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Gentner, Wolfgang, 1906-1980
Oral history interview with Wolfgang Gentner, 1971 November 15.
Early education; studies biophysics at Universitt̃ Frankfurt and Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut (Friedrich Dessauer, Rievsky); physics training (Erwin Madelung, Meissner); Dessauer's political troubles. Fellowship to Institut Radium (Marie Curie), 1933; building geiger counters (Frďřic Joliot-Curie); life and staff at Institut (Irene Joliot-Curie, Jean Perrin, Hans von Halban, Peter Preiswerk, Lew Kowarski, Rosenblum); Institut's role in development of nuclear physics (P.M.S. Blackett, Giuseppe Occhialini); first nuclear physics conference in Zurich (Paul Scherrer), 1933; London Conference of 1934 (Max Born, Maurice Goldhaber); F. Joliot-Curie thinking about accelerators and about building a cyclotron (Pierre Weiss); Gentner continues gamma ray work (Lise Meitner). Gentner leaves Institut after Curie's death; fellowship at Institute for Medical Research, Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut, Heidelberg (Walther Bothe), 1935-1938; also lectures at Frankfurt on radioactivity, gamma rays, x-rays, and cosmic rays; builds the first Van der Graaf machine in Germany, 1936; first to use gamma rays to look for nuclear photo effect (Fowler, Lauritsen). Travels to United States to study cyclotrons (James Fisk), 1938; spends several months at University of California, Berkeley (E. O. Lawrence, Donald Cooksey); the fission story (Niels Bohr, J. R. Oppenheimer); calibrating ionization chamber and experimental work in fission; life and pre-war politics at Berkeley and Stanford University (Felix Bloch); visits California Institute of Technology (Fowler, Lauritsen, Max Delbr ck); travels to Washington, DC (George Gamow, Edward Teller, Fleming, Merle Tuve); and ends tour in New York City (John R. Dunning, Lawrence, Bohr). Returns to Europe; visits John Cockcroft at University of Cambridge. Returns with wife to Germany in April, 1938; plans for Siemens to build cyclotron in Heidelberg canceled. Sent to Paris to interview F. Joliot-Curie on whereabouts of heavy water, July 1940; private meeting afterwards; works in Paris with F. Joliot-Curie on cyclotron, 1940-1942; returns to Heidelberg to build own cyclotron, 1942-1944. Difficulties of re-establishing nuclear physics in Germany after World War II (Cockcroft, Konrad Adenauer); building up new laboratories; CERN, DESY.
Died 1980.
Adenauer, Konrad, 1876-1967.
Blackett, P. M. S. (Patrick Maynard Stuart), Baron Blackett, 1897-1974.
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962
Born, Max, 1882-1970
Bothe, W. (Walther), 1891-
Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967.
Delbr ck, Max.
Dessauer, Friedrich
Dunning, John R. (John Ray), 1907-1975
Fisk, James B. (James Brown), 1910-1981.
Gamow, George, 1904-1968.
Gentner, Wolfgang, 1906-1980
Goldhaber, Maurice, 1911-2011-
Halban, Hans
Joliot-Curie, Frďřic
Joliot-Curie, Irn̈e, 1897-1956.
Kowarski, Lew.
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958.
Madelung, Erwin, b. 1881
Meitner, Lise, 1878-1968.
Occhialini, Giuseppe
Perrin, Jean, 1870-1942.
Preiswerk, Peter
Scherrer, Paul, 1890-1970
Siemens, Werner von
Teller, Edward, 1908-2003
Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982.
Weiss, Pierre, 1865-1940
European Organization for Nuclear Research.
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (Center)
Institut Curie.
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut f r Physik
Universitt̃ Frankfurt am Main.
Cosmic rays
Cyclotrons -- Design and construction.
Deuterium oxide.
Geiger-M ller counters -- Design and construction.
Nuclear physics.
Particle accelerators.
Van de Graaff generator.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings lcgft
Transcripts. aat
Weiner, Charles interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA