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Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967
Oral history interview with Sir John Cockcroft, 1967 March 28.
Three years of preparation which led up to achievement, with Ernest T. S. Walton in 1932, of the first artificial transmutation of elements by accelerated protons, and the joyous reactions of his colleagues at the Cavendish Laboratory. With a three month grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, in 1933 visits with Robert Van de Graaff in Boston, Merle Tuve in Washington, Charles Lauritsen in Pasadena and Ernest O. Lawrence in Berkeley. In 1937, on his second American trip, noticed that the "sealing wax and string" at University of California at Berkeley had been replaced by engineering. Effect of influx of German refugee physicists. Rutherford's attitude toward a cyclotron at Cavendish because of Marcus Oliphant's low voltage ion source. Need for higher voltages and benefaction of a quarter million pounds from Lord Austin. Rutherford's complete control of Laboratory, the changing role of Cavendish over time; impact of the discovery of fission in England; effects of the war on nuclear physics and the differences in postwar planning and funding of research. Also prominently mentioned are: Niels Henrik David Bohr, James Chadwick, Ralph Howard Fowler, Petr Kapitsa; Cavendish Laboratory, European Council of Nuclear Research, Dept. of Physics at University of California Berkeley, and University of Oxford.
Austin, Lord
Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962
Chadwick, James, 1891-1974
Cockcroft, John, Sir, 1897-1967
Fowler, R. H. (Ralph Howard), 1889-1944.
Kapit s a, P. L. (Petr Leonidovich), 1894-1984
Lauritsen, Charles Christian, 1892-1968.
Lawrence, Ernest Orlando, 1901-1958.
Oliphant, Mark, 1901-2000
Rutherford, Ernest, 1871-1937
Tuve, Merle Antony, 1901-1982.
Van de Graaf, Robert Jemison, 1901-1967
Walton, Ernest, 1903-1995.
Cavendish Laboratory (Cambridge, England)
European Organization for Nuclear Research.
Rockefeller Foundation.
University of California, Berkeley.
University of Oxford.
Ion sources.
Nuclear energy -- Research.
Nuclear fission.
Nuclear physics.
Particle accelerators.
Research -- Finance.
World War, 1939-1945 -- Science.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Sound recordings lcgft
Transcripts. aat
Physicists -- Germany. lcsh
Weiner, Charles Interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA