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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Oral history interviews. Geophysics and Oceanography: World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), 1992-1994.
Interviews were conducted with members of the project's collaboration using a structured question set covering all stages of in the collaborative research process: the formation of the collaboration and its personnel; the organizational structure; the formation of the experiment teams; the drafting of the proposal; funding for U.S. groups by the National Science Foundation or other U.S. funding agencies; use of subcontractors; development of software for data collection and analysis; the collaboration's decision-making style; role of the Principal Investigators, science management offices, consortia headquarters, advisory groups, and graduates students; impact of internationalism; patterns of communications; records creation, use, distribution, and retention; also, comments on the interviewee's home institution and trends in graduate education in geophysics and oceanography. Interviews (listed by institutional member of the collaboration and by name of individual) on the planning of WOCE were conducted with: Institute of Oceanographic Science, United Kingdom: George Needler; National Center for Atmospheric Research: James McWilliams; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration: David Goodrich, John Lupton; National Science Foundation: Curtis Collins, Richard Lambert; Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego: Russ Davis; Texas A&M University: Worth Nowlin. Interviews on Pacific hydrography for WOCE were conducted with: Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory: Peter Schlosser; Oregon State University: Adriana Huyer; Princeton University: Robert Key; Rosenstiel School of Marine and Aquatic Studies: Rana Fine; Scripps Institution of Oceanography: Lynne Talley, Ray Weiss; University of Washington: Paul Quay. Other institutions involved in the collaboration: Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research; Institut fur Meereskunde an der Universitat Kiel; University of California, Santa Barbara; and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
Global ocean circulation is one of two major physical processes for which climate modelers lacked measurements commensurate with the sophistication of their models. WOCE, which is managed by the International WOCE Science Steering Committee on the authority of the World Climate Research Programme, has mobilized several approaches to the cause of creating model-relevant data. It consists of three "core" projects: a hydrographic survey of the Pacific Ocean, a hydrographic survey of the Indian Ocean, and a set of process experiments in the Atlantic Ocean. It also employed several other measuring techniques, including deployment of innovative floats and construction of an altimeter-equipped satellite to measure sea levels. The United States WOCE Science Steering Committee, which oversees a United States WOCE Office at Texas A&M University, made the hydrographic surveys its top priority. The AIP study focused on the Pacific hydrographic survey and the American and international planning for WOCE.
Institute of Oceanographic Sciences (Great Britain)
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.
National Center for Atmospheric Research (U.S.)
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
Oregon State University.
Princeton University.
Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
Texas A&M University.
UniversittĖƒ Kiel.
University of California, Santa Barbara.
University of Washington.
United States. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
World Ocean Circulation Experiment
Oceanography -- International cooperation.
Group work in research.
American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research.
Craig, Harmon
Goodrich, David M.
Huyer, Adriana, 1945-
Key, Robert M. (Robert Marion), 1950-
McWilliams, James C.
Nowlin, W. D. (Worth D.)
Talley, Lynne D.
Weiss, Ray F.
American Institute of Physics) Center for History of Physics
Collins, Curtis Allan.
Davis, Russ E.
Fine, Rana Arnold, 1944-
Lambert, Richard.
Lupton, John Edward, 1944-
Needler, George Treglohan.
Quay, Paul Douglas, 1949-
Schlosser, Peter.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA