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Table of Contents

Biography

AbstractImportant DatesOccupationPlacesSubjects

Relationships

PeopleInstitutions

Resources

Archival as AuthorArchival as SubjectPublished as AuthorPublished as Subject

Zh. I. Alferov

Photo

Dates

March 15, 1930 – present

Authorized Form of Name

Alferov, Zh. I.

Additional Forms of Names

Alferov, Jores Ivanovitch

Alferov, Z. I.

Alferov, Zhores I.

Alferov, Zhores Ivanovich

Alfërov, Zŏres Ivanovič

Алфёраў, Жарэс Iванавiч

Алферов, Жорес Иванович

Алфёров, Жорес Иванович

Алферов ‡b, Ж.И.

Biography

Abstract

Zhores Ivanovich Alferov (Zh. I. Alferov) is a condensed matter physicist, specializing in semiconductors and heterostructures. He won the Nobel Prize in Physics along with Herbert Kroemer for "developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics."

Important Dates

March 15, 1930Birth, Vitsebsk (Belarus).

1952Obtained BS in Electronics, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University (Sankt-Peterburgskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ elektrotekhnicheskiĭ universitet "LETI"), Saint Petersburg (Russia).

1953 – presentJunior scientist (1953-1954); Senior scientist (1964-1967); Head of Laboratory (1967-1987); and Director of Institute (1987-present), A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Fiziko-tekhnicheskiĭ institut im. A. F. Ioffe), Saint Petersburg (Russia).

1961Obtained Candidate of Sciences degree in Technology, A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Fiziko-tekhnicheskiĭ institut im. A. F. Ioffe), Saint Petersburg (Russia).

1970Obtained PhD in Physics and Mathematics, A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Fiziko-tekhnicheskiĭ institut im. A. F. Ioffe), Saint Petersburg (Russia).

1971Awarded Ballantyne Medal, Franklin Institute.

1972Awarded Lenin Prize.

1972Member, Russian Academy of Sciences (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ nauk).

1978Awarded Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize.

1987Awarded Heinrich Welker Medal International Symposium.

1995 – presentMember, Duma (Russia (Federation). Federal'noe Sobranie. Gosudarstvennai︠a︡ Duma).

1996Awarded A. F. Ioffe Prize, A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute (Fiziko-tekhnicheskiĭ institut im. A. F. Ioffe).

2000Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics with Herbert Kroemer for "developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics".

2001Awarded Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology.

Occupation

Condensed matter and instrumentation physicist.

Places

Birth

Vitsebsk (Belarus)

Undergraduate Education

Saint Petersburg (Russia)

Graduate Education

Saint Petersburg (Russia)

Employment

Saint Petersburg (Russia)

Subjects

Condensed matter.

Electronics.

Heterostructures.

Instrumentation.

Optoelectronics.

Semiconductors.

Relationships

People

Family

Darskaya, Tamara

Wife.

Karpovich, Ivan

Father.

Vladimirovna, Anna

Mother.

Advisors & Collaborators

Fohtung, Edwin B.

Advised by Alferov at St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University.

Kroemer, Herbert, 1928-

Together awarded the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics "for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics."

Sozina, Natalia Nikolaevna

PhD advisor at Ul'yanov Electrotechnical Institute in Leningrad.

Tuchkevich, V. M. (Vladimir Maksimovich)

PhD advisor at Physical-Technical Institute in Leningrad.

Additional

Josephson, Paul R.

Kilby, Jack S. (Jack St. Clair), 1923-2005

Both won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for separate projects.

Suris, R. A.

Woodall, Jerry M.

Yankovsky, Eugene

Zakharchenia, Boris Petrovich

Institutions

Major Positions

Fiziko-tekhnicheskiĭ institut im. A.F. Ioffe

Obtained Candidate of Sciences degree in Technology (1961) and PhD (1970). Junior scientist; Senior scientist; Head of Laboratory; and Director of Institute.

Professional Activities & Affiliations

Franklin Institute (Philadelphia, Pa.)

Awarded 1971 Ballantyne Medal.

Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk

Member.

Russia (Federation). Federal'noe Sobranie. Gosudarstvennai︠a︡ Duma

Member.

Sankt-Peterburgskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ ėlektrotekhnicheskiĭ universitet "LĖTI"

Obtained undergraduate degree (1952).

Resources

Archival Resources

Author

Physical journals published by A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute and the reflection of the history and the present state of the institute by these.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Subject

Oral history interview with Jerry Woodall, 2010 November 8.

Niels Bohr Library & Archives

American Institute of Physics

One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA

Published Resources

Author

Fizika i zhiznʹ /Zh.I. Alfërov; [redakts︠i︡onnaia︠ ︡kollegiia︠:︡ R.A. Suris (predsedatelʹ), B.P. Zakharchenia︠,︡.... [et al.].

Ioffe Institute, 1918-1998: development and research activities /[editorial board, Zh. Alferov, editor-in-chief ... et al. ; translation and language editing, M. Tagirdzhanov].

Joint Soviet-American Workshop on the Physics of Semiconductor Lasers: Leningrad, USSR 1991 / Zhores I. Alferov, editor.

Semiconductor heterostructures: physical processes and applications /edited by Zh. I. Alferov ; [translated from the Russian by Eugene Yankovsky].

Subject

Jewish Virtual Library: a Project of AICE Zhores I. Alferov (1930-)

Lenin's laureate: Zhores Alferov's life in communist science / Paul R. Josephson.

Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings - Prof. Dr. Zhores I. Alferov

Physics Today: Zhores Alferov

Zhores I. Alferov Nobel Prize biography.