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Table of Contents

Institutional History

AbstractImportant DatesPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

General Electric Company. Research Laboratory

Photo

Dates

1900 – 1965

Authorized Form of Name

General Electric Company. Research Laboratory

Additional Forms of Names

General Electric Company. Research Laboratory

Institutional History

Abstract

General Electric Company's Research Laboratory was founded in 1900 before being renamed the General Electric Research and Development Center in August 1965 when the Research Laboratory and Advanced Technology Laboratory were merged. Corporate interests include: broadcasting; electric components; household appliances; lighting equipment; motors; telecommunications; electromedical industry.

Important Dates

1900Laboratory was founded, Schenectady (N.Y.).

1905William Coolidge was on staff.

1909 – 1950Irving Langmuir was on staff.

1913Vannevar Bush was on staff.

1914 – 1965Albert Hull was on staff.

1916 – 1918Jesse DuMond was on staff.

1917Louis Slichter was on staff.

1925 – 1926Harold Edgerton was on staff.

1930 – 1965C. Guy Suits was on staff.

1937 – 1939Frederick Seitz was on staff.

1941 – unknownLeroy Apker was on staff.

1948 – 1950Martin Perl was on staff.

1951 – 1965Roland Schmitt was on staff.

1951 – 1965Charles Bean was on staff.

1952 – 1965George Watkins was on staff.

1953 – 1965Gert Ehrlich was on staff.

1954 – 1964John Cahn was on staff.

1956 – 1961Maurice Webb was on staff.

1956 – 1965Ivar Giaever was on staff.

1960 – 1965P. Buford Price was on staff.

1963 – 1965Charles Duke was on staff.

1964 – 1965Gerald Mahan was on staff.

August 1965General Electric Company's Advanced Technology Laboratory and Research Laboratory were merged to create the Research and Development Center.

Places

Headquarters

Schenectady (N.Y.)

Subjects

Physical laboratories.

Physics -- Industrial applications.

Physics -- Industrial applications.

Telecommunication.

Relationships

People

Employees & Officers

Apker, LeRoy Woodard

Physicist.

Bean, Charles P., 1923-1996

Researcher.

Bush, Vannevar, 1890-1974

Engineer, Testing Department.

Cahn, John W., 1928-

Research Associate, Metallurgy and Ceramics Department.

Coolidge, William David, 1873-1975

Physico-Chemist; Assistant Director; Associate Director; Director; Vice President and Director of Research; Consultant on X-Rays; and Emeritus Director.

Duke, Charles B.

Physicist.

DuMond, Jesse W. M. (Jesse William Monroe), 1892-1976

Staff Member, Testing Department and Consultant, Engineering Department.

Edgerton, Harold Eugene, 1903-1990

Member, Test Laboratory.

Ehrlich, Gert

Researcher, Metallurgical Research Department.

Giaever, Ivar

Applied Mathematician and Researcher.

Hull, Albert Wallace, 1880-1966

Physicist; Assistant Director; and Consultant.

Kerst, Donald William, 1911-1993

Physicist.

Langmuir, Irving, 1881-1957

Researcher and Associate Director.

Mahan, Gerald D.

Physicist.

Perl, Martin L., 1927-2014

Chemical Engineer.

Price, Paul Buford

Physicist.

Schmitt, Roland W.

Research Associate in Physics and Manager, Materials Studies Section.

Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008

Research Physicist.

Slichter, Louis B. (Louis Byrne), 1896-1978

Assistant Test Engineer.

Suits, C. Guy (Chauncey Guy), 1905-1991

Research Physicist; Assistant to the Director of Research; and Vice President and Director of Research.

Von Kármán, Theodore, 1881-1963

Consultant.

Watkins, George D.

Research Scientist.

Webb, M. B. (Maurice Barnett), 1926-

Researcher.

Zimm, Bruno Hasbrouck, 1920-2005

Research associate.

Associates & Members

Abbot, C. G. (Charles Greeley), 1872-1973

Alexanderson, Ernst Fredrik Werner, 1878-1975

Alpher, Ralph, 1921-2007

Anderson, John M., 1924-2007

Becker, Howard I., 1895-1978

BenDaniel, David J.

Bennett, Ralph D.

Berg, Ernst Julius

Blewett, John P. (John Paul), 1910-

Broughton, William Gundry

Cobine, James Dillon, 1905-

Cohen, Karl

Cohen, Morrel H.

Consultant.

Compton, Arthur Holly, 1892-1962

Crane, H. R. (Horace Richard), 1907-2007

Davey, Wheeler P. (Wheeler Pedlar), 1886-

Duffendack, Ora S. (Ora Stanley), 1890-

Ewald, Paul Peter, 1888-1985

Falconer, Raymond

Fessenden, Reginald Aubrey

Feynman, Richard P. (Richard Phillips), 1918-1988

Fong, Kouan

Frank, Charles, Sir

Goldman, Stanford

Green, Cecil Howard, 1900-2003

Grisdale, Richard Orvis, 1908-

Grover, Frederick W. (Frederick Warren), 1876-1973

Hall, John S. (John Scoville), 1908-1991

Harrison, Walter A. (Walter Ashley), 1930-

Hayner, Lucy Julia, 1898-1971

Hewlett, Clarence Wilson, 1886-1976

Holonyak, Nick, 1928-

Johnson, Vivian A. (Vivian Annabelle), 1912-

Keenan, Joseph Henry, 1900-

Kron, Gabriel, 1901-1968

Lazarus, David, 1921-

Luckiesh, Matthew, 1883-1967

Manley, John Henry, 1907-

Morgan, Stanley Owen, 1900-

Mott-Smith, Harold Meade, 1897-

Navias, Louis, 1897-

Nolte, Henry J.

Nordlander, Birger W.

Norton, Francis J., 1899-1994

Paine, Thomas O., 1921-1992

Ramo, Simon

Ramsey, Norman, 1915-2011

Rowland, Henry Augustus, 1848-1901

Ruder, William Ernst

Schaefer, Vincent J.

Spitzer, Lyman, 1914-1997

Steinmetz, Charles Proteus, 1865-1923

Thomson, Elihu, 1853-1937

Tonks, Lewi, 1897-1971

Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982

Walker, Robert M., 1929-2004

White, William

Whitney, Willis Rodney, 1868-1958

Woodyard, John R., 1904-1981

Institutions

Institutional Hierarchy

General Electric Company

General Electric Company. Research and Development Center

Created when the Advanced Technology Laboratory and Research Laboratory were merged in 1965.

Associates

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Office of the President.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. School of Engineering.

U.S. Atomic Energy Commission

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Department of Physics

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

General Electric Company records, 1892-1989.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

General Electric Company technical records.

Research and Development Center. Whitney Library

General Electric

Schenectady, NY, USA

General Electric General Engineering Laboratory papers, 1918-1926.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

General Electric photograph collection, 1890-1960.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Selected records, including letters, reports, and notebooks by Arthur Holly Compton, Saul Dushman, Irving Langmuir, Frederic Saunders, and Willis R. Whitney.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Spencer Weart research material for his book, Nuclear Fear: A History of Images, 1957-1987.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Trade catalogs of scientific and industrial instruments, 1855-1937.

Library. Dept. of Special Collections

University of California, Santa Barbara

Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA

Subject

Albert W. Hull papers, 1920-1964.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Birger W. Nordlander papers, 1923-1962.

Schaffer Library. Special Collections

Union College

Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Charles B. Duke career highlights [autobiographical materials], 1959-2006.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Charles B. Duke correspondence and notes, 1960s.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Charles Greeley Abbot papers, 1918-1920.

Kelvin Smith Library. Special Collections

Case Western Reserve University

11055 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106-7151, USA

Charles Proteus Steinmetz papers, 1898-1923.

Schaffer Library. Special Collections

Union College

Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Charles Proteus Steinmetz papers, circa 1855-1923.

Schenectady County Historical Society

32 Washington Avenue, Schenectady, NY 12305, USA

Clarence Hewlett papers, 1907-1958.

Schaffer Library. Special Collections

Union College

Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

David Lazarus papers, 1945-1987.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Elihu Thomson papers, 1853-1955.

Library

American Philosophical Society

105 South Fifth Street, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA

Elihu Thomson papers.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Ernst Fredrik Werner Alexanderson papers, 1901-1975.

Schaffer Library. Special Collections

Union College

Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Ernst Julius Berg papers, 1898-1938.

Schaffer Library. Special Collections

Union College

Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Francis J. Norton papers, 1930-1986.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Gabriel Kron papers, 1935-1968.

Schaffer Library. Special Collections

Union College

Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Henry Augustus Rowland papers, 1793-1970.

Special Collections, Milton S. Eisenhower Library

Johns Hopkins University

3400 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218, USA

Henry H. Nolte papers, 1915-1960.

Folsom Library. Institute Archives and Special Collections

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Troy, NY 12180, USA

Howard I. Becker papers, 1917-1957.

Schaffer Library. Special Collections

Union College

Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Irving Langmuir papers, 1911-1959.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

James Dillon Cobine papers, 1950-1980.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

John M. Anderson papers, 1911-1993, 2001-2006.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Joseph H. Keenan autobiographical notes, circa 1964.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Karl P. Cohen papers, 1931-2010.

Department of Special Collections and University Archives

Stanford University

Stanford, CA 94305, USA

Kouan Fong papers, 1947-2001.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Lewi Tonks papers, 1921-1967.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Louis Navias papers, 1924-ca. 1975.

Schenectady Museum

Nott Terrace Heights, Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

Lucy Julia Hayner papers, 1922-1937.

Rare Book and Manuscript Library

Columbia University

Butler Library, 6th Floor East, New York, NY 10027, USA

Matthew Luckiesh papers, 1887-2013 (bulk 1910-1965).

Western Reserve Historical Society

East Blvd., Cleveland, OH 44106, USA

MIT Office of the President records of Karl Taylor Compton and James Rhyne Killian, 1930-1959.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

MIT School of Engineering Office of the Dean records, 1943-1989.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Ora S. Duffendack intellectual autobiography, 1963.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Betty Compton, 1968 April 11 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Cecil Howard Green, 1994 October 17.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Charles B. Duke, 2007 January 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with David BenDaniel, 2008 October 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with David Lazarus, 1981 December 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Denis Morrell Robinson, 1978 May 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Frederick Seitz, 1981 January 26, 27, March 24 and 1982 March 16.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Frederick Warren Grover, 1964 March 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with H. M. Mott-Smith, 1977 March 1 and 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with H. R. Crane, 1973 March 28 and 1974 June 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John Henry Manley, 1976 July 9 and 11.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with John P. Blewett, 1979 March 22 and May 11.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with John R. Woodyard: Cyclotron and Klystron development: oral history transcript, 1974 October 18 and 1975 December 17.

The Bancroft Library

University of California, Berkeley

Berkeley, CA, 94720-6000, USA

Oral history interview with John S. Hall, 1979 February 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lyman Spitzer, Jr., 1978 March 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Merle Antony Tuve, 1967 March 30.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Morrel H. Cohen, 1981 March 31 and June 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Nick Holonyak, 2005 March 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Norman Ramsey, 1960 July 19 to August 4.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Peter Ewald, 1968 May 17 and 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Ralph Alpher and second session is joint interview with Robert Herman, 1983 August 11 and 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Richard Orvis Grisdale, 1975 July 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Stanley Owen Morgan, 1975 July 3.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Vivian Annabelle Johnson, 1981 July 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Raymond Falconer papers, 1942-1999.

Archives

State University of New York at Albany

University Libraries, B-43, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, USA

Reginald Fessenden papers, 1887-1935.

North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources

North Carolina State Archives

Raleigh, NC 27611, USA

Reminiscences about accelerators: Brookhaven lecture, 1980.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Reminiscences of Albert Wallace Hull, 1951.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Reminiscences of Simon Ramo : oral history, 1984.

Oral History Research Office

Columbia University

Box 20, Room 801 Butler Library, New York, NY 10027, USA

Research at General Electric, 1979.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Richard Feynman papers, 1933-1965.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Robert M. Walker papers, undated.

Libraries. University Archives

Washington University

Campus Box 1061, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130-4899, USA

Scientific experience of Ralph D. Bennett, 1963.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Sir Charles Frank papers and correspondence, 1905-2001.

Arts and Social Sciences Library. Special Collections

University of Bristol

Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 ITJ, England, UK

Stanford Goldman response to early 1930s Ph.D.s Survey, 1980.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

The Princeton years and beyond, 1930-1940: Invited paper for the March 1992 meeting of the American Physical Society, 1992.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Thomas O. Paine papers, 1931-1992 (bulk 1960-1982).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

U.S. Atomic Energy Commission records (Record Group 326), 1923-1975.

Office of the National Archives

National Archives and Records Administration

8th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20408, USA

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Physics Betatron Project records, 1941-1945.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Vincent J. Schaefer papers, 1891-1993.

Archives

State University of New York at Albany

University Libraries, B-43, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, NY 12222, USA

Walter A. Harrison Tunneling into Physics, 2015.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Wheeler P. Davey notebooks [microform], 1914-1926.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Wheeler P. Davey papers, 1907-1945.

Libraries. Special Collections Division

Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802, USA

William D. Coolidge autobiographical notes, circa 1962.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

William Ernst Ruder papers, 1907-1950.

Schaffer Library. Special Collections

Union College

Schenectady, NY 12308, USA

William G. Broughton papers, 1875-1964.

Carl A. Kroch Library. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections

Cornell University

2B Carl A Kroch Library, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA

William White papers, (circa 1920-1940)

Antique Wireless Museum

Main Street, Holcomb, New York 14469, USA

Published Resources

Author

Adventures in electricity. No. 4 prepared for General Electric by General Comics, Inc.

Adventures in electricity. No. 6 prepared for General Electric by General Comics, Inc.

Chart of the nuclides : [with physical constants, conversion factors and periodic table].

Nuclides and isotopes / revised 1989 by F. William Walker, Josef R. Parrington, and Frank Feiner.

Science in your future / General Electric.

X-ray studies.

Subject

Adventure into the unknown : the first fifty years of the General Electric Research Laboratory.

From the archives of the Hall of History : a catalogue of GE photographs, 1890-1940.

Image worlds : corporate identities at General Electric, 1890-1930 / David E. Nye.

Innovation as a social process : Elihu Thomson and the rise of General Electric, 1870-1900 / W. Bernard Carlson.

Men and volts at war : the story of General Electric in World War II / by John Anderson Miller …

Pioneering in industrial research : the story of the General Electric Research Laboratory.

The making of American industrial research : science and business at GE and Bell, 1876-1926 / Leonard S. Reich.

Willis R. Whitney, General Electric, and the origins of U.S. industrial research / George Wise.