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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Hannes Alfvén

Photo

Dates

May 30, 1908 – April 2, 1995

Authorized Form of Name

Alfvén, Hannes, 1908-1995

Additional Forms of Names

Alfven, Hannes, 1908-1995

Alfvén, H. (Hannes), 1908-1995

Alfvén, Hannes (Hannes Olof Gösta), 1908-1995

Alfvén, Hannes Olof Gösta, 1908-1995

Alʹfven, Kh, 1908-1995

Alʹven, G, 1908-1995

Alʹven, Kh. (Khannes), 1908-1995

Alʹven, Khannes, 1908-1995

Johannesson, Olof, 1908-1995

Biography

Abstract

Hannes Alfvén was a physicist focusing on the study of magnetohydrodynamics and plasma physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics "for his contributions and fundamental discoveries in magneto-hydrodynamics and their fruitful applications in different areas of plasma physics.”

Important Dates

May 30, 1908Birth, Norrköping (Sweden).

1934Obtained PhD in Mathematics and Physics, Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet), Uppsala (Sweden).

1934 – 1937Professor of Physics, Uppsala University (Uppsala universitet).

1937Research physicist, Nobel Institute, Stockholm (Sweden).

1940 – 1991Professor Theory of Electricity (1940-1945); Professor of Electronics (1945-1963); and Professor of Plasma Physics (1963-1991), Royal Institute of Technology (Kungl. Tekniska högskolan), Stockholm (Sweden).

1948Wrote "Cosmical Electrodynamics".

1954 – 1955Fulbright Scholar, University of Maryland, College Park (Md.).

1956Wrote "Origin of the Solar System".

1967 – 1991Professor, University of California, San Diego, San Diego (Calif.).

1970Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics "for his contributions and fundamental discoveries in magneto-hydrodynamics and their fruitful applications in different areas of plasma physics".

1971Awarded Lomonosov Gold Medal.

1995Death, Stockholm (Sweden).

Occupation

Magnetohydrodynamics and plama physicist.

Places

Birth

Norrköping (Sweden)

Graduate Education

Uppsala (Sweden)

Employment

Stockholm (Sweden)

San Diego (Calif.)

Death

Stockholm (Sweden)

Subjects

Antiferromagnetism.

Electrodynamics.

Electromagnetic waves.

Magnetohydrodynamics.

Plasma physics.

Relationships

People

Family

Alfvén, Anna-Clara Romanus

Mother.

Alfvén, Johannes

Father.

Alfvén, Kerstin Maria Erikson

Wife.

Advisors & Collaborators

Lundqvist, Stig, 1925-

Advised by Alfvén at Uppsala University.

Siegbahn, Manne, 1886-1978

PhD advisor at Uppsala universitet.

Wilcox, John M. (John Marsh), 1925-

Advised by Alfvén at Swedish Royal Institute of Technology.

Colleagues

Agnew, Harold M.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Booker, Henry G.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Coppi, B.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Dashen, Roger F.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Dynes, Robert C.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Eigler, Donald

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Feher, George, 1924-

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Fisk, Zachary

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Haldane, F. Duncan M.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Hellman, Frances

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Kohn, Walter, 1923-2016

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Kroll, Norman Myles, 1922-

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Lang, Norton D.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Malmberg, J. H.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Maple, M. Brian, 1939-

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Matthias, Bernd T., 1918-1980

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Mayer, Maria Goeppert, 1906-1972

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Mermin, N. David

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Nelson, Ann E. (Ann Elizabeth)

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

O'Neil, T. M. (Thomas Michael), 1940-

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Onuchic, José

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Rice, Thomas Maurice, 1939-

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Rosenbluth, M. N.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Rostoker, Norman

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Sham, L. J.

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Suhl, Harry

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Webb, R. A. (Richard Alan)

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Weeks, John David

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Wheatley, John Charles

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

York, Herbert F. (Herbert Frank)

Both employed at University of California, San Diego.

Additional

Arrhenius, Gustaf

Biermann, Ludwig, 1907-1986

Breck, Allen D.

Cowling, T. G. (Thomas George)

Falthammar, Carl-Gunne

Griem, Hans R.

Herlofson, Nicolai, 1916-

Hoberman, John M. (John Milton), 1944-

Kockel, B. (Bernhard), 1909-

Macke, Wilhelm

Néel, Louis, 1904-

Both won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1970 for separate projects.

Papapetrou, Achilles

Peters, B. (Bernard), 1910-

Planck, Max, 1858-1947

Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-1981

Van Allen, James A. (James Alfred), 1914-2006

Yourgrad, Wolfgang H. J.

Institutions

Major Positions

Kungl. Tekniska högskolan

Professor Theory of Electricity; Professor of Electronics; and Professor of Plasma Physics.

Norske Nobelinstitutt

Research Physicist.

University of California, San Diego. Department of Physics

Professor of Physics.

Uppsala universitet

Obtained PhD in Mathematics and Physics (1934). Professor of Physics.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

President.

University of Maryland at College Park. Department of Physics and Astronomy

Fulbright Scholar.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Hannes Alfven papers, 1931-1992.

Kungl Tekniska Högskolan

UF Juridik, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden

Hannes Alfvén papers, 1945-1991.

Mandeville Special Collections Library

University of California, San Diego

9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA

Subject

Bernard Peters papers, 1947-1992.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

James Van Allen papers, 1938-1990.

Main Library. Archives

University of Iowa

Iowa City, IA 52242-1420, USA

John Marsh Wilcox papers, 1955-1990 (bulk 1955-1983).

Department of Special Collections and University Archives

Stanford University

Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA

Oral history interview with Ludwig Franz Benedikt Biermann, 1978 June 23 and July 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Thomas George Cowling, 1978 March 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Atom, man, and the universe; the long chain of complications. Translated by John M. Hoberman.

Cosmical electrodynamics / Hannes Alfvén.

Cosmical electrodynamics; fundamental principles, by Hannes Alfvén and Carl-Gunne Fälthammar.

Cosmology, history, and theology / edited by Wolfgang Yourgrau, Allen D. Breck ; contributors, Hannes O. Alfvén ... [et al.].

Evolution of the solar system / Hannes Alfvén, Gustaf Arrhenius.

Kosmologie und Antimaterie

Max-Planck-Festschrift 1958; mit Beiträgen von H. Alfvén [et al.] Hrsg. von B. Kockel, W. Macke [und] A. Papapetrou; redigiert und bearb. von W. Frank.

On the origin of the solar system, by H. Alfvén.

Worlds -- antiworlds; antimatter in cosmology.

Subject

Alfvén, Hannes Olof Gosta

Hannes Alfvén (1908-1995) obituary

Hannes Alfvén Biography

Hannes Alfven Dies at 86 Washington Post obituary.

Hannes Alfven Nobel Prize biography

Hannes Alfvén Physics Today obituary.

Hannes Alfven, 86, Founder of Field in Physics, is Dead New York Times obituary.

Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings: Research Profile Hannes Alfven