Robert O.

Polanyi, Michael, 1891-1976

Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988

Rado, Richard, 1906-

Raman, C. V., 1888-1970

Rau, Werner

Rehder, Marie-Luise

Reiche, F. (Fritz), 1883-1969

Richardson, O. W. (Owen Willans), 1879-1959

Rosenthal, Julia V.

Rozental, S. (Stefan)

Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937

Schrödinger, Annemarie, 1896-1965

Schrödinger, Erwin, 1887-1961

Schwarzschild, K. (Karl), 1873-1916

Sexl, Roman Ulrich

Sponer, Hertha, 1895-1968

Stein, Maria

Thomson, G. P. (George Paget), 1892-1975

Uhlenbeck, George Eugène, 1900-1988

Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouck), 1899-1980

Von Kármán, Theodore, 1881-1963

Waller, Ivar, 1898-1991

Weizsacker, Carl Friedrich, Freiherr von, 1912-2007

Wentzel, Gregor, 1898-1978

Weyl, Hermann, 1885-1955

Wheeler, John Archibald, 1911-2008

Wiener, Norbert, 1894-1964

Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-1995

Wilson, W. (William), b. 1875

Institutions

Major Positions

Cavendish Laboratory (Cambridge, England)

Researcher.

Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

Researcher.

Technische Universität Berlin

Professor (extraordinarius).

Universität Frankfurt am Main

Professor of Physics.

Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

Professor of Physics.

Universität Göttingen

Obtained PhD degree in Physics (1907). Professor of Physics.

University of Cambridge. Department of Physics

Stokes Lecturer of Physics and awarded 1934 Stokes Medal.

University of Edinburgh

Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy.

Uniwersytet Wrocławski im. Bolesława Bieruta

Researcher.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Atoms for Peace Award, Inc.

Cornell University. Department of Physics

Royal Society (Great Britain)

Fellow and awarded 1950 Hughes Medal.

Royal Society of Edinburgh

Fellow and awarded 1945 MacDougall-Brisbane Medal.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Alfred Landé autograph collection, 1919-1973.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Die Grenzen des weltbildes der physik [sound recording].

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Eugene Feenberg papers, 1906-1977.

University Archives

Washington University

Campus Box 1061, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA

Journey to Russia, 1945.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Lectures on kinetic theory [microform], 1928.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Max Born correspondence with Albert Einstein, circa 1916-1954.

Department of Manuscripts and Archives

Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Jerusalem

Max Born correspondence with Dietrick Thomsen, 1965.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Max Born correspondence with Maria Stein, circa 1965.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Max Born correspondence with Niels Bohr, 1918-1961.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Max Born lecture notebooks, 1905-1937.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Max Born lectures, 1921-1933.

Mathematisches Institut

Universität Göttingen

Bunsenstrasse 10, Göttingen

Max Born letters, 1933-1969.

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz.

Potsdamer Strasse, Postfach 1107, W-1000, Berlin 30, Germany

Max Born papers, 1925-1970.

Leo Baeck Institute at the Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011, USA

Max Born papers, 1945-1970.

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz.

Potsdamer Strasse, Postfach 1107, W-1000, Berlin 30, Germany

Max Born papers.

University Library, Special Collections.

University of Edinburgh

George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9LJ, Scotland, UK

Max Born reprints, 1920-1950.

Engineering and Physical Sciences Library

University of Maryland

College Park, MD 20742, USA

Oral history interview with Max Born, 1960 June 1, 1962 October 17 and 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Various items, 1963-1965.

Abteilung für Handschriften und seltene Drucke

Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen

Papendiek 14, D-37073 Göttingen

Subject

Achilles Papapetrou papers.

Archiv der Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften

Jägerstrasse 22/23, 10117 Berlin

Alfred Landé incoming letters [microform], 1915-1927.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Alfred Landé papers, 1915-1970.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Archive for the History of Quantum Physics, 1898-1950 (bulk).

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Atoms for Peace Award records, 1944-1972.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Charles G. Darwin papers, 1911-circa 1938.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Christian Møller papers, 1928-1980.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Collections relating to history of physics and allied sciences.

Stadt Göttingen Archiv

Postfach 3831, 3400 Göttingen

Cornell University Department of Physics records, 1876-1994.

Carl A. Kroch Library. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections

Cornell University

2B Carl A Kroch Library, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA

David Hilbert papers.

Abteilung für Handschriften und seltene Drucke

Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen

Papendiek 14, D-37073 Göttingen

Ernest Rutherford lecture given at Göttingen on Monday, December 14, 1931 [sound recording], recorded by Professor Pohl.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Erwin Schrödinger papers, circa 1906-1958.

Zentralbibliothek für Physik in Wien (Central Library for Physics in Vienna).

Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Vienna, Austria

Erwin Schrodinger papers.

In private hands

In the possession of Mrs. Ruth Braunizer, Alpach Tiro, Austria

Erwin Schrödinger selected correspondence and papers [microform], 1906-1958.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Eugene Feenberg correspondence, 1927-1958.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Fritz London papers, 1926-1954.

Archives

Duke University

341 Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706, USA

Fritz Reiche papers, 1907-1998.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

George C. Jaffé papers, 1902-1962.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Goettinger Nachrichten [facetiae], 1932.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Gustav Herglotz papers.

Abteilung für Handschriften und seltene Drucke

Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen

Papendiek 14, D-37073 Göttingen

Harry Mimno lecture notes for physics courses, 1925-1928.

Pusey Library

Harvard University

Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

Heinz Bilz correspondence, 1926-1986.

Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften

Boltzmannstr. 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany

Henry Brose correspondence, 1910-1939.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Henry Margenau papers, 1927-1990.

Manuscripts and Archives

Yale University Library

Box 208240, New Haven, CT 06520, USA

Herbert Feigl collection [microfilm] circa 1900-1989 (bulk 1909-1950).

Hillman Library. Archives of Scientific Philosophy in the Twentieth Century

University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA

Hermann Minkowski papers.

Abteilung für Handschriften und seltene Drucke

Niedersächsische Staats-und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen

Papendiek 14, D-37073 Göttingen

Hermann Weyl manuscripts and correspondence, 1909-1955.

Handschriftenabteilung

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich

Zurich, Switzerland

Ivar Waller papers, circa 1912-1989.

Centrum för Vetenskapshistoria

Kungl. Svenska vetenskapsakademien

Stockholm, Sweden

J. H. Van Vleck selected correspondence and notes [microform], 1923-1959, (bulk 1923-1938).

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

J. Robert Oppenheimer papers, 1921-1980 (bulk 1947-1967).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

John A. Wheeler papers, 1880-2008.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Joseph Edward Mayer papers, 1920-1983.

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Karl Schwarzchild papers [microform], 1887-1916.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Kasimir Fajans papers, 1912-1975.

Bentley Historical Library

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2113, USA

Kathleen Lonsdale papers, ca. 1914-1989.

Archive

University College of London

Gower Street, London WCIE 6BT

Leon Brillouin papers, 1877-1972.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Leon Rosenfeld papers, 1911-1974.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Linus Pauling papers [microform], 1923-1929.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Lothar Nordheim autobiographical sketch, circa 1969.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Marie-Luise Rehder papers, 1938-1966.

Archiv zur Geschichte der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften

Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Vienna, Austria

Mogens Pihl Papers, 1939-1983.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Niels Bohr collection of manuscripts by other authors, 1910-1961.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Niels Bohr scientific correspondence, 1903-1962.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Niels Bohr scientific correspondence, supplement, 1910-1962.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Norbert Wiener papers, 1898-1966.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

O. W. Richardson papers, 1897-1959 (bulk 1920-1940).

Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center

University of Texas at Austin

P.O. Drawer 7219, Austin, TX 78713-7219, USA

Oral history interview with Alfred Landé, 1962 March 5, 6, 7, 8 and June 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Alfred Landé, 1973 October 3.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Annamarie Bertel Schrödinger, 1963 April 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Arthur von Hippel, 1981 October 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Carl Friedrich Weizsacker, 1984 February 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Erich Mollwo, 1982.

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Oral history interview with Eugene Paul Wigner, 1963 November 21 and December 3, 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Felix Bloch, 1964 May 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Friedrich Herneck, 1988 July 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Friedrich Hund, 1963 June 25 and 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Fritz Reiche, 1962 March 30 to May 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Geoffrey Burbidge, 1977 October 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with George Eugene Uhlenbeck, 1962 March 30, 31, April 5, May 10 and 1963 December 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gerhard Herzberg: 1986 May 5.

The Beckman Center for History of Chemistry

Chemical Heritage Foundation

315 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106-2702, USA

Oral history interview with Gregor Wentzel, 1964 February 3 to 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Henry Margenau, 1964 May 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with I. I. Rabi, 1963 December 8.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with J. Robert Oppenheimer, 1963 November 18 and 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Joseph Edward Mayer, 1975 January 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Léon Rosenfeld, 1963 July 1, 19, 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lise Meitner, 1963 May 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lothar Wolfgang Nordheim, 1962 July 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ludwig Franz Benedikt Biermann, 1978 June 23 and July 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Maria Goeppert Mayer, 1962 February 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Maria Stein, 1974 May 28.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Michael Polanyi, 1962 February 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Oskar Benjamin Klein, 1962 September 25 to 16 July 1963.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Otto Laporte, 1964 January 29 and 31.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with P. A. M. Dirac, 1962 April 1, 1963 May 6, 7, 10 and 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Peter J. W. Debye, 1962 May 3 and 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ralph de Laer Kronig, 1962 November 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Richard Courant, 1962 May 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Wichard Pohl, 1963 June 25.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1977 May 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Rudolph Minkowski, 1962 April 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Sir George Paget Thomson, 1963 June 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Sir Nevill Francis Mott, 1963 May 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Theodore Von Karman, 1962 June 29.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Victor Frederick Weisskopf, 1963 July 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Victor Fritz Lenzen, 1962 June 28.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walter Heitler, 1963 March 18 and 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walter M. Elsasser, 1962 May 29.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walter M. Elsasser, 1986 March 12.

Archives

National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

PO Box 3000, Boulder, CO 80307-3000, USA

Oral history interview with Walther Gerlach, 1963 February 18 and 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Werner Heisenberg, 1962 November 30, 1963 February 7, 11, 13, 15, 19, 22, 25, 27, 28 and 1963 July 5, 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Wolfgang Gentner, 1971 November 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history joint interview with James Franck and Hertha Sponer-Franck, 1962 July 9 to 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oskar Klein papers, 1916-1970.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Otto Lummer correspondence, 1899-1922.

Dept. of Manuscripts

Wroclaw University, Library

Sw. Jadwigi 3/4, 50-266 Wroclaw

P. A. M. Dirac papers, 1788-1999 (bulk 1924-1984).

Paul A. M. Dirac Science Library

Florida State University

Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA

Pascual Jordan correspondence, 1923-1930.

Jordan's possession in 1963

In private hands

Hamburg

Paul Ehrenfest papers, 1902-1933.

Rijksmumsum voor de Geschiedenis van de Natuurwetenschappen en van de Geneeskunde 'Museum Boerhaave'

Steenstraat IA, 2313 BS Leiden, Netherlands

Paul Peter Ewald letters to M. Born, [after 1933].

Deutsches Museum

Museumsinsel 1, 80306 Munich, Germany

Paul S. Epstein papers, 1898-1966.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Petr L. Kapitsa papers, 1920.

Institute of Physical Problems.

ul. A. N. Kosygina 2, Moscow 117973, Russia

Quantum physics correspondence, 1918-1948.

Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Preussischer Kulturbesitz.

Potsdamer Strasse, Postfach 1107, W-1000, Berlin 30, Germany

Richard Courant papers, 1902-1972.

Archives Elmer Holmes Bobst Library

New York Public Library

70 Washington Square South, New York, NY 10012, USA

Richard Rado papers.

Department of Archives and Manuscripts

University of Reading

Whiteknights, Reading RG6 2AE, England UK

Rudolf Ladenburg correspondence, manuscripts, reprints, clippings, and a typescript statement on the 25th anniversary of quantum theory, 1910-1952.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Scientific correspondence [microform], 1907-1962.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls papers and correspondence, 1898-1996.

Bodleian Library

University of Oxford

Oxford, England, UK

Sir William Lawrence Bragg papers.

Royal Institution of Great Britain

London, Englank UK

Stefan Rozental papers, circa 1940-1989.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Theodore Von Karman papers, 1871-1963.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

V. A. Fok papers, 1919-1974.

St. Petersburg Branch. Archive

Russian Academy of Sciences

Universitetskaia hab., 1, Korp. 2, St. Petersburg 199034

Vladimir Arkadev papers.

Archive

Russian Academy of Sciences

ul. Novocheremushkinskaia, 34, Moscow, 117218, Russia

W. Wilson papers, 1910-1957; 1960-1985.

University of London

Royal Holloway College Library

Egham Hill, Egham, Surrey, England UK

Walter M Elsasser response to History of Geophysics Survey, 1988.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Walther Gerlach correspondence [microform], 1916-1937.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Wolfgang Pauli letters.

Bibliothek

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich

ETH Zentrum, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland

Published Resources

Author

A general kinetic theory of liquids, by M. Born and H.S. Green.

Atomic physics/ Authorized translation from the German ed. by John Dougall.

Atomtheorie des festen Zustandes (Dynamik der Kristallgitter).

Ausgewählte Abhandlungen, mit einem Verzeichnis der wissenschaftlichen Schriften. Hrsg. von der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen.

Briefwechsel 1916-1955 [von] Albert Einstein [und] Hedwig und Max Born. Kommentiert von Max Born.

Der aufbau der materie: drei aufsaetze ue]er moderne atomistik und elektronentheorie/ von Max Born.

Der Realitätsbegriff in der Physik.

Die Quantentheorie der spezifischen Wärme/ [von] Einstein, Debye, Born [und] Kármán.

Die Relativitatstheorie Einsteins und ihre physikalischen Grundlagen: elementar dargestellt/ von Max Born.

Die Relativitatstheorie Einsteins/ [Von] Max Born unter Mitarb. von Walter Biem; mit 143 Abb.

Dynamical theory of crystal lattices/ by Max Born and Kun Huang.

Dynamik der kristallgitter [microform]/ von Max Born, mit einer tafel und 2 figuren im text.

Einstein's theory of relativity.

Elementare Quantenmechanik [microform]/ (Zweiter Band der Vorlesungen Über Atommechanik) von Dr. Max Born und... Dr. Pascual Jordan…

Experiment and theory in physics.

La constitution de la matière/ Max Born; Traduit par H. Bellenot.

Mein Leben: die Erinnerungen des Nobelpreisträgers/ Max Born; aus dem Englischen von Helmut Degner unter Mitarbeit von Ilse Krewinkel und Werner Rau.

Moderne Physik: sieben Vorträge über Materie und Strahlung/ von Max Born; veranstaltet durch den Elektrotechnischen Verein, E.V., zu Berlin in Gemeinschaft mit dem Ausseninstitut der Technischen Hochschule zu Berlin, ausgearb. von Fritz Sauter; mit 95 Textabbildungen.

My life & my views. Introd. by I. Bernard Cohen.

My life: recollections of a Nobel laureate/ Max Born.

Natural philosophy of cause and chance.

Optik: ein Lehrbuch der elektromagnetischen Lichttheorie/ von Dr. Max Born... Mit 252 Figuren.

Physics and politics/ foreword by Kathleen Lonsdale.

Physics in my generation.

Physik im Wandel meiner Zeit/ Max Born; mit einleitenden Bemerkungen von Roman U. Sexl und Karl von Meyenn.

Principles of optics: electromagnetic theory of propagation, interference and diffraction of light/ by Max Born and Emil Wolf. With contributions by A.B. Bhatia [and others].

Probleme der atomdynamik; Erster teil: Die struktur des atoms. Zweiter teil: Die gittertheorie des festen zustandes. Dreissig vorlesungen gehalten in wintersemester, 1925-56 am Massachussetts Institute of Technology.

The Born-Einstein letters; correspondence between Albert Einstein and Max and Hedwig Born from 1916 to 1955. With commentaries by Max Born. Translated by Irene Born.

The constitution of matter, modern atomic and electron theories/ by Max Born... translated from the 2d revised German edition by E.W. Blair ... and T.S. Wheeler... with thirty-seven diagrams.

The mechanics of the atom/ by Max Born...translated by J.W. Fisher...and revised by D.R. Hartree…

The restless universe, by Max Born ... figures by Dr. Otto Koenigsberger; authorized translation by Winifred M. Deans…

Vorlesungen über Atommechanik/ Hrsg. unter Mitwirkung von Friedrich Hund.

Zur Begründung der Matrizenmechanik.

Zur statistischen Deutung der Quantentheorie.

Subject

Encyclopaedia Britannica: Max Born.

Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings Prof. Dr. Max Born.

Max Born Nobel Prize biography.

Max Born, James Franck, Physiker in ihrer Zeit: der Luxus des Gewissens: Ausstellung der Staatsbibliothek Berlin, Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz/ mit Textbeiträgen von F. Hund, H. Maier-Leibnitz und V.F. Weisskopf; [Organisation der Ausstellung und verantwortlich für den Katalog, J. Lemmerich].

Science and conscience: the world of two atomic scientists, Max Born (1882-1970), James Franck (1882-1964): an exhibition from the Staatsbibliothek Preussischer/ catalogue Jost W. B. Lemmerich; edited Julia V. Rosenthal, Alan Q. Morton.

Scientific papers presented to Max Born ...: on his retirement from the Tait Chair of Natural Philosophy in the University of Edinburgh.

The Born family in Göttingen and beyond/ Gustav V.R. Born.

The end of the certain world: the life and science of Max Born: the Nobel physicist who ignited the quantum revolution/ Nancy Thorndike Greenspan.