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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as Subject

Gustav Hertz

Photo

Dates

July 22, 1887 – October 30, 1975

Authorized Form of Name

Hertz, Gustav, 1887-

Additional Forms of Names

Hertz, G. (Gustav), 1887-

Hertz, Gustav, 1887-1975

Hertz, Gustav Ludwig, 1887-1975

Biography

Abstract

Gustav Hertz was an atomic physicist at Halle University. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics along with James Franck "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom."

Important Dates

July 22, 1887Birth, Hamburg (Germany).

1911Obtained PhD in Physics, Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin (University of Berlin), Berlin (Germany).

1911Wrote Über das ultrarote Adsorptionsspektrum der Kohlensäure in seiner Abhängigkeit von Druck und Partialdruck (dissertation).

1913Research Assistant, Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin (Physics Institute of Berlin University), Berlin (Germany).

1914Wrote Über Zusammenstöße zwischen Elektronen und Molekülen des Quecksilberdampfes und die Ionisierungsspannung desselben.

1920 – 1925Researcher, Philips Incandescent Lamp Factory (Philips).

1925Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics with James Franck "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom".

1925 – 1928Resident Professor and Director, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (Physics Institute Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg), Halle (Germany).

1928 – 1945Director, Technische Universität Berlin (Physics Institute Technical University of Berlin), Berlin (Germany).

1937Wrote Gustav Hertz in der Entwicklung der modernen Physik.

1945 – 1961Head of Research; Professor; and Director, Karl-Marx-Universität Leipzig (Physics Institute Karl Marx University), Leipzig (Germany).

1951Awarded Max Planck Medal, Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (German Physical Society).

1951Awarded Stalin Prize.

October 30, 1975Death, Berlin (Germany).

Occupation

Atomic physicist.

Places

Birth

Hamburg (Germany)

Graduate Education

Berlin (Germany)

Munich (Germany)

Employment

Berlin (Germany)

Halle (Germany)

Berlin (Germany)

Leipzig (Germany)

Death

Berlin (Germany)

Subjects

Atomic and molecular physics.

Gas dynamics.

Relationships

People

Family

Hertz, Auguste Arning

Mother.

Hertz, Charlotte Jollasse

Wife.

Hertz, Gustav

Father.

Advisors & Collaborators

Franck, James, 1882-1964

At University of Berlin carried out seminal studies of elastic collisions between electrons and inert gas atoms and shared the 1925 Nobel Prize in Physics "for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom."

Houtermans, F. G. (Friedrich Georg). 1903-

Advised by Hertz at Technische Hochschule Berlin (Technical University of Berlin).

Jaeckel, R. (Rudolf), 1907-

Advised by Hertz at Technische Hochschule Berlin (Technical University of Berlin).

Rubens, Heinrich

PhD advisor at Universität Berlin.

Additional

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Burger, Herman Carel, 1893-1965

Friedrich, Walter, 1883-1968

Gerlach, Walther, 1889-1979

Hanle, Wilhelm, 1901-

Harteck, Paul, 1902-

Landé, Alfred, 1888-

Lau, Ernst Gustav, 1893-

Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968

Planck, Max, 1858-1947

Pohl, Robert Wichard, 1884-1976

Shankland, Robert S., 1908-

Sponer, Hertha, 1895-1968

Waly, Adnan

Institutions

Major Positions

Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin

Obtained PhD in Physics (1911). Research Assistant.

Karl-Marx-Universität Leipzig. Sektion Physik

Head of Research, Professor, and Director.

Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg.

Resident Professor and Director.

Technische Universität Berlin

Director.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (1963- )

Awarded 1951 Max Planck Medal.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Gustav Hertz Collection, 1931-1962.

Leo Baeck Institute at the Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011, USA

Oral history interview with Ernst Gustav Lau, 1963 May 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Gustav Ludwig Hertz, 1963 May 14 and 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walter Friedrich, 1963 May 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Alfred Landé autograph collection, 1919-1973.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Collections relating to history of physics and allied sciences, 1879-1968.

Archiv

Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

Weidenplan 12, o-4020 Halle

Ebert Collection relating to Gustav Hertz, 1927-1928.

Universitätsbibliothek. Hochschularchiv.

Technische Universität Berlin.

Strasse des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany

History of Physics [sound recording], 2014 April 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

History of Physics from Pythagoras to Higgs [sound recording], 2016 April 17.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

James Franck papers, 1882-1966.

The Joseph Regenstein Library. Department of Special Collections

University of Chicago

1100 East 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

Oberpräsident Allgemeine Abteilung records relating to history of physics and allied sciences, 1854-1944.

Landeshauptarchiv Sachsen-Anhalt

Hegelstr. 25, PSF 4023, O, 3010, Magdeburg

Oral history interview with Adnan Waly 1990 November 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Adnan Waly, 1994 February-March.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Herman Carel Burger, 1962 November 15.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lise Meitner, 1963 May 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Paul Harteck, 1984 August 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert S. Shankland, 1974 August 20 and 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Robert Wichard Pohl, 1963 June 25.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Walther Gerlach, 1963 February 18 and 23.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Wilhelm Hanle, 1979 May 23 to June 2.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history joint interview with James Franck and Hertha Sponer-Franck, 1962 July 9 to 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Puzzles, History, and Reality TV; Physics Beyond the Classroom [sound recording], 2017 March 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Walther Gerlach correspondence [microform], 1916-1937.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Subject

Die Elektronenstossversuche/ [Von] James Franck [und] Gustav Hertz.

Gustav Hertz Encyclopaedia Britannica

Gustav Hertz Nobel Prize Biography

Gustav Hertz Physics Today obituary.

Lehrbuch der Kernphysik/ Mit Beiträgen von F. Bernhard [et al.].