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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Oral history interviews. Geophysics and Oceanography: Greenland Ice Sheet Project (GISP), 1992-1994.
Interviews were conducted with members of the project's collaboration using a structured question set covering all stages of in the collaborative research process: the formation of the collaboration and its personnel; the organizational structure; the formation of the experiment teams; the drafting of the proposal; funding for U.S. groups by the National Science Foundation or other U.S. funding agencies; use of subcontractors; development of software for data collection and analysis; the collaboration's decision-making style; role of the Principal Investigators, science management offices, consortia headquarters, advisory groups, and graduates students; impact of internationalism; patterns of communications; records creation, use, distribution, and retention; also, comments on the interviewee's home institution and trends in graduate education in geophysics and oceanography. Interviews (listed by institutional member of the collaboration and by name of individual) were conducted with: Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory: Debra Meese; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (formally Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory): Wallace Broecker; National Science Foundation: Herman Zimmerman; Pennsylvania State University: Rich ard Alley; Polar Ice Coring Office, University of Alaska: John Kelley, Bruce Koci; Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego: Martin Wahlen; State University of New York, Buffalo: Chester Langway; University of Arizona: Alex Wilson; University of Bern, Switzerland: Hans Oeschger; University of Colorado: James White; University of Copenhagen, Denmark: William Dansgaard, Klaus Hammer; University of New Hampshire: Paul Mayewski, Julie Palais. Other institutions involved in the collaboration include: Carnegie Mellon University, Desert Research Institute (Nevada), Lawrence Livermore Laboratories, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio State University, St Olaf College, University of Maimi, University of Rhode Island, and the University of Washington.
The Greenland Ice Sheet Project, established in 1978, was a small collaboration among Danish, Swiss, and U.S. scientists, who established that analysis of ice cores from Greenland's glacier could yield a relatively high-resolution record of climate history. In 1988, the second Greenland Ice Sheet Project was initiated, with engineering management provided by the Polar Ice Coring Office (PICO) and science management provided by the University of New Hampshire. Participating scientists examined a 3000 meter ice core drilled to the base of the glacier at its thickest, least disturbed point and into the bedrock from the last inter-glacial period. This large collaborative project was conducted in parallel with a European project (GRIP), which drilled through the same ice sheet 39 kilometers (10 ice-thicknesses) away, a distance that will make statistical comparisons of the cores convenient. By examining physical properties of the cores and the composition of the air bubbles trapped in the cores, participating scientists are constructing time series on which to base inferences concerning the dynamics of climate change.
Carnegie-Mellon University.
Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Greenland Ice Sheet Program.
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.
Lawrence Livermore Laboratory
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
Ohio State University.
Pennsylvania State University.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
State University of New York at Buffalo.
Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (U.S.)
Universitt̃ Bern.
University of Alaska.
University of Arizona.
University of Colorado Boulder
University of Miami.
University of New Hampshire.
University of Rhode Island.
University of Washington.
Geophysics -- International cooperation.
Group work in research.
Ice sheets -- Greenland.
American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
University of Nevada System. Desert Research Institute
St. Olaf College.
Kb̜enhavns universitet.
Alley, Richard B.
Broecker, Wallace S., 1931-
Dansgaard, W.
Langway, Chester C., 1929-
Mayewski, Paul A.
Meese, D. A.
Oeschger, H. (Hans)
Palais, Julie M. (Julie Michelle)
Wilson, Alexander, 1936-
American Institute of Physics) Center for History of Physics
Hammer, Klaus.
Kelley, John Joseph, 1933-
Koci, Bruce.
Wahlen, Martin.
White, James.
Zimmerman, Herman.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA