Where to Find Other Information
For facts online try the "START
HERE" page maintained by climate scientists. A comprehensive review of scientific understanding as of
ca. 2012 is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2013 reports (with other, specialized reports); an updated report will be issued soon. For serious study of the science you need textbooks, see below. For published historical accounts see the bibliography below.
Links to basic information, news and reports online:
here page is indeed a good place to start.
Another good set of resources, from ClimateRapidResponse.org
For a quick review, the National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society have a good booklet
(read online or get a pdf).
The US Global Change Research Program offers many resources,
including the National Climate Assessment reviewing what's happened and will happen in the USA.
The NASA climate site has many resources, including sections for kids and educators.
NOAA's climate.gov is useful even though parts were removed by the Republican administration in 2017. The valuable Environmental Protection Agency climate change site, removed in 2017, has been restored; EPA data on current impacts on US.
Resources for teachers at Cleanet.org.
warming pages have much information with frequent updates, mostly
reliable if not well organized.
Carbonbrief.org, Climate Central, Climate Depot, livescience have news and information. Current news in the New York Times and The Guardian.. A list of news links
The Yale Program on Climate Change Communication for polls and discussion.
Climate Portal is a huge links compilation — articles, videos, materials for kids and teachers, music and art, whatever.
Visual materials: links plus this site's photos and diagrams..
If you want to really study it all, see the
comprehensive IPCC reports.
The National Academy Press also has
key reports online including many of historical interest (search on "climate").
Links to discussion and action online
by climate scientists) and skepticalscience.com are
well-regarded blogs that discuss real scientific work as well as controversies.
Did global warming make that hurricane or heat wave worse? Scientists answer at WorldWeatherAttribution.
The industry-funded Cooler Heads
Coalition, the billionaire-supported CO2 Coalition, and Anthony Watts's blog argue against taking action to restrict fossil fuel emissions and attack the credibility of consensus climate science.
desmogblog confronts the doubters and deniers.
and What the Science Says; How
to Talk to a Climate Skeptic; Responses
to Common Contrarian Arguments.
For expert advice on convincing people see John Cook and Stephan Lewandosky, The Debunking Handbook (pdfs in English and other languages), also John Cook et al., The Consensus Handbook (pdf).The World Resources Institute
(mainstream environmentalism) has reports, including matters of business
interest. The Pew Center on Climate
Change offers news and policy-related reports, and the World Bank on economic dimensions.
The Center for Climate and Energy Solutions and the Solutions Project address the energy supply problem.
350.org is coordinating a global climate movement with marches, political campaigns, etc. The WWF, Greenpeace,
Defense, and the National
Resources Defense Council also have
basic climate change information and arguments, news, and programs for
You can reduce your greenhouse emissions!
See organizations linked immediately above and http://www.wikihow.com/Reduce-Your-Carbon-Footprint. The US Environmental Protection Agency's suggestions, deleted in 2017 by the Trump administration, have been preserved here. But reducing your personal greenhouse emissions is no
substitute for political action to attack the problem globally.
See my Personal Note,.
You can contribute to climate science!
Put your computer's idle time to good use by joining the team at climateprediction.net. Or help recover vital historical weather data, for example from ships' logs, see this realclimate.org post.
Some other useful Websites: United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The European
Commission climate site from the European Union. co2now
tracks the level and more. Photo
Dessler, Andrew E., and Edward A. Parson. 2019 (3rd edition). The Science and Politics of Climate Change: A Guide to the Debate. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Houghton, John. 2015 (5th edition). Global Warming: The Complete Briefing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pierrehumbert, Raymond T. 2011. Principles of Planetary Climate. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
A free online course offered by
the University of Chicago.
HistoryAchermann, Dania (2020). "Vertical Glaciology: The Second Discovery of the Third Dimension in Climate Research," Centaurus 62: 720-43.
Alley, Richard B. 2000. The Two-Mile Time Machine. Princeton University Press.
Archer, David, and Raymond T. Pierrehumbert, eds. 2011. The Warming Papers: The Scientific Foundation for the Climate Change Forecast. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Bolin, Bert. 2007. A History of the Science and Politics of Climate
Change. The Role of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bowen, Mark. 2005. Thin Ice: Unlocking the Secrets of Climate in the World's Highest Mountains. New York: Henry Holt.
Boykoff, Maxwell T.
2011. Who Speaks for the Climate? Making Sense of Media Reporting on Climate Change.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Broecker, Wallace S., and Robert Kunzig. 2008. Fixing Climate: What
Past Climate Changes Reveal About the Current Threat — and How to Counter
It. New York: Hill and Wang. (Including history of Broecker's research.)
Caldeira, Ken, and Govindasamy Bala. 2017. "Reflecting on 50 Years of Geoengineering Research." Earth's Future 5: 10-17 [doi:10.1002/2016EF000454].
Christianson, Gale E. 1999. Greenhouse: The 200-year Story of Global
Warming. New York: Walker.
Crawford, Elisabeth. 1996. Arrhenius: From Ionic Theory to the Greenhouse Effect. Canton, MA: Watson Publishing - Science History.
Dansgaard, Willi. 2004. Frozen Annals. Greenland Ice Sheet Research.
Copenhagen: Dept. of Geophysics of the Niels Bohr Institute at the University
Dalmedico, Amy Dahan. 2007. "Models and Simulations in Climate
Change. Historical, Epistemological, Anthropological and Political Aspects."
In Science without Laws: Model Systems, Cases, Exemplary Narratives,
edited by Angela N. H. Creager, Elizabeth Lunbeck and M. Norton Wise.
Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Edwards, Paul N. 2000. "A Brief History of Atmospheric General
Circulation Modeling." In General Circulation Model Development,
edited by D. A. Randall. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Edwards, Paul N. 2010. A Vast Machine: Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Figueres, Christiana, and Tom Rivett-Carna. 2020. The Future We Choose: Surviving the Climate Crisis. New York: Knopf.
Fleagle, Robert G. 1992. "From the International Geophysical Year
to Global Change." Reviews of Geophysics 30:
Fleming, James R. 1998. Historical Perspectives on Climate Change.
New York: Oxford University Press.
Fleming, James R., ed. 1996. Historical Essays on Meteorology 1919-1995.
Boston: American Meteorological Society.
Fleming, James R., ed. Classic
papers on global warming online (PALE).
Fleming, James R. 2007. The Callendar Effect. The Life and Work
of Guy Stewart Callendar (1898-1964), the Scientist Who Established the
Carbon Dioxide Theory of Climate Change. Boston, MA: American Meteorological
Fleming, James R. 2010. Fixing the Sky: The Checkered History of Weather and Climate Control. New York: Columbia University Press.
Fleming, James R. 2016. Inventing Atmospheric Science: Bjerknes, Rossby, Wexler, and the Foundations of Modern Meteorology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Gelbspan, Ross. 1997. The Heat Is On. The High Stakes Battle
over Earth's Threatened Climate. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1997
Gelbspan, Ross. 2004. Boiling Point. How Politicians, Big Oil and Coal, Journalists, and
Activists Are Fueling the Climate Crisis — and What You Can Do to
Avert Disaster. New York: Basic, 2004.
Gertner, Jon, 2019. The Ice at the End of the World: An Epic Journey into Greenland's Buried Past and Our Perilous Future. New York: Random House.
Hansen, James. 2009. Storms of My Grandchildren. The Truth About the Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity. New York: Bloomsbury USA.
Hecht, Alan D. 2014. "Past, Present and Future: Urgency of Dealing with Climate Change." Atmospheric and Climate Sciences 4: 779-795.
Heyman, Matthias, Gabriele Gramelsberger, & Martin Mahony, eds. 2017. Cultures of Prediction in Atmospheric and Climate Science: Epistemic and Cultural Shifts in Computer-based Modelling and Simulation. London & New York: Routledge.
Houghton, John ,with Gill Tavner. 2013. In the Eye of the Storm. The Autobiography of Sir John Houghton. Oxford: Lion Books.
Howe, Joshua P. 2014. Behind the Curve. Science and the Politics of Global Warming. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Howe, Joshua P. 2017. Making Climate Change History. Documents from Global Warming's Past. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Imbrie, John, and Katherine Palmer Imbrie. 1986. Ice Ages: Solving
the Mystery. Rev. Ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Le Treut, H., et al. 2007. "Historical Overview of Climate Change
Science." In Climate Change 2007: The Physical Basis of Climate
Change. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report
of the IPCC, edited by Susan Solomon et al., pp. 93-127. Cambridge
and New York: Cambridge University Press (online at the
Lynch, Peter. 2006. The Emergence of Numerical Weather Prediction:
Richardson's Dream. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Manabe, Syukuro, and Anthony J. Broccoli,.2020. Beyond Global Warming. How Numerical Models Revealed the Secrets of Climate Change. Princeton, NJ:: Princeton University Press.
Mann, Michael. 2014. The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars. New York: Columbia University Press, rev. ed.
Mayewski, Paul A., and Frank White. 2002. The Ice Chronicles: The
Quest to Understand Global Climate Change. Hanover, NH: University
Press of New England.
Michaels, David. 2020. The Triumph of Doubt: Dark Money and the Science of Deception. Oxford Oxford Univ. Press.
Miller, Clark A., and Paul N. Edwards, eds. 2001. "Changing the
Atmosphere. Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance." Cambridge,
MA: MIT Press.
Mooney, Chris. 2007. Storm World: Hurricanes, Politics, and the
Battle over Global Warming. New York: Harcourt.
Nebeker, Frederik. 1995. Calculating the Weather: Meteorology in
the 20th Century. New York: Academic Press.
Oppenheimer, Michael, et al. 2019. "Assessing the Ice: Sea Level Rise Predictions from the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, 1981-2007." Chapter 4, pp. 127-69, in Discerning Experts. The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy, edited by Michael Oppenheimer et al., Chicago: Chicago University Press
Oreskes, Naomi, and Erik Conway. 2008. "Challenging Knowledge: How
Climate Science Became a Victim of the Cold War." In Agnotology:
The Cultural Production of Ignorance, edited by Robert Proctor
and Londa Schiebinger. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Oreskes, Naomi, and Erik M. Conway. 2010. Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming. New York: Bloomsbury.
O'Riordan, Tim, and Jill Jäger. 1996. "The History of Climate
Change Science and Politics." In Politics of Climate Change:
A European Perspective, edited by T. O'Riordan and J. Jäger.
Petit, Jean-Robert, and Dominique Raynaud. 2020. "Forty Years of Ice-Core Records of CO2." Nature 579: 505-06 [doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00809-8].
Powell, James Lawrence. 2015. Four Revolutions in the Earth Sciences. From Heresy to Truth. New York: Columbia University Press.
Peterson, Thomas C., et al. 2008. "The Myth of the 1970s Global
Cooling Scientific Consensus." Bulletin of the American Meteorological
Society 89: 1325-37.
Pooley, Eric. 2010. The Climate War. True Believers, Power Brokers, and the Fight to Save the Earth. New York: Hyperion.
Rich, Nathaniel. 2019. Losing Earth: A Recent History. New York: MCD/Farrar, Straus & Giroux. [The 1970s.]
Rodhe, Henning, and Robert Charlson, eds. 1998. The Legacy of Svante
Arrhenius. Understanding the Greenhouse Effect. Stockholm: Royal
Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Schneider, Stephen H., and Randi Londer. 1984. The Co-evolution
of Climate and Life. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books.
Schneider, Stephen H. 2009. Science as a Contact Sport. Inside the
Battle to Save the Earth's Climate. Washington, DC: National Geographic.
Sörlin, Sverker, and Melissa Lane, 2018. “Historicizing Climate Change — Engaging New Approaches to Climate and History." Climatic Change 151, Issue 1.
[Special Issue on Climate Change in History and Politics.]Stevens, William K. 1999. The Change in the Weather: People, Weather
and the Science of Climate. New York: Delacorte Press.
Victor, David G. 2001. The Collapse of the Kyoto Protocol and the
Struggle to Slow Global Warming. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
Weart, Spencer R. 2008. The Discovery of Global Warming. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press, 2nd ed.
- more info
... and for the record, pioneering histories by participants:
1985 - Roger Revelle, “Introduction: The Scientific History of Carbon Dioxide,” in The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2: Natural Variations Archean to Present (Geophysical Monograph 32), edited by E. T. Sundquist and Wallace S. Broecker, pp. 1-4. Washington, DC: American Geophysical Union.
1987 -William W. Kellogg, "Mankind's Impact on Climate: The Evolution
of an Awareness." Climatic Change 10: 113-36.
1990 - M.D.H. Jones and A. Henderson-Sellers, "History of the
Greenhouse Effect." Progress in Physical Geography 14: 1-18.
1992. - Mark David, Handel and James S. Risbey, "An Annotated [Historical] Bibliography on the Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change." Climatic Change 21: 97-255.
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Weart & American Institute of Physics