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American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Oral history interviews. Space Science: Giotto, 1992-1994.
Interviews were conducted with members of the project's collaboration using a structured question set covering all stages of in the collaborative research process: the formation of the collaboration and its personnel; the organizational structure; the formation of the experiment teams; the drafting of the proposal; funding for U.S. groups by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; use of subcontractors; development of software for data collection and analysis; the collaboration's decision-making style; role of the Project Manager, Project Scientist, Program Manager, Program Scientist, and graduates students; impact of internationalism; patterns of communications; records creation, use, distribution, and retention; also, comments on the interviewee's home institution and trends in graduate education in space science. The interviews comment on the Giotto spacecraft journey near Halley's comet. Interviews (listed by institutional member of the collaboration and by name of individual) were conducted with: British Aerospace, United Kingdom: David Link; Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, France: Henri Rm̈e; ESA: Roger Bonnet; ESTEC: John Credland, David Dale, R diger Reinhard; Institute f r Geophysik und Meteorologie, Federal Republic of Germany: Fritz M. Neubauer; Max-Planck-Institut f r Aeronomie, Federal Republic of Germany: Horst Uwe Keller; Max-Planck-Institut f r Kernphysik, Federal Republic of Germany: Jochen Kissel, Dieter Krankowsky; Mullard Space Science Laboratory: Alan Johnstone; Bern University, Switzerland: Hans Balsiger; St. Patrick's College, Ireland: Susan McKenna-Lawlor; Service d'Ařonomie du CNRS, France: Anny-Chantal Levasseur-Regourd; University of Kent, United Kingdom: J. Antony McDonnell. Other institutions in the collaboration include: Technical University of Braunschweig, and the University of Rome.
Taking advantage of the passing of Halley's Comet in 1986, the Giotto spacecraft passed within 600 km of the comet's nucleus on March 14, 1986, the closest of the several spacecrafts to fly by Halley. The spacecraft carried ten separate experiments built by member nations of the European Space Agency (ESA), under management of the European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC). The imaging experiment, originally conceived to compete for a slot on a joint NASA-ESA mission that NASA elected not to pursue, was of novel design and weighed far less than previous cameras. Enough instruments survived the encounter with Halley that Giotto was redirected to a second comet encounter.
British Aerospace (Firm)
Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France).
European Space Agency.
European Space Research and Technology Centre.
Giotto (Spacecraft)
Max-Planck-Institut f r Aeronomie.
Max-Planck-Institut f r Kernphysik.
Saint Patrick's College (Carlow, Ireland)
University of Kent at Canterbury.
Space vehicles.
Space sciences.
Space sciences -- International cooperation.
Group work in research.
Halley's comet
American Institute of Physics. Center for History of Physics. Study of Multi-Institutional Collaborations. Phase II: Space Science and Geophysics.
Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements.
Centre national de la recherche scientifique (France). Service d'Ar̈onomie.
Mullard Space Science Laboratory
Balsiger, H.
Bonnet, R.-M. (Roger-M.)
Johnstone, Alan D.
Keller, Horst Uwe.
Kissel, J.
Levasseur-Regourd, Anny-Chantal.
McDonnell, J. A. M. (James Anthony Michael), 1938-
McKenna-Lawlor, Susan M. P.
Reinhard, R.
Rm̈e, Henri.
American Institute of Physics) Center for History of Physics
Credland, J. D. (John D.)
Dale, David.
Krankowsky, Dieter.
Link, David.
Neubauer, Fritz M.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA