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Model of an Expanding Universe



Drawings of an early and a later stage for two different models of an expanding universe. The left model obeys the cosmological principle, according to which the universe is homogenous and appears the same to an observer anywhere in the universe. The right model obeys the perfect cosmological principle, which adds to the cosmological principle the additional requirement that the universe be unchanged over timenew galaxies emerge continually within the expanding space.

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