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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Clarence Zener

Photo

Dates

December 1, 1905 – July 2, 1993

Authorized Form of Name

Zener, Clarence, 1905-

Additional Forms of Names

Zener, Clarence (Melvin), 1905-

Biography

Abstract

Zener was a theoretical physicist whose love for thermodynamics influenced him to pursue research in many fields including metallurgy, materials science, solid-state physics, and viscoelasticity. He discovered the "Zener effect" which is an electrical breakdown due to the tunneling of electrons. He is one of the founding members of the Institute for the Study on Metals at the University of Chicago.

Important Dates

December 1, 1905Birth, Indianapolis (Ind.).

1926Obtained BS in Mathematics, Stanford University, Stanford (Calif.).

1929Obtained PhD in Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge (Mass.).

1932 – 1934Research Fellow, University of Bristol, England.

1935 – 1937Professor of Physics, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis (Mo.).

1937 – 1940Professor of Physics, City College of New York, New York (N.Y.).

1940 – 1942Professor of Physics, Washington State University, Pullman (Wash.).

1942 – 1945Principle Physicist, Watertown Arsenal, Watertown (Mass.).

1945 – 1951Professor of Solid-State Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago (Ill.).

1951 – 1965Director of Research, Westinghouse Research Laboratory, Pittsburgh (Pa.).

1957Awarded the Bingham Medal, Society of Rheology.

1959Awarded Wetherill Medallion, The Franklin Institute.

1965 – 1968Dean of the College of Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station (Tex.).

1965Awarded the Alber Souveur Achievement Award, American Society for Metals.

1968 – 1993University Professor of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh (Pa.).

1974Awarded the Gold Medal, American Society for Metals.

1982Awarded the von Hipel Award, Material Research Society.

July 2, 1993Death, Pittsburgh (Pa.).

Occupation

Theoretical physicist.

Places

Birth

Indianapolis (Ind.)

Undergraduate Education

Stanford (Calif.)

Graduate Education

Cambridge (Mass.)

Employment

Chicago (Ill.)

Pittsburgh (Pa.)

Death

Pittsburgh (Pa.)

Subjects

Engineering physics.

Materials science.

Mathematical physics.

Metallurgy.

Solid state physics.

Superconductivity.

Relationships

People

Family

Cross, Ruby

Wife.

Advisors & Collaborators

Goodenough, John B.

Advised by Zener at University of Chicago in solid state physics.

Hollomon, J. Herbert (John Herbert)

Creation of the Zener-Holloman parameter.

Kemble, Edwin C. (Edwin Crawford), 1889-

PhD advisor at Harvard University.

Nowick, Arthur S.

Advised by Zener at the University of Chicago.

Post, Heinz

Advised by Zener at the University of Chicago.

Colleagues

Allison, Samuel King, 1900-1965

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Anderson, Herbert Lawrence

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Chandrasekhar, S. (Subrahmanyan), 1910-1995

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Charney, Jule G.

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Dempster, Arthur Jeffrey

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Eckart, Carl, 1902-1973

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Ference, Michael, 1911-

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Feshbach, Herman

Both employed by the City College of New York.

Franck, James, 1882-1964

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Goldberger, Marvin L.

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Griffiths, R. B. (Robert Budington)

Both employed by the Carnegie Mellon University.

Henyey, Louis G., 1910-1970

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Mayer, Joseph Edward, 1904-

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Mulliken, Robert Sanderson

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Rossby, Carl-Gustaf

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Simpson, John A. (John Alexander), 1916-2000

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Stern, Otto, 1888-1969

Both employed by the Carnegie Mellon University.

Szilard, Leo

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Telegdi, Val, 1922-2006

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Teller, Edward, 1908-2003

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Wentzel, Gregor, 1898-1978

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Wolfenstein, L. (Lincoln)

Both employed by the Carnegie Mellon University.

Yang, Chen Ning, 1922-

Both employed by the University of Chicago.

Zinn, Walter H. (Walter Henry), 1906-2000

Both employed by the City College of New York.

Additional

Lazarus, David, 1921-

Linshitz, Henry, 1919-

Smoluchowski, Roman

Institutions

Major Positions

Carnegie-Mellon University. Physics Department

University Professor of Physics.

College of the City of New York (1926-1961). City College. Physics Department

Professor of Physics.

Texas A & M University. Department of Physics

Dean of the College of Sciences.

University of Bristol

Research Fellow.

University of Chicago. Department of Physics

Professor of Solid-State Physics.

Washington State University. Department of Physics

Professor of Physics.

Washington University (Saint Louis, Mo.). Department of Physics

Professor of Physics.

Watertown Arsenal (Mass.)

Principal Physicist.

Westinghouse Research Laboratories

Director of Research.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

American Society for Metals

Awarded the 1965 Albert Sourveur Achievement Award and the 1974 Gold Medal.

Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.)

Awarded the 1959 Wetherill Medallion.

Harvard University. Department of Physics

Obtained PhD in Physics (1929).

Materials Research Society

Awarded the 1982 von Hippel Award.

Society of Rheology (U.S.)

Awarded the 1957 Bingham Medal.

Stanford University. Department of Physics

Obtained BS in Mathematics (1926).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Clarence Zener papers, 1876-1991.

Hunt Library. University Archives.

Carnegie Mellon University.

4909 Frew Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA

Subject

American Physical Society Division of Solid State Physics records of Roman Smoluchowski, 1943-1947.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Edwin C. Kemble papers [microform], 1919-1937.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

On the occasion of the 80th birthday celebration for Clarence Melvin Zener, 1985

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Clarence Melvin Zener, 1981 April 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with David Lazarus, 1981 December 4.

Niels Bohr Archive

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Henry Linshitz, 1988 February 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Morrel H. Cohen, 1981 March 31 and June 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Elasticity and anelasticity of metals.

Subject

Clarence Zener Physics Today obituary.