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Introduction (Home)

The Early Years, 1921-1944

From Graduate Studies to Bomb Design, 1945-1950

The Hydrogen Bomb, 1950-1956

Nuclear Testing and Conscience, 1957-1963

More on Sakharov's World as Weapons Maker

Quantum Cosmology and Personal Responsibility, 1964-1968

Reflections on Progress, Peaceful Coexistence, and Intellectual Freedom, 1968

The Opening Paragraphs of Sakharov’s Essay

Human Rights Movement, 1969-1979

Exile in Gorky, 1980-1986

Essay: Andrei Sakharov from Exile

Perestroika and Struggle for Democracy, 1987-1989

Sakharov on his Intellectual Evolution


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