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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations.
Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations Phase II oral history interviews: space science and geophysics, 1992-1994.
The second phase of the study addressed the fields of space science (understood as the study of regions outside the Earth's atmosphere by scientific instruments launched on spacecraft) and geophysics (including oceanography). The study focused on 14 projects which were active between the late 1960s and the late 1980s. Six projects were chosen for the study of space science, eight for geophysics and oceanography. The choice was based on a large range of features: internationally and nationally organized projects; smaller and larger projects; in space science, projects managed by different space flight centers, and both astrophysical and planetary science projects; and in geophysics, seismological, climatological, and oceanographic projects. The AIP staff conducted 218 interviews in order to cover all types of people potentially vital to the documentation of scientific work. Along with the personal interviews, the project staff conducted numerous site visits to discuss archival issues and records policies and "special perspective interviews" with persons such as officers of scientific unions and discipline policy makers, with a broad overview of their fields. Project staff: Joan Warnow-Blewett, project director, Spencer Weart, associate project director, Joel Genuth, project historian, Janet Linde and Anthony Capitos, project archivists.
A documentation research project to study the complex issues facing the historical documentation of multi-institutional collaborations in physics and allied sciences. The project aimed to identify patterns of collaboration, records creation, and use; define the documentation problems; field test possible solutions to these problems; and recommend future actions to secure adequate documentation and facilitate future study. Phase I focused on collaborative research in high-energy physics (completed 1992), Phase II addressed collaborative research in space science and geophysics (completed 1995), and Phase III focused on four disciplinary areas of ground-based astronomy, materials science, heavy-ion physics, and medical physics, and a category named computer-mediated collaborations. A final report focuses on comparisons of the various fields studied as well as broad questions of documentation policy and practice.
Geophysics -- International cooperation.
Geophysics -- Documentation.
Group work in research.
Oceanography -- Documentation.
Oceanography -- International cooperation.
Space sciences.
Space sciences -- Documentation.
Space sciences -- International cooperation.
American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations.
Capitos, Anthony, archivist.
Genuth, Joel, historian.
Linde, Janet, archivist.
Warnow-Blewett, Joan. 1931- project director.
Weart, Spencer R., 1942- associate director.
American Institute of Physics) Center for History of Physics
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA