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Table of Contents

Institutional History

AbstractChairsImportant DatesPlacesSubjectsCitations

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as SubjectPublished as Subject

United States. Science Advisory Committee

Photo

Dates

April 20, 1951 – 1957

Authorized Form of Name

United States. Science Advisory Committee

Additional Forms of Names

ODM Science Advisory Committee. United States

U.S. Science Advisory Committee

United States. Office of Defense Mobilization. Science Advisory Committee

US Science Advisory Committee

USSAC

Institutional History

Abstract

Established on April 20, 1951 by President Truman as part of the Office of Defense Mobilization. It's goal was to advise the president on scientific matters in general and especially defense issues. The committee was upgraded by President Eisenhower in 1957 in response to the launches of Sputnik 1 and Sputnik 2 to become the President's Science Advisory Committee.

Chairs

1951-52, Oliver Buckley.

1952-56, Lee DuBridge.

1956-57, I. I. Rabi.

Important Dates

1951William Webster was a member.

1951 – 1953James Conant was a member.

1951 – 1954J. Robert Oppenheimer was a member.

1951 – 1955Oliver Buckley was a member.

1951 – 1955Robert Loeb was a member.

1951 – 1955Charles Thomas was a member.

1951 – 1955Walter Whitman was a member.

1951 – 1956Lee Dubridge was a member.

1951 – 1956Bruce Old was a member.

1951 – 1956Alan Waterman was a member.

1951 – 1956Hugh Dryden was a member.

1951 – 1957James Killian was a member.

1951 – 1957Detlev Bronk was a member.

1951 – 1957James Fisk was a member.

April 20, 1951Established by President Truman as part of the Office of Defense Mobilization, Washington (D.C.).

1952 – 1957Charles Lauritsen was a member.

1952 – 1957I. I. Rabi was a member.

1952 – 1957Jerrold Zacharias was a member.

1953 – 1956Robert Bacher was a member.

1955 – 1957Norris Bradbury was a member.

1955 – 1957Caryl Haskins was a member.

1956 – 1957Hans Bethe was a member.

1956 – 1957Edwin Land was a member.

1956 – 1957Jerome Wiesner was a member.

1957In response to the launching of Sputnik 1 and 2, President Eisenhower upgraded the committee, changed the name to the President's Science Advisory Committee, and moved it to the White House, Washington (D.C.).

Places

Headquarters

Washington (D.C.)

Subjects

Science -- International cooperation.

Science and state.

Science consultants.

Citations

Historical information can be found here: Zuoyue Wang, In Sputnik's Shadow: The President's Science Advisory Committee and Cold War America (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2008).

Relationships

People

Employees & Officers

Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-2004

Member.

Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht), 1906-2005

Member.

Bradbury, Norris, 1909-1997

Member.

Bronk, Detlev W. (Detlev Wulf), 1897-1975

Member.

Buckley, Oliver Ellsworth, 1887-1959

Member and Chair.

Conant, James Bryant, 1893-1978

Member.

Dryden, Hugh L. (Hugh Latimer), 1898-1965

Member.

DuBridge, Lee A. (Lee Alvin), 1901-1994

Member and Chair.

Fisk, James B. (James Brown), 1910-1981

Member.

Haskins, Caryl P. (Caryl Parker), 1908-2001

Member.

Jewett, Frank B. (Frank Baldwin), 1879-1949

Member.

Killian, James Rhyne, 1904-1988

Member.

Land, Edwin Herbert, 1909-1991

Member.

Lauritsen, Charles Christian, 1892-1968

Member.

Loeb, Robert F. (Robert Frederick), 1895-1973

Member.

Old, Bruce S.

Member.

Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967

Member.

Rabi, I. I. (Isidor Isaac), 1898-1988

Member and Chair.

Thomas, Charles Allen

Member.

Waterman, Alan Tower, 1892-1967

Member.

Webster, William, -1972

Member.

Whitman, Walter Gordon

Member.

Wiesner, Jerome B. (Jerome Bert), 1915-1994

Member.

Zacharias, Jerrold Reinach, 1905-1986

Member.

Associates & Members

Golden, William T., 1909-2007

Other

Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969

Upgraded, renamed, and moved the committee in 1957 in response to Sputnik.

Truman, Harry S.

Established the committee in 1951.

Institutions

Institutional Hierarchy

United States. Office of Defense Mobilization

Committee was established as part of the office.

United States. President's Science Advisory Committee

Committee was upgraded and moved to the White House on November 21, 1957 by President Eisenhower.

Resources

Archival Resources

Subject

Federal science study file, 1950-1951.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Files of the Director (Alan T. Waterman), 1950-1963

Office of the National Archives

National Archives and Records Administration

8th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20408, USA

Hans Bethe papers, circa 1931-1992.

Carl A. Kroch Library. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections

Cornell University

2B Carl A Kroch Library, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA

I. I. Rabi papers, 1899-1989 (bulk 1945-1968).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

James Fisk papers, 1931-1977.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

James Rhyne Killian papers, 1923-1988.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Jerome B. Wiesner papers, 1949-1983.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Jerrold R. Zacharias papers, 1912-1986.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

MIT Office of the President and Chancellor records of the President, Jerome B. Wiesner, 1960-1984.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Oral history interview with Hans Bethe, 1966 October 27, 28, 1967 November 17, 1972 May 8 and 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lee A. DuBridge, 1968 December 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lee A. DuBridge, 1986 February 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral History interview with Robert F. Bacher, 1981, 1983.

Institute Archives

California Institute of Technology

1201 East California Blvd. (Mail Code 015A-74), Pasadena, CA 91125, USA

Physicists advising on national security [sound recording], 2012 April 1.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

William T. Golden papers, 1950-1989 (bulk 1950-1951).

Manuscript Division

Library of Congress

James Madison Memorial Building, First Street and Independence Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20540, USA

Published Resources

Subject

In Sputnik's shadow : the President's Science Advisory Committee and Cold War America / Zuoyue Wang.