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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

N. G. Basov

Photo

Dates

December 14, 1922 – July 1, 2001

Authorized Form of Name

Basov, N. G. (Nikolai Gennadievich), 1922-2001

Additional Forms of Names

Basov, Nikolai Gennadievich, 1922-

Basov, Nikolaj G., 1922-2001

Basov, Nikolaj Gennodievič, 1922-

Basov, Nikolay G., 1922-2001

Басов, Николай Геннадиевич, 1922-2001

Николай, Геннадиевич Басов

Biography

Abstract

Nicolay G. Basov was an optical physicist at the P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, specializing in quantum electrodynamics, lasers, and masers. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 with Aleksandr M. Prokhorov and Charles N. Townes: "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle"

Important Dates

December 14, 1922Birth, Lipet︠s︡k (Russia).

1941 – 1943Doctor's Assistant, Kuibyshev Military Medical Academy.

1950 – 1988Laboratory Assistant (1950); Vice-Director; Head of Laboratory of Quantum Radiophysics; Director (1973-1988), P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute (Fizicheskiĭ institut imeni P.N. Lebedeva), Moscow (Russia).

1958Obtained Doktor nauk (Doctor of Sciences, a post-doctoral degree), Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (Moskovskiĭ inzhenerno-fizichskiĭ institut), Moscow (Russia).

1959Awarded Lenin Prize with A. M. Prokhorov.

1962Member, Academy of Sciences USSR.

1964Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics with Aleksandr Prokhorov and Charles Townes "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle".

1967Member, Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of Berlin.

1971Foreign member, German Academy of Sciences of Berlin.

1971Foreign member, German Academy "Leopoldina".

July 1, 2001Death, Moscow (Russia).

Occupation

Quantum electrodynamics and optical physicist.

Places

Birth

Lipet︠s︡k (Russia)

Graduate Education

Moscow (Russia)

Employment

Moscow (Russia)

Death

Moscow (Russia)

Subjects

Lasers.

Masers.

Microwave radiation.

Optical physics and engineering.

Quantum electrodynamics.

Relationships

People

Family

Basov, Gennady Fedorovich

Father.

Basov, Kseniya Hikhonovna Nazarova

Wife.

Basov, Zinaida Andreevna Molchanova

Mother.

Advisors & Collaborators

Leontovich, M. A.

PhD advisor at P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Academy of Sciences, U.S.S.R.

Prokhorov, A. M. (Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich), 1916-2002

PhD advisor at Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Awarded 1964 Nobel Prize along with Charles Townes "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle."

Townes, Charles H.

Awarded 1964 Nobel Prize along with Aleksandr Prokhorov "for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle."

Additional

Bloembergen, N.

Boyer, Keith, 1915-

Gross, Rolf W. F., 1931-

Guenther, Arthur Henry, 1931-

Krokhin, O. N.

Lax, Benjamin

Maiman, Theodore H.

Mandel'shtam, S. L.

Nikitin, V. V.

Popov, I︠U︡. M.

Schawlow, Arthur L., 1921-1999

Sklizkov, G. H.

Stefan, V. Alexander (Vladislav Alexander), 1948-

Institutions

Major Positions

Fizicheskiĭ institut imeni P.N. Lebedeva

Laboratory Assistant; Vice-Director; Head of Laboratory of Quantum Radiophysics; and Director.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Akademiia nauk SSSR

Member.

Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina

Foreign member.

Kuibyshev Military Academy

Doctor's Assistant.

Moskovskiĭ inzhenerno-fizicheskiĭ institut

Obtained Kandidat nauk (Candidate of Sciences PhD) (1953) and Doktor nauk (Doctor of Sciences, a post-doctoral degree) (1958).

Prezidium RAN

Member.

World Peace Council.

Member.

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Oral history interview with Nikolai Gennadievich Basov, 1984 September 14

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Russian Academy of Sciences P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute records, 1933-1980

Archive

Russian Academy of Sciences

ul. Novocheremushkinskaia, 34, Moscow, 117218, Russia

Subject

Charles H. Townes letter to Arthur Henry Guenther, 1985.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with A. M. Prokhorov, 1984 September 14.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Keith Boyer, 1984 November 5

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Nicolaas Bloembergen, 1983 June 27

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Oral history interview with Rolf Werner Friedrich Gross, 1985 January 31

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Semiconductor science and technology /V. Stefan and N.G. Basov, editors

Synchrotron radiation /edited by N. G. Basov; translated from Russian

Subject

Encyclopaedia Britannica Nikolay Gennadiyevich Basov

Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings: Research Profile Nikolai G. Basov

Nicolay G. Basov Nobel Prize biography

Nikolai Gennadievich Basov Physics Today obituary

Nikolay Basov—Nobel Prize for Lasers and Masers