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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Oral history interviews. Geophysics and Oceanography: Deep Sea Drilling Project/Ocean Drilling Program (DSDP/ODP), 1992-1994.
Research is conducted in a series of "legs," the ship's track along a selected path. The AIP Study focused on the origins of DSDP; Leg 85, which was a classic stratigraphic-palaeoceanographic program; and Leg 133, which explored Australia's Great Barrier Reef. Interviews were conducted with members of the project's collaboration using a structured question set covering all stages of in the collaborative research process: the formation of the collaboration and its personnel; the organizational structure; the formation of the experiment teams; the drafting of the proposal; funding for U.S groups by the National Science Foundation or other U.S. funding agencies; use of subcontractors; development of software for data collection and analysis; the collaboration's decision-making style; role of the Principal Investigators, science management offices, consortia headquarters, advisory groups, and graduates students; impact of internationalism; patterns of communications; records creation, use, distribution, and retention; also, comments on the interviewee's home institution and trends in graduate education in geophysics and oceanography. Interviews (listed by institutional member of the collaboration and by name of individual) on the origins of DSDP were conducted with: Dartmouth College: Charles Drake; Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory: Marcus Langseth; National Science Foundation: William Benson; Scripps Institution of Oceanography: Willaim Nierenberg; Cambridge University: Tjeerd van Andel; University of Texas at Austin: Arthur Maxwell; University of Southern California: Robert Douglas. Interviews on Leg 133 were conducted with: Australian National University: Frank Peerdeman; Bureau of Mineral Resources, Australia: Peter Davies, Christopher Pigram, Philip Symonds; Geological Institute, ETH-Center, Zurich: Judith McKenzie; Ocean Drilling Program, Texas A and M Research Foundation: Amanda Palmer-Julson, Eugene Pollard; Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami: Peter Swart; University of Edinburgh: Dick Kroon. Interviews on Leg 85 were conducted with: University of New Brunswick: Larry Mayer; U. S. Geological Survey: John Barron. Institutions involved in JOIDES include: National Science Foundation; JOI, Inc.; JOIDES American member institutions: Columbia University, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory; University of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography; University of Hawaii; University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science; Oregon State University; University of Rhode Island; Texas A&M University; University of Texas at Austin; University of Washington; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; and JOIDES international participants from the Canada-Australia Consortium, the European Science Foundation, France, Germany, Japan, and the United Kingdom. Other institutions involved in Leg 85: University of Bordeaux, France; University of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography; City of London Polytechnic, United Kingdom; Hawaii Institute of Geophysics; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Oregon State University; University of Rhode Island; Ruhr-Universitẽt Bochum, W. Germany; United States Geological Survey; The University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom; Yamagata University, Japan. Other institutions involved in Leg 133: University of British Columbia, Canada; British Geological Survey; Columbia University, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (formerly Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory); University of Edinburgh, Grant Institute of Geology, United Kingdom; University of Hawaii; I.A.G.M. University Granada-C.S.I.C., Spain; Institut und Museum f r Geologie und Palõntologie, W. Germany; Institut f r Palõntologie, W. Germany; Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, China; Kanazawa Institute of Technology, Japan; Laboratoire de Sďimentologie, Universit ̌Claude Bernard, France; Ocean Drilling Program, Universit ̌de Provence, Centre de Sď. et Palǒntologie, France; Rice University; University of Rhode Island; Florida State University.
The Ocean Drilling Program, and its predecessor the Deep Sea Drilling Project, retrieve cores from the ocean floor using a dedicated research vessel that took advantage of the design, navigation features, and safety equipment that enabled oil companies to explore for off-shore oil. By drilling in ways that minimally disturb the cores, the project provides participating scientists with data relevant to earth history and tectonic structure. National Science Foundation contracted with the Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California, San Diego to manage DSDP from its inception in 1968. Scripps followed the scientific advice of the Joint Institutes for Deep Earth Sampling (JOIDES), which initially consisted of Scripps, the Lamont Doherty Oceanographic Institution of Columbia University, the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences of the University of Miami, and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The Ocean Drilling Program, initiated in 1985, is managed scientifically by the JOIDES, whose membership has expanded to ten American institutions, four nations and two international consortia of nations. It is managed fiscally by the Joint Oceanographic Institutes, Incorporated (JOI), which contracts to the Texas A&M Research Foundation for the maintenance and operation of the ship. The DSDP/ODP has been international in scope since 1975.
Australian National University.
University of Cambridge.
Columbia University.
Dartmouth College.
Deep Sea Drilling Project.
Eidgens̲sische Technische Hochschule Z rich.
Eidgens̲sische Technische Hochschule Z rich. Geological Institute.
European Science Foundation.
Florida State University.
Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Geological Survey (U.S.)
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
National Science Foundation (U.S.)
Ocean Drilling Program.
Oregon State University.
Rice University. Dept. of Geology & Geophysics.
Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography.
Texas A & M University. Dept. of Oceanography.
Texas A. and M. Research Foundation.
Universit ̌de Bordeaux.
University of Alaska. Dept. of Geology & Geophysics.
University of California, San Diego.
University of California, Santa Cruz.
University of Edinburgh.
University of Hawaii. Dept. of Geology & Geophysics.
University of Miami.
University of New Brunswick.
University of Rhode Island.
University of Southern California.
University of Texas at Austin.
University of Washington.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
Core drilling.
Geophysics -- International cooperation.
Group work in research.
American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
British Geological Survey.
Bureau of Mineral Resources (Australia)
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientf̕icas. Instituto Andaluz de Geologa̕ Mediterranea (Universidad de Granada)
Grant Institute of Geology.
Hawaii Institute of Geophysics.
Institut und Museum f r Geologie und Palõntologie (Germany)
Institut f r Palõntologie (Germany)
Kanazawa K gy Daigaku
London Polytechnic.
Ruhr-Universitt̃ Bochum.
Taiwan Normal University. Institute of Oceanography.
Universit ̌Claude Bernard. Laboratoire de Sďimentologie.
Universit ̌de Provence. Centre de Sď. et Palǒntologie.
University of British Columbia. Dept. of Geology.
University, Newcastle upon Tyne.
Yamagata University (Japan)
Barron, John A.
Douglas, Robert G.
Drake, Charles L.
Langseth, Marcus G.
McKenzie, J. A. (Judith A.)
Nierenberg, William Aaron, 1919-2000-
Swart, P. K. (Peter K.)
Symonds, P. A. (Philip Alexander)
Van Andel, Tjeerd H. (Tjeerd Hendrik), 1923-
American Institute of Physics) Center for History of Physics
Benson, William E. (William Edward Barnes), 1919-
Davies, Peter.
Julson, Amanda Palmer.
Kroon, Dick.
Maxwell, A. E. (Arthur Eugene), 1925-
Mayer, Larry A.
Peerdeman, Frank.
Pilgram, Christopher.
Pollard, Eugene.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA