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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorPublished as Subject

Rosalyn S. Yalow

Photo

Dates

July 19, 1921 – May 30, 2011

Authorized Form of Name

Yalow, Rosalyn S. (Rosalyn Sussman), 1921-2011

Additional Forms of Names

Yalow, R. S. (Rosalyn Sussman), 1921-2011

Yalow, Rosalyn S.

Biography

Abstract

Rosalyn Yalow was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1977 alongside Andrew B Schally and Roger Guillemin "for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones." RIA can trace even the smallest amounts of chemicals, hormones, and viruses in the body and has numerous applications in medicine today, such as diabetes testing and drug testing. She is the first American-born woman to receive a Nobel Prize and the first woman to receive the Albert Lasker Prize for Basic Medical Research altogether.

Important Dates

July 19, 1921Birth, New York (N.Y.).

1941B.A. degree in Chemistry and Physics, Hunger College, New York (N.Y.).

1945Ph.D in Nuclear Physics, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana (Ill.).

1945Assistant Engineer, Federal Telecommunications Laboratory, ITT, New York (N.Y.).

1946 – 1950Physics Instructor, Hunter College, New York (N.Y.).

1947 – 2011Consultant; Researcher; Acting Chief of the Radioisotope Service (1968); Chief of the Nuclear Medicine Service (1970); Senior Medical Investigator emeritus (1972-2011); and Director of the Solomon A. Berson Research Laboratory (1973), Bronx Veterans Administration Hospital, Bronx (New York, N.Y.).

1950 – 1972Partnered with Solomon A. Berson on raioisotope research.

1959Yalow and Berson present their discovery of radioimmunoassays (RIA).

1961Awarded the Eli Lilly Award, American Diabetes Association.

1968 – 1986Research Professor; Distinguished Service Professor (1974); Solomon A. Berson Distinguished professor at large (1986), Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York (N.Y.).

1976Awarded the Albert Lasker Prize for Basic Medical Research, Lasker Foundation.

1977Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1977 alongside Andrew B Schally and Roger Guillemin "for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones".

1978Member, American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

1980Distinguished Professor at large, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University.

1981Acting Chairperson, Department of Clinical Sciences, Montefiore Medical Center.

May 30, 2011Death, New York (N.Y.).

Occupation

Mecical physicst.

Places

Birth

New York (N.Y.)

Undergraduate Education

New York (N.Y.)

Graduate Education

Urbana (Ill.)

Employment

Bronx (New York, N.Y.)

New York (N.Y.)

Death

New York (N.Y.)

Subjects

Medical physics.

Physiology.

Radioisotopes.

Women in science.

Relationships

People

Family

Yalow, Elanna S.

Daughter.

Advisors & Collaborators

Berson, Solomon A., 1918-1972

Partnered together for 22 years to dsicover and develop radioimmunoassays.

Dresselhaus, M. S.

Advised by Yalow, Hunter College.

Goldhaber, Maurice, 1911-2011

PhD advisor at University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign in Immunochemistry.

Schoenheimer, Rudolf, 1898-1941

Advisor, Columbia University.

Straus, Eugene

Collaborated at Solomon A. Berson Research Laboratory.

Additional

Curie, Marie, 1867-1934

Failla, Gioacchino

Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954

Quimby, Edith H. (Edith Hinkley), 1891-1982

Institutions

Major Positions

Hunter College

B.A in Chemistry and Physics (1941); and Physics Lecturer.

ITT Corporation

Assistant engineer.

Montefiore Medical Center

Acting Chairperson, Department of Clinical Sciences.

Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Research Professor; Distinguished Service Professor; and Solomon A. Berson Distinguished Professor at large.

Veterans Administration Hospital (Bronx, New York, N.Y.)

Consultant; Researcher; Acting Chief of the Radioisotope service (1968); Chief of the Nuclear Medicine Service; Senior Medical Investigator emeritus (1972-2011); and Director of the Solomon A. Berson Research Laboratory (1973).

Yeshiva University

Distinguished Professor at large, Albert Einstein College of Medicine.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation

Awarded the Albert Lasker Prize for Basic Medical Research (1976).

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

Fellow.

American Diabetes Association

Awarded the Eli Lilly Award (1961).

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ph.D in Nuclear Physics (1945).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

AAPM interviews with physicists in medicine [videorecordings], 1990-2014.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Rosalyn Yalow papers.

Clark T. Awin Memorial Library.

Endocrine Society

8401 Connecticut Avenue, Suite 900 Chevy Chase, MD 20815-5817, USA

Published Resources

Subject

Academic Tree: Rosalyn Yalow professional relations list.

American Nuclear Society Nuclear Café: Women’s History Month- Physicist Dr. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow.

Contributions of 20th century women to physics [online resource], 1900-1976.

Jewish Women's Archive: Rosalyn Yalow biography.

New York Time's Yalow obituary.

Nobel Prize Laureate Rosalyn Yalow biography and facts.

Physics Today obituary: Rosalyn Yalow.

Rosalyn Yalow, Nobel laureate : her life and work in medicine : a biographical memoir / by Eugene Straus.