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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase I: High-Energy Physics.
Oral history interviews. High-Energy Physics. Selected Experiments.
Experiments were conducted at the following laboratories: Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR) facility of Cornell University's Newman Laboratory, the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), and the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). Interviews were conducted with members of the experiment's collaboration using a structured question set covering all stages in the collaborative research process: the formation of the collaboration and its personnel; the drafting of the proposal and the experiment's relationship to current theory and experimental techniques; funding for U.S. groups by the National Science Foundation or Department of Energy; delegation of responsibilities for design, construction, and testing of the experiment's detector and its components; use of subcontractors; development of software for data collection and analysis; drafting and presenting results in journals and at conferences and other meetings; assessment of the experiment's success; the collaboration's decision-making style; role of the spokesperson, graduate students, and postdocs; impact of internationalism; patterns of communication; records creation, use, distribution, and retention; also, comments on the experiment's accelerator site, the interviewee's home institution, and trends in graduate education in high-energy physics.
A documentation research project to study the complex issues facing the historical documentation of multi-institutional collaborations in physics and allied sciences. Twenty-seven experiments were chosen to represent a broad range of both scientific and sociological factors. Sociological factors include the size of the collaboration (both number of institutions and number of individuals), the starting year, the duration, the site, and the possible use of subcontracting. From the scientific standpoint each of the following is represented: the various detector types (including bubble chamber, hybrid emulsions, and calorimeter), a beam dump, a rare process, a "crucial test" of theory, a result contrary to current theory, a non-accelerator experiment, high transverse momentum, start-up of an instrument, start-up of an electronic facility, and a precision experiment.
Brookhaven National Laboratory.
European Organization for Nuclear Research.
Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.
United States. Dept. of Energy -- Research grants.
Bubble chambers.
Detectors -- Design and construction.
Detectors -- Research.
Experimental design.
Graduate students -- Science.
Particles (Nuclear physics).
Particles (Nuclear physics) -- Experiments -- Documentation.
Particles (Nuclear physics) -- International cooperation.
Physics -- Experiments -- Documentation.
Physics -- Research -- Documentation.
Physics -- Research -- Decision making.
Physics -- Finance -- United States.
Physics -- Methodology.
Physics -- Study and teaching.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Particles (Nuclear physics)
Particles (Nuclear physics -- Group work in research.
Particles (Nuclear physics) -- International cooperation. aip
Physics -- Collaboration.
European Organization for Nuclear Research.
Cornell Electron Storage Ring.
American Institute of Physics) Center for History of Physics
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA