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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

L. D. Landau

Photo

Dates

January 22, 1908 – April 1, 1968

Authorized Form of Name

Landau, L. D. (Lev Davidovich), 1908-1968

Additional Forms of Names

Dau, 1908-1968

Landau, 1908-1968

Landau, Lev Davidovich, 1908-1968

Landau, Lew, 1908-1968

Landau, Lew Davidovich, 1908-1968

Lantāvu, Lev, 1908-1968

Ландау, Л. (Лев), 1908-1968

Ландау, Л. Д. (Лев Давидович), 1908-1968

Ландау, Лев Давидович, 1908-1968

לב דודוביץ, לנדאו

لانداو, ليف, 1908-1968

Biography

Abstract

Lev Landau was a condensed matter physicst. He was awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium."

Important Dates

January 22, 1908Birth, Baku (Azerbaijan).

1927Obtained BS in Physics, Saint Petersburg State University (Sankt-Peterburgskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ universitet), Saint Petersburg (Russia).

1929 – 1931Fellow, Rockefeller Foundation, New York (N.Y.).

1932 – 1937Head, Theoretical Department, Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (Khar'kovskiĭ fiziko-tekhnicheskiĭ institut), Kharʹkov (Ukraine).

1934Obtained Doctorate in Physics, Saint Petersburg State University (Sankt-Peterburgskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ universitet), Saint Petersburg (Russia).

1937 – 1962Head, Theoretical Division Institute for Physical Problems and elected Member (1946), Russian Academy of Sciences (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ nauk), Moscow (Russia).

1951Member, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters (Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskab).

1956Member, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen).

1960Awarded Max Planck Medal, German Physical Society (Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft).

1960Awarded Fritz London Prize, International Union of Pure and Applied Physics.

1962Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics "for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium".

April 01, 1968Death, Moscow (Russia).

Occupation

Superfluidity and condensed matter physicist.

Places

Birth

Baku (Azerbaijan)

Undergraduate Education

Saint Petersburg (Russia)

Employment

New York (N.Y.)

Kharʹkov (Ukraine)

Moscow (Russia)

Death

Moscow (Russia)

Subjects

Condensed matter.

Low temperature research.

Superfluidity.

Theoretical physics.

Relationships

People

Advisors & Collaborators

Abrikosov, A. A. (Alekseĭ Alekseevich)

Advised by Landau at Institute for Physical Problems, thesis on thermal diffusion in completely and incompletely ionized plasmas.

Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962

Postdoctoral advisor at University of Copenhagen (Københavns universitet).

Ginzburg, V. L. (Vitaliĭ Lazarevich), 1916-2009

Advised by Landau at the Russian Academy of Sciences (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ nauk).

Gor'kov, L. P. (Lev Petrovich), 1929-

Advised by Landau the Russian Academy of Sciences (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ nauk).

Gribov, V. N. (Vladimir N.)

Advised by Landau at the Russian Academy of Sciences (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ nauk).

Ioffe, A. F. (Abram Fedorovich), 1880-1960

PhD advisor at Saint Petersburg State University (Sankt-Peterburgskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ universitet).

Khalatnikov, I. M. (Isaak Markovich)

Advised by Landau at Institute for Physical Problems.

Lifshits, I. M. (Il'ia Mikhailovich)

Advised by Landau at Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (Khar'kovskiĭ fiziko-tekhnicheskiĭ institut).

Sagdeev, R. Z.

Advised by Landau at the Russian Academy of Sciences (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ nauk).

Additional

Akhiezer, A. I. (Aleksandr Il'ich), 1911-2000

Anderson, P. W. (Philip W.), 1923-

Bakaĭ, A. S. (Aleksandr Stepanovich)

Bardeen, John

Bell, J. S.

Bessarab, Maĭi︠a︡

Casimir, H. B. G. (Hendrik Brugt Gerhard), 1909-2000

Cohen, Morrel H.

Courant, Richard, 1888-1972

Deser, S. (Stanley)

Gamow, George, 1904-1968

Herring, William Conyers, 1914-

Hoddeson, Lillian

Hund, Friedrich, 1896-1997

Jeffreys, Bertha Swirles

Kitaĭgorodskiĭ, A. I. (Aleksandr Isaakovich), 1914-1985

Kurchatov, I. V. (Igorʹ Vasilʹevich), 1903-1960

Lasarev, Boris G.

Migdal, A. B. (Arkadii Beinusovich), 1911-1991

Moller, C. (Christian), 1904-1980

Néel, Louis, 1904-

Nordheim, Lothar, 1899-

Peierls, Rudolf E. (Rudolf Ernst), 1907-1995

Pippard, A. B.

Rosenfeld, L. (Leon), 1904-1974

Ryndina, Ella

Shalnikov, Aleksandr Iosifovich

Shoenberg, D. (David)

Smorodinskiĭ, I︠A︡. A. (I︠A︡ov Abramovich)

Stromgren, Bengt, 1908-1987

Tisza, Laszlo, 1907-2009

Weisskopf, Victor Frederick, 1908-2002

Weizsacker, Carl Friedrich, Freiherr von, 1912-2007

Institutions

Major Positions

Khar'kovskii fiziko-tekhnicheskii institut

Head, Theoretical Department.

Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk

Member and Head, Theoretical Division Institute for Physical Problems.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (1963- )

Awarded 1960 Max Planck Medal.

International Union of Pure and Applied Physics

Awarded 1960 Fritz London Prize.

Kongelige Danske videnskabernes selskab

Member.

Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen

Member.

Rockefeller Foundation

Fellow.

Sankt-Peterburgskii gosudarstvennyi universitet informatsionnykh tekhnologii, mekhaniki I optiki

Obtained BS in Physics (1927) and Doctorate in Physics (1934).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Golden stock: list of quantum physics articles, 1933-1941, selected by Lev Landau.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

A. I Akhiezer recollections of Lev Davidovich Landau.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Aleksander I. Shalnikov papers, 1920s-1990s.

Archive

Russian Academy of Sciences

ul. Novocheremushkinskaia, 34, Moscow, 117218, Russia

Centenary of Lev Landau [audiorecording], 2009 March 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

From a life of physics [motion picture] / produced by the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (Trieste, Italy).

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Igor V. Kurchatov papers.

Kurchatov Museum.

Kurchatov, I. V., Institute of Atomic Energy.

ul. Kurchatova, 46, Moscow 123182, Russia

John Bardeen papers, 1910-1991.

University Archives

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

1408 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Landau: the physicist and the man, [videorecording] given at Princeton University, 1997 April 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Lillian Hoddeson papers, 1904-2001.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Lines to the portrait of Lev Landau by E. Ryndina

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Memoirs of a private life with Lev Landau 1970s.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Niels Bohr collection of manuscripts by other authors, 1910-1961.

Niels Bohr Archive

Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen, Denmark

Oral history interview with A. B. Migdal, 1977 May 25.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Alexander Ilich Akhiezer, 1991 January.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Alexander Ilich Akhiezer, 1995 November-December.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Alexander S. Bakai 1995 March 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Alfred Brian Pippard, 1982 September 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Bengt Georg Daniel Strömgren, 1976 May 6 and 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Bengt Georg Daniel Strömgren, 1978 April 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Bertha Swirles, Lady Jeffreys, 1997 March.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Boris G. Lasarev 1995 January-February.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Carl Friedrich Weizsacker, 1978 April 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Christian Møller, 1963 July 29.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Christian Møller, 1971 August 25, 26 and October 21.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with David Shoenberg, 1981 February 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Friedrich Hund, 1963 June 25 and 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with George Gamow, 1968 April 25 and 26.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Hendrik Brugt Gerhard Casimir, 1963 July 5 and 6.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Laszlo Tisza, 1987 November 15, 1988 January 12 and April 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Léon Rosenfeld, 1963 July 1, 19, 22.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Leon Rosenfeld, 1968 September 3.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Lothar Wolfgang Nordheim, 1977 July 24.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Morrel H. Cohen, 1981 March 31 and June 5.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with P. W. Anderson [videorecording]: 1999-2002.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with P. W. Anderson, 1988 May 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Philip Anderson, 1999 March 30, May 30, November 23 and June 29, 2000.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Richard Courant, 1962 May 9.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1977 May 20.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1981 May 13 and July.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls, 1963 June 17 and 18.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Stanley Deser, 2011 March 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Victor Frederick Weisskopf, 1963 July 10.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Vitali Ginzburg, 1990 September 25, 1992 March 28 and July 27.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with William Conyers Herring, 1974 July 23, 29, and 31 October.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Physical Problems records, 1935-1982.

Institute for Physical Problems

ul. A. N. Kosygina 2, Moscow 117973, Russia

Sir Rudolf Ernst Peierls papers and correspondence, 1898-1996.

Bodleian Library. Department of Western Manuscripts

University of Oxford

Oxford, England, UK

Spark of a life in physics [videorecording]: a lecture on the life of L.D. Landau / Colloquium at the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2004 March 12.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Chto takoe teoriia otnositelnosti /L. D. Landau, IU. B. Rumer.

Collected papers of L.D. Landau. Edited and with an introd. by D. ter Haar.

Electrodynamics of continuous media, by L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz. Translated from the Russian by J. B. Sykes and J. S. Bell.

Elektrodinamika sploshnykh sred / L.D. Landau i E.M. Lifshit︠s︡.

Fluid mechanics, by L.D. Landau and E.M. Lifshitz. Translated from the Russian by J.B. Sykes and W.H. Reid.

General physics: mechanics and molecular physics / L.D. Landau, A.I. Akhiezer, E.M. Lifshitz ; translated by J.B. Sykes, A.D. Petford, C.L. Petford.

Kvantovaia mekhanika L.D. Landau and E.M. Lifshits.

Kvantovaia mekhanika: nereliativistskaia teoriia / L. D. Landau i E. M. Lifshits.

L.D. Landau/ [edited by] D. ter Haar.

Lectures on nuclear theory, by L.D. Landau and Ya. Smorodinsky. In english translation.

Mécanique / L. Landau et E. Lifchitz.

Mechanics, by L.D. Landau and E.M. Lifshitz. Translated from the Russian by J.B. Sykes and J.S. Bell.

Mehvanika elektrodinamika / L.D. Landau and E.M. Lifshits.

Physics for everyone /L. Landau, A. Kitaigorodsky; translated from the Russian by Martin Greendlinger.

Physics for everyone: motion heat / L. Landau and A. Kitaigorodsky ; translated from the Russian by Martin Greendlinger.

Quantum mechanics: non-relativistic theory / by L.D. Landau and E.M. Lifshitz; translated from the Russian by J.B. Sykes and J.B. Bell.

Statistical physics / by L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz.

Stranitsy iz zhizni Landau /Maĭi︠a︡ Bessarab.

Teoriia polia / L. D. Landau i E. M. Lifshits.

Teoriia uprugosti / L.D. Landau i E.M. Lifshits.

The classical theory of fields, by L. D. Landau and E. M. Lifshitz. Translated from the Russian by Morton Hamermesh.

Théorie des champs. / L. Landau et E. Lifchitz; [traduit du russe par Edouard Gloukhian].

Theory of elasticity, by L.D. Landau and E.M. Lifshitz. Translated from the Russian by J.B. Sykes and W.H. Reid.

Subject

Akademik Landau: kak my zhili: vospominanii︠a︡ / Kora Landau-Drobant︠s︡eva.

Encyclopaedia Britannica - Lev Davidovich Landau.

Formula schastʹi︠a︡ Landau / Maĭi︠a︡ Bessarab

Gidrodinamika / L.D. Landau, E.M. Lifshits.

Krug Landau / Boris Gorobet︠s︡.

Landau, a great physicist and teacher / by Anna Livanova; translated by J.B. Sykes.

Landau, the physicist and the man: recollections of L.D. Landau/ edited by I.M. Khalatnikov; translated from the Russian by J.B. Sykes.

Landau: stranit︠s︡y zhizni / M.I︠A︡. Bessarab.

Lev Landau Nobel Prize biography.

The man they wouldn't let die.

Under the spell of Landau: when theoretical physics was shaping destinies/ editor, M. Shifman.