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ndrei Sakharov (1921-1989) was a Soviet physicist who became, in the words of the Nobel Peace Committee, a spokesman for the conscience of mankind. He was fascinated by fundamental physics and cosmology, but first he spent two decades designing nuclear weapons. He came to be regarded as the father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, contributing perhaps more than anyone else to the military might of the USSR. But gradually Sakharov became one of the regime's most courageous critics, a defender of human rights and democracy. He could not be silenced, and helped bring down one of history's most powerful dictatorships. This exhibit tells about Sakharov's extraordinary life.


This exhibit is brought to you by the Center for History of Physics 


a division of the 
American Institute of Physics  


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The Early Years (1921-1944)From Graduate Studies to a Bomb Design (1945-1950)The Hydrogen Bomb (1950-1956)

The Dangers of Nuclear Testing (1957-1963)cosmresp.gif (1325 bytes)Reflections on Progress, Peaceful Coexistance and Intellectual Freedom

Human Rights Movement (1969-1979)Exile and Perestroika (1980-1989)Opening Paragraphs of Sakharov's EssaySakharov on His Intrellectual Evolution

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