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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Alfred Kastler

Photo

Dates

May 3, 1902 – January 7, 1984

Authorized Form of Name

Kastler, Alfred

Additional Forms of Names

Kastler, A. (Alfred)

Kastler, Alfred, 1902-1984

Biography

Abstract

Alfred Kastler was a optical physicist at École Normale Supérieure. He was awarded the 1966 Nobel Prize in Physis "for the discovery and development of optical methods for studying Hertzian resonances in atoms."

Important Dates

May 3, 1902Birth, Guebwiller (France).

1926Obtained PhD in Physics, École Normale Supérieure (ENS Paris), Paris (France).

1931 – 1941Lecturer (1931-1936) and Professor (1938-1941), University of Bordeaux (Université de Bordeaux ), Bordeaux (France).

1936 – 1938Lecturer, University of Clermont-Ferrand II (Université de Clermont-Ferrand II), Aubignan (France).

1953 – 1954Francqui Professor, University of Louvain (Université de Louvain), Louvain (Belgium).

1954Member, Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts (Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van België voor Wetenschappen en Kunsten.

1954Awarded Holweck Prize, Physical Society.

1955Awarded honorary DSc, University of Louvain (Université de Louvain), Louvain (Belgium).

1962Member, Société française de physique.

1962Member, Optical Society of America.

1966Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery and development of optical methods for studying Hertzian resonances in atoms".

1966Awarded honorary DSC, Oxford University.

January 7, 1984Death, Bandol (France).

Occupation

Optical physicist.

Places

Birth

Guebwiller (France)

Graduate Education

Paris (France)

Employment

Bordeaux (France)

Aubignan (France)

Louvain (Belgium)

Death

Bandol (France)

Subjects

Lasers.

Optical physics and engineering.

Quantum physics.

Relationships

People

Advisors & Collaborators

Abraham, Henri, 1868-1943

Research advisor at École Normale Supérieure.

Bersohn, Richard, 1925-2003

Worked on the optical pumping field at the École Normale Supérieure together.

Bloch, Eugène, 1878-1944

Research advisor at Université de Paris.

Brossel, Jean

Advised by Kastler at École Normale Supérieure.

Cohen-Tannoudji, Claude

Advised by Kastler at École Normale Supérieure.

Cotton, Aimé Auguste, 1869-1951

Research advisor at Université Paris-Sorbonne.

Margerie, J. (Jean)

Advised by Kastler at Université Paris-Sorbonne.

Urbain, Georges, 1872-1938

PhD advisor at University of Paris (Université de Paris).

Additional

Bitter, Francis, 1902-1967

Landé, Alfred, 1888-

Pecker, Jean Claude

Institutions

Major Positions

Université catholique de Louvain

Francqui Professor and awarded honorary DSc (1955).

Université de Bordeaux (1441-1970)

Lecturer and Professor.

Université de Clermont-Ferrand II

Lecturer.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

École normale supérieure (France)

Obtained PhD in Physics (1926).

Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van België voor Wetenschappen en Kunsten

Member.

Optical Society of America

Member.

Physical Society (Great Britain)

Awarded 1954 Holweck Prize.

Société française de physique

Member.

University of Oxford

Awarded honorary DSc (1966).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Alfred Kastler papers, ca. 1926-1984.

Department of Physics, Library

Ecole normale supérieure.

24, rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris CEDEX 05, France

Alfred Kastler review of Bertolotti's book, 1983.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Alfred Kastler, 1979 October 18 and 19.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Alfred Landé autograph collection, 1919-1973.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Francis Bitter papers, 1925-1967.

Institute Archives and Special Collections

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Oral history interview with Jean Brossel, 1983 March 3 and 8.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Jean Claude Pecker, 1976 September 11 and 13.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Thermodynamique/ [par] G. Bruhat …

Subject

Alfred Kastler Nobel Prize Biography.